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PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Asia Automotive Ethanol Gasoline Market Status Future" RSS

16:59 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Global Asia Automotive Ethanol Gasoline Market Status Future PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Global Asia Automotive Ethanol Gasoline Market Status Future articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Global Asia Automotive Ethanol Gasoline Market Status Future" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Compound-specific carbon isotopic composition of ethanol in Brazil and US vehicle emissions and wet deposition.

Global atmospheric ethanol budget models include large uncertainties in the magnitude of ethanol emission sources and sinks. In order to apply stable isotope techniques to constrain ethanol emission sources, a headspace solid phase micro-extraction gas chromatograph-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry method (HS-SPME-GC-C-IRMS) was developed to measure the carbon isotopic composition of aqueous phase ethanol at natural abundance levels (1 to 30 µM) with a precision of 0.4‰. The method was applied ...


Improvement of ethanol and biogas production from sugarcane bagasse using sodium alkaline pretreatments.

Sugarcane bagasse was pretreated with sodium carbonate, sodium sulfite, and sodium acetate in concentrations of 0.5 M and 0.25 M, as well as hydrothermal pretreatment, to break down its structural recalcitrance and improve biogas and ethanol production. The pretreatments were conducted at 100, 140, and 180 °C for 1 h. The highest biogas and ethanol production was observed for sugarcane bagasse pretreated with 0.5 M sodium carbonate solution at 140 °C, which was 239 ± 20 Nml CH/g VS, and 7...

The struggle for existence in the world market ecosystem.

The global trade system can be viewed as a dynamic ecosystem in which exporters struggle for resources: the markets in which they export. We can think that the aim of an exporter is to gain the entirety of a market share (say, car imports from the United States). This is similar to the objective of an organism in its attempt to monopolize a given subset of resources in an ecosystem. In this paper, we adopt a multilayer network approach to describe this struggle. We use longitudinal, multiplex data on trade ...


Current landscape of personalized medicine adoption and implementation in Southeast Asia.

The emergence of personalized medicine (PM) has raised some tensions in healthcare systems. PM is expensive and health budgets are constrained - efficient healthcare delivery is therefore critical. Notwithstanding the cost, many countries have started to adopt this novel technology, including resource-limited Southeast Asia (SEA) countries. This study aimed to describe the status of PM adoption in SEA, highlight the challenges and to propose strategies for future development.

Production of high-octane gasoline via hydrodeoxygenation of sorbitol over palladium-based bimetallic catalysts.

A methodology for the synthesis of gasoline-range fuels from carbon neutral resources is introduced. Sorbitol, a sugar-based compound, was employed as a raw material because the compound is readily obtained from cellulose. Gasoline-range hydrocarbons were produced via hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) on zirconium phosphate-supported Pd-bimetallic (Pt-Pd, Ru-Pd, Ni-Pd, Fe-Pd, Co-Pd, W-Pd) catalysts. Among the tested catalysts, the bimetallic W-Pd/ZrP catalyst exhibited the highest yield of gasoline products, peaking...

Honey bees (Apis mellifera) show a preference for the consumption of ethanol.

Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are significant global issues. Honey bees are excellent models for learning and other complex behaviors; furthermore, they share many behavioral responses to ethanol with humans and animal models. We develop a two feeder choice assay to determine if honey bees will self-administer and preferentially consume solutions containing ethanol.

Hazards from failure of CNG automotive cylinders in fire.

Compressed natural gas (CNG) is a widely used automotive fuel in a variety of countries. In case of a vehicle fire where the safety device also malfunctions, a failure of the CNG automotive cylinder could occur. Such a cylinder failure is associated with severe hazards for the surrounding environment. Firstly, a comprehensive analysis is given below, summarizing various accidents involving CNG automotive cylinders and their consequences. In an extensive experimental program, 21 CNG automotive cylinders with...

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and future expectations in Russian adolescents.

In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the role of future expectations-the extent to which a future outcome is deemed likely-in the health and well-being of adolescents, with research linking future expectations to outcomes such as an increased likelihood of engaging in risky health behaviors. As yet, however, there has been no research on future expectations and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence. To address this research gap, the current study examined the assoc...

Removal of unleaded gasoline from water by multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

This article displays an efficient and cost effective technique for the removal of unleaded gasoline from water. Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used as the sorbent material. Nanotubes were synthesized according to a well-known procedure and successfully used avoiding cumbersome purifications from traces of catalyst. A series of lab-scale experiments was performed on dispersions of commercial unleaded gasoline (20 mL) in water (30 mL), which were subjected to the action of variable amounts o...

Unravelling the link between global rubber price and tropical deforestation in Cambodia.

Tropical forests continue to undergo a rapid transformation. The expansion of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) plantations has been reported as a major driver of forest loss, linked to a boom in market demand. Distant commodity markets have spurred a surge of large-scale economic land concessions granted throughout tropical Southeast Asia. Using satellite imagery, we show the impact of rubber tree plantations on Cambodian forest cover and analyse how annual forest-to-rubber conversion rates relate to global...

Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Attenuates Sensitivity to The Aversive Effects of Ethanol in Adolescence and Increases Adult Preference For A 5% Ethanol Solution in Males, But Not Females.

Gasoline degradation and nitrogen fixation in soil by pulsed corona discharge plasma.

Gasoline contaminated soil poses an environmental and human health problem, which may be partially solved by the emerging non-thermal plasma technology. In this study a pulse corona discharge (PCD) reactor was employed to degrade gasoline in soil and simultaneously to fix nitrogen in soil. The gasoline removal rates were influenced by input power, electrode gap, gas flow rate, initial gasoline concentration, soil pH, and soil moisture. This technology produced no secondary pollution. Ozone, NOx, and hydroxy...

Ethanol-related behaviors in alpha-synuclein mutant mice and association of SNCA SNPs with anxiety in ethanol-dependent patients.

Data have shown a role of α-synuclein in anxiety and also in addiction, particularly in alcohol use disorders (AUD). Since the comorbidity between AUD and anxiety is very high and because anxiety is an important factor in ethanol relapse, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of α-synuclein in moderating ethanol intake, the anxiolytic effects of ethanol, and ethanol withdrawal-induced anxiety and convulsions in mice. The study aimed to determine whether SNCA variants moderated anxiety i...

Feasible future global scenarios for human life evaluations.

Subjective well-being surveys show large and consistent variation among countries, much of which can be predicted from a small number of social and economic proxy variables. But the degree to which these life evaluations might feasibly change over coming decades, at the global scale, has not previously been estimated. Here, we use observed historical trends in the proxy variables to constrain feasible future projections of self-reported life evaluations to the year 2050. We find that projected effects of ma...

Conservation of ethanol fermentation and its regulation in land plants.

Ethanol fermentation is considered as one of the main metabolic adaptations to ensure energy production in higher plants under anaerobic conditions. Following this pathway, pyruvate is decarboxylated and reduced to ethanol with the concomitant oxidation of NADH to NAD+. Despite its acknowledgement as an essential metabolic strategy, the conservation of this pathway and its regulation throughout plant evolution have not been assessed so far. To address this question, we compared ethanol fermentation in speci...

Characterization of the Clostridium thermocellum AdhE, NfnAB, Ferredoxin and Pfor proteins for their ability to support high titer ethanol production in Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum.

The thermophilic anaerobes Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum and Clostridium thermocellum are good candidates for lignocellulosic ethanol production. T. saccharolyticum has been successfully engineered to produce ethanol at high titer (70g/L). The maximum ethanol titer of engineered strains of C. thermocellum is only 25g/L. We hypothesize that one or more of the enzymes in the ethanol production pathway in C. thermocellum is not adequate for ethanol production at high titer. In this study, we focused on...

Uncharted territory: navigating the pediatric urology job market.

There is not a structured algorithm, timeline, or resource on how, when, and which programs are looking for a new staff pediatric urologist. We hypothesized that current and future pediatric urology fellows could benefit from the experiences of recently graduated fellows on navigating the urology job market.

Advanced formulations for Intranasal Delivery of Biologics.

The global biologics market has been ever increasing over the last decades and is predicted to top Euro 350 by 2020. Facing this scenario, the parenteral route of biologics administration as hitherto standard route is inconvenient for the future. Among the alternatives, the intranasal delivery of therapeutic biologicals seems to be most promising but researchers are still facing challenges as indicated by the scarce number of successfully marketed peptide drugs.

Xenotransplantation in Asia.

The organ shortage crisis affects most of the world today. In Asia, rates of deceased organ donation are extremely low due to sociocultural factors. In this context, implementing new organ donation policies is not enough; xenotransplantation remains the most promising way to solve the organ crisis. Most of the early research on xenotransplantation was conducted in the US and Europe. Today, however, Asia has caught up on its Western counterparts partly due to the increasing demand for organ transplants. Give...

Perceived Knowledge, Skills, and Preparedness for Disaster Management Among Military Health Care Personnel.

The Indo-Asia-Pacific region has the highest incidence of natural disasters world-wide. Since 2000, approximately 1.6 billion people in this region have been affected by earthquakes, volcanos, tsunamis, typhoons, cyclones, and large-scale floods. The aftermath of disasters can quickly overwhelm available resources, resulting in loss of basic infrastructure, shelter, health care, food and water, and ultimately, loss of life.Over the last 12 years, US military forces have collaborated with countries throughou...

Determinants of MRSA prevalence in the Asia Pacific Region: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

We aimed to review published literature on methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in the Asia Pacific Region to document MRSA prevalence in the Region and examine the impact of variability in study design on the reported data of MRSA prevalence.

The genetic makings of South Asia.

South Asia is home for more than a billion people culturally structured into innumerable groups practicing different levels of endogamy. Linguistically South Asia is broadly characterized by four major language families which has served as access way for disentangling the genetic makings of South Asia. In this review we shall give brief account on the recent developments in the field. Advances are made in two fronts simultaneously. Whole genome characterisation of many extant South Asians paint the picture ...

Involvement Of Cell Oxidant Status And Redox State In The Increased Non-Enzymatic Ethanol Oxidation By The Regenerating Rat Liver.

Ethanol administration is capable of inhibiting or delaying the partial hepatectomy (PH)-induced liver regeneration, probably altering liver metabolism by means of its oxidative metabolism. Since the regenerating liver has increased capacity for oxidizing ethanol, the present study was aimed to address the contribution of the ethanol-oxidizing metabolic pathways in the regenerating liver cells. Isolated hepatocytes were prepared from control livers and from animals subjected to two-thirds PH. In both prepar...

Nanomedicines: current status and future perspectives in aspect of drug delivery and pharmacokinetics.

Nanomedicines have evolved into various forms including dendrimers, nanocrystals, emulsions, liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, micelles, and polymeric nanoparticles since their first launch in the market. Widely highlighted benefits of nanomedicines over conventional medicines include superior efficacy, safety, physicochemical properties, and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profiles of pharmaceutical ingredients. Especially, various kinetic characteristics of nanomedicines in body are further influenced...

Building a consumer market for ethanol-methanol cooking fuel in Lagos, Nigeria.

A recently completed randomized controlled study in Nigeria that transitioned pregnant women from traditional fuels to ethanol in their cook stoves demonstrated improved pregnancy outcomes in mothers and children. We subsequently conducted a pilot study of 30 households in Lagos, Nigeria, to determine the acceptability of blended ethanol/methanol as cooking fuel and willingness to pay for the Clean Cook stove. A third of the pilot participants expressed a willingness to purchase the stove for the minimum pr...


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