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PubMed Journals Articles About "Genocea Biosciences GNCA Chip Clark 2019 Results Earnings" RSS

01:37 EDT 21st September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Genocea Biosciences GNCA Chip Clark 2019 Results Earnings" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

Notes from the Field: Community Outbreak of Measles - Clark County, Washington, 2018-2019.


Serum ghrelin and esophageal and gastric cancer in two cohorts in China.

Ghrelin is a hormone produced in the oxyntic glands of the stomach. Previous work by our group has suggested that serum ghrelin concentrations are inversely associated with gastric and esophageal cancer risk. We measured ghrelin concentrations in the Linxian General Population Nutrition Intervention Trial (NIT), and the Shanghai Women's Health Study (SWHS). In NIT we analyzed serum samples from 298 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cases, 518 gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) cases, 258 gastric no...

Association Between Childhood Behaviors and Adult Employment Earnings in Canada.

Specifying the association between childhood behaviors and adult earnings can inform the development of screening tools and preventive interventions to enhance social integration and economic participation.


AAV/BBB-Mediated Gene Transfer of CHIP Attenuates Brain Injury Following Experimental Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

Cell death is a hallmark of secondary brain injury following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The E3 ligase CHIP has been reported to play a key role in mediating necroptosis-an important mechanism of cell death after ICH. However, there is currently no evidence supporting a function of CHIP in ICH. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether CHIP plays an essential role in brain injury after ICH. Our findings indicated that CHIP expression was increased in the peri-hematomal area in rat models of IC...

PIXUL-ChIP: integrated high-throughput sample preparation and analytical platform for epigenetic studies.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is the most widely used approach for identification of genome-associated proteins and their modifications. We have previously introduced a microplate-based ChIP platform, Matrix ChIP, where the entire ChIP procedure is done on the same plate without sample transfers. Compared to conventional ChIP protocols, the Matrix ChIP assay is faster and has increased throughput. However, even with microplate ChIP assays, sample preparation and chromatin fragmentation (which is requ...

Construction of a rapid microfluidic-based SNP genotyping (MSG) chip for ancestry inference.

In forensics, ancestry inference can provide leads for criminal investigation. Therefore, the time needed to generate results is the first priority. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widely used genetic markers for ancestry inference. In this study, a rapid microfluidic-based SNP genotyping (MSG) chip was established to detect 72 autosomal SNPs for ancestry inference of East Asian populations. The DNA template was infused into the chip and distributed into reaction chambers with pre-spotted primer ...

Alternative measures of body composition and wage premium: New evidence from Indonesia.

This paper examines the relationship between body composition and earnings in a developing country setting. We use body mass index, waist circumference and hip circumference. Exploiting the panel structure of our longitudinal survey, we find that along with BMI, waist circumference is related to higher earnings in Indonesia.

Integrating Bacterial ChIP-seq and RNA-seq Data With SnakeChunks.

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming a routine approach in most domains of the life sciences. To ensure reproducibility of results, there is a crucial need to improve the automation of NGS data processing and enable forthcoming studies relying on big datasets. Although user-friendly interfaces now exist, there remains a strong need for accessible solutions that allow experimental biologists to analyze and explore their results in an autonomous and flexible way. The protocols here describe a modular ...

Notes from the field: Community outbreak of measles - Clark County, Washington, 2018-2019.

Integration of rolling circle amplification and optomagnetic detection on a polymer chip.

Rolling circle amplification (RCA) combined with padlock probe recognition of a DNA target is attractive for on-chip nucleic acid testing due to its high specificity and isothermal reaction conditions. However, the integration of RCA on an automated chip platform is challenging due to the different reagents needed for the reaction steps and the temperature sensitivity of the phi29 polymerase. Here, we describe the integration of an RCA assay on a single-use polymer chip platform where magnetic microbeads ar...

Should Trolleys Be Scared of Mice? Replies to Evans and Brandt (2019); Białek, Turpin, and Fugelsang (2019); Colman, Gold, and Pulford (2019); and Plunkett and Greene (2019).

Health endowment and later-life outcomes in the labour market: Evidence using genetic risk scores and reduced-form models.

This paper examines the relationship between health endowment and later-life outcomes in the labour market. The analysis is based on reduced-form models in which labour market outcomes are regressed on genetic variants related to the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. We use linked Finnish data that have many strengths. Genetic risk scores constitute exogenous measures for health endowment, and accurate administrative tax records on earnings, employment and social income transfers provide a comprehe...

Outstanding Reviewers for Lab on a Chip in 2018.

Analysis of the Chromosomal Localization of Yeast SMC Complexes by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation.

A plethora of biological processes like gene transcription, DNA replication, DNA recombination, and chromosome segregation are mediated through protein-DNA interactions. A powerful method for investigating proteins within a native chromatin environment in the cell is chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Combined with the recent technological advancement in next generation sequencing, the ChIP assay can map the exact binding sites of a protein of interest across the entire genome. Here we describe a-step-by...

On-chip organic synthesis enabled using an engine-and-cargo system in an electrowetting-on-dielectric digital microfluidic device.

This paper presents a microfluidic chemical reaction using an electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) digital microfluidic device. Despite a number of chemical/biological applications using EWOD digital microfluidic devices, their applications to organic reactions have been seriously limited because most of the common solvents used in synthetic organic chemistry are not compatible with EWOD devices. To address this unsolved issue, we first introduce a novel technique using an "engine-and-cargo" system that enab...

Detection of Hepatitis C Virus Core Protein in Serum Using Aptamer-Functionalized AFM Chips.

In the present study, we demonstrate atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles in serum samples using a chip with aptamer-functionalized surface (apta-based AFM chip). The target particles, containing core antigen of HCV (HCVcoreAg protein), were biospecifically captured onto the chip surface from 1 mL of test solution containing 10 µL of serum collected from a hepatitis C patient. The registration of aptamer/antigen complexes on the chip surface was performed by AF...

Functional Dominance of CHIP-Mutated Hematopoietic Stem Cells in Patients Undergoing Autologous Transplantation.

Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is caused by recurrent somatic mutations leading to clonal blood cell expansion. However, direct evidence of the fitness of CHIP-mutated human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in blood reconstitution is lacking. Because myeloablative treatment and transplantation enforce stress on HSCs, we followed 81 patients with solid tumors or lymphoid diseases undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for the development of CHIP. We found a high inciden...

ChIPulate: A comprehensive ChIP-seq simulation pipeline.

ChIP-seq (Chromatin Immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing) is a high-throughput technique to identify genomic regions that are bound in vivo by a particular protein, e.g., a transcription factor (TF). Biological factors, such as chromatin state, indirect and cooperative binding, as well as experimental factors, such as antibody quality, cross-linking, and PCR biases, are known to affect the outcome of ChIP-seq experiments. However, the relative impact of these factors on inferences made from ChIP-seq d...

Low-loss fiber-to-chip interface for lithium niobate photonic integrated circuits.

Integrated lithium niobate (LN) photonic circuits have recently emerged as a promising candidate for advanced photonic functions such as high-speed modulation, nonlinear frequency conversion, and frequency comb generation. For practical applications, optical interfaces that feature low fiber-to-chip coupling losses are essential. So far, the fiber-to-chip loss (commonly >10  dB/facet) has dominated the total insertion losses of typical LN photonic integrated circuits, where on-chip losses can be as low ...

Population size estimation for quality control of ChIP-Seq datasets.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing, i.e. ChIP-Seq, is a widely used experimental technology for the identification of functional protein-DNA interactions. Nowadays, such databases as ENCODE, GTRD, ChIP-Atlas and ReMap systematically collect and annotate a large number of ChIP-Seq datasets. Comprehensive control of dataset quality is currently indispensable to select the most reliable data for further analysis. In addition to existing quality control metrics, we have developed two novel met...

Origin of In Clark County, Nevada.

is the primary vector for serious diseases, including those caused by chikungunya, dengue, and Zika viruses. In 2017, the Southern Nevada Health District first detected this invasive species in Clark County, NV, including in the city of Las Vegas. We analyzed from the city of North Las Vegas to determine the likely source of the invasion. We genotyped a sample of at 12 highly variable microsatellites and analyzed the data in reference to published data from 25 sites in the southern USA. We found that the ...

Improved Charge Pump Design and Ex Vivo Experimental Validation of CMOS 256-Pixel Photovoltaic-Powered Subretinal Prosthetic Chip.

An improved design of CMOS 256-pixel photovoltaic-powered implantable chip for subretinal prostheses is presented. In the proposed subretinal chip, a high-efficiency fully-integrated 4× charge pump is designed and integrated with on-chip photovoltaic (PV) cells and a 256-pixel array with active pixel sensors (APS) for image light sensing, biphasic constant current stimulators, and electrodes. Thus the PV voltage generated by infrared (IR) light can be boosted to above 1V so that the charge injection is inc...

2019 Scientific Session of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 3-6 April 2019: 2019 Posters.

On-Chip Cell Incubator for Simultaneous Observation of Culture with and without Periodic Hydrostatic Pressure.

This paper proposes a microfluidic device which can perform simultaneous observation on cell growth with and without applying periodic hydrostatic pressure (Yokoyama et al. , , 427). The device is called on-chip cell incubator. It is known that culture with periodic hydrostatic pressure benefits the elasticity of a cultured cell sheet based on the results in previous studies, but how the cells respond to such a stimulus during the culture is not yet clear. In this work, we focused on cell behavior under per...

RECAP reveals the true statistical significance of ChIP-seq peak calls.

ChIP-seq is used extensively to identify sites of transcription factor binding or regions of epigenetic modifications to the genome. A key step in ChIP-seq analysis is peak calling, where genomic regions enriched for ChIP versus control reads are identified. Many programs have been designed to solve this task, but nearly all fall into the statistical trap of using the data twice-once to determine candidate enriched regions, and again to assess enrichment by classical statistical hypothesis testing. This dou...


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