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Estimating The Malaria Prevention Impact Of New Nets: Observational Analyses To Evaluate The Evidence Generated During Piloted New Net Distributions In Burkina Faso PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Estimating The Malaria Prevention Impact Of New Nets: Observational Analyses To Evaluate The Evidence Generated During Piloted New Net Distributions In Burkina Faso articles that have been published worldwide.
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Despite significant improvement in prevention and control over the past decades malaria remains a significant public health concern in Tanzania with 93% of the population being at risk. To prevent malaria infection and promote malaria free zones, understanding the community's knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward malaria control are essential. This study therefore aimed at determining the levels of understanding, and attitudes, as well as socio-cultural aspects of malaria prevention and treatment-seeki...
Understanding the spatiotemporal clustering of malaria transmission would help target interventions in settings of low malaria transmission. The aim of this study was to assess whether malaria infections were clustered in areas with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) alone, indoor residual spraying (IRS) alone, or a combination of LLINs and IRS interventions, and to determine the risk factors for the observed malaria clustering in southern-central Ethiopia.
Asymptomatic carriage of P. falciparum is frequent in areas endemic for malaria and individual diagnosis of clinical malaria attacks is still difficult. We investigated the impact of changes in malaria endemicity on the diagnostic criteria for malaria attacks in an area of seasonal malaria transmission.
The only licensed malaria vaccine, RTS,S/AS01, has been developed for morbidity-control in young children. The potential impact on transmission of deploying such anti-infective vaccines to wider age ranges, possibly with co-administration of antimalarial treatment, is unknown. Combinations of existing malaria interventions is becoming increasingly important as evidence mounts that progress on reducing malaria incidence is stalling and threatened by resistance.
Older travellers are at higher risk of malaria-related morbidity and mortality compared with younger people. Yet, prevention of malaria in this specific group of travellers is a longstanding issue in travel medicine. The aim of this research was to synthetize the existing evidence about this important topic, highlighting older travellers' attitudes and practices toward malaria prevention. Searches were performed on PubMed, Embase, EuropePMC, Web of Science, WHOLIS and LILACS databases for relevant studies r...
Malaria is a common problem throughout the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where 90% of all deaths in the world from malaria occur. While many studies on malaria are available in the medical literature, few publications have addressed the problems of managing malaria during surgery and anesthesia. At a newly opened hospital in Niger, we initiated further studies to evaluate our process of managing malaria when we had a number of problems in our first group of pediatric patients having elective cl...
In this work, a roundabout and a turbo roundabout model are compared and previous modeling with continuous Petri nets and safety are analyzed through indicators of complexity. Petri nets are a graphic and mathematical representation that allow a faithful modeling of urban systems.
Evaluation of an alpha-cypermethrin + PBO mixture long-lasting insecticidal net VEERALIN® LN against pyrethroid resistant Anopheles gambiae s.s.: an experimental hut trial in M'bé, central Côte d'Ivoire.
Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the primary method of malaria prevention. However, the widespread resistance to pyrethroids among major malaria vector species represents a significant threat to the continued efficacy of pyrethroid LLIN. Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist that inhibits the activity of metabolic enzymes of the cytochrome P450 family known to detoxify insecticides including pyrethroids. Synergist LLIN incorporating PBO and a pyrethroid may provide improved control compared to p...
Malaria prevention in travellers can be complex and requires consideration of a number of factors. UK healthcare professionals providing pre-travel malaria advice can access specialist support from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) telephone advice line. The aim of this study is to characterise queries to the NaTHNaC telephone advice line regarding pre-travel malaria advice.
Neutrophils can form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) to capture microbes and facilitate their clearance. NETs consist of decondensed chromatin decorated with antimicrobial proteins. Here, we describe the effect of neutrophil proteases on the protein content of NETs. We show that the neutrophil serine proteases degrade several neutrophil proteins associated with NETs. Interestingly, the antibacterial proteins associated with NETs, such as myeloperoxidase, calgranulin B and NE, seem to be less susceptib...
Early diagnosis, risk stratification and evaluation of possible biomarkers are much in demand nowadays, as the routine laboratory markers do not always predict severity of disease. The prevention of malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum which when in severe form may lead to life threatening complications like acute kidney failure, heart disease, and respiratory altered etc. may be facilitated by these biomarkers. The present study was designed to evaluate the potential diagnostic biomarkers of P. falcipar...
Imported malaria is a malaria infection diagnosed outside the area where it was acquired and is induced by human migration and mobility. This retrospective study was performed based on secondary data from 2007 to 2015. In total, 736 cases of imported malaria (79.7% of 923 cases) were recorded in Rio de Janeiro state. Of the imported cases, 55.3% came from abroad, while 44.7% came from other regions of Brazil. Most cases of imported malaria in Brazil (85.5%) originated in Amazônia Legal, and Burundi (Africa...
Malaria causes tremendous early childhood morbidity and mortality, providing an urgent impetus for the development of a vaccine that is effective in neonates. However, the infant immune response to malaria may be influenced by events that occur well before birth. Placental malaria infection complicates one quarter of all pregnancies in Africa and frequently results in exposure of the fetus to malaria antigens in utero, while the immune system is still developing. Some data suggest that in utero exposure to ...
Malaria is endemic in Darién and an assessment of the different factors affecting its epidemiology is crucial for the development of adequate strategies of surveillance, prevention, and disease control. The objective of this study was to determine the main characteristics of the epidemiological behavior of malaria in the Darien region.
The aim was to assess factors affecting disease severity in imported P. falciparum and non-falciparum malaria.
Sepsis can be caused by malaria infection, but little is known about the utility of the quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) and SOFA score in malaria. We conducted a prospective observational study from March 2013 to February 2017 to examine adults admitted with community-acquired infection in a tertiary-care hospital in Ubon Ratchathani, Northeast Thailand (Ubon-sepsis). Subjects were classified as having sepsis if they had a modified SOFA score ≥2 within 24 hours of admiss...
Malaria is a serious public health threat in Yunnan Province of China and has been frequently reported in some endemic regions, such as Tengchong County, with high morbidity. It is essential to analyze the characteristics of malaria cases and identify vulnerable populations. Previous studies about vulnerable populations have mostly used a statistical grouping method to count frequence from a single aspect rather than defined clustered groups. Based on descriptive analysis of the temporal variation and demog...
To evaluate therapeutic meta-analyses including both observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), how these studies were combined and whether there were differences in treatment effects.
Pneumococcal strains are variably resistant to killing by neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). We hypothesize that this variability in resistance is due to heterogeneity in pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA), a structurally diverse virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumococcal strains showed variability in induction of NETs and in susceptibility to killing by NETs. The variability in susceptibility to NETs-mediated killing of pneumococcal strains is attributed to PspA, as strains lacking t...
Sickle cell trait (HbAS) confers partial protection against malaria by reducing the adhesion of -infected erythrocytes to host receptors, but little is known about its potential protection against placental malaria.
To study the epidemiological characteristics of malaria and the effects of comprehensive malaria control implementation in Yantai, as well as to provide a scientific basis for future malaria elimination. A retrospective analysis was conducted to explore the epidemiological changes and prevention effects in Yantai from 1951 to 2017. The malaria data before 2004 were collected from paper-based annual reports, and data after 2004 came from the Infectious Diseases Information Reporting Management System. A to...
A portion of the economics literature has long debated about the relative importance of historical, institutional, geographical, and health determinants of economic growth. In 2001, Gallup and Sachs quantified the association between malaria and the level and growth of per capita income over the period 1965-1995 in a cross-country regression framework. We took a contemporary look at Gallup and Sachs' seminal work in the context of significant progress in malaria control achieved globally since 2000. Focusin...
Ileal neuroendocrine tumors (i-NETs) frequently metastasize to mesenteric lymph nodes and the liver. Regional lymphadenopathy is associated with desmoplasia of the mesentery forming a large mesenteric mass (LMM). Although the latest American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging (8th edition) defined LMM >2 cm as N2, the prognostic impact of LMM is ill-defined. We evaluated whether LMM is prognostic for patients with i-NETs.
Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) are at increased risk of venous thrombosis, but the precise mechanisms of thrombogenesis in CRC remain largely unknown. We aimed to identify the novel role of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in the induction of procoagulant activity (PCA) in CRC, and to evaluate its interactions with platelets and endothelial cells (ECs). In this study, we first showed that the levels of NETs in the peripheral blood of CRC patients were increased in parallel with cancer progressio...
Malaria control activities can have a disproportionately greater impact on Plasmodium falciparum than on P. vivax in areas where both species are coendemic. We investigated temporal trends in malaria-related morbidity and mortality in Papua, Indonesia, before and after introduction of a universal, artemisinin-based antimalarial treatment strategy for all Plasmodium species.