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PubMed Journals Articles About "Flywheel Exercise For CKD" RSS

17:06 EST 14th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Flywheel Exercise For CKD PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Flywheel Exercise For CKD articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Flywheel Exercise" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+

Correction: Effects of moderate vs. high iso-inertial loads on power, velocity, work and hamstring contractile function after flywheel resistance exercise.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211700.].


Spin Heat Engine Coupled to a Harmonic-Oscillator Flywheel.

We realize a heat engine using a single-electron spin as a working medium. The spin pertains to the valence electron of a trapped ^{40}Ca^{+} ion, and heat reservoirs are emulated by controlling the spin polarization via optical pumping. The engine is coupled to the ion's harmonic-oscillator degree of freedom via spin-dependent optical forces. The oscillator stores the work produced by the heat engine and, therefore, acts as a flywheel. We characterize the state of the flywheel by reconstructing the Husimi ...

The Flywheel Effect of Gender Role Expectations in Diverse Work Groups.

Popular press suggests that gender diversity benefits the performance of work groups. However, decades of research indicate that such performance benefits of gender diversity are anything but a given. To account for this incongruity, in this conceptual paper we argue that the performance of gender-diverse work groups is often inhibited by self-reinforcing gender role expectations. We use the analogy of a flywheel to illustrate how gender role expectations tend to reinforce themselves three mechanisms. Spec...


Inducing incentive sensitization of exercise reinforcement among adults who do not regularly exercise-A randomized controlled trial.

Increasing exercise reinforcement, or decreasing sedentary reinforcement, may reduce sedentary activity and promote habitual exercise. Repeated exposures to a reinforcer may increase its reinforcing value (i.e., incentive sensitization). It is not yet known whether incentive sensitization occurs for exercise or factors associated with incentive sensitization for exercise reinforcement. The purpose was to determine whether exercise exposures increase exercise reinforcement relative to a sedentary alternative...

Consecutive days of exercise decrease insulin response more than a single exercise session in healthy, inactive men.

It is reported that a single bout of exercise can lower insulin responses 12-24 h post-exercise; however, the insulin responses to alternate or consecutive bouts of exercise is unknown. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise pattern on post-exercise insulin and glucose responses following a glucose challenge.

In-exercise vascular shear rate during acute continuous and interval exercise: impact upon endothelial function and MiR-21.

Endothelial cell phenotype and endothelial function are regulated by hemodynamic forces, particularly wall shear stress (WSS). During a single bout of exercise, the specific exercise protocol can affect in-exercise WSS patterns, and consequently endothelial function. MicroRNAs might provide a biomarker of in-exercise WSS pattern, to indicate whether a specific exercise bout will have a positive effect on endothelial function. We evaluated the effect of acute interval (IT) and continuous (CON) in-exercise WS...

Effect of moderate exercise under hypoxia on Th1/Th2 cytokine balance.

Moderate exercise performed in normoxia can be immunostimulatory while strenuous exercise can be immunosuppressive. However less is known about the effects of exercise under hypoxia on cytokines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an acute exercise session performed under hypoxia similar to an altitude of 4,200 m on cytokine balance. Our hypothesis was that exercise even of moderate intensity associated with hypoxia may induce different changes in relation to the normoxic condition.

Attention to the principles of exercise training in exercise studies on prostate cancer survivors: a systematic review.

The purpose of this review is to update previously published reviews on exercise programming in exercise trials in prostate cancer survivors. We evaluated: 1) the application of the principles of exercise training in prescribed programs; 2) the reporting of the components of the exercise prescription; and 3) the reporting of adherence of participants to the prescribed programs.

Effects of Exercise on Muscle Fitness in Dialysis Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Lack of exercise is a prevalent problem in patients receiving dialysis. Although guidelines recommend these patients to undertake suitable exercise, no exercise type or intensity has been suggested, and the effect of exercise on muscle fitness in dialysis patients is not clear. This study investigated the effect of exercise on muscle fitness, including muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance, in patients on dialysis.

Cardiac Autonomic and Physiological Responses to Moderate-Intensity Exercise in Hypoxia.

Exercise physiological responses can be markedly affected by acute hypoxia. We investigated cardiac autonomic and physiological responses to different hypoxic training protocols. Thirteen men performed three exercise sessions (5×5-min; 1-min passive recovery): normoxic exercise at 80% of the power output (PO) at the first ventilatory threshold (N), hypoxic exercise (FiO=14.2%) with the same PO as N (HPO) and hypoxic exercise at the same heart rate (HR) as N (HHR). PO was lower in HHR (21.1±9.3%) compared ...

AEROBIC EXERCISE MODULATES CARDIAC NAD(P)H OXIDASE AND THE NRF2/KEAP1 PATHWAY IN A MOUSE MODEL OF CHRONIC FRUCTOSE CONSUMPTION.

The present study investigated the effects of exercise on the cardiac NRF2/KEAP1 pathway in an experimental model of chronic fructose consumption. Male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to Control, Fructose (20% fructose in drinking water), Exercise (treadmill exercise at moderate intensity), and Fructose+Exercise groups (n=10). After 12 weeks, the energy intake and body weight in the groups were similar. Maximum exercise testing, resting energy expenditure, resting oxygen consumption, and carbon dioxide productio...

Anticipation of aerobic exercise increases planned energy intake for a post-exercise meal.

In many situations, meals are planned (i.e. what and how much) before they are eaten, but how exercise influences this planning is unknown. Therefore, this study investigated whether anticipation of an exercise session alters food intake planned for post-exercise. Forty (16 male) regular exercisers (mean ± SD; age 23.3 ± 5.6 y, BMI 22.7 ± 3.3 kg/m, body fat 25.6 ± 7.6%) completed the study. Subjects arrived ≥3 h post-prandial and were given two hypothetical scenarios for the foll...

Exercise Induced Hypoalgesia is Present in People with Parkinson's Disease: Two Observational Cross-Sectional Studies.

Exercise is prescribed for people with Parkinson's disease to address motor and non-motor impairments, including pain. Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (i.e., an immediate reduction in pain sensitivity following exercise) is reported in the general population, however the immediate response of pain sensitivity to exercise in people with Parkinson's disease is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate if exercise-induced hypoalgesia is present following isometric and aerobic exercise in people with P...

Effect of different doses of supervised exercise on food intake, metabolism, and non-exercise physical activity: The E-MECHANIC randomized controlled trial.

Exercise is recommended for weight management, yet exercise produces less weight loss than expected, which is called weight compensation. The mechanisms for weight compensation are unclear.

"Chemotherapy-periodized" Exercise to Accommodate for Cyclical Variation in Fatigue.

The purpose of this study was to provide a rationale for 'chemotherapy-periodized' exercise by characterizing cyclical variations in fatigue and exercise response across a chemotherapy cycle and comparing exercise adherence during chemotherapy between a prescription that is periodized according to chemotherapy cycle length and a standard linearly progressed prescription.

Cytokine and Sclerostin Response to High-Intensity Interval Running versus Cycling.

This study examined whether the exercise-induced changes in inflammatory cytokines differ between impact and no-impact high intensity interval exercise, and whether they are associated with post-exercise changes in sclerostin.

Aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction affects mood state in a similar fashion to high intensity interval exercise.

We investigated the acute effects of aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) on mood state in American football athletes. Twenty-two male American football athletes were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: 1) aerobic exercise (AE: 40% VO), 2) aerobic exercise with BRF (AE + BFR: 40% VO), and 3) high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE: 80% and 40% VO during exercise and the active intervals, respectively). Mood state and total mood disturbance (TMD) were assessed before, immedia...

Effectiveness of Isolated Hip Exercise, Knee Exercise, or Free Physical Activity for Patellofemoral Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Exercise for patellofemoral pain (PFP) is traditionally knee focused, targeting quadriceps muscles. In recent years, hip-focused exercise has gained popularity. Patient education is likely an important factor but is underresearched.

Exercise in Parkinson's disease: experimental-induced pain sensitivity is reduced already after short term training.

This journal recently published a paper by Nguy et al. titled 'Exercise induced hypoalgesia is present in people with Parkinson's disease: two observational cross-sectional studies' (Nguy et al. 2019). In this study the authors compare the immediate effects of two different forms of exercise on exercise induced hypoalgesia (EIH) by measuring pressure pain thresholds after a single intervention in two studies (isometric exercise vs. aerobic exercise). This article is protected by copyright. All rights rese...

Dynamics of the power-duration relationship during prolonged endurance exercise and influence of carbohydrate ingestion.

We tested the hypotheses that the parameters of the power-duration relationship, estimated as the end-test power (EP) and work done above EP (WEP) during a 3-min all out exercise test (3MT), would be reduced progressively following 40 min, 80 min and 2 h of heavy-intensity cycling, and that carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion would attenuate the reduction in EP and WEP. Sixteen participants completed a 3MT without prior exercise (control), immediately after 40 min, 80 min and 2-h of heavy-intensity exercise while ...

Exercise for Nonagenarians: A Systematic Review.

Physical exercise has been identified as a health promotion strategy for the oldest old. However, scientific evidence regarding the benefits of exercise on nonagenarians is scarce. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the characteristics and methodological quality of investigations that have examined the effects of physical exercise on nonagenarians.

Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Intervention on Subsequent Compensatory Behaviors in Adolescent Girls: An Exploratory Study.

Chronic exercise programs can induce adaptive compensatory behavioral responses through increased energy intake (EI) and/or decreased free-living physical activity in adults. These responses can negate the benefits of an exercise-induced energy deficit; however, it is unclear whether young people experience similar responses. This study examined whether exercise-induced compensation occurs in adolescent girls.

Association of Dimethylguanidino Valeric Acid With Partial Resistance to Metabolic Health Benefits of Regular Exercise.

Metabolic responses to exercise training are variable. Metabolite profiling may aid in the clinical assessment of an individual's responsiveness to exercise interventions.

New opportunities: Drosophila as a model system for exercise research.

Due to the growing rates of obesity in much of the world, exercise as a treatment option for obesity and as part of a healthy lifestyle is of great interest to the general public, health policy makers, and scientists alike. Despite the long history of exercise promotion and exercise research, there are still significant gaps in our understanding of how exercise impacts individuals and what role genetics plays in determining an individual's response to exercise. Model organisms are positioned uniquely to hel...

Physiological and perceptual responses to exercise according to locus of symptom limitation in COPD.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease, with pulmonary and extra-pulmonary factors contributing to exercise intolerance. The primary self-reported exercise-limiting symptom may reflect the primary pathophysiological factor contributing to exercise intolerance. We compared physiological and perceptual responses at the symptom-limited peak of incremental cardiopulmonary cycle exercise testing between people with COPD reporting breathlessness (B, n = 34), leg discomfort (LD...


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