PubMed Journals Articles About "Feasibility And Limitations Of Offering Community Based Rapid HIV Testing To Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM)" RSS

14:28 EST 19th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Feasibility Limitations Offering Community Based Rapid Testing Have" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 42,000+

Rapid syndromic molecular testing in Pneumonia: the current landscape and future potential: Rapid syndromic molecular tests for pneumonia.

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP), hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) are all associated with significant mortality and cause huge expense to health care services around the world. Early, appropriate antimicrobial therapy is crucial for effective treatment. Syndromic diagnostic testing using novel, rapid multiplexed molecular platforms represents a new opportunity for rapidly targeted antimicrobial therapy to improve patient outcomes and facilitate antibiotic stewar...

Community pharmacist counseling in early pregnancy-Results from the SafeStart feasibility study.

Community pharmacists are available to counsel women in early pregnancy, but no studies have assessed the feasibility of such a service.

Clinical Genetic Testing in Endocrinology: Current Concepts and Contemporary Challenges.

Recent advances in DNA sequencing technology have led to an unprecedented period of disease-gene discovery offering many new opportunities for genetic testing in the clinical setting. Endocrinology has seen a rapid expansion in the taxonomy of monogenic disorders, which can be detected by an expanding portfolio of genetic tests in both diagnostic and predictive settings. Successful testing relies on many factors including the ability to identify those at increased risk of genetic disease in the busy clinic ...

Implementation of a Community-Based Hybrid HIV Testing Services Program as a Strategy to Saturate Testing Coverage in Western Kenya.

Knowledge of HIV status is the entry point for linkage to prevention, care, and treatment, and the first step toward achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets. Most countries rely on proxies for estimating testing saturation, including periodic population-based sampling and yield (number positive among those tested). We conducted a community-based "Hybrid" HIV testing services (HTS) program to identify persons unaware of their HIV-positive status.

Healthcare System-Funded Preventive Genomic Screening: Challenges for Australia and Other Single-Payer Systems.

The prospect of healthcare systems offering population-based preventive genomic testing to all adults is becoming feasible. Some single-payer or state-funded healthcare systems are already considering offering universal testing as part of routine care. In countries with public healthcare systems, there is a unique opportunity to provide such testing in the form of a national screening program, following existing national population health-screening frameworks. This paradigm, if achievable, could help delive...

Comparison of community-based HIV counselling and testing (CBCT) through index client tracing and other modalities: Outcomes in 13 South African high HIV prevalence districts by gender and age.

To increase HIV case finding in a Community-based HIV counselling and testing (CBCT) programme, an index client tracing modality was implemented to target index clients' sexual network and household members.

Comprehensive elaboration of database resources utilized in next-generation sequencing-based tumor somatic mutation detection.

The rapid evolution of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based tumor genomic profile detection and the emergence of molecularly targeted therapies have enabled precision oncology. In NGS-based analysis, various types of databases have been developed to perform different functions. However, many problems still exist when using these public databases. Therefore, it is important to better understand the characteristics and limitations of each database and have them complement each other to provide useful clinic...

Project Moxie: Results of a Feasibility Study of a Telehealth Intervention to Increase HIV Testing Among Binary and Nonbinary Transgender Youth.

Transgender youth have low rates of engagement in HIV prevention, shaped in part by experiences of transphobia and lack of access to culturally competent care. Project Moxie tested the feasibility of an intervention that provides home-based HIV self-testing coupled with video-chat counseling. A diverse sample of 202 binary and nonbinary transgender youth (TY) were recruited online, and randomized 2:1 to receive the intervention or a control condition of only home-based HIV self-testing. TY were willing to o...

Implementation of a Highly Accurate Rapid Point-of-Care Test for Group a Streptococcus Detection at a Large Pediatric Emergency Department in South London.

Rapid group A Streptococcus point-of-care testing is not currently used in the United Kingdom in the management of acute tonsillitis. This prospective, observational study describes a strong association between a molecular-based point-of-care testing result and outpatient antibiotic prescribing (odds ratio = 48; P < 0.001) in 339 children seen at our center. It highlights challenges in implementing new rapid diagnostics.

Plasmonic-based platforms for diagnosis of infectious diseases at the point-of-care.

Infectious diseases such as HIV-1, TB, HBV and malaria still exert a tremendous health burden on the developing world, requiring rapid, simple and inexpensive diagnostics for on-site diagnosis and treatment monitoring. However, traditional diagnostic methods such as nucleic acid tests (NATs) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) cannot be readily implemented in point-of-care (POC) settings. Recently, plasmonic-based biosensors have emerged, offering an attractive solution to manage infectious disea...

Direct genotyping from whole blood using alkaline polyethylene glycol.

In order to simplify biological sample preparation to meet the demand of rapid genotyping, we improve alkaline polyethylene glycol (APEG) based on Chomczynski's procedure for the PCR-based lateral flow genotyping system, which enables the rapid and efficient direct genotyping from whole blood without DNA purification. The improved APEG has a high tolerance for extreme storage conditions. Testing whole blood with an abnormal hematological index indicates that APEG efficiency would not be influenced by pathol...

Acceptability and Feasibility of Community-Based, Lay Navigator-Facilitated At-Home Self-Collection for Human Papillomavirus Testing in Underscreened Women.

Women without regular health care providers or a medical home routinely fail to complete recommended cervical cancer screening. At-home self-collection of samples to test for high-risk strains of human papillomavirus (hrHPV) can improve screening rates. This study documents acceptability and feasibility of community lay navigator (LN)-facilitated at-home self-collection for underscreened women in Appalachian Virginia. This study used mixed methods in three phases. Phase I involved focus groups of LNs to en...

Pilot testing the effectiveness of the Healthy Ageing Supported by Internet and Community programme for promoting healthy lifestyles for people over 65 years of age.

Active ageing is associated with physical, social and mental wellbeing, as well as the participation and integration of older people in society. Currently, demographic changes represent a major challenge while reinforcing the need to improve our current understanding of active ageing and promote appropriate interventions suitable for older people. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Ageing Supported by Internet and Community training programme for acquiring the knowledge an...

Acceptance of Rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing in an Urban Emergency Department.

Rapid HIV testing programs in emergency departments (EDs) have been shown to promote early diagnosis and linkage to specialty care. However, sensitivity of the subject-matter and stigmatization of disclosing associated risk factors may make patients reluctant to consent to testing in this setting. This study sought to determine whether men are more likely to refuse rapid HIV testing in the ED as compared to women and to analyze the influence of tester gender on the response. This retroactive study utilized ...

Performance of a Dual Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Syphilis Rapid Test Compared to Conventional Serological Testing for Syphilis and HIV in a Laboratory Setting - Results of the Zimbabwe STI Etiology Study.

Dual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/syphilis rapid, point-of-care testing may enhance syphilis screening among high risk populations, increase case finding, reduce time to treatment and prevent complications. We assessed the laboratory-based performance of a rapid dual HIV/syphilis test using serum collected from patients enrolled in the Zimbabwe Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) Etiology study.

A rapid lateral flow immunoassay for identity testing of biotherapeutics.

Identity testing of biopharmaceutical products is conducted at multiple steps in the manufacturing process, for drug product lot release, and often for product importation. Because of the chemical and structural similarities of antibody-based products, they present a unique challenge for the development of a QC friendly identity assay where specificity is the critical attribute. Here we report on the development of a novel, rapid and highly specific assay designed to simplify identity testing of antibody-ba...

Rapid prenatal diagnosis of Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy 1 by combined Bionano optical mapping and karyomapping.

To explore the feasibility of performing rapid prenatal diagnoses of FSHD1 using a combination of Bianano optical mapping and linkage-based karyomapping.

Zn- and Cd-based Coordination Polymers Offering H-Bonding Cavities: Highly Selective Sensing of S O and Fe Ions.

We present two Zn - and Cd -based coordination polymers (CPs), L-Zn and L-Cd, offering H-bonding-based cavities of varying dimensions. Both CPs were used for the highly selective detection of S O and Fe ions where H-bonding based cavities played an important role. Fluorescence quenching, competitive binding studies and binding parameters substantiated significant recognition of S O and Fe ions by both CPs.

Evaluation of Rapid, Molecular-Based Assays for the Detection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes lower respiratory tract infection primarily in infants and toddlers. RSV reinfection also occurs throughout life and can be a significant cause of pneumonia and mortality in the elderly. Surges in physician offices, emergency department visits, and hospitalization often result from RSV illness. Point-of-care (POC) testing reduces healthcare costs and permits informed decisions on treatment, further testing, or hospitalization to occur during the physician-p...

HIV Testing and Treatment with the Use of a Community Health Approach in Rural Africa.

Universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) with annual population testing and a multidisease, patient-centered strategy could reduce new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections and improve community health.

Educate, Test and Treat Model towards elimination of hepatitis C infection in Egypt: Feasibility and effectiveness in 73 villages.

Egypt has one of the highest burdens of HCV infection worldwide, and a large treatment programme, but reaching rural communities represents a major challenge. We report the feasibility and effectiveness of a comprehensive community-based HCV prevention, testing and treatment model in 73 villages across Egypt, with the goal to eliminate infection from all adult villagers.

Trends in High- and Low-Value Cardiovascular Diagnostic Testing in Fee-for-Service Medicare, 2000-2016.

Owing to a rapid increase in rates of diagnostic cardiovascular testing in the 1990s and early 2000s, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services implemented a series of payment changes intended to reduce overall spending on fee-for-service testing. Whether guideline-concordant testing has been subsequently affected is unknown to date.

A Congregation Transition of Care Program Using Faith Community Nurses and Volunteer Faith-Based Nurses.

Transition of Care Models can reduce the 30-day hospital readmission rate up to 67% by offering coordination and continuity of care. The purpose of this project was to evaluate a Congregation Transition of Care (CTOC) program in faith-based communities with the use of a faith community nurse and volunteer faith-based registered nurses. Descriptive statistics were used to describe findings, revealing a CTOC program can be effective in reducing 30-day readmissions in the faith community.

Lessons learned from rapid environmental risk assessments for prioritization of alien species using expert panels.

Limiting the spread and impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) on biodiversity and ecosystems has become a goal of global, regional and national biodiversity policies. Evidence based management of IAS requires support by risk assessments, which are often based on expert judgment. We developed a tool to prioritize potentially new IAS based on their ecological risks, socio-economic impact and feasibility of management using multidisciplinary expert panels. Nine expert panels reviewed scientific studies, grey...

Understanding and Interpreting Community Sequencing Measurements of the Vaginal Microbiome.

Community-wide high throughput sequencing has transformed the study of the vaginal microbiome, and clinical applications are on the horizon. Here we outline the three main community sequencing methods: 1) amplicon sequencing, 2) shotgun metagenomic sequencing, and 3) metatranscriptomic sequencing. We discuss the advantages and limitations of community sequencing generally and the unique strengths and weaknesses of each method. We briefly review the contributions of community sequencing to vaginal microbiome...

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