PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Dairy Platform" RSS

21:26 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Global Dairy Platform PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Global Dairy Platform articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Global Dairy Platform" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,000+

Effect of dairy wastewater on changes in COD fractions in technical-scale SBR type reactors.

The annual global production of milk is approximately 630,000 million litres and the volume of generated dairy wastewater accounts for 3.2 m·m product. Dairy wastewater is characterized by a high load of chemical oxygen demand (COD). In many wastewater plants dairy wastewater and municipal wastewater are co-treated. The effect of dairy wastewater contribution on COD fraction changes in municipal sewage which has been treated with a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) in three wastewater treatment plants in nort...

Assessing the environmental impact of the dairy processing industry in the Republic of Ireland.

This Research Communication describes the methodology used and the subsequent results obtained for an assessment of the environmental impact associated with the manufacture of dairy products in the Republic of Ireland. As the Irish dairy industry changes and grows, it is necessary to have a benchmark of the environmental performance of the sector if it is to remain sustainable in the future. In order to estimate the environmental impact, life cycle assessment has been implemented, which has been structured ...

A study on Chinese consumer preferences for food traceability information using best-worst scaling.

Food safety is a global public health issue, which often arises from asymmetric information between consumers and suppliers. With the development of information technology in human life, building a food traceability information sharing platform is viewed as one of the best ways to overcome the trust crisis and resolve the problem of information asymmetry in China. However, among the myriad information available from the food supply chain, there is a lack of knowledge on consumer preference. Based on the bes...

Environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses of poorly drained farm land in Ireland.

Abolition of the milk quota in the European Union and favourable market conditions have stimulated the expansion of the dairy sector in Ireland, causing more milk to be produced from poorly drained land. This work evaluated the environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses for poorly drained farm land in Ireland using life cycle assessment (LCA). The avoided burden of the displaced product was used to calculate the net environmental consequences in the context of regional or global markets. The imp...

Relationship between herd size and measures of animal welfare on dairy cattle farms with freestall housing in Germany.

The objective of this study was to examine the association of herd size with animal welfare in dairy cattle herds. Therefore, 80 conventional dairy cattle farms were classified by the number of cows into 4 herd size classes, C1 (

Symposium review: Genetics, genome-wide association study, and genetic improvement of dairy fertility traits.

Before fertility traits were incorporated into selection, dairy cattle breeding primarily focused on production traits, which resulted in an unfavorable decline in the reproductive performance of dairy cattle. This reduced fertility is constantly challenging the dairy industry on the efficiency and sustainability of dairy production. Recent development of genomic selection on fertility traits has stabilized and even reversed the decreasing trend, showing the effectiveness of genomic selection. Meanwhile, ge...

Letter to the Editor: Challenging one sensor method for screening dairy cows for reduced methane emissions.

Bacteriophages on Dairy Foods.

This review focuses on the impact of bacteriophages on the manufacture of dairy foods. Firstly, the impact of phages of lactic acid bacteria in the dairy industry, where they are considered enemies, is discussed. The sources of phage contamination in dairy plants are detailed, with special emphasis on the rise of phage infections related to the growing use of cheese whey as ingredient. Other topics include traditional and new methods of phage detection, quantification and monitoring, and strategies of phage...

Dairy matrix effects: response to consumption of dairy fat differs when eaten within the cheese matrix-a randomized controlled trial.

Dairy fat consumed as cheese has different effects on blood lipids than that consumed as butter. It is unknown whether the effect is specific to fat interaction with other cheese nutrients (calcium, casein proteins), or to the cheese matrix itself.

Serum metabolome profiling revealed potential biomarkers for milk protein yield in dairy cows.

Milk yield (MY) and milk protein (MP) content are crucial milk performance traits of dairy cows that directly affect the dairy profits. This study first proposed milk protein yield (MPY) by considering MY and MP content together. Forty multiparous cows were selected from the 348 Holstein dairy cows, which fed the same diet under the same management condition, to investigate the serum metabolome profiles and to identify key metabolites associated with MPY. Among them, 20 cows with a higher MPY (MY > 34.5...

Replacing human-edible feed ingredients with by-products increases net food production efficiency in dairy cows.

Global demand is increasing for food, and use of large amounts of potentially human-edible feedstuffs for dairy cows is an important concern. The present study examined whether feeding a by-product-based concentrate combined with high-quality grass silage to high-producing dairy cows affected feed intake and milk production compared with a conventional diet, as well as the effect on efficiency of human food production. In a changeover experiment with four 21-d periods, 24 dairy cows in mid-lactation were of...

Utilization of a web-based conferencing platform to improve global radiation oncology education and quality-proof of principle through implementation in India.

Chartrounds ( is a free web-based platform for radiation oncologists to review cases with leading disease-site experts. Chartrounds has been well-utilized in the US since 2010 and is now expanding internationally. A dedicated site for India ( was launched in June 2017. Herein, we report our initial experience with this initiative and demonstrate that an online platform for radiation oncology case review and education can be successfully implemented globally with utili...

Analysis of the Gut Microbial Diversity of Dairy Cows During Peak Lactation by PacBio Single-Molecule Real-Time (SMRT) Sequencing.

The gut microbes of dairy cows are strongly associated with their health, but the relationship between milk production and the intestinal microbiota has seldom been studied. Thus, we explored the diversity of the intestinal microbiota during peak lactation of dairy cows.

Associations of subclinical hypocalcemia with fertility in a herd of grazing dairy cows.

The main objective was to assess the associations of subclinical hypocalcemia (SCH), diagnosed at parturition (SCH-0) and 7 d in milk (SCH-7), with fertility in a herd of grazing dairy cows. Additional objectives were to characterize Ca concentration on 0 and 7 d in milk (DIM), assessing the risk factors for SCH-0 and SCH-7 and also the relationship with health status (metritis, endometritis, subclinical ketosis, and culling). A prospective observational study was carried out in a dairy farm in Argentina. H...

Using mobile technology to increase safety awareness among dairy workers in the United States.

Modern U.S. dairy farm operations present multiple safety hazards which may result in worker injuries, illnesses and fatalities. The U.S. industry trend towards large-herd milking operations, especially in the Western U.S., necessitates an increased number of workers on each farm. The U.S. dairy workforce is comprised of an increasing percentage of immigrant workers with limited English proficiency which presents a safety training challenge. Our objective was to develop, deliver and evaluate safety awarenes...

High-production dairy cattle exhibit different rumen and fecal bacterial community and rumen metabolite profile than low-production cattle.

Our aim was to simultaneously investigate the gut bacteria typical characteristic and conduct rumen metabolites profiling of high production dairy cows when compared to low-production dairy cows. The bacterial differences in rumen fluid and feces were identified by 16S rDNA gene sequencing. The metabolite differences were identified by metabolomics profiling with liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The results indicated that the high-production dairy cows presented a lower rumen bacterial richn...

Estimation and Prediction of Avoidable Health Care Costs of Cardiovascular Diseases and Type 2 Diabetes Through Adequate Dairy Food Consumption: A Systematic Review and Micro Simulation Modeling Study.

Recent evidence from prospective cohort studies show a relationship between consumption of dairy foods and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This association highlights the importance of dairy foods consumption in prevention of these diseases and also reduction of associated healthcare costs. The aim of this study was to estimate avoidable healthcare costs of CVD and T2D through adequate dairy foods consumption in Iran.

Consumption of dairy products in relation to the presence of clinical knee osteoarthritis: The Maastricht Study.

Observational studies showed inverse associations between milk consumption and knee osteoarthritis (knee OA). There is lack of information on the role of specific dairy product categories. We explored the association between dairy consumption and the presence of knee osteoarthritis in 3010 individuals aged 40-75 years participating in The Maastricht Study.

Considering milk price volatility for investment decisions on the farm level after European milk quota abolition.

After the abolition of the milk quota in the European Union, milk price volatility is expected to increase because of the liberalized market conditions. At the same time, investment appraisal methods have not been updated to capture the increased uncertainty. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to assess the effect of changing price volatility due to quota abolition on investment decisions at the dairy farm level. To contribute to the objective and to approximate milk price volatility after the Europe...

Invited review: Use of infrared technologies for the assessment of dairy products-Applications and perspectives.

Dairy products are important sources of nutrients for human health and in the last years their consumption has increased worldwide. Therefore, the food industry is interested in applying analytical technologies that are more rapid and cost-effective than traditional laboratory analyses. Infrared spectroscopy accomplishes both criteria, making real-time determination feasible. However, it is crucial to ensure that prediction models are accurate before their implementation in the dairy industry. In the last 5...

Occupational Safety and Health of Foreign-Born, Latinx Dairy Workers in Colorado.

The US dairy industry, which employs foreign-born, primarily Latinx workers, has a two-fold higher injury rate compared to the national average. Little research has been conducted to understand the factors associated with the occupational safety and health (OSH) among foreign-born, Latinx dairy workers.

Dairy intake and acne development: A meta-analysis of observational studies.

In the past, some observational studies have been carried out on the relationship between milk and dairy intake and risk of acne occurrence; however, their results were conflicting. This study is a meta-analysis and dose-response analysis designed to evaluate the relationship between milk and dairy products and acne development.

Illumina sequencing analysis of the ruminal microbiota in high-yield and low-yield lactating dairy cows.

In this study, differences in the ruminal bacterial community between high-yield and low-yield lactating dairy cows under the same dietary conditions were investigated. Sixteen lactating dairy cows with similar parity and days in milk were divided into high-yield (HY) and low-yield (LY) groups based on their milk yield. On day 21, rumen content samples were collected, and their microbiota compositions were determined using high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene by the Illumina MiSeq platform. Durin...

Tips for Making a Successful Online Microsurgery Educational Platform - The Experience of International Microsurgery Club.

The presence of online learning resources has grown tremendously in recent years. They provide powerful and yet easily accessible means of learning and sharing knowledge. Online learning resources now encompass all aspects of medicine, and microsurgery is no exception. International Microsurgery Club (IMC) is a closed, invitation-only group based on the Facebook social media platform. It was initiated on May 6, 2016, with primary objectives of providing a convenient forum for discussing challenging cases, s...

Measuring labor input on pasture-based dairy farms using a smartphone.

With the cessation of milk quotas in the European Union, dairy herd sizes increased in some countries, including Ireland, with an associated increase in labor requirement. Second to feed costs, labor has been identified as one of the highest costs on pasture-based dairy farms. Compared with other European Union countries, Ireland has historically had low milk production per labor unit; thus, optimization of labor efficiency on farm should be addressed before or concurrently with herd expansion. The objectiv...

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