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PubMed Journals Articles About "Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin" RSS

10:07 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Galectin Lectin Carbohydrate Binding Protein Galactose Specific Lectin" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Effects of environmental factors on C-type lectin recognition to zooxanthellae in the stony coral Pocillopora damicornis.

C-type lectin is a superfamily of Ca-dependent carbohydrate-recognition proteins that play significant roles in nonself-recognition and pathogen clearance. In the present study, a C-type lectin (PdC-Lectin) was chosen from stony coral Pocillopora damicornis to understand its recognition characteristics to zooxanthellae. PdC-Lectin protein contained a signal peptide and a carbohydrate-recognition domain with EPN motif in Ca-binding site 2. The PdC-Lectin recombinant protein was expressed and purified in vitr...


The hepatic lectin of zebrafish binds a wide range of bacteria and participates in immune defense.

C-type lectins (CTLs) have a diverse range of functions including cell-cell adhesion, immune response to pathogens and apoptosis. Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR), also known as hepatic lectin, a member of CTLs, was the first animal lectin identified, yet information regarding it remains rather limited in teleost. In this study, we identified a putative protein in zebrafish, named as the zebrafish hepatic lectin (Zhl). The zhl encoded a typical Ca-dependent carbohydrate-binding protein, and was mainly ex...

Isolation and characterization of a galactose-specific lectin (EantH) with antimicrobial activity from Euphorbia antiquorum L. latex.

A homodimeric 75 kDa lectin with hemagglutination activity (HA) was purified from the crude latex of Euphorbia antiquorum L. by two types of chromatography, on cation exchange (HiTrap SP FF) and hydrophobic HiTrap Phenyl FF (high sub) columns. The purified protein was designated EantH, and is classified as a galactose-specific thermostable lectin. The HA of EantH was stable at pH values of 5-9 and temperature 5-65 °C. The lectin had bacteriostatic action on the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aur...


A C-type lectin from Bothrops leucurus snake venom forms amyloid-like aggregates in RPMI medium and are efficiently phagocytosed by peritoneal macrophages.

Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins that play important roles in the immune system. Under specific conditions, lectins can form amyloids, proteinaceous aggregates rich in cross β-strand structures. A Ca-dependent lectin, isolated from Bothrops leucurus snake venom (BLL) has demonstrated relevant biological activities such as antibacterial and antitumor activity. In this work, we aimed to study the interaction of BLL with macrophages. The formation of amyloid structures by BLL in a cell culture medium...

Engineering ROS-resistant Galectin-1 Dimers with Enhanced Lectin Activity.

Galectin-1 is an immunomodulatory carbohydrate-binding protein with demonstrated efficacy in various pre-clinical models. However, its potential for clinical use is challenged by two features of the protein. First, galectin-1 (Gal-1) can be inactivated in oxidative environments, such as sites of inflammation, via covalent crosslinking of surface-exposed cysteine residues. Second, the active conformation of galectin-1 is a non-covalent homodimer with a micromolar dissociation constant. Together, these featur...

An F-type lectin domain directs the activity of Streptosporangium roseum alpha-L-fucosidase.

F-type lectins are phylogenetically widespread but selectively distributed fucose-binding lectins with fucose- and calcium-binding sequence motifs and an F-type lectin fold. Bacterial F-type lectin domains frequently occur in tandem with various protein domains in diverse architectures, indicating a possible role in directing enzyme activities or other biological functions to distinct fucosylated niches. Here, we report the biochemical characterization of a Streptosporangium roseum protein containing an F-t...

A rapid and effective method for purification of a heat-resistant lectin from potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers.

The potato lectin has been identified to consist of two chitin-binding modules, each containing twin hevein domains. Based on the thermotolerance of the hevein polypeptide, a simple, rapid, and effective protocol for the small-scale purification of the potato lectin has been developed in this study. The method involves only one anion exchange chromatographic step beyond the ammonium sulfate precipitation and the heating treatment. With this method, the potato lectin, a glycoprotein with molecular mass of ap...

Crystallization of a human galectin-3 variant with two ordered segments in the shortened N-terminal tail.

Among members of the family of adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins, galectin-3 (Gal-3) bears a unique modular architecture. A N-terminal tail (NT) consisting of the N-terminal segment (NTS) and nine collagen-like repeats is linked to the canonical lectin domain. In contrast to bivalent proto- and tandem-repeat-type galectins, Gal-3 is monomeric in solution, capable to self-associate in the presence of bi- to multivalent ligands, and the NTS is involved in cellular compartmentalization. Since no crystallog...

Galactoside-binding lectin in Solen grandis as a pattern recognition receptor mediating opsonization.

Galactoside-binding lectin (galectin) is a type of pathogen recognition molecule that occupies an important position in the invertebrate innate immunity system. Our previous study has identified a galectin gene in mollusk Solen grandis (SgGal-1) and illustrated its potential roles in innate immunity. By the functional study using recombinant protein and specific antibody, here, we confirmed the pivotal roles of SgGal-1 in immune defense of S. grandis. SgGal-1 protein was expressed in many tested tissues inc...

A novel C-type lectin from the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (AjCTL-2) with preferential binding of D-galactose.

C-type lectins (CTLs) are Ca dependent carbohydrate-binding proteins that share structural homology in their carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). In the present study, a novel CTL was identified from sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (named as AjCTL-2). The deduced amino acid sequence of AjCTL-2 was homologous to CTLs from other animals with the identities ranging from 33% to 40%. It contained a canonical signal peptide at the N-terminus, a low density lipoprotein receptor class A (LDLa), a C1r/C1s/Ue...

Galectin-3 binds selectively to the terminal, non-reducing end of β(1→4)-galactans, with overall affinity increasing with chain length.

Galactans are linear polysaccharides of β(1→4)-linked galactose residues. Although they can antagonize galectin function, the nature of their binding to galectins needs to be better defined to develop them as drugs. Here, we investigated interactions between galectin-3 (Gal-3) and a series of galactans ranging in weight average molecular weight from 670 to 7550 Da. 15N-1H HSQC NMR studies with 15N-labeled Gal-3 carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) indicate that each of these galactans interacts primar...

Lectins as mitosis stimulating factors: Briefly reviewed.

Lectins are carbohydrate binding proteins that can stimulate cell proliferation. This property makes these biomolecules capable of being used as mitogen reagents to study the interaction with lymphocytes allowing evaluation of immunomodulatory action, since B and T lymphocytes are related to humoral and innate immunity, respectively. Isolated cells from spleen, which include lymphocytes, are widely applied as a model in screening lectin mitogenic capacity. This mitotic stimulus is initiated by interaction o...

Sustained induction of ERK, protein kinase B, and p70 S6 kinase regulates cell spreading and formation of F-actin microspikes upon ligation of integrins by galectin-8, a mammalian lectin.

The role of galectin-3 in heart failure and cardiovascular disease.

Galectin-3, a β-galactoside-binding lectin, is a new important player in the progression of heart failure (HF) and is also linked to poor outcome in patients with cardiovascular disease. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of galectin-3 slows down the progression of myocardial inflammation, reduces collagen production, attenuates cardiac remodelling, and ameliorates cardiac function. In this review, we summarize recent progress in research on galectin-3 as a regulatory molecule involved in cardiovascular...

The Lectin Pathway in Thrombotic Conditions-A Systematic Review.

The lectin pathway of the complement system can activate the coagulation system in vitro, but the role of the lectin pathway in haemostatic activation and thrombosis in vivo is not clear. We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on associations between the lectin pathway and arterial and venous thrombosis, in accordance with the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews guidelines. PubMed and Embase were searched from January 1990 to March 2017. We included original studi...

Enzymatic synthesis of non-natural trisaccharides and galactosides; Insights of their interaction with galectins as a function of their structure.

Galectins are a family of carbohydrate-recognizing proteins that by interacting with specific glycoepitopes can mediate important biological processes, including immune cell homeostasis and activation of tolerogenic circuits. Among the different members of this family, Galectin 1 and 3 have shown pro-tumorigenic effects, being overexpressed in numerous neoplasic diseases, proving to be relevant in tumor immune escape, tumor progression and resistance to drug-induced apoptosis. Thus, generation of specific g...

Interactions of mannose binding-lectin with red blood cells by employing cationic quantum dots.

Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays important roles by interacting with specific molecular patterns on cell surfaces, triggering first-line host defense. We investigated the MBL interaction with healthy red blood cell membranes as well as its effects on the membrane rheology. We explored electrostatic interactions between cationic quantum dots (QDs) and negatively charged red blood cell surfaces to quantitatively evaluate membrane electrical charges as well as to investigate the MBL binding to healthy erythr...

Geodorum densiflorum rhizome lectin inhibits Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cell growth by inducing apoptosis through the regulation of BAX, p53 and NF-κB genes expression.

A lectin with a molecular mass of 12 ± 1 kDa was isolated for the first time from Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) rhizome (GDL). The lectin exhibited hemagglutination activity both in mice and human erythrocytes which was inhibited by 4-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside among the tested 26 sugars. The lectin was heat stable and showed its full activity in the pH range from 5.0 to 9.0. The lectin did not lose its activity in the presence of urea but the activity lost significantly when treated with EDTA. D...

Monodisperse Sequence-Controlled α-l-Fucosylated Glycooligomers and Their Multivalent Inhibitory Effects on LecB.

The opportunistic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, often exhibiting multiresistance against conventional antibiotics, expresses the lectin LecB that is suspected to be an important factor during biofilm formation via interactions with cell-surface presented carbohydrate ligands such as the blood group antigens. Therefore, carbohydrate-based ligands interfering with LecB binding have the potential to lead to new anti-biofilm and anti-adhesion therapies. This study explores in vitro binding potencies of glyc...

Histochemical localization of N-acetylhexosamine-binding lectin HOL-18 in Halichondria okadai (Japanese black sponge), and its antimicrobial and cytotoxic anticancer effects.

We studied localization and physiological activities of a lectin showing specific binding to N-acetylhexosamines, termed HOL-18, purified from Japanese black sponge (Halichondria okadai). Antiserum against the lectin was generated in rabbit and applied for immunohistochemical analyses. HOL-18 was expressed specifically around water pores and on spicules of sponge tissues. It showed strong binding to a variety of N-acetylhexosamines: N-acetyl D-glucosamine, N-acetyl D-galactosamine, N-acetyl mannosamine, N-a...

Galectin-3: A Novel Biomarker Predicts Sudden Cardiac Death in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a primary cardiac disease characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, myocyte hypertrophy and irregularities and interstitial fibrosis in the absence of any cardiac or systemic diseases and may lead to sudden cardiac death (SCD). Galectin-3 is a β-galactoside-binding lectin that has been associated with cardiac fibrosis and inflammation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between serum galectin-3 levels and the criteria for 5-year sudden death risk, re...

Lectin-based biosensors as analytical tools for clinical oncology.

The review focus on the use of lectin-based biosensors in the oncology field, and ponders the potentialities of using these devices as analytical tools to monitor the levels of cancer glycobiomarkers in biological fluids, helping in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment assessment. Several examples of lectin-based biosensors directed for cancer biomarkers are described and discussed, and their potential application in the clinic is considered, taking into account their analytical features, advantages and p...

Top-down chemoenzymatic approach to synthesizing diverse high-mannose N-glycans and related neoglycoproteins for carbohydrate microarray analysis.

High mannose type N-glycans are an important component of neutralizing epitopes on HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120. They also serve as signals for protein folding, trafficking, and degradation in protein quality control. A number of lectins and antibodies recognize high-mannose type N-glycans, and glycan array technology has provided an avenue to probing these oligomannose-specific proteins. We describe in this paper a top-down chemoenzymatic approach to synthesizing a library of high-mannose N-glycans an...

Identification and characterization of a B-type mannose-binding lectin from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in response to bacterial infection.

Lectins are a group of carbohydrate-binding proteins, which play an important role in innate immune system against pathogen infection. In this study, a B-type mannose-binding lectin (OnBML) was identified from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), and characterized at expression patterns against bacterial infection and capability to promote phagocytosis by macrophages. The open reading frame of OnBML is 354 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding polypeptides of 117 amino acids. The deduced protein is highly hom...

Virtual Screening Against Carbohydrate-binding Proteins: Evaluation and Application to Bacterial Burkholderia ambifaria Lectin.

Bacterial adhesion to human epithelia via lectins constitutes a therapeutic opportunity to prevent infection. Specifically, BambL (the lectin from Burkholderia ambifaria) is implicated in cystic fibrosis, where lectin-mediated bacterial adhesion to fucosylated lung epithelia is suspected to play an important role. We have employed structure-based virtual screening to identify inhibitors of BambL-saccharide interaction with potential therapeutic value. In order to enable such discovery, a virtual screening p...


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