PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Chinese Goat Milk Infant Formula Industry 2017" RSS

13:09 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Global Chinese Goat Milk Infant Formula Industry 2017" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Milk and Plasma Lutein and Zeaxanthin Concentrations in Chinese Breast-Feeding Mother-Infant Dyads With Healthy Maternal Fruit and Vegetable Intake.

While others have reported that milk from coastal Chinese women contains high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin, no research has determined the corresponding infant plasma response. Whether infant plasma levels increase commensurately provides important guidance for supplementation of these increasingly intriguing carotenoids in breast-feeding mothers and formula-fed infants.

Are cortisol concentrations in human breast milk associated with infant crying?

The present longitudinal study is the first to investigate the association between human breast milk cortisol and infant crying over the first three months of life. Higher concentrations of breast milk cortisol were expected to be differentially associated with fussing and crying in boys and girls. At 2, 6, and 12 weeks of infant age, mothers (N = 70) collected a morning sample of their milk and kept a 3-day diary to measure infant fussing and crying. Cortisol was extracted and quantified from milk sampl...

Effect of Goat and Cow Milk Ratios on the Physicochemical, Rheological, and Sensory Properties of a Fresh Panela Cheese.

Fresh cheeses, Panela type, were manufactured from cow milk and with goat milk incorporation, constituting 4 blends of milks (G10:C90, G20:C80, G30:C70, G40:C60, v/v). The cheeses were analyzed to determine the effect of the different goat milk ratios on the physicochemical, textural, rheological, and sensory properties over 15 d of storage. Significant differences in protein (14.6% to 18.5%), fat (13.0% to 19.4%), and moisture contents (51.7% to 61.3%), pH (6.38 to 6.67), color (L  > 64.4, a  > 1.06, b...

Low-volume goat milk transmission of classical scrapie to lambs and goat kids.

The risk of classical scrapie transmission in small ruminants is highest during the neonatal period with the placenta recognized as a significant source of infection. Milk has also been identified as a source of scrapie with sheep-to-sheep transmission occurring after neonatal consumption of as little as 1-2 liters of milk; concurrent mastitis due to small ruminant lentivirus (SRLV) infection may be associated with increased scrapie transmission via milk in sheep. In contrast, goat-to-sheep transmission has...

Fingerprinting of Phospholipids Molecular Species from Human Milk and Infant Formula Using HILIC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS and Discriminatory Analysis by Principal Component Analysis.

Phospholipids composition in the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) fluctuates during entire lactation period in order to suit the growing needs of newborn infants. Present study elucidated and relatively quantified phospholipids molecular species extracted from human milk (HM), mature human milk (MHM) and infant formulas (with or without MFGM supplementation) using HILIC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS system. Principal component analysis was used to clarify the differences between phospholipids composition in HM, MHM and inf...

Early-life intake of major trace elements, bisphenol A, tetrabromobisphenol A and fatty acids: Comparing human milk and commercial infant formulas.

In the present study, the presence of a wide spectrum of major and trace elements (As, Ag, Al, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Sr, Sb, Se, Sn, Pb, V, and Zn), fatty acids, as well as some pollutants like free and total BPA and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), was analysed in human milk (n = 53) and infant formula (n = 50) samples. In addition, the infant exposure to these chemicals was assessed. The content of free BPA and several elements (Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Sn, Sr, and Zn) was hi...

Preclinical safety evaluation of the human-identical milk oligosaccharide lacto-N-tetraose.

Lacto-N-tetraose (LNT) is one of the most abundant oligosaccharides that are endogenously present in human breast milk. To simulate the composition of human breast milk more closely, commercial infant formula can be supplemented with human-identical milk oligosaccharides, which are manufactured structurally identical versions of their naturally occurring counterparts. As part of the safety evaluation of LNT, in vitro genotoxicity tests and a subchronic oral gavage toxicity study (in neonatal Sprague-Dawley ...

A novel indel within goat casein alpha S1 gene is significantly associated with litter size.

The ruminant casein gene family (CSNs, link as CSN1S1-CSN2-CSN1S2-CSN3) is characterized by diverse variations and has been extensively studied for ruminant milk traits, however, studies on insertion/deletion (indel) mutations within this gene family and their effects on prolificacy are extremely limited. This study aimed to detect possible novel indels within CSNs in an indigenous Chinese goat breed-Shaanbei White Cashmere goat (SBWC, n = 3047) and four other Chinese goat breeds (n = 1136) with var...

Serum, plasma and erythrocyte membrane lipidomes in infants fed formula supplemented with bovine milk fat globule membranes.

Supplementation of formula with bovine milk fat globule membranes has been shown to narrow the gap in immunological and cognitive development between breast-fed and formula-fed infants.

Survival of Immunoglobulins from Human Milk to Preterm Infant Gastric Samples at 1, 2, and 3 h Postprandial.

Human milk immunoglobulins (Ig) are an important support for the naïve infant immune system; yet the extent to which these proteins survive within the infant digestive tract, particularly for preterm infants, is poorly studied.

The impact of human breast milk components on the infant metabolism.

Breastfeeding is beneficial for mothers and infants. Underlying mechanisms and biochemical mediators thus need to be investigated to develop and support improved infant nutrition practices promoting the child health. We analysed the relation between maternal breast milk composition and infant metabolism.

Infant formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergic disease.

Infant formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been widely advocated for preventing allergic disease in infants, in place of standard cow's milk formula (CMF). However, it is unclear whether the clinical trial evidence supports this.

Estimation of Atenolol Transfer Into Milk and Infant Exposure During Its Use in Lactating Women.

Atenolol lactation information is limited, and controversy exists over the safety of its use during breastfeeding. In this study, important parameters including milk-to-plasma ratio, ratio of infant plasma to maternal plasma, infant daily dosage, and relative infant dose were investigated. The findings from this study add information to existing data about atenolol transfer in human milk. This may help guide health professionals in decision making regarding the safety of beta blockers used by mothers during...

Opioids in Breast Milk: Pharmacokinetic Principles and Clinical Implications.

Safety of maternal drug therapy during breastfeeding may be assessed from estimated levels of drug exposure of the infant through milk. Pharmacokinetic (PK) principles predict that the lower the clearance is, the higher the infant dose via milk will be. Drugs with low clearance (

Alcohol audio-visual content in formula 1 television broadcasting.

Exposure to audio-visual alcohol content in media is associated with subsequent alcohol use among young people. In 2016 Heineken launched its global Formula One (F1) partnership and had a significant brand presence at a number of 2017 F1 race events. We have measured the extent to which Heineken and other alcohol content appears in a sample of the first 6 races broadcast in the UK during the 2017 F1 Championship.

Release of functional peptides from mother's milk and fortifier proteins in the premature infant stomach.

Digestion of milk proteins in the premature infant stomach releases functional peptides; however, which peptides are present has not been reported. Premature infants are often fed a combination of human milk and bovine milk fortifiers, but the variety of functional peptides released from both human and bovine milk proteins remains uncharacterized. This study applied peptidomics to investigate the peptides released in gastric digestion of mother's milk proteins and supplemental bovine milk proteins in premat...

Oral Immunotherapy Using Partially Hydrolyzed Formula for Cow's Milk Protein Allergy: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.

Partially hydrolyzed cow's milk protein-based formula (pHF) possesses low allergenicity. Here, we investigate the safety and efficacy of oral immunotherapy using pHF for children with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA).

HPV infection and bacterial microbiota in breast milk and infant oral mucosa.

We investigated the association between bacterial microbiota in breast milk and the infant mouth. The influence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection on infant oral microbiota was also assessed.

Immune reactivity against a variety of mammalian milks and plant-based milk substitutes.

The research reported here seeks to evaluate the allergenicity and antigenicity of different mammalian and plant-based milks/milk substitutes in healthy subjects. We used ELISA to measure IgE and IgG antibodies against cow, goat, sheep, camel, human milks, and soy, almond, and coconut plant-based milk substitutes, as well as IgA antibodies against all these apart from human milk, in 500 individuals in order to find the percentage of antibody elevation. IgG and IgE positivity showed that human milk was the l...

Total and sn-2 fatty acid profile of breast milk from women delivering preterm infants under the influence of maternal characteristics.

Data on the total fatty acid (FA) profile and position-specific triacylglycerides (TAGs) in preterm infants' maternal milk are essential for establishing the recommended requirement of FA in preterm infants in China. We aimed to determine the composition and positional distribution of FAs in preterm infants' maternal milk in China and further investigate the effect of maternal background on the FA composition. Breast milk samples (4, 11, 30, 60, and 90 (all ±3) days post-partum) were collected from 59 heal...

Genetic diversity of porcine circovirus type 2 in China between 1999-2017.

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2), is linked to PCV-2 associated disease, which has caused considerable economic loss in the swine industry. Here, we report the genetic diversity of PCV-2 in China. A total of 74 Chinese PCV-2 strains sequenced between 1999 and 2017 were studied. Based on the ORF2 and complete genomes, we found that apart from the PCV-2a, PCV-2b, and PCV-2d genotypes, two unstable recombination genotypes also exist, referred to as IM1 and IM2 genotypes. We found that the patterns of PCV-2 ge...

Glucose Gel as a Potential Alternative Treatment to Infant Formula for Neonatal Hypoglycaemia in Australia.

Infant formula is often used as a treatment for neonatal hypoglycaemia in Australia; however, there are concerns that this may jeopardise mother-baby bonding and breastfeeding. Successful use of glucose gel as an alternative treatment for hypoglycaemia has been reported. We wanted to investigate in a pilot study whether the use of glucose gel has the potential to quickly and safely restore normoglycaemia in the infants of diabetic mothers in an Australian setting. Infants with asymptomatic hypoglycaemia wer...

Lysozyme, a new allergen in donkey's milk.

In addition to its cosmetic properties, well known since antiquity, donkey's milk (DM) has gained attention as a substitute for cow's milk (CM) in CM allergic patients. Different mammalian milks have been investigated in order to find valid alternatives of CM, which is highly cross-reactive with goat's and sheep's milk proteins, but not with camel, horse milk (HM) and DM, which are tolerated by more than 80% of CM allergic children. However, anaphylactic reactions to DM were reported in few of these childre...

Evaluation of Key Factors Impacting Feeding Safety in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review.

Individualized feeding care plans and safe handling of milk (human or formula) are critical in promoting growth, immune function, and neurodevelopment in the preterm infant. Feeding errors and disruptions or limitations to feeding processes in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are associated with negative safety events. Feeding errors include contamination of milk and delivery of incorrect or expired milk and may result in adverse gastrointestinal illnesses.

The role of milk fat globule membranes in behavior and cognitive function using a suckling rat pup supplementation model.

Milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) surround droplets delivering lipids to the breast-fed infant and are enriched with glycoproteins upon exocytosis out of the mammary cell. MFGM is typically removed during processing of cow milk for the manufacture of infant formula. Recent clinical trials have found that formula supplemented with bovine MFGM improved cognition. Here, we aimed to explore the mechanisms behind this improved developmental outcome. Sprague-Dawley rats were bred, and their litters were manipulat...

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