PubMed Journals Articles About "Eslicarbazepine Acetate As Therapy In Diabetic Neuropathic Pain" RSS

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Showing "Eslicarbazepine Acetate Therapy Diabetic Neuropathic Pain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Scrambler therapy in the management of somatosensory signs and symptoms related to neuropathic pain: an exploratory and prospective analysis.

Neuropathic pain is a severe and disabling health problem, often difficult to treat and characterized by specific somatosensory signs and symptoms. The goal of this study is to detect the effect of Scrambler therapy (ST) on the reset of Neuropathic Pain Diagnostic Questionnaire (DN4), in a cohort of patients affected by intense drug-resistant neuropathic pain.

Activation of the integrated stress response in nociceptors drives methylglyoxal induced pain.

Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a reactive glycolytic metabolite associated with painful diabetic neuropathy at plasma concentrations between 500 nM and 5 μM. The mechanisms through which MGO causes neuropathic pain at these pathological concentrations are not known. Because MGO has been linked to diabetic neuropathic pain, which is prevalent and poorly treated, insight into this unsolved biomedical problem could lead to much needed therapeutics. Our experiments provide compelling evidence that ∼ 1 μM concentrat...

Eslicarbazepine acetate as monotherapy in clinical practice: outcomes from Euro-Esli.

To assess the effectiveness and safety/tolerability of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) monotherapy in clinical practice in Europe.

Interleukin-1beta in synergism gabapentin with tramadol in murine model of diabetic neuropathy.

Neuropathic pain is a complication of cancer and diabetes mellitus and the most commonly used drugs in the treatment of the diabetic neuropathic pain have only limited efficacy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the biomarker interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß) in the pharmacological interaction of gabapentin with tramadol in a model of diabetic neuropathic pain. CF-1 male mice, pretreated with 200 mg/kg i.p. of streptozocin (STZ), were used and at day 3 and 7 were evaluated by the hot plate test an...

Diabetes-induced neuropathic mechanical hyperalgesia depends on P2X4 receptor activation in Dorsal Root Ganglia.

Peripheral diabetic neuropathy (PDN) manifests in 50-60% of type I and II diabetic patients and is the major cause of limb amputation. Adequate therapy for PDN is a current challenge. There are evidences that the activation of the P2X4 receptor (P2X4R) expressed on microglial cells of the central nervous system takes part in the development of neuropathic pain. However, there is an open question: Is P2X4R activation on dorsal root ganglia (DRG) involved in the development of neuropathic pain? To answer this...

The NOD2 signaling in peripheral macrophages contributes to neuropathic pain development.

Neuropathic pain is one of the most important types of chronic pain. It is caused by neuronal damage. Clinical and experimental studies suggest a critical role for neuro-immune interactions in the development of neuropathic pain. Herein, we have shown that the cytoplasmic receptor Nod-like receptor-2, NOD2, and its adaptor-signaling molecule RIPK2, participate in the development of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury (Spared nerve injury model). The activation of NOD2 signaling in peripheral macr...

MiR-183-5p Alleviates Chronic Constriction Injury-Induced Neuropathic Pain Through Inhibition of TREK-1.

MicroRNAs have been implicated in nerve injury and neuropathic pain. In the previous study we had shown that miR-96 can attenuate neuropathic pain through inhibition of Nav1.3. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-183, a same cluster member of microRNA with miR-96, in neuropathic pain and its potential mechanisms. We found that the expression level of miR-183-5p in dorsal root ganglion was decreased with the development of neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction sciatic nerve injury (CCI)...

Standard analgesics reverse burrowing deficits in a rat CCI model of neuropathic pain, but not in models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes-induced neuropathic pain.

Burrowing is a rodent behavior validated as a robust and reproducible outcome measure to infer the global effect of pain in several inflammatory pain models. However, less is known about the effect of analgesics on burrowing in neuropathic pain models and no studies have determined burrowing performance in models of diabetes-associated neuropathic pain.

Effect of Bilateral Anterior Cingulotomy on Chronic Neuropathic Pain with Severe Depression.

The presence of neuropathic pain can severely impinge on emotional regulation and activities of daily living, including social activities, resulting in diminished life satisfaction. Unfortunately, the majority of patients with neuropathic pain do not experience an amelioration of symptoms from conventional therapies, even when multimodal therapies are used. Chronic refractory neuropathic pain is usually accompanied by severe depression that is prone to incur suicidal events, thus clinical management of chro...

Evaluation of the Neuropathic Component of Chronic Low Back Pain.

Assessment of neuropathic pain in chronic low back syndromes is important. However, there is currently no gold standard for its diagnosis. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to assess the neuropathic component of pain in various chronic low back pain syndromes using a range of diagnostic tests.

Motor Cortex Stimulation Therapy for Relief of Central Post-Stroke Pain: A Retrospective Study with Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory.

Motor cortex stimulation (MCS) has been used in the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain for more than 25 years. However, the mechanisms and outcome predictors still represent major challenges.

Sulfasalazine attenuates chronic constriction injury-induced neuroinflammation and mechanical hypersensitivity in rats.

Neuropathic pain is a severe and chronic neurological disease caused by injury or disease of the somatosensory system. Currently, there are no effective treatments for neuropathic pain. Neuroinflammation, characterized by activation of spinal glial cells and increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (for example, IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6), is a pathophysiological process closely related to neuropathic pain. The anti-inflammatory drug sulfasalazine (SFZ) is approved for inflammatory bowel disease and...

Diabetic Neuropathic Cachexia in a Young Woman.

Profound weight loss with painful symmetrical peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients was first described as diabetic neuropathic cachexia more than 4 decades ago. It is a distinct type of diabetic peripheral neuropathy that occurs in the absence of other microvascular and autonomic complications of diabetes. The mechanism and precipitating cause are unknown. It was reported to have good prognosis with spontaneous recovery within months to 2 years. However, it was frequently missed by clinicians because ...

Lysophosphatidic acid is associated with neuropathic pain intensity in humans: An exploratory study.

The underlying mechanisms of neuropathic pain remain to be elucidated. Basic animal research has suggested that lysophosphatidic acids, which are bioactive lipids produced by autotaxin from lysophosphatidylcholine, may play key roles in the initiation and maintenance of neuropathic pain. Here, we investigated the clinical relevance of lysophosphatidic acids signaling on neuropathic pain in humans. Eighteen patients who had been diagnosed with neuropathic pain with varied etiologies participated in the study...

Neuropathic Pain.

Neuropathic pain management is challenging, and typically requires a multifaceted approach. There are several treatment options, both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic. Of the available pharmacologic agents, those with the strongest supporting evidence include tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and certain antiseizure agents. There is emerging evidence for the use of cannabinoids, but conclusive studies are not available. Nonpharmacologic therapies that have been utili...

Tolerability of adjunctive eslicarbazepine acetate according to concomitant lamotrigine or carbamazepine use: A subgroup analysis of three phase III trials in adults with focal (partial-onset) seizures.

To evaluate and compare the effects of concomitant lamotrigine (LTG) or carbamazepine (CBZ) on the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) in patients taking adjunctive eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) for focal (partial-onset) seizures (FS).

Effects of miR-26a-5p on neuropathic pain development by targeting MAPK6 in in CCI rat models.

MicroRNA are emerging as significant regulators of neuropathic pain progression. In addition, neuroinflammation contributes a lot to neuropathic pain. miR-26a-5p has been identified as an inflammation-associated miRNA in multiple pathological processes. However, little is known about the biological role of miR-26a-5p in neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain development. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the function of miR-26a-5p in neuropathic pain by establishing a rat model using chronic sciatic nerve ...

Gabapentin and NMDA receptor antagonists interacts synergistically to alleviate allodynia in two rat models of neuropathic pain.

The clinical management of neuropathic pain remains a challenge. We examined the interaction between gabapentin and NMDA receptor antagonists dextromethrophan and MK-801 in alleviating neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rats after spinal cord or sciatic nerve injury.

Diagnosis and impact of neuropathic pain in leprosy patients in Nepal after completion of multidrug therapy.

Neuropathic pain (NP) can occur as a chronic complication of leprosy neuropathy. NP epidemiology and its impact on patients have not been well documented. This study investigates NP prevalence and impact in the years after patients are declared "released from treatment" (RFT) following multidrug therapy (MDT) completion.

Opioids, gliosis and central immunomodulation.

Neuropathic pain is a common health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Despite being studied extensively, the cellular and molecular events underlying the central immunomodulation and the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain is still controversial. The idea that 'glial cells are merely housekeepers' is incorrect and with respect to initiation and maintenance of neuropathic pain, microglia and astrocytes have important roles to play. Glial cells differentially express opioid receptors and are ...

Why are there no drugs indicated for sciatica, the most common chronic neuropathic syndrome of all?

Here, we examine the stark contrast between the successes and failures of the clinical development of analgesics for different types of chronic low back pain (CLBP) syndrome over the past three decades. Multiple drugs with differing mechanisms of action have been developed for nonspecific axial-predominant low back syndromes and yet not a single therapy is indicated for any neuropathic low back pain syndrome (e.g., sciatica). Clinician findings have informed the entry criteria for neuropathic low back pain ...

Catestatin is involved in neuropathic pain mediated by purinergic receptor P2X in the spinal microglia of rats.

Neuropathic pain is defined as a type of chronic pathological pain that often results from nerve damage or disease. The purinergic receptor P2X is mainly expressed on the cell surface of spinal dorsal horn microglia and is known to be involved in neuropathic pain. Catestatin (CST) is an endogenous peptide derived from chromogranin A. Here, we attempted to identify how CST function in neuropathic pain. Rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI) was used and experimental results indicated that mechanical ...

Overexpression of miR-381 relieves neuropathic pain development via targeting HMGB1 and CXCR4.

MicroRNA are significant regulators of neuropathic pain development. Neuroinflammation contributes a lot to the progression of neuropathic pain. miR-381 is involved in various pathological processes. However, the role of miR-381 in neuropathic pain development remains barely understood. Therefore, in our study, we aimed to investigate the effects of miR-381 on the process of neuropathic pain progression by establishing a rat model using chronic sciatic nerve injury (CCI). Here, we observed that miR-381 was ...

Fibromyalgia: is it a neuropathic pain?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome of unclear pathophysiology. It is believed to be a dysfunction of the CNS, but no definite structural lesion has been identified so far. Despite a number of changes in the diagnostic criteria, diagnosis remains a clinical one. Since the 2011 revision of the IASP definition of neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia has been excluded from the diagnosis of neuropathic pain. More recent studies however found newer evidences of pathophysiology including small fiber neuropathy in p...

Comparison of Pain Characteristics in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Sclerosis with Particular Reference to Neuropathic Pain Component: Cross-Sectional Study.

To compare characteristics of pain in terms of neuropathic pain and to assess association between neuropathic component and quality of life (QoL) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

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