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A number of current trends will affect and probably change laboratory medicine, as we know it. Scientific and technological developments, digital health with big data and artificial intelligence, and centralization will change the interfaces among the specialties of laboratory medicine. They might even challenge the identity of some specialties. Other trends such as demographic changes, increased complexity of health care, digital health with electronic health records, and more demanding and well-informed p...
Laboratory medicine is an important part of the healthcare system and directly contributes to preventive actions, diagnostics, treatment, and management of diseases. The level and quality of the utilization of laboratory resources have been frequently questioned. A dissemination of conflicting data regarding the quantity of laboratory tests not accessed by the requesting doctors or by the patients themselves is observed, although very often the sources and methodologies used to raise those numbers are not p...
To determine the predictability of common laboratory/field and novel laboratory tests for skating characteristics in Canadian collegiate ice hockey players.
Test cost display has been shown to reduce inappropriate laboratory test ordering practices in the United States. Unfortunately, such a system is limited in the Canadian publically funded healthcare environment. Many Canadian physicians inaccurately estimate the cost of laboratory tests, which may contribute to mis-utilization. Here, we provide an estimated cost of over 50 commonly ordered laboratory tests in Canada as an educational tool for physicians.
With outbreaks of new respiratory viruses such as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and swine-origin influenza A/H1N1, the nucleic acid-based amplification test was introduced to identify causative agents. Multiplex PCR, which can simultaneously detect various respiratory pathogens, is currently used worldwide. Recently, a new type of multiplexed molecular test using a fully automated workflow system was developed, which was also adapted to our laboratory. In this study, we assessed improvem...
Technological change is driving individualized healthcare delivery including laboratory medicine. Ensuring patients gain from their empowerment it is essential that they access data that enables them to utilize reliable information. The potential difficulties of comprehension, information retention and imperfect modes of communication can significantly impair utilization of information by patients. Support for understanding and decision-making needs to be clinically competent and integrated within the healt...
In this brief overview, I emphasize the importance of the specimen-reception department in the running and flow of a laboratory. Also, I outline the problems and the challenges it faces, which are almost universally applicable to all laboratories. To my knowledge, this topic has not been directly reported before in the literature.
The reliability of bilirubin measurements is not satisfactory due to the marked variability of methodologies since discovery.
Inefficient biomass combustion in traditional cookstoves generates high levels of household air pollution (HAP) that is associated with numerous adverse environmental and human health conditions. Many cookstoves have been evaluated using laboratory tests, but past studies revealed discrepancies between laboratory and field measurements. Fuel re-loading, a common operation in actual use but not required in the laboratory test, might be a contributing factor to this laboratory-field gap. In this study, we eva...
Intake of drugs may influence the interpretation of laboratory test results. Knowledge and correct interpretation of possible drug-laboratory test interactions (DLTIs) is important for physicians, pharmacists and laboratory specialists. Laboratory results may be affected by analytical or physiological effects of medication. Failure to take into account the possible unintended influence of drug use on a laboratory test result may lead to incorrect diagnosis, incorrect treatment and unnecessary follow-up. The...
The procedures necessary to perform testing in a veterinary diagnostic laboratory have inherent associated risks to personnel in regard to exposure to infectious agents. In research institutions animals can be experimentally infected, acquire naturally occurring infections and can also be exposed to other hazards such as toxic chemicals or radiologic entities. A critical component of the use of animals in a research environment is the collaboration between the responsible researcher and the veterinary diagn...
We determined the relative strengths of association between 23 most commonly ordered laboratory tests and the adverse outcome as indicators of relative criticalness. The lowest and highest results for 23 most commonly ordered laboratory tests, 24 hours prior to death during critical care unit (CCU) stay or discharge from CCU were extracted from a publicly available CCU database (Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-III). Following this, the Random Forest model was applied to assess the association ...
For patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery, many surgeons routinely perform laboratory tests within 3 days after surgery. However, few studies have reported the necessary of routine laboratory tests for uncomplicated patient within 3 days after surgery.
The article presents the analysis of efficiency of medical services support related to laboratory analyses in case of alteration of system of Federal clinic financing. The analysis was implemented using the example of functioning of three departments of endoprosthesis replacement of the Federal State Budget Institution "The Academician G. A. Ilizarov Russian Research Center 'Restorative Traumatology and Orthopedics' " in 2013-2015. It is established that during examined period in the structure of laboratory...
Laboratory monitoring of patients using lithium is important to prevent harm and to increase effectiveness. The aim of this study is to determine compliance with the guidelines for laboratory monitoring of patients treated with lithium overall and within subgroups.
Inter-laboratory proficiency schemes are widely used to control the performance of clinical and forensic toxicology laboratories. In 2016 the Laboratory of Environmental Hygiene and Forensic Toxicology - Venice (Italy) initiated an inter-laboratory proficiency test of blood-alcohol analysis. The number of participating laboratories gradually increased from 26 to 36. Furthermore, a few clinical laboratories were included if gas chromatographic (GC) methods were used for blood alcohol analysis.
In laboratory medicine, consultation by adding interpretative comments to reports has long been recognized as one of the activities that help to improve patient treatment outcomes and strengthen the position of our profession. Interpretation and understanding of laboratory test results might in some cases considerably be enhanced by adding test when considered appropriate by the laboratory specialist - an activity that was named reflective testing. With patient material available at this stage, this might c...
Point-of-care (POC) international normalized ratio (INR) values above an institutional cutoff are confirmed in the laboratory using a gold standard venous specimen. This can be problematic in a pediatric setting.
The aim of this study was to compare the validity of two different cTnI assay methodologies.
The purpose in this study was to compare the force decay of laboratory and clinical NiTi closed coil springs. Specimens were 30 NiTi coil springs (clinical) and 15 (laboratory in artificial saliva 36.6 ºC) springs were tested by dynamometer to evaluate force loos at different intervals: 1, 2 and 3 months of use. Data (gF) were analyzed statistically using. Clinical and laboratory data were compared to evaluate effect of the oral environment on force loss. It was observed a significant force loss of NiTi sp...
The aim of this study was to review the existence and types of correlations between body composition densitometric parameters and laboratory values associated to cardiometabolic risk.
To determine whether different laboratory developed test (LDT) risk stratification proposals would assign differing levels of risk to selected LDTs as a measure of the validity of those proposals, and whether there would be differing interrater agreement rates as a measure of the reliability of those proposals.