PubMed Journals Articles About "France Confirms Case H5N8 Bird North" RSS

13:52 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "France confirms case H5N8 bird north" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus, Cameroon, 2017.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) viruses of clade spread into West Africa in late 2016 during the autumn bird migration. Genetic characterization of the complete genome of these viruses detected in wild and domestic birds in Cameroon in January 2017 demonstrated the occurrence of multiple virus introductions.

Phylogenetic and molecular analysis of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 and H5N5 viruses detected in Poland in 2016-2017.

Sixty-five poultry outbreaks and sixty-eight events in wild birds were reported during the highly pathogenic H5N8/H5N5 avian influenza epidemic in Poland in 2016-2017. The analysis of all gene segment sequences of selected strains revealed cocirculation of at least four different genome configurations (genotypes) generated through reassortment of clade H5N8 viruses detected in Russia and China in mid-2016. The geographical and temporal distribution of three H5N8 genotypes indicates separate introduc...

Clinical and virological features of acute hepatitis A during an ongoing outbreak among men who have sex with men in the North of France.

Since February 2017, an increase of acute hepatitis A (AHA) cases has been notified in North of France. We aimed to report clinical and virological features of 49 cases treated in three hospitals in Lille European Metropolis (LEM).

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 Clade virus in Uganda, 2017.

In early January 2017, outbreaks of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) were reported for the first time in wild and domestic birds along the shores and on some islands of Lake Victoria, in central-southern Uganda. Our whole-genome phylogenetic analyses revealed that the H5N8 viruses recovered from the outbreak in Uganda belonged to genetic clade group-B and clustered with viruses collected in 2017 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in West Africa. Our results suggested that infec...

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017.

In 2017, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) virus was detected in poultry in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Whole-genome phylogeny showed the virus clustered with H5N8 clade strains from birds in central and southern Asia. Emergence of this virus in central Africa represents a threat for animal health and food security.

Development and comparison of two H5N8 influenza A vaccine candidate strains.

Avian influenza viruses circulating in birds have caused outbreaks of infection in poultry and humans, thereby threatening public health. Recently, a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus (H5N8) of clade emerged in Korea and other countries and caused multiple outbreaks in domestic and wild birds, with concerns for human infection. To combat HPAI viral infections, novel vaccines are likely to be the most effective approach. Therefore, in this study, we generated H5N8 vaccine candidate virus...

Usutu virus: the phantom menace.

Usutu virus, an arbovirus discovered in Africa in 1959, has spread over a large part of Europe over the last twenty years causing significant bird mortality as reported in France since 2015. The zoonotic risk, associated with this succession of avian epizootics in Europe, deserves to be taken into account even if human cases remain rare to date. Human infections are most often asymptomatic or present a benign clinical expression. However, neurological complications such as encephalitis or meningoencephaliti...

Genetic features of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses A(H5N8), isolated from the European part of the Russian Federation.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) A(H5N8) of group B (Gochang1-like) have emerged in the Tyva Republic of eastern Russia in May 2016. Since November 2016, HPAIV A(H5N8) has spread throughout the European part of Russia. Thirty-one outbreaks were reported in domestic, wild and zoo birds in 2017. The present study aimed to perform a comparative analysis of new HPAIV A(H5N8) strains. Phylogenetic analysis revealed four genetically distinct subgroups in HPAIV A(H5N8) from the 2016-2017 season. R...

Fatal gunshot injuries in the common buzzard Buteo buteo L. 1758 - imaging and ballistic findings.

The conservation of the common buzzard is assured by the European Union law. In Poland, this wild bird is under strict species protection and it is used as a bioindicator for heavy metals in the environment. A case of the fatal shooting of a buzzard with a firearm by an unidentified shooter is described here. Macroscopic evaluation, X-ray imaging, post-mortem computed tomography, ballistic examination of the isolated bullets and finally a simulation of the assumed position of the bird at the time of the sho...

Proximal bare stent may reduce bird-beak configuration, which is associated with distal migration of stent graft in the aortic arch.

Prior studies have shown that a bird-beak configuration causes serious complications after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). However, factors that cause bird-beak configurations are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to assess the influences of anatomical and device-related factors on bird-beak configuration.

A Discrete Time West Nile Virus Transmission Model with Optimal Bird- and Vector-Specific Controls.

A discrete-time model describing the west nile virus transmission among the mosquito, wild bird, and domestic bird populations is constructed. The expressions for the basic reproduction number R and the disease-free fixed point of the model are computed. The local stability of the disease-free fixed point is established based on R. Optimal control theory is used to devise the most effective administration profile of mosquito larvicide, mosquito adulticide and domestic bird-protection in controlling the viru...

Children with melioidosis in Far North Queensland are commonly bacteraemic and have a high case fatality rate.

Paediatric melioidosis is uncommon in Northern Australia and localised skin and soft tissue infections predominate. This study presents data from Far North Queensland and shows that, in this population, children with melioidosis are commonly bacteraemia and have a high case fatality rate.

Differential changes in the onset of spring across US National Wildlife Refuges and North American migratory bird flyways.

Warming temperatures associated with climate change can have indirect effects on migratory birds that rely on seasonally available food resources and habitats that vary across spatial and temporal scales. We used two heat-based indices of spring onset, the First Leaf Index (FLI) and the First Bloom Index (FBI), as proxies of habitat change for the period 1901 to 2012 at three spatial scales: the US National Wildlife Refuge System; the four major bird migratory flyways in North America; and the seasonal rang...

Depression, ART Adherence, and Receipt of Case Management Services by Adults with HIV in North Carolina, Medical Monitoring Project, 2009-2013.

Depression among persons with HIV is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption and discontinuation, virological failure, and poor clinical and survival outcomes. Case management services can address needs for emotional counseling and other supportive services to facilitate HIV care engagement. Using 2009-2013 North Carolina Medical Monitoring Project data from 910 persons engaged in HIV care, we estimated associations of case management utilization with "probable current depression" and with...

Correction: Genetic diversity, genetic structure and diet of ancient and contemporary red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) from north-eastern France.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189278.].

A rare case of visceral leishmaniasis in an immunocompetent traveler returning to the United States from Europe.

A young, healthy traveler returning to the United States presented with fever, night sweats, splenomegaly, and pancytopenia. Bone marrow biopsy revealed leishmaniasis (Leishmania infantum), likely acquired in southern France. Although many cases of endemic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) have been reported in Europe, this is a rare case of imported VL in a healthy traveler returning from Europe to the US. Despite successful initial treatment with liposomal amphotericin B (LamB), relapse occurred. Treatments for...

Complex behaviour in complex terrain. Modelling bird migration in a high resolution wind field across mountainous terrain to simulate observed patterns.

Crossing of large ecological barriers, such as mountains, is in terms of energy considered to be a demanding and critical step during bird migration. Besides forming a geographical barrier, mountains have a profound impact on the resulting wind flow. We use a novel framework of mathematical models to investigate the influences of wind and topography on nocturnal passerine bird behaviour, and to assess the energy costs for different flight strategies for crossing the Jura Mountains. The mathematical models i...

A two-thresholds policy to interrupt transmission of West Nile Virus to birds.

This paper proposes a model of West Nile Virus (WNV) including threshold control policies concerning the culling of mosquitoes and birds under different conditions. Two thresholds are introduced to estimate whether and which control strategy should be implemented. For each mosquito threshold level [Formula: see text] the dynamical behaviour of the proposed non-smooth system is investigated as the bird threshold level [Formula: see text] varies, focusing on the existence of sliding domains, the existence of ...

Impact of bisphosphonate compliance on the risk of osteoporotic fracture in France.

Limited information is available on the impact of bisphosphonate compliance levels on fracture risk in osteoporosis patients in France. The results of this nested case-control, retrospective study suggest that fracture risk did not significantly change with bisphosphonate compliance levels, except for highly compliant patients.

Optimal gut size of small birds and its dependence on environmental and physiological parameters.

Most optimal foraging models assume that the foraging behaviour of small birds depends on a single state variable, their energy reserves in the form of stored fat. Here, we include a second state variable-the contents of the bird's gut-to investigate how a bird should optimise its gut size to minimise its long-term mortality, depending on the availability of food, the size of meal and the bird's digestive constraints. Our results show that (1) the current level of fat is never less important than gut conten...

Equal North: how can we reduce health inequalities in the North of England? A prioritization exercise with researchers, policymakers and practitioners.

The Equal North network was developed to take forward the implications of the Due North report of the Independent Inquiry into Health Equity. The aim of this exercise was to identify how to reduce health inequalities in the north of England.

Landscape-level bird loss increases the prevalence of honeydew-producing insects and non-native ants.

Bird exclusion experiments consistently show that birds exhibit strong top-down control of arthropods, including ants and the honeydew-producing insects (HPIs) that they tend. However, it remains unclear whether the results of these small-scale bird exclosure experiments can be extrapolated to larger spatial scales. In this study, we use a natural bird removal experiment to compare the prevalence of ants and HPIs between Guam, an island whose bird community has been extirpated since the 1980s due to the int...

Perioperative pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) management after day-case surgery: The SFAR-OPERA national study.

Since pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are the main reasons for failed discharge after day-case surgery, assessing pain and PONV is important. The aim was to describe the perioperative pain and PONV management within selected day-case surgical procedures in France.

Are we choosing the right flagships? The bird species and traits Australians find most attractive.

Understanding what people like about birds can help target advocacy for bird conservation. However, testing preferences for characteristics of birds is methodologically challenging, with bias difficult to avoid. In this paper we test whether preferred characteristics of birds in general are shared by the individual bird species the same people nominate as being those they consider most attractive. We then compare these results with the birds which appear most frequently in the imagery of conservation advoca...

Hindcasting the impacts of land-use changes on bird communities with species distribution models of Bird Atlas data.

Habitat loss and degradation induced by human development are among the major threats to biodiversity worldwide. In this study, we tested our ability to predict the response of bird communities (128 species) to land-use changes in southern Québec (c. 483,100 km ) over the last 30 years (between '1984-89' and '2010-2014') by using species distribution models (299 302 occurrences in 30 408 locations) from a hindcasting perspective. Results were grouped by functional guilds to infer potential impacts on ecosy...

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