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While obesity is a recognized risk factor for chronic kidney disease, it remains unclear whether change in body mass index (ΔBMI ) is independently associated with decline in renal function (evaluated by the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate, ΔeGFR) over time. Accordingly, to help clarify this we conducted a retrospective study to measure the association of ΔBMI with decline in renal function in Chinese adult population. A total of 4007 adults (aged 45.3±13.7 years, 68.6% male) without chro...
The surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion is a procedure that reduces the resistance of the sutures correcting the posterior crossbite in adults.
To evaluate the effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on the vocal quality, maxillary central incisors, midpalatal suture, and nasal cavity in patients with maxillary crossbite.
The renal resistive index (RI) is a novel candidate as a renal injury prognostic indicator, but it remains unclear how renal RI levels correspond to renal injury in diabetic nephropathy.
Maxillary transverse deficiency (MTD) is a common facial disharmony that may need surgical assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). The aim of this study was to present our SARPE technique and to report about our experience.
Renal involvement is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc), including asymptomatic reduction of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), increased renal resistance indices, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) and ANCA-associated vasculitis. The aim was to evaluate type and evolution of renal involvement for a period of five years.
The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), nitric oxide (NO), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and total oxidant status (TOS) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were determined during rapid maxillary expansion (RME) treatment.
Maxillary constriction is routinely addressed with rapid maxillary expansion (RME). However, the heavy forces delivered by most RME appliances to expand the palate may lead to deleterious effects on the teeth and supporting tissues. The objective of this study was to explore a more physiologic maxillary expansion with light continuous force.
To evaluate changes in the volume and cross-sectional area of the nasal airway before and 1 year after nonsurgical miniscrew-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (MARME) in young adults.
Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) was part of "triple-H" therapy for prophylaxis and therapy of vasospasm in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). The European Medicines Agency restricted the use of HES in 2013 due to an increase of renal failure in critically ill patients receiving HES compared to crystalloid fluids. The occurrence of renal insufficiency in patients with SAH due to HES is still uncertain. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether there was an association with renal impairment in pat...
Semaphorin 7A (SEMA7A) is an immunomodulating protein implicated in lung and liver fibrosis. In autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the progressive expansion of renal cysts, inflammation, and subsequent renal fibrosis leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SEMA7A may play a role in renal fibrosis and in ADPKD.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of semi-rapid maxillary expansion (SRME) orthodontic treatment on biomarkers and respiratory parameters in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and maxillary transverse deficiency.
Expanding eligibility for Medicaid was a central goal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which continues to be debated and discussed at the state and federal levels as further reforms are considered. In an effort to provide a synthesis of the available research, we systematically reviewed the peer-reviewed scientific literature on the effects of Medicaid expansion on the original goals of the ACA. After analyzing seventy-seven published studies, we found that expansion was associated with increases in covera...
Early renal morphological alterations including glomerular hypertrophy and mesangial expansion occur in diabetic kidney disease and correlate with various clinical manifestations of diabetes. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of pharmacological modulation of HIF-1α (hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha) protein levels, on these glomerular changes in rodent model of type 1 diabetes. Male wistar rats were made diabetic (Streptozotocin 45 mg/kg; i.p.) and afterwards treated with HIF act...
Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been regarded as an important profibrogenic cytokine in renal fibrosis. Krüppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) has been identified as an important negative transcription factor in renal fibrosis. However, little is known about the role of KLF15 in Ang II-induced renal fibrosis.
The humerus is the second most common long bone site of metastatic disease from renal cell carcinomas (RCC) after femur. Surgery has an important role in the treatment of these lesions due to renal cell tumor's resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Renal fibrosis generally results in renal failure during the end stage of chronic renal diseases. There are many cell factors including E-cadherin, α-SMA, and TGF-β1 influencing deposition of extracellular matrix and leading to renal fibrosis. As the most important and widely-used therapy for various diseases in China for thousands of years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) provides a novel treatment for renal fibrosis. For clinical application, we explore the effect of Bu-Shen-Huo-Xue formula (BSHX), a...
Renal fibrosis is a common outcome of nearly all kinds of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and eventually progresses to end-stage renal disease. The identification of an optimal biomarker of renal fibrosis to replace the invasive renal biopsy will have important clinical implications.
To assess the possible contribution of the β-adrenergic overstimulation in early stages of renal injury, the present study evaluated, in rats, the effects of the β-adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol (ISO) on renal function and morphology, as well as the renal mRNA and protein expression of the NADPH oxidase isoform 4 (Nox 4) and subunit p22phox, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, pro-inflammatory, pro-apoptotic and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components.
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is frequently detected in patients with resistant hypertension (RHTN), but the evidence supporting the utility of renal revascularization in these patients is limited. This prospective, observational study investigates the outcomes of renal stenting in patients with RHTN and hemodynamically significant ARAS.
There is a paucity of literature that investigates a biomarker associated with successful renal recovery following continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Our study aimed to identify potential renal biomarkers or clinical indicators that could predict the successful weaning from CRRT.
Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) has been considered a potential treatment for therapy resistant hypertension (RHT). However, in a randomized placebo-controlled trial, RDN did not lead to a substantial blood pressure (BP) reduction. We hypothesized that variation in the reported RDN efficacy might be explained by incomplete nerve disruption as assessed by renal 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-mIBG) scintigraphy.
To develop a convenient and rapid single-kidney CT-GFR technique.
Renal pelvis cancer with invasion of the renal vein or inferior vena cava (IVC) carries a poor prognosis. The present study investigated whether early-onset lung metastasis in these patients contributes to their poor outcome.