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Erlotinib Hydrochloride In Treating Patients With Previously Treated Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Head And Neck Cancer, Or Esophageal Cancer And Precancerous Lesions Of The Lung PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Erlotinib Hydrochloride In Treating Patients With Previously Treated Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Head And Neck Cancer, Or Esophageal Cancer And Precancerous Lesions Of The Lung articles that have been published worldwide.
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Erlotinib is used for treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Intestinal absorption of erlotinib is impaired under gastric pH elevation, therefore, co-administration of gastric acid suppressants may provide lower blood concentration of erlotinib. We investigated the effects of erlotinib co-administration with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and histamine H2 receptor blockers (H2RB) on the plasma concentration of erlotinib and erlotinib-induced adverse reaction in NSCLC patients.
Erlotinib is used to treat non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Erlotinib was subsidized on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule in Australia for the treatment of advanced stage (IIIB or IV) NSCLC (August 2008). In the pivotal trial supporting initial subsidy, erlotinib increased overall survival (OS) by 2 months compared with placebo (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval: 0.58-0.85). We examined the effectiveness of erlotinib in a 'real-world' setting by measuring survival outcomes in NSCLC ...
The development of skin rashes is the most common adverse event observed in cancer patients treated with epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib. However, the pharmacological evidence has not been fully revealed.
Nivolumab is effective in the treatment of previously treated patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, its radiological evaluation is challenging because of atypical patterns of responses such as pseudoprogression. We examined the characteristics and outcomes of previously treated patients with NSCLC who were treated with nivolumab and who developed pseudoprogression.
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activating EGFR mutations are often successfully treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) such as erlotinib; however, treatment resistance inevitably occurs. Given tumor metabolism of glucose and therapeutic response are intimately linked, we explored the metabolic differences between isogenic erlotinib-sensitive and -resistant NSCLC cell lines. We discovered that the growth of erlotinib-resistant cells is more sensitive to glucose deprivation. Seaho...
The phase II JO28638 study evaluated first-line onartuzumab plus erlotinib in patients with MET-positive advanced, metastatic, or post-operative recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. The study was stopped following termination of the global METLung study (OAM4971g), which showed lack of efficacy in the onartuzumab/erlotinib arm. We present immature efficacy and safety data from JO28638.
The emergence of the T790 M gatekeeper mutation in the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) gene is an important mechanism that can lead to the acquired resistance to EGFR-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib or gefitinib. These drugs have been used in treating a subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring EGFR activating mutations. Here we investigated the paths leading to the acquisition of the T790 M mutation by establishing an erlotinib resistant PC9 cell mode...
Erlotinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, may have off-target activity inducing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) differentiation, possibly through SYK inhibition. We investigated erlotinib in a pilot phase II study for efficacy in relapsed/refractory AML patients at a dose of 150 mg once daily in 28-day cycles. Twenty-nine patients were treated for a median of 29 days (range 12-142 days). Seven patients (24%) received > 1 cycle of therapy and 12 (41%) discontinued treatment before day 28 ...
Introduction Based on preclinical cytotoxic synergy between tipifarnib and erlotinib, a phase I study of this combination was conducted in patients with advanced solid tumors to evaluate safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and preliminary evidence of efficacy. Methods Patient enrollment followed the traditional "3 + 3" dose escalation scheme, through 4 dose levels, ranging from tipifarnib 200 mg twice daily plus erlotinib 75 mg once daily to tipifarnib 300 mg twice daily plus erlotinib 150...
Nivolumab, a programmed death-1 inhibitor, prolonged overall survival and had a favourable safety profile versus docetaxel in previously treated patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase III CheckMate 057 trial.
Is time to progression associated with post-progression survival in previously treated metastatic non-small cell lung cancer with BRAF V600E mutation? A secondary analysis of phase II clinical trial data.
Longer time to progression (TTP) is associated with prolonged post-progression survival (PPS) in anaplastic lymphoma kinase+non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study evaluated whether TTP is associated with PPS among previously treated patients with metastatic v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B V600E NSCLC receiving dabrafenib as monotherapy or in combination with trametinib.
Due to the rarity of BRAF V600E mutation, no randomized study has compared the combination targeted therapy dabrafenib + trametinib with other second-line treatments for advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted to assess the comparative efficacy of treatments among patients with previously treated advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
A selective and sensitive competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was developed and validated for the quantification of erlotinib in 50 µL of samples of human serum. Anti-erlotinib serum was obtained by immunizing mice with an antigen conjugated with bovine serum albumin and 3,4-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)benzoic acid using the -succinimidyl ester method. Enzyme labeling of erlotinib with horseradish peroxidase was similarly performed using 3,4-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)benzoic acid. A simple comp...
To determine the potential for improvement of tolerability and efficacy by the use of Brivaracetam (BRV) in patients previously treated with Levetiracetam (LEV).
Leptomeningeal metastases (LMs) were devastating metastatic complications of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Management of LMs relied on conventional therapy but with poor survival, lacking effective treatment strategies. We present the case of a 52-year-old female non-smoker with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and initially positive EGFR-mutation, who failed to the treatment of standard first-line chemotherapy (pemetrexed plus cisplatin) and bevacizumab (BEV), and maintenance therapy with pemetrexed plus...
Higher plasma fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) levels predict incident cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes patients. However, whether FGF21 levels predict cardiovascular events in statin-treated patients in the general population is unknown. We investigated whether FGF21 levels predict major cardiovascular event (MCVE) in the Treating to New Targets (TNT) trial participants.
The survival of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations has improved substantially in the last decade with the development of targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Osimertinib, a third-generation TKI that is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients who develop EGFR T790M mutations, has recently shown improved clinical outcomes compared with gefitinib and erlotinib for treatment-naive pati...
Alectinib (Alecensa) is a potent and highly selective anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Oral alectinib monotherapy is approved in the EU as first-line treatment for adults with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and for the treatment of adults with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC previously treated with crizotinib. In the USA, alectinib is indicated for the treatment of adults with ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC. The recommended dosage for alectinib in the EU and U...
This retrospective study investigated the effectiveness and safety of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) as an adjunctive therapy to drotaverine hydrochloride (DHC) in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (BP-IBS).A total of 108 patient cases with BP-IBS were included in this study. Of these, 54 cases were assigned to a treatment group and received NMES and DHC, whereas the other 54 subjects were assigned to a control group and underwent DHC alone. All patients were treated f...
A Randomized Phase II Open-Label Multi-Institution Study of the Combination of Bevacizumab and Erlotinib Compared to Sorafenib in the First-Line Treatment of Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
To investigate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of the combination of bevacizumab (B) and erlotinib (E) compared to sorafenib (S) as first-line treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as erlotinib and gefitinib, is a major clinical problem in the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). YM155 is a survivin small molecule inhibitor and has been demonstrated to induce cancer cell apoptosis and autophagy. EGFR-TKIs have been known to induce cancer cell autophagy. In this study, we showed that YM155 markedly enhanced the sensitivity of erlotinib to EGFR-TKI resistant NSCLC cell l...
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a life-threatening condition that frequently occurs in patients with hematologic malignancies. Currently, recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) is a therapeutic DIC drug that is manufactured and sold in Japan only. We evaluated the efficacy of rTM compared to that of gabexate mesilate (GM), which was previously used routinely for treating DIC in Japan, in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This retrospective study enrolled 43 AML patients, in...
Lymphatic complications following great and small saphenous vein surgery show a varying and non-negligible incidence in the literature. We undertook this study to investigate a new protocol to reduce lymphatic injuries in patients undergoing venous surgery. Eighty-six patients with lower limb venous insufficiency and varices were treated. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed preoperatively in 65 of them and postoperatively in 19. Blue dye was used in all patients and blue lymph nodes and lymphatics were identif...
There is a great unmet medical need in pancreatic carcinoma (PC) for novel drugs with other mechanisms of action than existing. PC cells express the onco-fetal RTK ROR1, absent on most normal post-partem cells. ROR1 is involved in proliferation, survival, EMT and metastasis of tumor cells in various malignancies. A small molecule inhibitor (KAN0439834) (530 Da) targeting the TK domain of ROR1 was developed and the activity in ROR1 expressing human PC cell lines (n = 8) evaluated. The effects were compared t...
Competitive reactions, on the surface of plasmonic nanostructures, allow exploiting SERS signals for quantitative Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. As an example, the concentration of Erlotinib, an anti-EGFR small molecule, used for the treatment of non-small cell lung and pancreatic cancer, is determined. The numerous side effects and the variability of patient responses make Erlotinib a good candidate for monitoring. The new SERS based sensor can estimate Erlotinib down to nanomolar concentration and is based ...