PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Commerce Country Sales Forecasts 2015 2018" RSS

06:24 EDT 23rd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Global Commerce Country Sales Forecasts 2015 2018" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Rising Trends of Prescription Opioid Sales in Contemporary Brazil, 2009-2015.

To present and discuss recent patterns of prescription opioid sales throughout Brazil.

Estimating global ecosystem service values and its response to land surface dynamics during 1995-2015.

Changes in land use due to the industrial revolution, increasing population, ever-increasing desire for economic growth is a global concern. The aforementioned changes can have a significant impact on global and regional ecosystem services which are indispensable for human well-being and their subsistence. This study identifies several approaches (Costanza et al., de Groot et al., and Xie et al.) to estimate the value of global terrestrial ecosystem services. High resolution (300 m) land use products prov...

Salience and Impact of Health Warning Label on Cigarette Packs in Vietnam: Findings From the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2015.

Viet Nam is among the countries having highest rate of male smokers in the world. The country has joined the Global Tobacco Surveillance System since 2010. Under this system, two rounds of Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) were conducted in 2010 and 2015. Those two surveys provide excellent comparable data on tobacco usage and its related aspects in Vietnam. This study using the data from GATS 2015 to examine the salience and impact of cigarette pack health warnings on quitting intention in Vietnam. The Vi...

Comparison of acid fast bacilli (AFB) smear for on adult pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and without type 2 DM.

According to the Global Tuberculosis Report 2015, Indonesia ranked as second country in the world with the highest number of pulmonary tuberculosis cases. By 2015, the number of pulmonary TB new cases in Indonesia has increased to 330.910 cases of 2014 where 324.539 cases. DM is one of the most important factors that influence the occurrence worsening TB. Now is known that DM patients have body's immune response disorder thereby facilitating infection and causing TB.

Evaluation of the Impact of Shandong Illegal Vaccine Sales Incident on Immunizations in China.

A case of illegal vaccine sales in Shandong province, China, (hereinafter, the incident), which caused a lack of confidence among vaccination recipients and public panic, was uncovered in March 2016. We conducted a study comprising two cross-sectional surveys: at two months (May 2016) and seven months (October 2016) after the incident. The study aimed to evaluate the impact on immunizations; investigate the variation of the immunization coverage of the National Immunization Program Vaccines (NIPV) and the s...

The Fight Against Antimicrobial Resistance Is Confounded by a Global Increase in Antibiotic Usage.

Antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat to global health. Despite numerous initiatives designed to curb excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics, a recent report ( Klein et al. ( 2018 ) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. , 115 , E3463 ) finds that there was a substantial increase in global antibiotic consumption by humans from 2000 to 2015 and predicts a further 200% increase by 2030. Alarmingly, much of this growth is occurring in "last-resort" antibiotics. The study excludes the extensive use of a...

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease deaths, disability-adjusted life years, and risk factors in Hubei province of mid-China, 1990-2015: the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

The trends of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality and prevalence from 1990 to 2015 in Hubei province of mid-China remain unknown. We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study to estimate the COPD burden and attributable to risk factors in Hubei province of China from 1990 to 2015.

State tobacco control expenditures and tax paid cigarette sales.

This research is the first nationally representative study to examine the relationship between actual state-level tobacco control spending in each of the 5 CDC's Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program categories and cigarette sales. We employed several alternative two-way fixed-effects regression techniques to estimate the determinants of cigarette sales in the United States for the years 2008-2012. State spending on tobacco control was found to have a negative and significant impact on ci...

Allocation rules for global donors.

In recent years, donors such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have made an enormous contribution to the reduction of the global burden of disease. It has been argued that such donors should prioritise interventions based on their cost-effectiveness, that is to say, the ratio of costs to benefits. Against this, we argue that the donor should fund not the most cost-effective interventions, but rather interventions which are just cost-ineffective for the country, thus encouraging the country to contrib...

Are Global Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Patterns Related to Country-Specific Economic Development and Prevention Strategies?

Purpose There remains considerable international variation in breast cancer incidence and mortality, but a comprehensive examination of rates by country level economic, development and cancer prevention policies is lacking. Materials and Methods We compared GLOBOCAN 2012 age-specific breast cancer incidence and mortality rates for 177 countries by using development and policy data available from the WHO Global Cancer Country Profiles data base. We classified each country on the basis of gross national incom...

Severe Acute Respiratory Infection (SARI) sentinel surveillance in the country of Georgia, 2015-2017.

Severe Acute Respiratory Infection (SARI) causes substantial mortality and morbidity worldwide. The country of Georgia conducts sentinel surveillance to monitor SARI activity and changes in its infectious etiology. This study characterizes the epidemiology of SARI in Georgia over the 2015/16 and 2016/17 influenza seasons, compares clinical presentations by etiology, and estimates influenza vaccine effectiveness using a test-negative design.

Ensembles of radar nowcasts and COSMO-DE-EPS for urban flood management.

Sophisticated strategies are required for flood warning in urban areas regarding convective heavy rainfall events. An approach is presented to improve short-term precipitation forecasts by combining ensembles of radar nowcasts with the high-resolution numerical weather predictions COSMO-DE-EPS of the German Weather Service. The combined ensemble forecasts are evaluated and compared to deterministic precipitation forecasts of COSMO-DE. The results show a significantly improved quality of the short-term preci...

Commentary: Estimates of Global, Regional, and National Morbidity, Mortality, and Aetiologies of Diarrhoeal Diseases: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

Global Cancer Statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries.

This article provides a status report on the global burden of cancer worldwide using the GLOBOCAN 2018 estimates of cancer incidence and mortality produced by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, with a focus on geographic variability across 20 world regions. There will be an estimated 18.1 million new cancer cases (17.0 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and 9.6 million cancer deaths (9.5 million excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) in 2018. In both sexes combined, lung cancer is the most...

Reduced solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence from GOME-2 during Amazon drought caused by dataset artifacts.

Yang et al. (2018) reported an increase in enhanced vegetation index (EVI) and incoming solar radiation, together with a decreased solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) signal in Amazon forest during the 2015/2016 El Niño event, and suggested that although the greenness of the forest increased, the reduced SIF signal demonstrated an reduced of photosynthetic capacity during the drought. We argue that the decreased SIF signal may be caused by the artifacts of the datasets and does not necessarily su...

Underlying determinants of maternal mortality in a rural South African population with high HIV prevalence (2000-2014): A population-based cohort analysis.

Maternal mortality is one of the significant health indicators of any country and it's a frequent subject in many global heath discussions. Even though the global trends have shown a decrease on maternal mortality, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa failed to achieve the MDG 5 target in 2015.There is no specific single solution for reducing maternal mortality but there is unanimity that a reliable health system with skilled personal is vital for addressing maternal mortality. This study therefore seeks to...

Global, regional, and country-level estimates of hepatitis C infection among people who have recently injected drugs.

People who have recently injected drugs are a priority population in efforts to achieve hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination. This study estimated the prevalence and number of people with recent injecting drug use living with HCV, and the proportion of people with recent injecting drug use among all people living with HCV infection at global, regional, and country-levels.

Avoidable Mortality: The Core of the Global Cancer Divide.

Purpose The incidence of infection-associated cancers and lethality of cancers amenable to treatment are closely correlated with the income of countries. We analyzed a core part of this global cancer divide-the distribution of premature mortality across country income groups and cancers-applying novel approaches to measure avoidable mortality and identify priorities for public policy. Methods We analyzed avoidable cancer mortality using set lower- and upper-bound age limits of 65 and 75 years (empirical app...

Forecasting future global food demand: A systematic review and meta-analysis of model complexity.

Predicting future food demand is a critical step for formulating the agricultural, economic and conservation policies required to feed over 9 billion people by 2050 while doing minimal harm to the environment. However, published future food demand estimates range substantially, making it difficult to determine optimal policies. Here we present a systematic review of the food demand literature-including a meta-analysis of papers reporting average global food demand predictions-and test the effect of model co...

Changes in health and disease in Brazil and its States in the 30 years since the Unified Healthcare System (SUS) was created.

The Unified Healthcare System (SUS) was created to ensure the population's right to universal, free and comprehensive healthcare. This study compares the health indicators measured in 1990 to those measured in 2015 in Brazil and its states. The goal is to contribute to understanding the role SUS played in changing the nation's health profile. Analyses use estimates in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study for Brazil and its states, and compares 1990 and 2015. The main results are increased life expectanc...

National, regional, and global prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Smoking during pregnancy has been linked to numerous adverse health consequences for both the developing fetus and mother. We estimated the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy by country, WHO region, and globally and the proportion of pregnant women who smoked during pregnancy, by frequency and quantity, on a global level.

Skilful forecasting of global fire activity using seasonal climate predictions.

Societal exposure to large fires has been increasing in recent years. Estimating the expected fire activity a few months in advance would allow reducing environmental and socio-economic impacts through short-term adaptation and response to climate variability and change. However, seasonal prediction of climate-driven fires is still in its infancy. Here, we discuss a strategy for seasonally forecasting burned area anomalies linking seasonal climate predictions with parsimonious empirical climate-fire models ...

Driving forces and mitigation potential of global CO emissions from 1980 through 2030: Evidence from countries with different income levels.

To mitigate global carbon dioxide (CO) emissions in an effective manner, it is essential to identify the driving forces and estimate the reduction potential of changes to CO emissions. Using an extended logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) method, this study decomposes the changes in global emissions between 1980 and 2015 with consideration of different income levels; it also reports on scenario analysis of the global emissions reduction potential up to the year 2030 to explore feasible mitigation pathways...

Assessing the Use of Influenza Forecasts and Epidemiological Modeling in Public Health Decision Making in the United States.

Although forecasts and other mathematical models have the potential to play an important role in mitigating the impact of infectious disease outbreaks, the extent to which these tools are used in public health decision making in the United States is unclear. Throughout 2015, we invited public health practitioners belonging to three national public health organizations to complete a cross-sectional survey containing questions on model awareness, model use, and communication with modelers. Of 39 respondents, ...

Measles in Children.

Measles, which until recently had been a rare disease in the United States, is re-emerging in our communities due to a combination of increased global mobility and decreased vaccinations across the country. As providers, we need to reacquaint ourselves with this disease so that we may diagnose it as well as educate our patients on how to prevent it. With public resistance to vaccinations on the rise, it is also important to be prepared to answer questions about the measles vaccine, its efficacy, and its sid...

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