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PubMed Journals Articles About "Expert Stresses Importance Genetic Testing Ovarian Cancer" RSS

20:41 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Expert Stresses Importance Genetic Testing Ovarian Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Expert Stresses Importance Genetic Testing Ovarian Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Expert Stresses Importance Genetic Testing Ovarian Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31,000+

Evaluation of a Streamlined Oncologist-Led BRCA Mutation Testing and Counseling Model for Patients With Ovarian Cancer.

Purpose There is a growing demand for BRCA1/ 2 mutation ( BRCAm) testing in patients with ovarian cancer; however, the limited number of genetic counselors presents a potential barrier. To facilitate more widespread BRCAm testing in ovarian cancer, pretest counseling by the oncology team could shorten testing turnaround times and ease the pressure on genetic counselors. Patients and Methods The prospective, observational Evaluating a Streamlined Onco-genetic BRCA Testing and Counseling Model Among Patients ...


Patients' Views of Treatment-Focused Genetic Testing (TFGT): Some Lessons for the Mainstreaming of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Testing.

This paper explores patients' views and experiences of undergoing treatment-focused BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic testing (TFGT), either offered following triaging to clinical genetics (breast cancer) or as part of a mainstreamed care pathway in oncology (ovarian cancer). Drawing on 26 in-depth interviews with patients with breast or ovarian cancer who had undergone TFGT, this retrospective study examines patients' views of genetic testing at this point in their care pathway, focusing on issues, such as initial r...

Disparities in genetics assessment for women with ovarian cancer: Can we do better?

We sought to characterize referral patterns for genetic counseling for women with ovarian cancer and hypothesized that differences in referral and testing rates are shaped by socioeconomic factors.


Do genetic polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor contribute to breast/ovarian cancer? A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

To identify the most suitable genetic model for detecting the risk of breast cancer (BC)/ovarian cancer (OC) in specific populations.

Origins based clinical and molecular complexities of epithelial ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all common gynaecological malignancies in women worldwide. Ovarian cancer comprises of >15 distinct tumor types and subtypes characterized by histopathological features, environmental and genetic risk factors, precursor lesions and molecular events during oncogenesis. Recent studies on gene signatures profiling of different subtypes of ovarian cancer have revealed significant genetic heterogeneity between and within each ovarian cancer histological subtype. Thus, an imme...

The uptake of presymptomatic genetic testing in hereditary breast-ovarian cancer and Lynch syndrome: a systematic review of the literature and implications for clinical practice.

Following the identification in a proband of a germline BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation in hereditary breast-ovarian cancer (HBOC) or a DNA mismatch repair gene mutation in Lynch syndrome (LS) he or she will be asked to inform at-risk family members about the option for presymptomatic DNA testing. However, in clinical practice multiple factors may complicate the process of information sharing. We critically evaluated studies on the uptake of presymptomatic genetic testing in both syndromes. A search of relevant MeSH t...

Understanding of multigene test results among males undergoing germline testing for inherited prostate cancer: Implications for genetic counseling.

Genetic testing (GT) for prostate cancer (PCA) is rising, with limited insights regarding genetic counseling (GC) needs of males. Genetic Evaluation of Men (GEM) is a prospective multigene testing study for inherited PCA. Men undergoing GC were surveyed on knowledge of cancer risk and genetics (CRG) and understanding of personal GT results to identify GC needs.

High frequency of pathogenic non-founder germline mutations in and in families with breast and ovarian cancer in a founder population.

Pathogenic founder mutations (c.4035delA, c.5266dupC) contribute to 3.77% of all consecutive primary breast cancers and 9.9% of all consecutive primary ovarian cancers. Identifying germline pathogenic gene variants in patients with primary breast and ovarian cancer could significantly impact the medical management of patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the rate of pathogenic mutations in the 26 breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility genes in patients who meet the criteria for testing and to c...

Genetic testing for hereditary prostate cancer: Current status and limitations.

A significant proportion of prostate cancer diagnoses may be associated with a strong hereditary component. Men who have multiple single-gene polymorphisms and a family history of prostate cancer have a significantly greater risk of developing prostate cancer. Numerous single-gene alterations have been confirmed to increase the risk of prostate cancer. These include breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1 and BRCA2, respectively), mutL homolog 1 (MLH1), mutS homologs 2 and 6 (MSH2 and MSH6, respectively), postme...

The Influence of Adolescence on Parents' Perspectives of Testing and Discussing Inherited Cancer Predisposition.

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome that may present with a first cancer before or during adolescence/young adulthood. Families offered LFS genetic testing for their children can inform our understanding of how the unique developmental context of adolescence influences parental perspectives about genetic testing and discussions of cancer risk. In this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 46 parents of children at risk for LFS to capture those pers...

MiR-19a negatively regulated the expression of PTEN and promoted the growth of ovarian cancer cells.

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal malignancy of the women genital tract. Exploring novel factors involved in the development of ovarian cancer and characterizing the molecular mechanisms by which regulate the tumorigenesis of ovarian cancer are quite necessary. Here, we found that miR-19a was highly expressed in ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-19a promoted the viability of ovarian cancer cells, while down-regulation of miR-19a inhibited the growth of ovarian cancer cells. To fur...

Familial risks of ovarian cancer by age at diagnosis, proband type and histology.

Ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous disease. Data regarding familial risks for specific proband, age at diagnosis and histology are limited. Such data can assist genetic counseling and help elucidate etiologic differences among various histologic types of ovarian malignancies. By using the Swedish Family-Cancer Database, we calculated relative risks (RRs) for detailed family histories using a two-way comparison, which implied e.g. estimation of RRs for overall ovarian cancer when family history was histology-...

Analgesic Use and Ovarian Cancer Risk: An Analysis in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium.

Aspirin use is associated with reduced risk of several cancers. A pooled analysis of 12 case-control studies showed a 10% decrease in ovarian cancer risk with regular aspirin use, which was stronger for daily and low-dose users. To prospectively investigate associations of analgesic use with ovarian cancer, we analyzed data from 13 studies in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium (OC3).

LDR reverses DDP resistance in ovarian cancer cells by affecting ERCC-1, Bcl-2, Survivin and Caspase-3 expressions.

Ovarian cancer is the most frequent cause of death resulting from malignant gynecological tumors. After surgical intervention, cisplatin (DDP) is a major chemotherapy drug for ovarian cancer, but the ovarian cancer cells tend to develop DDP resistance in the clinical setting. Tumor cells are sensitive to low-dose radiation (LDR). However, how the LDR therapy improves the effects of chemotherapy drugs on ovarian cancer is not well understood. This study aimed to explore this issue.

Encapsulation of verapamil and doxorubicin by MPEG-PLA to reverse drug resistance in ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer is usually treated with transurethral resection or systemic chemotherapy in clinic. However, the development of drug resistance in ovarian cancer is frequently observed in ovarian cancer patients, leading to failure of tumor inhibition and recurrence. In this study, we aimed to efficiently reverse the drug resistance and enhance the anticancer effects by co-delivery of chemotherapeutic agents and multi-drugs resistant proteins inhibitor in ovarian cancer treatment.

Antibodies Against Chlamydia trachomatis and Ovarian Cancer Risk in Two Independent Populations.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) has been associated with ovarian cancer risk. To clarify the role of Chlamydia trachomatis and other infectious agents in the development of ovarian cancer, we evaluated the association of serologic markers with incident ovarian cancer using a staged approach in two independent populations.

When Ovarian Cancer Is Not: Characterizing Nonovarian Cancer Pathology in a Laparoscopy-Based Triage System.

Establishing an accurate histologic diagnosis is essential for determining the appropriate course of therapy for ovarian cancer. This study sought to investigate and describe nonovarian cancer pathologies discovered during the systematic laparoscopic workup of presumed advanced ovarian cancer.

Genetic Counseling Referral Rates in Long-Term Survivors of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

Inherited gene mutations (pathogenic variants) cause 10% of breast cancers. pathogenic variants predispose carriers to triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC); around 30% of patients with TNBC carry pathogenic variants. The 2018 NCCN Guidelines for Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian recommend genetic counseling referrals for patients with TNBC diagnosed at age ≤60 years. This study sought to describe genetic counseling referral patterns among long-term TNBC survivors at The Universi...

Japanese Society of Medical Oncology Clinical Guidelines: Molecular Testing for Colorectal Cancer Treatment, Third Edition.

The Japanese Society of Medical Oncology (JSMO) previously published 2 editions of the clinical guidelines: "Japanese guidelines for testing of KRAS gene mutation in colorectal cancer" in 2008 and "Japanese Society of Medical Oncology Clinical Guidelines: RAS (KRAS/NRAS) mutation testing in colorectal cancer patients" in 2014. These guidelines have contributed to the proper use of KRAS and RAS mutation testing, respectively. Recently, clinical utility, particularly for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with ...

Rucaparib: a new treatment option for ovarian cancer.

Approximately 50% of high-grade serous ovarian cancers present a deficiency in the pathways involved in homologous recombination (HR). PARP inhibitors prevent single-strand DNA damage repair and determine a progression of the defect towards double-strand breaks, which results in a process known as 'synthetic lethality'. Areas covered: In this review, the authors discuss the efficacy and toxicity of rucaparib either as a single agent or as a maintenance treatment for ovarian cancer. This includes the NGS Fou...

Integrated microarray meta-analysis identifies miRNA-27a as an oncogene in ovarian cancer by inhibiting FOXO1.

Survival of ovarian cancer patients is generally poor, partly because most of them are already at an advanced stage when diagnosed. The purpose of this study was to screen prognostic miRNAs for ovarian cancer, and to explore the underlying mechanisms.

Engrailed-2 (EN2) - a novel biomarker in epithelial ovarian cancer.

Epithelial ovarian cancer is a common malignancy, with no clinically approved diagnostic biomarker. Engrailed-2 (EN2) is a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, essential during embryological neural development, which is dysregulated in several cancer types. We evaluated the expression of EN2 in Epithelial ovarian cancer, and reviewed its role as a biomarker.

Use of apatinib combined with pemetrexed for advanced ovarian cancer: A case report.

Ovarian cancer is the most deadly gynecologic cancer, and the therapy is very difficult. Apatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. At present, there are few studies or case reports on apatinib treatment for patients with ovarian cancer.

The role of genetic testing in the prevention of acute aortic dissection.

Although much has been learned about disease of the thoracic aorta, most diagnosis of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is still incidental. The importance of the genetic aspects in thoracic aortic disease is overwhelming, and today different mutations which cause TAA or alter its natural history have been discovered. Technological advance has made available testing which detects genetic mutations linked to TAA. This article analyses the genetic aspects of TAA and describes the possible role of genetic tests i...

Evaluation of HE4 and TTR for diagnosis of ovarian cancer: Comparison with CA-125.

Serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and transthyretin (TTR) are new markers for ovarian cancer. We compared HE4 and TTR with the gold marker CA-125 for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer patients.


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