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Gemcitabine And Vinorelbine In Treating Young Patients With Recurrent Or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Gemcitabine And Vinorelbine In Treating Young Patients With Recurrent Or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma articles that have been published worldwide.
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Gemcitabine-based salvage therapy is considered an effective treatment for relapsed and refractory Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). We analyzed the outcome of 41 consecutive NHL patients treated with gemcitabine-based regimens between January 2007 and October 2015. Twenty-eight males and 13 females (median age 66.4 years) were included. The median follow-up from gemcitabine initiation was 7.3 months. Thirty patients (73%) had B-cell, and eleven (27%) had T-cell, lymphoma. All patients received a median of 2 pr...
In our previous randomised phase 2 study for patients with gemcitabine-refractory advanced pancreatic cancer, S-1 plus leucovorin improved progression-free survival compared with S-1 alone. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of TAS-118 (S-1 plus leucovorin) versus S-1 in overall survival (OS).
Vinorelbine has demonstrated anticancer activity and is primarily metabolized in the liver. This single-institution, phase I pilot study describes the safety and pharmacokinetics of vinorelbine in patients with varying degrees of hepatic impairment.
Status Epilepticus can be a serious life threatening event in epileptic patients. The definition of refractory or super-refractory Status Epilepticus was based on the therapeutic response to anti-epileptic and anesthetic drugs. Vagal Nerve Stimulation showed efficacy in treating drug-resistant epilepsy but there are only few reports on emergentplacement of Vagal Nerve Stimulator for refractory or super-refractory Status Epilepticus.
DFP-10917, a deoxycytidine nucleoside analogue, has a unique mechanism of action resulting in leukemic cell death when administered for prolonged periods at low doses. The current phase 1/2 study investigated the safety, maximum tolerated dose, and evidence of antileukemic activity for DFP-10917 administered by 7-day or 14-day continuous intravenous infusion in patients with recurrent or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Gemcitabine is a principal chemotherapeutic agent for biliary tract cancer (BTC). Expression of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) is regarded as a potential predictive biomarker for a gemcitabine response in some cancers. This study was conducted to investigate the association between hENT1 expression and the effects of gemcitabine on BTC cell lines and on patients with advanced BTC receiving gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. A total of four BTC cell lines, HuCCT1, SNU-478, SNU-1079, and SN...
Gemcitabine is the cornerstone of pancreatic cancer treatment. Although effective in most patients, development of tumor resistance to gemcitabine can critically limit its efficacy. The mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon remain elusive, but evidence suggests that ubiquitin-specific peptidases (USPs) may be key regulators in cancer chemo-resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in gemcitabine resistance using in vitro pancreatic cell lines and a mouse xenograft model. We f...
We evaluated trabectedin in patients with platinum-resistant/refractory and partially platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer and the outcomes after reintroduction of platinum.
In the last decade, significant advances have been made in Glioblastoma Multiforme treatment with the novel use of alternating electrical fields, also termed as tumour treating fields (TTFs). This modality has shown promising results in recurrent and newly diagnosed GBM patients, and according to some, may soon be considered an addition to the previously known 'trifecta' of GBM standard of care, i.e., surgery, chemo and radiation therapy.Here we review the existing data on TTF for both recurrent and newly d...
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral weekly vinorelbine 60 mg/m for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in patients previously treated with anthracyclines or taxanes in routine clinical practice.
Recurrent miscarriage (RM) has a multifactorial etiology mainly due to chromosomal abnormalities and immunological factors. Treating RM has remained to be a challenging issue and the role of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in treating RM is still controversial.
One of the standard of care regimens for advanced pancreatic cancer is gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. The efficacy of gemcitabine is limited by dose-limiting hematologic toxicities especially neutropenia. Uncovering the variability of these toxicities attributed to germline DNA variation is of great importance.
Recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with myocardial ischemia requiring hemodynamic support can be refractory to available antiarrhythmic agents and even to cardioversion and defibrillation. The purpose of this study was to report the effect of intravenous ibutilide in patients with a VT and/or VF storm in the presence of incomplete revascularization requiring hemodynamic support.
Gemcitabine is among the standard first-line agents for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, as the median survival with gemcitabine monotherapy is 6 months, different combinations are being studied for better, prolonged survival. In this multicenter study, we aimed to compare the results of gemcitabine monotherapy with those of gemcitabine and cisplatin combination therapy as first-line treatments for metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies and has one of the worst prognoses leading to a meager 5-year survival rate of ∼8%. Chemotherapy has had limited success in extending the life span of patients with advanced PDAC due to poor tumor perfusion and hypoxia-induced resistance. Hypoxia reprograms the gene expression profile and upregulates the expression of multiple genes including heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which provide survival advantage to PDAC cells. However, ...
Advanced pancreatic cancer is a highly refractory disease almost always associated with survival of little more than a year. New interventions based on novel targets are needed. We aim to identify new genetic determinants of overall survival (OS) in patients after treatment with gemcitabine using genome-wide screens of germline DNA. We aim also to support these findings with in vitro functional analysis.
Neoadjuvant plus adjuvant or only adjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for resectable pancreatic cancer - the NEONAX trial (AIO-PAK-0313), a prospective, randomized, controlled, phase II study of the AIO pancreatic cancer group.
Even clearly resectable pancreatic cancer still has an unfavorable prognosis. Neoadjuvant or perioperative therapies might improve the prognosis of these patients. Thus, evaluation of perioperative chemotherapy in resectable pancreatic cancer in a prospective, randomized trial is warranted. A substantial improvement in overall survival of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer with FOLFIRINOX and nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine vs standard gemcitabine has been demonstrated in phase III-trials. Indeed nab-pac...
Metronomic oral vinorelbine (MOV) could be a treatment option for unfit patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on its safety profile and high patient compliance.
Antiepileptic drug (AED) monotherapy is usually effective in 60% of the patients with epilepsy while the remaining patients have refractory epilepsy. This study compared treatment patterns (adherence, persistence, addition, and switching) associated with refractory and nonrefractory epilepsy.
To compare the outcomes of adolescent patients with recurrent anterior epistaxis (RAE) treated with either silver nitrate cauterization or microwave ablation (MWA).
Relapsed/refractory pediatric cancers show poor prognosis; however, their genomic patterns remain unknown. To investigate the genetic mechanisms of tumor relapse and therapy resistance, we characterized genomic alterations in diagnostic and relapsed lesions in patients with relapsed/refractory pediatric solid tumors using targeted deep sequencing.
Gemcitabine is a standard treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer patients but can cause chemoresistance during treatment. The chemoresistant cells have features of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Resveratrol has been reported to overcome the resistance induced by gemcitabine. However, the mechanism by which resveratrol enhances chemosensitivity remains elusive. Here, we explored the mechanism by which resveratrol enhanced chemosensitivity and the role of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) in g...
There is no established standard chemotherapy for recurrent pediatric solid tumors such as neuroblastoma and sarcoma. Since some of these tumor cells show dysfunctions in homologous recombination repair, the goal is to conduct a phase I study of olaparib, a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor. In this clinical trial, the aims are to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of olaparib in pediatric patients with refractory solid tumors and to recommend a dose for phase II trials.
Fidaxomicin is a macrocyclic antibiotic licensed for treating Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). In the UK, fidaxomicin is often reserved for severe CDI or recurrences. At Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, all courses of fidaxomicin during 2017/18 were reviewed. Thirty-eight patients received fidaxomicin, of which 64% patients responded to treatment when fidaxomicin was given during the first episode of a mild CDI. Conversely, all patients with recurrent CDI (rCDI) failed treatment with fidaxomicin. ...