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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of both cardiac and major non-cardiac surgery. AKI is independently associated with morbidity, mortality, and long-term adverse events including chronic kidney disease in postsurgical patients. Since specific treatment options for kidney failure are very limited, early identification, diagnosis, and renal support strategies are key steps to improve patients' outcome.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) usually occurring early post-transplant. Multiple causes include graft preservation injury, blood loss, hypotension but also severity of recipient liver disease. Early intervention in AKI has both short and long term patient benefits. Unfortunately there are no current clinical biomarkers of early AKI.
Little is known about the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), as defined using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) classification, after heart transplantation (HT).
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of cardiac surgery, and early detection is difficult. This study was performed to determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and statistical performance of renal angina (RA) as an early predictor of AKI in an adult cardiac surgical patient population.
With studies indicative of altered renal excretion under high altitude (HA)-induced hypobaric hypoxia (HH), consideration of better therapeutic approaches has continuously been aimed in research for HA related illness management. Pharmacokinetics of drugs like furosemide might be altered under hypoxic condition, which makes essential to establish different dose-regimen to maintain therapeutic efficacy or avoid toxic side effects at HA. Simultaneously, the drug-drug interactions (DDIs) mediated by OAT1 was o...
Deliberate self-poisoning with a combination washing powder containing oxalic acid (HCO) and potassium permanganate (KMnO) is a significant medical problem in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent consequence. Biomarkers for early diagnosis of nephrotoxicity could guide appropriate supportive therapies.
It is increasingly recognised that improved diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) requires an understanding of distinct underling cellular and molecular mechanisms (endotypes) that may distinguish overtly similar clinical AKI presentations. One important avenue of research is the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in response to kidney injury mediated by microRNAs.
Iron regulation is an important modifier of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury, but the role of iron-binding proteins during cardiopulmonary bypass remains unclear. The goal was to characterize iron-binding proteins throughout ischemia-reperfusion injury to determine their association with acute kidney injury development.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication after hip fracture surgery in older adults. Hypoalbuminemia is a known independent risk factor for AKI. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between early postoperative hypoalbuminemia and AKI after hip fracture surgery. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of and risk factors for AKI and the effects of early postoperative hypoalbuminemia on AKI incidence after surgery for hip fractures, especially intertrochanteric...
Early versus delayed initiation of renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury: an updated systematic review, meta-analysis, meta-regression and trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials.
To evaluate whether early initiation of renal replacement therapy is associated with lower mortality in patients with acute kidney injury compared to delayed initiation.
The emergence of multidrug-resistant, Gram-negative bacteria has resulted in reconsideration of colistimethate sodium (CMS) as a last resort for treatment of such infections. However, acute kidney injury (AKI) may represent a major limiting adverse effect of use of CMS. Early AKI detection in CMS-treated patients can help prevent progression to acute failure and reduce the need of renal replacement therapy. We hypothesized that plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) may be an early biomark...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) incidence is reported to be 10 times higher in aged people. Related to their higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), older patients are at high risk of toxic effects driven by drugs.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) complicates shock. Diagnosis is based on rising creatinine, a late phenomenon. Intrarenal vasoconstriction occurs earlier. Measuring flow resistance in the renal circulation, Renal Resistive Index (RRI), could become part of vital organ function assessment using Doppler ultrasound. Our aim was to determine whether RRI on ICU admission is an early predictor and discriminator of AKI developed within the first week.
To evaluate the antioxidant action of N-acetylcysteine and diosmin-hesperidin in an experimental model of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury in rats.
Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a frequent complication. The current criteria to detect CSA-AKI rise only when organic dysfunction has occurred. The Doppler Renal Resistive Index (RRI) and the urinary G1 cell cycle arrest proteins (TIMP-2 and IGFBP7) have been advocated to predict CSA-AKI at an early stage after cardiac surgery. The primary objective was to determine the predictive value of these new markers to detect CSA-AKI after elective heart surgery in patients at risk to de...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after liver resection. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have a higher risk of AKI owing to the underlying association between hepatic and renal dysfunction. Use of the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) diagnostic criteria is recommended for patients with cirrhosis, but remains poorly studied following liver resection. We compared the prognostic value of the AKIN creatinine and urine output criteria in terms of postop...
To describe the clinical course and successful management of a dog with crush syndrome, rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria, and associated acute kidney injury (AKI).
We developed quantitative methods to analyze microbubble kinetics based on renal contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging combined with measurements of sublingual microcirculation on a fixed area to quantify early microvascular alterations in sepsis-induced acute kidney injury.
In acute kidney injury (AKI) regions of the kidney are hypoxic. However, for reasons yet unknown, adaptation to hypoxia through hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) is limited. Here we studied miR-22, a potential HIF repressor, in normal kidneys, as well as in rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI, a condition where miR-22 is up-regulated.
Urinary biomarkers like neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) do not only allow an early diagnosis of acute kidney injury, but also provide prognostic information in this setting. The present prospective study investigates, whether the urinary biomarkers NGAL, KIM-1 and calprotectin have prognostic information in chronic kidney disease (CKD) as well.
Recent epidemiological and preclinical mechanistic studies provide strong evidence that acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) form an interconnected syndrome. Injured kidneys undergo a coordinated reparative process with an engagement of multiple cell types after injury; however, maladaptation to the injury subjects kidneys to a vicious cycle of fibrogenesis and nephron loss. In this review, we will outline and discuss the pathogenesis of AKI-to-CKD transition with an emphasis on dysreg...
Recent studies suggest that acute kidney injury (AKI) can affect distant organ function and increase non-renal complications. We determined whether AKI is associated with an increased risk of incident infections.
Acute kidney injury is a recognized complication of combat trauma. The complications associated with acute kidney injury, such as life-threatening hyperkalemia, are usually delayed in onset. In the recent conflicts, rapid evacuation of U.S. and coalition personnel generally resulted in these complications occurring at higher echelons of care where renal replacement therapies were available. In the future however, deployed providers may not have this luxury and should be prepared to temporize patients while ...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 6.1%-22.4% of patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Previous studies have shown no association between intraoperative urine output and postoperative acute renal failure. However, these studies used various definitions of acute renal failure. We therefore investigated the association between intraoperative oliguria and postoperative AKI defined by the serum creatinine criteria of the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) classification.
A significant portion of patients who are affected by acute kidney injury (AKI) do not fully recover due to largely unclear reasons. Restoration of tubular function has been proposed to be a prerequisite for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) recovery.