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PubMed Journals Articles About "Gene Editing Revolutionizing Medicine Causing Government Ethics Nightmare" RSS

00:49 EST 21st February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Gene Editing Revolutionizing Medicine Causing Government Ethics Nightmare PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Gene Editing Revolutionizing Medicine Causing Government Ethics Nightmare articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Gene Editing Revolutionizing Medicine Causing Government Ethics Nightmare" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Progress and prospects in plant genome editing.

The emergence of sequence-specific nucleases that enable genome editing is revolutionizing basic and applied biology. Since the introduction of CRISPR-Cas9, genome editing has become widely used in transformable plants for characterizing gene function and improving traits, mainly by inducing mutations through non-homologous end joining of double-stranded breaks generated by CRISPR-Cas9. However, it would be highly desirable to perform precision gene editing in plants, especially in transformation-recalcitra...


Is Editing the Genome for Climate Change Adaptation Ethically Justifiable?

As climate change progresses, we humans might have to inhabit a world for which we are increasingly maladapted. If we were able to identify genes that directly influence our ability to thrive in a changing climate, would it be ethically justifiable to edit the human genome to enhance our ability to adapt to this new environment? Should we use gene editing not only to prevent significant disease but also to enhance our ability to function in the world? Here I suggest a "4-S framework" for analyzing the justi...

Personalised genome editing - The future for corneal dystrophies.

The potential of personalised genome editing reaching the clinic has come to light due to advancements in the field of gene editing, namely the development of CRISPR/Cas9. The different mechanisms of repair used to resolve the double strand breaks (DSBs) mediated by Cas9 allow targeting of a wide range of disease causing mutations. Collectively, the corneal dystrophies offer an ideal platform for personalised genome editing; the majority of corneal dystrophies are monogenic, highly penetrant diseases with a...


Disease context and gene editing.

Designing Ethical Trials of Germline Gene Editing.

Human Germline Genome Editing.

With CRISPR/Cas9 and other genome-editing technologies, successful somatic and germline genome editing are becoming feasible. To respond, an American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) workgroup developed this position statement, which was approved by the ASHG Board in March 2017. The workgroup included representatives from the UK Association of Genetic Nurses and Counsellors, Canadian Association of Genetic Counsellors, International Genetic Epidemiology Society, and US National Society of Genetic Counselors...

Efficient gene editing via non-viral delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 system using polymeric and hybrid microcarriers.

CRISPR-Cas9 is a revolutionary genome-editing technology that has enormous potential for the treatment of genetic diseases. However, the lack of efficient and safe, non-viral delivery systems has hindered its clinical application. Here, we report on the application of polymeric and hybrid microcarriers, made of degradable polymers such as polypeptides and polysaccharides and modified by silica shell, for delivery of all CRISPR-Cas9 components. We found that these microcarriers mediate more efficient transfe...

Generation of novel resistance genes using mutation and targeted gene editing.

Classical breeding for virus resistance is a lengthy process and is restricted by the availability of resistance genes. Precise genome editing is a 'dream technology' to improve plants for virus resistance and these tools have opened new and very promising ways to generate virus resistant plants by disrupting host susceptibility genes, or by increasing the expression of viral resistance genes. However, precise targets must be identified and their roles understood to minimize potential negative effects on th...

Epigenetic editing: How cutting-edge targeted epigenetic modification might provide novel avenues for autoimmune disease therapy.

Autoimmune diseases are enigmatic and complex, and most been associated with epigenetic changes. Epigenetics describes changes in gene expression related to environmental influences mediated by a variety of effectors that alter the three-dimensional structure of chromatin and facilitate transcription factor or repressor binding. Recent years have witnessed a dramatic change and acceleration in epigenetic editing approaches, spurred on by the discovery and later development of the CRISPR/Cas9 system as a hig...

Multiplexed CRISPR/Cas9 Genome Editing and Gene Regulation using Csy4 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) technology has greatly accelerated the field of strain engineering. However, insufficient efforts have been made towards developing robust multiplexing tools in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here, we exploit the RNA processing capacity of the bacterial endoribonuclease Csy4 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, to generate multiple gRNAs from a single transcript for genome editing and gene interference applications in S. cerevisiae. In regards to gen...

Whole plastid transcriptomes reveal abundant RNA editing sites and differential editing status in Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana.

RNA editing is a process of post-transcriptional level of gene regulation by nucleotide modification. Previously, the chloroplast DNA of Taiwan endemic moth orchid, P. aphrodite subsp. formosana was determined, and 44 RNA editing sites were identified from 24 plastid protein-coding transcripts of leaf tissue via RT-PCR and then conventional Sanger sequencing. However, the RNA editing status of whole-plastid transcripts in leaf and other distinct tissue types in moth orchids has not been addressed. To sensit...

Research on HIV cure: Mapping the ethics landscape.

In an essay, Karine Dubé and coauthors discuss the ethics of preclinical and clinical studies relevant to achieving an HIV cure.

Outcomes of Ethics Consultations in Adult ICUs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Clinical ethics consultation as a mechanism for supporting patients, family, and staff during ethically challenging situations has become standard of care. Despite this, there is a lack of consensus about the effectiveness of clinical ethics consultation consultation in the ICU. We performed a systematic review of outcomes associated with clinical ethics consultation within adult ICUs.

On the Relationship between Medical Ethics and the Law.

In his comments on Bland, Lord Justice Hoffmann stated that 'I would expect medical ethics to be formed by the law rather than the reverse'. But what judges expect, and what they have a right to expect, are different things; I shall use Hoffmann LJ's statement as a way into looking at the relationship between ethics and law, and argue that it is partially correct insofar as that it makes a prediction about that relationship. Professional ethics and codes of ethics are shaped by law; but law is shaped by tho...

A Protocol for the Production of Integrase-deficient Lentiviral Vectors for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Gene Knockout in Dividing Cells.

Lentiviral vectors are an ideal choice for delivering gene-editing components to cells due to their capacity for stably transducing a broad range of cells and mediating high levels of gene expression. However, their ability to integrate into the host cell genome enhances the risk of insertional mutagenicity and thus raises safety concerns and limits their usage in clinical settings. Further, the persistent expression of gene-editing components delivered by these integration-competent lentiviral vectors (ICL...

The Dynamics of Technology in Revolutionizing Education and Research.

Molecular tools for gene manipulation in filamentous fungi.

Functional genomics of filamentous fungi has gradually uncovered gene information for constructing 'cell factories' and controlling pathogens. Available gene manipulation methods of filamentous fungi include random integration methods, gene targeting technology, gene editing with artificial nucleases and RNA technology. This review describes random gene integration constructed by restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI); Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (AMT); transposon-arrayed gene knockout (TA...

Educational technology: revolutionizing surgical education.

A-to-I RNA editing - thinking beyond the single nucleotide.

Adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing is a conserved process, which is performed by ADAR enzymes. By changing nucleotides in coding regions of genes and altering codons, ADARs expand the cell's protein repertoire. This function of the ADAR enzymes is essential for human brain development. However, most of the known editing sites are in non-coding repetitive regions in the transcriptome and the purpose of editing in these regions is unclear. Recent studies, which have shown that editing levels of transcripts vary...

A novel tetratricopeptide repeat protein, WHITE TO GREEN1, is required for early chloroplast development and affects RNA editing in chloroplasts.

The chloroplast is essential for plant photosynthesis and production, but the regulatory mechanism of chloroplast development is still elusive. Here, a novel gene, WHITE TO GREEN1 (WTG1), was identified to have a function in chloroplast development and plastid gene expression by screening Arabidopsis leaf coloration mutants. WTG1 encodes a chloroplast-localized tetratricopeptide repeat protein that is expressed widely in Arabidopsis cells. Disruption of WTG1 suppresses plant growth, retards leaf greening an...

The Rise of Hospitalists: An Opportunity for Clinical Ethics.

Translating ethical theories into clinical practice presents a perennial challenge to educators. While many suggestions have been put forth to bridge the theory-practice gap, none have sufficiently remedied the problem. We believe the ascendance of hospital medicine, as a dominant new force in medical education and patient care, presents a unique opportunity that could redefine the way clinical ethics is taught. The field of hospital medicine in the United States is comprised of more than 50,000 hospitalist...

Production of Purified CasRNPs for Efficacious Genome Editing.

CRISPR-Cas systems have been harnessed as modular genome editing reagents for functional genomics and show promise to cure genetic diseases. Directed by a guide RNA, a Cas effector introduces a double stranded break in DNA and host cell DNA repair leads to the introduction of errors (e.g., to knockout a gene) or a programmed change. Introduction of a Cas effector and guide RNA as a purified Cas ribonucleoprotein complex (CasRNP) has recently emerged as a powerful approach to alter cell types and organisms. ...

CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in human hematopoietic stem cells.

Genome editing via homologous recombination (HR) (gene targeting) in human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) has the power to reveal gene-function relationships and potentially transform curative hematological gene and cell therapies. However, there are no comprehensive and reproducible protocols for targeting HSCs for HR. Herein, we provide a detailed protocol for the production, enrichment, and in vitro and in vivo analyses of HR-targeted HSCs by combining CRISPR/Cas9 technology with the use of rAAV6 and fl...

Editing the Genome Without Double-Stranded DNA Breaks.

Genome editing methods have commonly relied on the initial introduction of double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs), resulting in stochastic insertions, deletions, and translocations at the target genomic locus. To achieve gene correction, these methods typically require the introduction of exogenous DNA repair templates and low-efficiency homologous recombination processes. In this perspective we describe alternative, mechanistically motivated strategies to perform chemistry on the genome of unmodified cells with...

Nurse researchers' perspectives on research ethics in China.

In China, research ethics is a subject of increasingly formal regulation. However, little is known about how nursing researchers understand the concept of research ethics and the ways in which they can maintain ethical standards in their work.


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