PubMed Journals Articles About "Factors Influencing Wild Chimpanzee Troglodytes Verus Relative Abundance∨derfield=score∨derval=DESC" RSS

17:55 EDT 20th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Factors influencing wild chimpanzee troglodytes verus relative abundance" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Risk Factors for Poor Surgical Outcome of Pediatric Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction.

To determine whether there are common factors that may help predict if a child is at a higher risk for surgical failure for nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

The Autoimmune Regulator (Aire) transactivates HLA-G gene expression in thymic epithelial cells.

The Autoimmune Regulator (Aire) protein coordinates the negative selection of developing thymocytes by inducing the expression of hundreds of tissue-specific antigens within the thymic medulla, which is also a primary site of the expression of the immune checkpoint HLA-G molecule. Considering the immunomodulatory properties of Aire and HLA-G and considering that the role of the constitutive thymus expression of HLA-G has not been elucidated, we studied the effect of AIRE cDNA transfection on HLA-G expressio...

Bottom-up control of geographic variation in insect herbivory on wild cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) by plant defenses and climate.

The occurrence and amount of herbivory are shaped by bottom-up forces, primarily plant traits (e.g., defenses), and by abiotic factors. Addressing these concurrent effects in a spatial context has been useful in efforts to understand the mechanisms governing variation in plant-herbivore interactions. Still, few studies have evaluated the simultaneous influence of multiple sources of bottom-up variation on spatial variation in herbivory.

Virucidal effects of common disinfectants against tilapia lake virus.

Tilapia lake virus (TiLV) is an emerging virus associated with high fish mortality and economic losses. This study investigates the virucidal effects of the following disinfectants (active ingredients) on TiLV: 2.5 ppm iodine, 10 ppm sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 300 ppm hydrogen peroxide (H O ), 80 ppm formalin and 5,000 ppm (0.5%) Virkon . Factors that affect the disinfectants' efficacy, including temperature, contact time and soiling (organic matter) interference, were examined under conditions mimic...

Recurrence factors in pediatric ameloblastoma: Clinical features and a new classification system.

Ameloblastomas of jaw in the pediatric population are a rare clinical entity and have not been well addressed in the literatures. The present retrospective study analyzed the risk factors associated with recurrence of pediatric ameloblastomas.

Linking resting-state networks and social cognition in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder show alterations in functional neural connectivity during rest. However, resting-state network (RSN) disruptions have not been systematically compared between the two disorders. Further, the impact of RSN disruptions on social cognition, a key determinant of functional outcome, has not been studied. Forty-eight individuals with schizophrenia, 46 with bipolar disorder, and 48 healthy controls completed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. An...

Cocrystal Engineering: A Collaborative Strategy toward Functional Materials.

Cocrystal engineering with a noncovalent assembly feature by simple constituent units has inspired great interest and has emerged as an efficient and versatile route to construct functional materials, especially for the fabrication of novel and multifunctional materials, due to the collaborative strategy in the distinct constituent units. Meanwhile, the precise crystal architectures of organic cocrystals, with long-range order as well as free defects, offer the opportunity to unveil the structure-property a...

Emerging roles of exosomal miRNAs in breast cancer drug resistance.

Breast cancer (BC), as a heterogeneous disease, is considered as one of the most common malignancies in women worldwide. The resistance of BC cells to therapeutic agents has remained a big challenge in the treatment of BC patients. Some factors such as cytokines, exosomes, and soluble receptors were recognized as crucial agents involved in the development of drug resistance. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the drug resistance is still unknown. There is growing evidence to support the emerging roles...

Pancreatic Fat Content may Increase the Risk of Imaging Progression in Low Risk Branch Duct Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm.

To identify risk factors of imaging progression (increase of cyst size or main pancreatic duct size, or new onset of mural nodule) in low risk branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (BD-IPMN), including obesity-related factors, such as pancreatic fat content.

Revealing the elemental distribution within latent fingermarks using synchrotron sourced x-ray fluorescence microscopy.

Fingermarks are an important form of crime-scene trace evidence; however, their usefulness may be hampered by a variation in response or a lack of robustness in detection methods. Understanding the chemical composition and distribution within fingermarks may help explain variation in latent fingermark detection with existing methods and identify new strategies to increase detection capabilities.The majority of research in the literature describes investigation of organic components of fingermark residue, le...

Differential Isotope Labeling by Permethylation and Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Relative Quantification of Intact Neutral Glycolipids in Mammalian Cells.

Probing the role of glycolipids in health and disease warrants development of practical strategies to determine these molecules at the intact structural level, namely to simultaneously characterize and quantify the glycan and lipid moieties without breaking the linkage between them. Herein we present such an approach utilizing differential isotope labeling and reversed phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS/MS) for structural characterization and relative quantification of intact neut...

Measuring the building envelope penetration factor for ambient nitrogen oxides.

Much of human exposure to nitrogen oxides (NOx) of ambient origin occurs indoors. Reactions with materials inside building envelopes are expected to influence the amount of ambient NOx that infiltrates indoors. However, envelope penetration factors for ambient NOx constituents have never been measured. Here we develop and apply methods to measure the penetration factor and indoor loss rates for ambient NOx constituents using time-resolved measurements in an unoccupied apartment unit. Multiple test methods a...

Protein cross-interactions for efficient photosynthesis in the cassava cultivar SC205 relative to its wild species.

The underlying mechanisms of higher photosynthetic efficiency of cultivated cassava relative to its wild species are poorly understood. In the present study, proteins in leaves and chloroplasts were analyzed to compare the differences among the cultivar SC205, its wild ancestor W14 and the related species Glaziovii. The functions of differential proteins are associated with 10 ontology groups including photosynthesis, carbohydrate and energy metabolism, as well as potential signal pathway. The protein-prote...

Ab Initio and Quasiclassical Trajectory Study of the O(P)+2-Propanol Hydrogen Abstraction Reaction.

We present a theoretical study of the hydrogen abstraction reaction from 2-propanol by ground-state oxygen atoms. First, ab initio calculations are used to characterize the stationary points of the potential energy surface. Rotation around the C-C-O-H dihedral affords two conformers in 2-propanol, which gives rise to 13 hydrogen abstraction reaction pathways grouped into three channels, Cα, Cβ, and O, depending on the abstraction site. Reaction at Cα exhibits the lowest barrier and largest exothermicity,...

Investigation of Transfer Group, Tether Proximity, and Alkene Substitution for Intramolecular Silyloxypyrone-based 5 + 2 Cycloadditions.

Systematic investigation of intramolecular silyloxypyrone-based [5 + 2] cycloadditions revealed three significant factors impacting conversion to cycloadduct: 1) the silyl transfer group has a substantial influence on the rate of reaction and the robust t-butyldiphenylsilyl (TBDPS) group was found to be more effective overall than the conventional t-butyldimethylsilyl (TBS) group; 2) α,β-unsaturated esters were generally more reactive than terminal olefins and afforded appreciable quantity of cycloadduct ...

Variables associated with successful performance on the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners Part IV examination.

The objectives of this study were to (1) identify factors predictive of performance on the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners Part IV exam and (2) investigate correlations between the scores obtained in the Part I, Part II, Physiotherapy, and Part III exams and the Part IV examination.

Precarity, Assemblages and Indonesian Elder Care.

The provision (or failure) of care reflects and produces vulnerability in old age. Reliable and appropriate care widely affects the imagination of "good care" of older Indonesians in North Sulawesi. Yet, their striving for better life goes with the growing chronification of conditions and processes with unpredictable endings. Three factors shape such uncertainty in elder care in North Sulawesi: (1) unsustainable, fragile care arrangements; (2) progressive-degenerative non-communicable diseases and aging imp...

Identification of a novel embryo-prevalent gene, , involved in preimplantation embryogenesis in mice.

In mammals, the early embryo travels down the oviduct to the uterus and prepares for implantation. The unique features of preimplantation development include compaction followed by blastocyst formation. This first cell lineage specification involves various proteins including cell polarity regulators, kinases, and transcription factors. In this study, a novel gene named predicted gene 11545 () expressed predominantly in mouse early embryos was identified and characterized at the transcript, protein, cellula...

Are Prophylactic Perioperative Antibiotics Required for Isolated Forefoot Procedures, Such as Hammertoes?

Though limited clinical data exists, the administration of perioperative antibiotics is not required for isolated forefoot procedures in the absence of any risk factors, such as immunodeficiency or diabetes mellitus.

What Are the Indications for One-Stage Versus Two-Stage Exchange Arthroplasty in Management of the Infected Total Ankle Arthroplasty (TAA)?

Two-stage exchange arthroplasty is recommended in the majority of cases following infected TAA. One-stage arthroplasty is only indicated in a limited patient population with acute infection, preoperatively identified low-virulence organisms, and low-risk patient factors.

What Are the Important Risk Factors That Predispose a Patient to Infection After Total Ankle Arthroplasty (TAA)?

There is evidence indicating that the following risk factors may predispose a patient to an infection after a total ankle arthroplasty (TAA): inflammatory arthritis, prior ankle surgery, body mass index (BMI) 30), tobacco use, diabetes, duration of surgery, age

Transcriptional Control and Transcriptomic Analysis of Lipid Metabolism in Skin barrier formation and Atopic Dermatitis (AD).

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial ailment associated with barrier breach and intense systemic inflammation. Several studies over the years have shown the complex interplay of a large number of factors in governing the progression and outcome of AD. In addition to the diverse types of AD resulting due to variation in the intrinsic mechanisms giving rise to AD such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), epigenetic alterations or transcriptional changes, extrinsic factors such as age, ancestry, et...

Selection of Visual Objects in Perception and Working Memory One at a Time.

How does the content of visual working memory influence the way we process the visual environment? We addressed this question using the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP), which provides a discernible measure of visuocortical activation to multiple stimuli simultaneously. Fifty-six adults were asked to remember a set of two oriented gratings. During the retention interval, two frequency-tagged oriented gratings were presented to probe the visuocortical processing of matching versus mismatching ori...

Sociodemographic Factors and Stage of Cancer at Diagnosis: A Population-Based Study in South India.

Lower socioeconomic status is associated with inferior cancer survival in high-income countries, but whether this applies to low- and middle-income countries is not well described. Here, we use a population-based cancer registry to explore the association between educational level and stage of cancer at diagnosis in South India.

Evaluation of the hypoglycemic effect of seven wild folkloric edible plants from Palestine.

Alfa-amylase inhibitors are used to reduce glucose absorption by suppressing carbohydrate digestion. The current study aimed to evaluate seven wild edible Palestinian plants' hydrophilic and lipophilic fractions against porcine pancreatic α-amylase enzyme. The lipophilic fractions of Arum palaestinum, Malva sylvestris, Plantago major, Centaurea iberica, Cichorium endivia, Bituminaria bituminosa, Sisymbrium irio leaves were sequentially separated with a nonpolar solvent hexane, while the hydrophilic fractio...

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