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Evaluating A New Iloperidone Titration Scheme In Bipolar I Disorder Or Schizophrenia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Evaluating A New Iloperidone Titration Scheme In Bipolar I Disorder Or Schizophrenia articles that have been published worldwide.
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Nonrandom mating has been shown for psychiatric diagnoses, with hypothesized-but not quantified-implications for offspring liability. This national cohort study enumerated the incidence of major psychiatric disorders among the offspring of parent pairs affected with schizophrenia (SCZ) and/or bipolar disorder (BIP) (i.e., dual-affected pairs).
We aimed to investigate whether the polygenic risk score (PRS) for schizophrenia influences time in couple relationships for patients with severe mental illness and controls. We combined the nationwide Danish registers with genetic information from dried neonatal blood spots. We included 2,599 individuals with schizophrenia, 1,446 with bipolar disorder, 20,315 with depression, and 6,963 controls. PRS for schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder were estimated using data from the Psychiatric Genetics ...
An evaluation of bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) was carried out, from a metallomics point of view, using native conditions, attempting to preserve the interaction between metals and biomolecules.
Anxiety and depressive disorders are more prevalent in hypogonadal men. Low testosterone levels are associated with greater negative symptoms and impaired cognition in men with schizophrenia. Thus, androgens may contribute to brain pathophysiology in psychiatric disorders. We investigated androgen-related mRNAs in post-mortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of psychiatric disorders. We also assessed androgen receptor (AR) CAG trinucleotide repeat length, a functional AR gene variant associated with AR gene e...
White matter abnormalities have been implicated in mental disorders including major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD), and schizophrenia (SZ); however, the shared and distinct white matter integrity across mental disorders is still unclear.
Working memory (WM) is impaired in psychotic disorders and linked to functional outcome. Most neurobiological models emphasize prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction in the etiology of WM impairment. However, WM is composed of multiple processes, including encoding and maintenance, and the delineation of the neurobiology of these sub-processes has not been well characterized in schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder. Functional MRI was obtained during an event-related spatial delayed match-to-sample task...
Deficits in response inhibition have been observed in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder; however, the neural origins of the abnormalities and their relevance to genetic liability for psychosis are unknown. We used a stop-signal task to examine motor inhibition and associated neural processes in schizophrenia patients (n = 57), bipolar disorder patients (n = 21), first-degree biological relatives of patients with schizophrenia (n = 34), and healthy controls (n = 56). Schizophrenia patients demonstrated moto...
Individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder show alterations in functional neural connectivity during rest. However, resting-state network (RSN) disruptions have not been systematically compared between the two disorders. Further, the impact of RSN disruptions on social cognition, a key determinant of functional outcome, has not been studied. Forty-eight individuals with schizophrenia, 46 with bipolar disorder, and 48 healthy controls completed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. An...
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are serious psychiatric disorders with substantial health risks. Asenapine is a new second-generation antipsychotic, available as a sublingual tablet, approved in Europe for the treatment of moderate-to-severe manic episodes in adults, and in US for manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder in adults and adolescents. In this review, we searched the available literature to appreciate the role of asenapine in the management of psychiatric conditions such as bipolar diso...
Smooth pursuit eye movement deficits are an established psychosis biomarker across schizophrenia, schizoaffective and psychotic bipolar disorder (BPwP). Whether smooth pursuit deficits are also seen in bipolar disorder without psychosis (BPwoP) is unclear. Here we present data from the Psychosis and Affective Research Domains and Intermediate Phenotypes (PARDIP) study comparing bipolar patients with and without psychotic features.
Bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ), are associated with greater vascular co-morbidities and adverse vascular events. Owing to shared developmental origins and morphology, retinal vasculature is a proxy assessment measure of the cerebral vasculature. Although retinal vascular fractal dimension (D), a measure of vascular geometry and complexity of branching, has been shown to be directly associated with cerebrovascular pathology, it has not been examined in SCZ and BD.
Evidence suggests microvascular dysfunction(wider retinal venules and narrower arterioles) in schizophrenia(SCZ) and bipolar disorder(BD). The vascular development is synchronous with neuronal development in retina and brain. The retinal vessel trajectory is related to retinal nerve fibre layer(RNFL) thinning and cerebrovascular abnormalities in SCZ and BD and is not been examined yet. Hence, in this study we examined retinal vascular trajectory in SCZ and BD in comparison with healthy volunteers(HV).
The aim of this study is to examine social functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and explore the psychological and neurophysiological predictors of social functioning.
Metacognition is an important factor in the development and persistence of bipolar disorder. One of the most striking examples of impairment in metacognitive functioning in bipolar disorder is the lack of insight these patients have in their disorder. Despite its importance, research regarding metacognition in bipolar disorder is scarce. Furthermore, the neurocognitive basis of metacognitive functioning is unknown.
Attention deficits are found in children at familial high risk of schizophrenia (FHR-SZ) and bipolar disorder (FHR-BP) using assessment methods relying on motor-based response latency. This study compares visual attention functions in children at FHR-SZ or FHR-BP with controls using an unspeeded task unconfounded by motor components.
To clarify the clinical features preceding the onset of Bipolar disorder (BD) has become a public health priority for the prevention of high morbidity and mortality. BD remains frequently under- or misdiagnosed, and under- or mistreated, often for years.
While research has identified alterations in dorsolateral prefrontal cortical function as a key factor to the etiology of bipolar disorder, few studies have uncovered robust changes in protein signal transduction pathways in this disorder. Given the direct relevance of protein-based expressional alterations to cellular functions and because many of the key regulatory mechanisms for the disease pathogenesis likely include alterations in protein activity rather than changes in expression alone, the identifica...
Approximately 20% of individual with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) have a lifetime history of suicide attempt. Some cognitive measures were associated with a suicide attempt, but no study has assessed the association of this event with the estimated intelligence quotient (IQ) in PBI. In adult Bipolar Disorder no association between IQ and suicidality was found, with different correlations between cognitive measures. There are studies in general population showing a negative correlation and others did not...
Subjects fulfilling DSM 5 criteria of Bipolar I disorder with onset before 18 years on Lithium prophylaxis were included. A total of 575 subjects with Bipolar Disorder were screened, 141 had early-onset Bipolar disorder, 72 patients were on Lithium and 52 provided informed consent and entered the study. Thirty-four were in the prospective group, and 18 were in the retrospective arm. Mean age at onset was 16.13 (1.40) years. About 31% (n = 16) were initiated on Lithium following first episode. Mean age a...
Weight gain is a side effect of antipsychotic medication and highly prevalent in people with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, increasing their overall cardio-metabolic risk. We conducted a systematic review on non-pharmacological interventions for preventing/reducing weight gain or increase in waist-circumference in young, newly diagnosed patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. We searched major electronic databases from inception to 04/2019 on RCTs, pre- and post-test studies, and non-randomized...
Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder with a complex pattern of inheritance. Although many genetic studies have been conducted on BPD, its genetic correlates remain uncertain. This study aimed to identify the genetic cause of the disorder in an Indian family, which is comprehensively evaluated clinically and is under follow-up for over 12 years.
Suicide is a devasting public health problem that is estimated to be 20-30 times greater in patients with bipolar disorder. Identification of risk factors is a critical step in the prevention and development of targeted interventions for suicide. Two critical areas implicated in the elevated risk of suicide behavior in bipolar disorder are altered cognitive processing and associated emotional dysregulation.
Schizophrenia, cocaine-related disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and psychopathy share biological bases, but few studies discriminate between these disorders by means of prepulse inhibition. This work studies the phenotype of patients with cocaine-related disorders who are vulnerable to presenting a dual diagnosis of schizophrenia or antisocial personality disorder, by evaluating their prepulse inhibition, impulsivity and psychopathy personality traits. The sample ( = 38) was divided into thre...
In the last five years, the debate around the comorbidity between bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has flourished within the international psychiatric community and several studies have been published on therapeutic strategies.
Higher rates of thyroid conditions are reported in individuals with bipolar disorder. However, no study to date has considered whether maternal thyroid conditions during pregnancy are associated with offspring risk of bipolar disorder, even though the fetus exclusively relies on maternal thyroid hormones through the early second trimester. We therefore examined the association between offspring bipolar disorder and serologically documented maternal thyroid conditions.