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PubMed Journals Articles About "Feed Mycotoxin Binders Modifiers Market Type Binders Modifiers" RSS

23:00 EDT 20th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Feed Mycotoxin Binders Modifiers Market Type Binders Modifiers" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Protein binders and their applications in developmental biology.

Developmental biology research would benefit greatly from tools that enable protein function to be regulated, both systematically and in a precise spatial and temporal manner, in vivo In recent years, functionalized protein binders have emerged as versatile tools that can be used to target and manipulate proteins. Such protein binders can be based on various scaffolds, such as nanobodies, designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins) and monobodies, and can be used to block or perturb protein function in livin...


Electrolytes, SEI Formation, and Binders: A Review of Nonelectrode Factors for Sodium-Ion Battery Anodes.

Through intense effort in recent years, knowledge of Na-ion batteries has been advanced significantly, pertaining to electrodes. Often, such progress has been accompanied by using a convenient choice of electrolyte or binder. Nevertheless, it has been witnessed that "external" factors to electrodes, such as electrolytes, solid electrolyte interphase, and binders, affect the functions of electrodes profoundly. And generally, certain types of electrodes favor some electrolytes or binders. With a rapidly incre...

Effects of fumonisin B1 and mycotoxin binders on growth performance, tibia characteristics, gut physiology, and stress indicators in broiler chickens raised in different stocking densities.

The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of stocking density, fumonisin B1 (FB), and mycotoxin binder (TB) on growth performance, bone quality, physiological stress indicators, and gut health in broiler chickens. Day-old Ross 308 male broiler chicks (n = 1,440/experiment) were randomly allocated to 72 floor pens in a 3 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, using 3 stocking densities (12.5 birds/m2 [HSD], 10 birds/m2 [MSD], or 7.5 birds/m2 [LSD]), 2 levels of purified FB (0 or 10 ppm), and 2 ...


Genetic Basis and Genetic Modifiers of β-Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease.

β-thalassemia and sickle cell disease (SCD) are prototypical Mendelian single gene disorders, both caused by mutations affecting the adult β-globin gene. Despite the apparent genetic simplicity, both disorders display a remarkable spectrum of phenotypic severity and share two major genetic modifiers-α-globin genotype and innate ability to produce fetal hemoglobin (HbF, α2γ2).This article provides an overview of the genetic basis for SCD and β-thalassemia, and genetic modifiers identified through pheno...

Use of hydraulic binders for reducing sulphate leaching: application to gypsiferous soil sampled in Ile-de-France region (France).

Polluted soils are a serious environmental risk worldwide and consist of millions of tons of mineral waste to be treated. In order to ensure their sustainable management, various remediation options must be considered. Hydraulic binder treatment is one option that may allow a stabilisation of pollution and thus offer a valorisation as secondary raw materials rather than considering them as waste. In this study, we focused on sulphate-polluted soil and tested the effectiveness of several experimental hydraul...

A review of the mycotoxin adsorbing agents, with an emphasis on their multi-binding capacity, for animal feed decontamination.

Contamination of animal feed with mycotoxins still occurs very often, despite great efforts in preventing it. Animal feeds are contaminated, at low levels, with several mycotoxins, particularly with those produced by Aspergillus and Fusarium genera (Aflatoxin BOchratoxin A, Zearalenone, Deoxynivalenol and Fumonisina B). In animal feed, to date, only Aflatoxin Bis limited through EU regulation. Consequently, mycotoxins cause serious disorders and diseases in farm animals. In 2009, the European Union (386/200...

Binder-free sheet-type all-solid-state batteries with enhanced rate capabilities and high energy densities.

All-solid-state batteries using inorganic solid electrolytes are considered promising energy storage systems because of their safety and long life. Stackable and compact sheet-type all-solid-state batteries are urgently needed for industrial applications such as smart grids and electric vehicles. A binder is usually indispensable to the construction of sheet-type batteries; however, it can decrease the power and cycle performance of the battery. Here we report the first fabrication of a binder-free sheet-ty...

Comparative in silico profiling of epigenetic modifiers in human tissues.

The technology of tissue differentiation from human pluripotent stem cells has attracted attention as a useful resource for regenerative medicine, disease modeling and drug development. Recent studies have suggested various key factors and specific culture methods to improve the successful tissue differentiation and efficient generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells. Among these methods, epigenetic regulation and epigenetic signatures are regarded as an important hurdle to overcome during reprogra...

Characterization of biologic response modifiers in the supernatant of conventional, refrigerated, and cryopreserved platelets.

Alternatives to room temperature storage of platelets (PLTs) are of interest to support blood banking logistics. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of biologic response modifiers (BRMs) in PLT concentrates stored under conventional room temperature conditions with refrigerated or cryopreserved PLTs.

Clinical variability and onset age modifiers in an extended Belgian GRN founder family.

We previously reported a granulin (GRN) null mutation, originating from a common founder, in multiple Belgian families with frontotemporal dementia. Here, we used data of a 10-year follow-up study to describe in detail the clinical heterogeneity observed in this extended founder pedigree. We identified 85 patients and 40 unaffected mutation carriers, belonging to 29 branches of the founder pedigree. Most patients (74.4%) were diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia, while others had a clinical diagnosis of u...

Impact of Different Binders on the Roughness, Adhesion Strength, and Other Properties of Mortars with Expanded Cork.

The aim of the research that is presented in this paper was to evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of heat-insulating mortars with expanded cork aggregates and different binders. In this work, the measurements of surface roughness and adhesion strength, supported by determination of basic mechanical and physical parameters, such as density, bulk density, open porosity, total porosity, absorbability, thermal conductivity coefficient, compressive strength, flexural strength, and frost resistance o...

In-situ Click Reaction Coupled with Quantitative Proteomics for Identifying Protein Targets of Catechol Estrogens.

Catechol estrogens (CEs) are metabolic electrophiles that actively undergo covalent interaction with cellular proteins, influencing molecular function. There is no feasible method to identify their binders in a living system. Herein, we developed a click chemistry-based approach using ethinylestradiol (EE2) as the precursor probe coupled with quantitative proteomics to identify protein targets of CEs and classify their binding strengths. Using in-situ metabolic conversion and click reaction in liver microso...

Molecular Dynamics simulations of the Strings and Binders Switch Model of chromatin.

In recent years interest has grown on the applications of polymer physics to model chromatin folding in order to try to make sense of the complexity of experimental data emerging from new technologies such as Hi-C or GAM, in a principled way. Here we review the methods employed to efficiently implement Molecular Dynamics computer simulations of polymer models, focusing in particular on the String&Binders Switch (SBS) model. The constant improvement of such methods and computer power is returning increasingl...

Physio-Microstructural Properties of Aerated Cement Slurry for Lightweight Structures.

Cementitious composites, including ferrocement and continuous fiber reinforced cement, are increasingly considered for building construction and repair. One alternative in processing of these composites is to infiltrate the reinforcement (continuous fibers or chicken mesh) with a flowable cementitious slurry. The relatively high density of cementitious binders, when compared with polymeric binders, are a setback in efforts to introduce cementitious composites as lower-cost, fire-resistant, and durable alter...

Beware: Medicare Is Enforcing the Use of Modifiers for "Always Therapy" Services.

Population-specific genetic modification of Huntington's disease in Venezuela.

Modifiers of Mendelian disorders can provide insights into disease mechanisms and guide therapeutic strategies. A recent genome-wide association (GWA) study discovered genetic modifiers of Huntington's disease (HD) onset in Europeans. Here, we performed whole genome sequencing and GWA analysis of a Venezuelan HD cluster whose families were crucial for the original mapping of the HD gene defect. The Venezuelan HD subjects develop motor symptoms earlier than their European counterparts, implying the potential...

Molecular understanding of polyelectrolyte binders that actively regulate ion transport in sulfur cathodes.

Polymer binders in battery electrodes may be either active or passive. This distinction depends on whether the polymer influences charge or mass transport in the electrode. Although it is desirable to understand how to tailor the macromolecular design of a polymer to play a passive or active role, design rules are still lacking, as is a framework to assess the divergence in such behaviors. Here, we reveal the molecular-level underpinnings that distinguish an active polyelectrolyte binder designed for lithiu...

Generation of TALE-Based Designer Epigenome Modifiers.

Manipulation of gene expression can be facilitated by editing the genome or the epigenome. Precise genome editing is traditionally achieved by using designer nucleases which are generally exploited to eliminate a specific gene product. Upon the introduction of a site-specific DNA double-strand break (DSB) by the nuclease, endogenous DSB repair mechanisms are in turn harnessed to induce DNA sequence changes that can result in target gene inactivation. Minimal off-target effects can be obtained by endowing de...

Analysis of hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide urethane rheology modifiers by comprehensive two dimensional liquid chromatography.

Hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide urethane (HEUR) rheology modifiers are polymers used widely in waterborne coatings and other consumer products. The incorporation of hydrophobic end-groups significantly affects the thickening performance of HEURs. Therefore, understanding the degree of incorporation of hydrophobic end-groups on the polymer chain can help gain important insights on the structure/property relationship for HEUR rheology modifiers. A comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2...

A rapid fluorescent indicator displacement assay and principal component/cluster data analysis for determination of ligand-nucleic acid structural selectivity.

We describe a rapid fluorescence indicator displacement assay (R-FID) to evaluate the affinity and the selectivity of compounds binding to different DNA structures. We validated the assay using a library of 30 well-known nucleic acid binders containing a variety chemical scaffolds. We used a combination of principal component analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis to interpret the results obtained. This analysis classified compounds based on selectivity for AT-rich, GC-rich and G4 structures. We used...

The Mycotox Charter: Increasing Awareness of, and Concerted Action for, Minimizing Mycotoxin Exposure Worldwide.

Mycotoxins are major food contaminants affecting global food security, especially in low and middle-income countries. The European Union (EU) funded project, MycoKey, focuses on “Integrated and innovative key actions for mycotoxin management in the food and feed chains” and the right to safe food through mycotoxin management strategies and regulation, which are fundamental to minimizing the unequal access to safe and sufficient food worldwide. As part of the MycoKey project, a Mycotoxin Charter ...

Influence of alcoholism and cholesterol on TSPO binding in brain: PET CPBR28 studies in humans and rodents.

Neuroinflammation appears to contribute to neurotoxicity observed with heavy alcohol consumption. To assess whether chronic alcohol results in neuroinflammation we used PET and [C]PBR28, a ligand that binds to the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO), to compare participants with an alcohol use disorder (AUD: n = 19) with healthy controls (HC: n = 17), and alcohol-dependent (n = 9) with -nondependent rats (n = 10). Because TSPO is implicated in cholesterol's transport for steroidogenesis, we i...

Genetic Modifiers of Neurodegeneration in a Model of Parkinson's Disease.

Disease phenotypes can be highly variable among individuals with the same pathogenic mutation. There is increasing evidence that background genetic variation is a strong driver of disease variability in addition to the influence of environment. To understand the genotype-phenotype relationship that determines the expressivity of a pathogenic mutation, a large number of backgrounds must be studied. This can be efficiently achieved using model organism collections such as the Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP). ...

From a dominant to an oligogenic model of inheritance with environmental modifiers in Acute Intermittent Porphyria.

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a disease affecting the heme biosynthesis pathway caused by mutations of the hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS) gene. AIP is thought to display autosomal dominant inheritance with incomplete penetrance. We evaluated the prevalence, penetrance, and heritability of AIP, in families with the disease from the French reference center for porphyria (CFP) (602 overt patients; 1968 relatives) and the general population, using Exome Variant Server (EVS; 12,990 alleles) data. Th...

A genetic modifier suggests that endurance exercise exacerbates Huntington's disease.

Polyglutamine expansions in the huntingtin gene cause Huntington's disease (HD). Huntingtin is ubiquitously expressed, leading to pathological alterations also in peripheral organs. Variations in the length of the polyglutamine tract explain up to 70% of the age-at-onset variance, with the rest of the variance attributed to genetic and environmental modifiers. To identify novel disease modifiers, we performed an unbiased mutagenesis screen on an HD mouse model, identifying a mutation in the skeletal muscle ...


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