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PubMed Journals Articles About "Forest Laboratories" RSS

07:31 EDT 23rd May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Forest Laboratories PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Forest Laboratories articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Forest Laboratories" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,200+

Losing sight of the Forest for the trees: Why clinical laboratories need to perform their own interference studies.


Sustainability assessment in forest management based on individual preferences.

This paper presents a methodology to elicit the preferences of any individual in the assessment of sustainable forest management at the stand level. The elicitation procedure was based on the comparison of the sustainability of pairs of forest locations. A sustainability map of the whole territory was obtained according to the individual's preferences. Three forest sustainability indicators were pre-calculated for each point in a study area in a Scots pine forest in the National Park of Sierra de Guadarrama...

Dominant forest tree mycorrhizal type mediates understory plant invasions.

Forest mycorrhizal type mediates nutrient dynamics, which in turn can influence forest community structure and processes. Using forest inventory data, we explored how dominant forest tree mycorrhizal type affects understory plant invasions with consideration of forest structure and soil properties. We found that arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) dominant forests, which are characterised by thin forest floors and low soil C : N ratio, were invaded to a greater extent by non-native invasive species than ectomycor...


Results of a paired catchment analysis of forest thinning in Turkey in relation to forest management options.

Adaptation to climate change has become a more serious concern as IPCC assessment reports estimate a rise of up to 2°C in average global temperatures by the end of the century. Several recently published studies have underlined the importance of forest management in mitigating the impacts of climate change and in supporting the adaptation capacity of the ecosystem. This study focuses on the role of water-related forest services in this adaptation process. The effects of forestry practices on streamflow can...

Repeatability and variability of total T4 measurements at three German veterinary laboratories.

To evaluate the reproducibility of serum testing for total thyroxine (T4) in three German laboratories.

Survey of laboratory practices for diagnosis of fungal infection in seven Asian countries: An Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) initiative.

An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 i...

An eco-efficient and economical optimum evaluation technique for the forest road networks: the case of the mountainous forest of Metsovo, Greece.

The sustainable forest management can be achieved only through environmentally sound and economically efficient and feasible forest road networks and transportation systems that can potentially improve the multi-functional use of forest resources. However, road network planning and construction suggest long-term finance that require a capital investment (cash outflow), which would be equal to the value of the total revenue flow (cash inflow) over the whole lifecycle project. This paper emphasizes in an eco-...

Global patterns of tropical forest fragmentation.

Remote sensing enables the quantification of tropical deforestation with high spatial resolution. This in-depth mapping has led to substantial advances in the analysis of continent-wide fragmentation of tropical forests. Here we identified approximately 130 million forest fragments in three continents that show surprisingly similar power-law size and perimeter distributions as well as fractal dimensions. Power-law distributions have been observed in many natural phenomena such as wildfires, landslides and e...

Leaching of natural colloids from forest topsoils and their relevance for phosphorus mobility.

The leaching of P from the upper 20cm of forest topsoils influences nutrient (re-)cycling and the redistribution of available phosphate and organic P forms. However, the effective leaching of colloids and associated P forms from forest topsoils was so far sparsely investigated. We demonstrated through irrigation experiments with undisturbed mesocosm soil columns, that significant proportions of P leached from acidic forest topsoils were associated with natural colloids. These colloids had a maximum size of ...

Exposure to hepatitis E virus, hepatitis A virus and Borrelia spp. infections in forest rangers from a single forest district in western Poland.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an emerging problem in developed countries. At least 2 zoonotic genotypes of the virus (HEV-3 and HEV-4) infect human beings. There are some data suggesting that forest rangers (FRs) can be at a higher risk of contact with HEV.

Understanding variations in secondary findings reporting practices across U.S. genome sequencing laboratories.

Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been ...

The influence of spatial and temporal discontinuities of forest habitats on the current presence of flightless saproxylic beetles.

Flightless saproxylic beetles were selected in order to study the impact of temporal and spatial discontinuity of forests. They were chosen because: (1) they are unable to fly, making them dispersal-limited species, (2) they have a saproxylic diet, which means they are closely linked to the forest, and (3), they have rarely been studied. Forest temporal continuity was expected to be the main factor explaining the presence of these species, modulated by the past and present amount of forest in the surroundin...

Factors affecting forest area change in Southeast Asia during 1980-2010.

While many tropical countries are experiencing rapid deforestation, some have experienced forest transition (FT) from net deforestation to net reforestation. Numerous studies have identified causative factors of FT, among which forest scarcity has been considered as a prerequisite for FT. In fact, in SE Asia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam, which experienced FT since 1990, exhibited a lower remaining forest area (30±8%) than the other five countries (68±6%, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, and...

Visitor Preferences for Visual Changes in Bark Beetle-Impacted Forest Recreation Settings in the United States and Germany.

Extensive outbreaks of tree-killing insects are increasing across forests in Europe and North America due to climate change and other factors. Yet, little recent research examines visitor response to visual changes in conifer forest recreation settings resulting from forest insect infestations, how visitors weigh trade-offs between physical and social forest environment factors, or how visitor preferences might differ by nationality. This study explored forest visitor preferences with a discrete choice expe...

Public perceptions about climate change mitigation in British Columbia's forest sector.

The role of forest management in mitigating climate change is a central concern for the Canadian province of British Columbia. The successful implementation of forest management activities to achieve climate change mitigation in British Columbia will be strongly influenced by public support or opposition. While we now have increasingly clear ideas of the management opportunities associated with forest mitigation and some insight into public support for climate change mitigation in the context of sustainable...

A study on the use and modeling of geographical information system for combating forest crimes: an assessment of crimes in the eastern Mediterranean forests.

This study focuses on the geo-statistical assessment of spatial estimation models in forest crimes. Used widely in the assessment of crime and crime-dependent variables, geographic information system (GIS) helps the detection of forest crimes in rural regions. In this study, forest crimes (forest encroachment, illegal use, illegal timber logging, etc.) are assessed holistically and modeling was performed with ten different independent variables in GIS environment. The research areas are three Forest Enterpr...

The American Society for Clinical Pathology's 2016-2017 Vacancy Survey of Medical Laboratories in the United States.

To determine the extent and distribution of workforce shortages within the nation's medical laboratories.

Will Forest Size Structure Follow the -2 Power-Law Distribution under Ideal Demographic Equilibrium State?

Scaling relations formed in forest development processes are fairly important for understanding and predicting forest dynamics. During self-thinning of a relatively even-sized forest, tree abundance will decrease with an increase in average tree size, forming the size-abundance relation (SAR); while for a size-structured forest under the demographic equilibrium state, the frequency of trees also varies with size classes in a similar pattern, manifesting as the size-frequency distribution (SFD). In the metab...

Comparing different methods for determining forest evapotranspiration and its components at multiple temporal scales.

Accurately estimating forest evapotranspiration and its components is of great importance for hydrology, ecology, and meteorology. In this study, a comparison of methods for determining forest evapotranspiration and its components at annual, monthly, daily, and diurnal scales was conducted based on in situ measurements in the subhumid mountainous forest of North China. The goal of the study was to evaluate the accuracies and reliabilities of the different methods. The results indicate the following: (1) The...

Forest resources of nations in relation to human well-being.

A universal turnaround has been detected in many countries of the World from shrinking to expanding forests. The forest area of western Europe expanded already in the 19th century. Such early trends of forest resources cannot be associated with the rapid rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide nor with the anthropogenic climate change, which have taken place since the mid 20th century. Modern, most recent spatial patterns of forest expansions and contractions do not correlate with the geography of climate trends...

Oil palm monoculture induces drastic erosion of an Amazonian forest mammal fauna.

Oil palm monoculture comprises one of the most financially attractive land-use options in tropical forests, but cropland suitability overlaps the distribution of many highly threatened vertebrate species. We investigated how forest mammals respond to a landscape mosaic, including mature oil palm plantations and primary forest patches in Eastern Amazonia. Using both line-transect censuses (LTC) and camera-trapping (CT), we quantified the general patterns of mammal community structure and attempted to identif...

Exploring divers of forest degradation and fragmentation in Sudan: The case of Erawashda Forest and its surrounding community.

Sudan is a hot spot for forest degradation. Efforts to maintain what remains of its forests should be of the highest priority. However, precise information on its forests' current state is very limited. Therefore, in order to effectively intervene in support of existing resources, it is important to have a better understanding of processes taking place in the country and impacting those resources. The objectives of this study are to quantify the consequences of land use and land cover (LULC) changes on fore...

One-year outcomes with the HeartMate 3 left ventricular assist device.

The HeartMate 3 (HM3; Abbott Laboratories, Lake Forest, Ill) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) received its Conformité Européenne mark for Europe in October 2015 and is currently under investigation of the Food and Drug Administration to gain approval in the United States. Within this study, we present the first real-world experiences, 1-year outcomes, and adverse events of a single-center cohort treated with the HM3.

Vegetation carbon stocks driven by canopy density and forest age in subtropical forest ecosystems.

Subtropical forests play an important role in global carbon cycle and in mitigating climate change. Knowledge on the abiotic and biotic driving factors that affect vegetation carbon stocks in subtropical forest ecosystems is needed to take full advantage of the carbon sequestration potential. We used a large-scale database from national forest continuous inventory in Zhejiang Province, and combined the Random Forest analysis (RF) and structural equation modeling (SEM) to quantify the contribution of biotic ...

Mistletoe-induced growth reductions at the forest stand scale.

The hemiparasite European mistletoe (Viscum album L.) adversely affects growth and reproduction of the host Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and in consequence may lead to tree death. Here, we aimed to estimate mistletoe-induced losses in timber yield applying the process-based forest growth model 4C. The parasite was implemented into the eco-physiological forest growth model 4C using (literature-derived) established impacts of the parasite on the tree's water and carbon cycle. The amended model was validat...


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