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PubMed Journals Articles About "Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin" RSS

15:49 EDT 23rd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Effects of environmental factors on C-type lectin recognition to zooxanthellae in the stony coral Pocillopora damicornis.

C-type lectin is a superfamily of Ca-dependent carbohydrate-recognition proteins that play significant roles in nonself-recognition and pathogen clearance. In the present study, a C-type lectin (PdC-Lectin) was chosen from stony coral Pocillopora damicornis to understand its recognition characteristics to zooxanthellae. PdC-Lectin protein contained a signal peptide and a carbohydrate-recognition domain with EPN motif in Ca-binding site 2. The PdC-Lectin recombinant protein was expressed and purified in vitr...


Lectin-carbohydrate complex evaluation by chemiluminescence.

In order to characterize the affinity between specific carbohydrate-binding proteins such as lectins, a model is proposed to study these interactions using a polysaccharide membrane to simulate such adsorption. Here, lectin-carbohydrate interactions were chemiluminescently investigated using lectins conjugated to acridinium ester (AE) and polysaccharides composed of their respective specific carbohydrates. The lectin-AE conjugates were incubated with discs (0.0314-0.6358 cm) of phytagel, chitosan and carr...

The hepatic lectin of zebrafish binds a wide range of bacteria and participates in immune defense.

C-type lectins (CTLs) have a diverse range of functions including cell-cell adhesion, immune response to pathogens and apoptosis. Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR), also known as hepatic lectin, a member of CTLs, was the first animal lectin identified, yet information regarding it remains rather limited in teleost. In this study, we identified a putative protein in zebrafish, named as the zebrafish hepatic lectin (Zhl). The zhl encoded a typical Ca-dependent carbohydrate-binding protein, and was mainly ex...


Engineering ROS-resistant Galectin-1 Dimers with Enhanced Lectin Activity.

Galectin-1 is an immunomodulatory carbohydrate-binding protein with demonstrated efficacy in various pre-clinical models. However, its potential for clinical use is challenged by two features of the protein. First, galectin-1 (Gal-1) can be inactivated in oxidative environments, such as sites of inflammation, via covalent crosslinking of surface-exposed cysteine residues. Second, the active conformation of galectin-1 is a non-covalent homodimer with a micromolar dissociation constant. Together, these featur...

An F-type lectin domain directs the activity of Streptosporangium roseum alpha-L-fucosidase.

F-type lectins are phylogenetically widespread but selectively distributed fucose-binding lectins with fucose- and calcium-binding sequence motifs and an F-type lectin fold. Bacterial F-type lectin domains frequently occur in tandem with various protein domains in diverse architectures, indicating a possible role in directing enzyme activities or other biological functions to distinct fucosylated niches. Here, we report the biochemical characterization of a Streptosporangium roseum protein containing an F-t...

A rapid and effective method for purification of a heat-resistant lectin from potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers.

The potato lectin has been identified to consist of two chitin-binding modules, each containing twin hevein domains. Based on the thermotolerance of the hevein polypeptide, a simple, rapid, and effective protocol for the small-scale purification of the potato lectin has been developed in this study. The method involves only one anion exchange chromatographic step beyond the ammonium sulfate precipitation and the heating treatment. With this method, the potato lectin, a glycoprotein with molecular mass of ap...

Lectin-Binding Specificity of the Fertilization-Relevant Protein PDC-109 by Means of Surface Plasmon Resonance and Carbohydrate REcognition Domain EXcision-Mass Spectrometry.

Seminal plasma proteins are relevant for sperm functionality and some appear responsible for establishing sperm interactions with the various environments along the female genital tract towards the oocyte. In recent years, research has focused on characterizing the role of these proteins in the context of reproductive biology, fertility diagnostics and treatment of related problems. Herein, we focus on the main protein of bovine seminal plasma, PDC-109 (BSP-A1/-A2), which by virtue of its lectin properties ...

Crystallization of a human galectin-3 variant with two ordered segments in the shortened N-terminal tail.

Among members of the family of adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins, galectin-3 (Gal-3) bears a unique modular architecture. A N-terminal tail (NT) consisting of the N-terminal segment (NTS) and nine collagen-like repeats is linked to the canonical lectin domain. In contrast to bivalent proto- and tandem-repeat-type galectins, Gal-3 is monomeric in solution, capable to self-associate in the presence of bi- to multivalent ligands, and the NTS is involved in cellular compartmentalization. Since no crystallog...

Galactoside-binding lectin in Solen grandis as a pattern recognition receptor mediating opsonization.

Galactoside-binding lectin (galectin) is a type of pathogen recognition molecule that occupies an important position in the invertebrate innate immunity system. Our previous study has identified a galectin gene in mollusk Solen grandis (SgGal-1) and illustrated its potential roles in innate immunity. By the functional study using recombinant protein and specific antibody, here, we confirmed the pivotal roles of SgGal-1 in immune defense of S. grandis. SgGal-1 protein was expressed in many tested tissues inc...

A novel C-type lectin from the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (AjCTL-2) with preferential binding of D-galactose.

C-type lectins (CTLs) are Ca dependent carbohydrate-binding proteins that share structural homology in their carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). In the present study, a novel CTL was identified from sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (named as AjCTL-2). The deduced amino acid sequence of AjCTL-2 was homologous to CTLs from other animals with the identities ranging from 33% to 40%. It contained a canonical signal peptide at the N-terminus, a low density lipoprotein receptor class A (LDLa), a C1r/C1s/Ue...

The effect of the lectin from Cherax quadricarinatus on its granular hemocytes.

In crustaceans, lectins and hemocytes of the innate immune system provide the first line of defense. Although evidence points to the potential role of lectins in regulating hemocyte activity, the processes underlying the lectin activation have not been evaluated. In the present study, the receptor for CqL, a humoral lectin from Cherax quadricarinatus specific for galactose/sialic acid, was identified in a granular subset of hemocytes. The CqL receptor (CqLR) is a 490-kDa glycoprotein, composed of four ident...

Extracellular galectin-1 enhances adhesion to and invasion of oral epithelial cells by Porphyromonas gingivalis.

Galectin-1 and galectin-3 are C-type lectin receptors that bind to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria. In this study, we investigated the effects of galectin-1 and galectin-3 on adhesion to and invasion of the human gingival epithelial cell line Ca9-22 by Porphyromonas gingivalis, a periodontal pathogenic gram-negative bacterium. Recombinant galectin-1, but not galectin-3, enhanced P. gingivalis adhesion and invasion, although both galectins bound similarly to P. gingivalis....

Galectin-3 binds selectively to the terminal, non-reducing end of β(1→4)-galactans, with overall affinity increasing with chain length.

Galactans are linear polysaccharides of β(1→4)-linked galactose residues. Although they can antagonize galectin function, the nature of their binding to galectins needs to be better defined to develop them as drugs. Here, we investigated interactions between galectin-3 (Gal-3) and a series of galactans ranging in weight average molecular weight from 670 to 7550 Da. 15N-1H HSQC NMR studies with 15N-labeled Gal-3 carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) indicate that each of these galactans interacts primar...

Lectins as mitosis stimulating factors: Briefly reviewed.

Lectins are carbohydrate binding proteins that can stimulate cell proliferation. This property makes these biomolecules capable of being used as mitogen reagents to study the interaction with lymphocytes allowing evaluation of immunomodulatory action, since B and T lymphocytes are related to humoral and innate immunity, respectively. Isolated cells from spleen, which include lymphocytes, are widely applied as a model in screening lectin mitogenic capacity. This mitotic stimulus is initiated by interaction o...

Elucidating Bauhinia variegata lectin/phosphatidylcholine interactions in lectin-containing liposomes.

Investigations focused on the interactions of nanoparticles with lectins are relevant since it is well accepted that such proteins can be recognized by carbohydrates as parts of cell membranes. This can ultimately enhance the cellular uptake of the produced assemblies. In this framework, the physical interactions of phosphatidylcholine (PC) liposomes and the Bauhinia variegate lectin (BVL) are reported here. BVL-liposome interactions were characterized by a variety of techniques to understand the influence ...

Characterization of the hypersensitive response-like cell death phenomenon induced by targeting antiviral lectin Griffithsin to the secretory pathway.

Griffithsin (GRFT) is an antiviral lectin, originally derived from a red alga, which is currently being investigated as a topical microbicide to prevent transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Targeting GRFT to the apoplast for production in Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in necrotic symptoms associated with a hypersensitive response (HR)-like cell death, accompanied by HOgeneration and increased PR1 expression. Mannose-binding lectins Surfactant protein D (SP-D), cyanovirin-N (CV-N) and human m...

Sustained induction of ERK, protein kinase B, and p70 S6 kinase regulates cell spreading and formation of F-actin microspikes upon ligation of integrins by galectin-8, a mammalian lectin.

Application of lectin microarrays for the analysis of seminal plasma glycome.

We report application of lectin microarrays, exploiting simultaneous interaction of seminal plasma samples with multiple lectins of different sugar specificities to compare the glycomes of fertile and infertile men. The results indicate reduced lectin reactivity associated with decreased fertility, especially affecting oligozoospermic subjects and probably O-glycosylation. Lectin microarrays may become a potent tool for semen analysis in search of the association of glycosylation and male fertility.

The Lectin Pathway in Thrombotic Conditions-A Systematic Review.

The lectin pathway of the complement system can activate the coagulation system in vitro, but the role of the lectin pathway in haemostatic activation and thrombosis in vivo is not clear. We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on associations between the lectin pathway and arterial and venous thrombosis, in accordance with the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews guidelines. PubMed and Embase were searched from January 1990 to March 2017. We included original studi...

High affinity sugar ligands of C-type lectin receptor langerin.

Langerin, a C-type lectin receptor (CLR) expressed in a subset of dendritic cells (DCs), binds to glycan ligands for pathogen capture and clearance. Previous studies revealed that langerin has an unusual binding affinity toward 6-sulfated galactose (Gal), a structure primarily found in keratan sulfate (KS). However, details and biological outcomes of this interaction have not been characterized. Based on a recent discovery that the disaccharide L4, a KS component that contains 6-sulfo-Gal, exhibits anti-inf...

Lectin-based biosensors as analytical tools for clinical oncology.

The review focus on the use of lectin-based biosensors in the oncology field, and ponders the potentialities of using these devices as analytical tools to monitor the levels of cancer glycobiomarkers in biological fluids, helping in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment assessment. Several examples of lectin-based biosensors directed for cancer biomarkers are described and discussed, and their potential application in the clinic is considered, taking into account their analytical features, advantages and p...

Top-down chemoenzymatic approach to synthesizing diverse high-mannose N-glycans and related neoglycoproteins for carbohydrate microarray analysis.

High mannose type N-glycans are an important component of neutralizing epitopes on HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120. They also serve as signals for protein folding, trafficking, and degradation in protein quality control. A number of lectins and antibodies recognize high-mannose type N-glycans, and glycan array technology has provided an avenue to probing these oligomannose-specific proteins. We describe in this paper a top-down chemoenzymatic approach to synthesizing a library of high-mannose N-glycans an...

Virtual Screening Against Carbohydrate-binding Proteins: Evaluation and Application to Bacterial Burkholderia ambifaria Lectin.

Bacterial adhesion to human epithelia via lectins constitutes a therapeutic opportunity to prevent infection. Specifically, BambL (the lectin from Burkholderia ambifaria) is implicated in cystic fibrosis, where lectin-mediated bacterial adhesion to fucosylated lung epithelia is suspected to play an important role. We have employed structure-based virtual screening to identify inhibitors of BambL-saccharide interaction with potential therapeutic value. In order to enable such discovery, a virtual screening p...

Calliandra surinamensis lectin (CasuL) does not impair the functionality of mice splenocytes, promoting cell signaling and cytokine production.

CasuL is a lectin (carbohydrate-binding protein) isolated from the leaf pinnulae of Calliandra surinamensis that is toxic against cancer cells. In this study, the effects of CasuL on the activation of immune cells were evaluated in BALB/c mice splenocytes. Assays measuring the changes in cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca]), mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels associated with cell viability, proliferation, and cytokine and nitric oxide production were perform...

Production of a monoclonal antibody against a mannose-binding protein of Acanthamoeba culbertsoni and its localization.

Amoebae from the genus Acanthamoeba are facultative pathogens of humans and other animals. In humans they most frequently infect the eye causing a sight threatening infection known as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), and also cause an often fatal encephalitis (GAE). A mannose-binding protein (MBP) has been identified as being important for Acanthamoeba infection especially in AK. This lectin has previously been characterized from Acanthamoeba castellanii as consisting of multiple 130 kDa subunits. MBP express...


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