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PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Digestive Enzyme Market Size Study Origin Animal" RSS

05:25 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Global Digestive Enzyme Market Size study Origin Animal" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 74,000+

Evaluation of Homeopathic Phosphoric Acid, Silica and Pathogenic Vibrio on Digestive Enzyme Activity of Longfin Yellowtail Fish (Seriola rivoliana).

 This research aimed to observe the effect of homeopathically prepared (ViP) and (ViA) and the commercial homeopathic compound Similia ( and ) on the digestive enzyme activities of juveniles under usual culture conditions.


Quantification of folate in food using deconjugase of plant origin combined with LC-MS/MS: A method comparison of a large and diverse sample set.

A round robin comparison was performed in order to test the performance of a recently developed LC-MS/MS method for quantification of 6 folate forms. Eighty-nine samples representing the food groups of fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals, dairy products, meat, and offal were analyzed by two LC-MS/MS methods and a microbiological assay (MA). A plant-origin deconjugase enzyme (Arabidopsis thaliana) for deconjugation of folates (PE-LC-MS/MS), or animal-origin deconjugase (rat serum and chicken pancreas) (AE-L...

Facile synthesis of haemocyanin-capped zinc oxide nanoparticles: Effect on growth performance, digestive-enzyme activity, and immune responses of Penaeus semisulcatus.

ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized using haemocyanin (Hc-ZnONPs) purified from haemolymph of Penaeus semisulcatus were characterized using various techniques. HR-TEM and TEM microscopy indicated Hc-ZnONPs had a typical size of 20-50 nm and were spherical. The objective of current investigation was to assess the effects of dietary supplementation of Hc-ZnONPs on the development and activity of digestive and metabolic enzymes, as well as the antioxidant levels in P. semisulcatus. Trial basal diets were sup...


Nutraceuticals' Novel Formulations: The Good, the Bad, the Unknown and Patents Involved.

Traditional nutraceuticals and cosmeceuticals hold pragmatic nature with respect to their definitions, claims, purposes and marketing strategies. Their definitions are not well established worldwide. They also have different regulatory definitions and registration regulatory processes in different parts of the world. Global prevalence of nutraceuticals and cosmeceuticals is noticeably high with large market share with minimal regulation compared to traditional drugs. The global market is flooded with nutrac...

Detection and genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in market-sold mussels (Mytilus edulis) in certain provinces of China.

Mussels, randomly collected from fish markets in China, were analyzed by a semi-nested PCR to detect B1 gene of Toxoplasma gondii. Out of the 2215 samples, fifty-five (2.48%) were detected T. gondii-positive. The prevalence in Shandong province, Liaoning province and Zhejiang province were 2.51%, 2.26% and 2.69%, respectively. T. gondii oocysts were more frequently detected in digestive glands (1.04%) and haemolymph (1.49%) when compared with gills (0.23%). Of the 55 positive DNA, only two samples showed co...

Identification and enzymatic characterization of clip domain serine protease in the digestive fluid of the sea hare, Aplysia kurodai.

Clip domain serine proteases (CDSPs) participate in the extracellular signaling cascades of various biological processes such as innate immune responses in invertebrates. CDSP genes have been isolated from numerous invertebrates. Nevertheless, the enzymatic properties of mollusk CDSPs are poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrated that the amino acid sequences of the trypsin-like serine protease purified from the digestive fluid of the sea hare, Aplysia kurodai resemble those of the unidentifi...

Effects of probiotic supplementation of a plant-based protein diet on intestinal microbial diversity, digestive enzyme activity, intestinal structure, and immunity in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intestinal microbial manipulation by dietary probiotic supplementation on digestive enzyme activity, immune-related gene transcription, intestinal structure alteration, and viability against pathogenic challenge in olive flounder. Similar-sized flounders (14.92 ± 0.21 g) were divided into three groups and supplemented with a control (without probiotic) or 1 × 10 CFU/g diet of each of Bacillus sp. SJ-10 (ProB) and Lactobacillus plantarum (...

Attitudes towards animal study registries and their characteristics: An online survey of three cohorts of animal researchers.

Prospective registration of animal studies has been suggested as a new measure to increase value and reduce waste in biomedical research. We sought to further explore and quantify animal researchers' attitudes and preferences regarding animal study registries (ASRs).

Identification and characterization of extrachromosomal circular DNA in maternal plasma.

We explored the presence of extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA) in the plasma of pregnant women. Through sequencing following either restriction enzyme or Tn5 transposase treatment, we identified eccDNA molecules in the plasma of pregnant women. These eccDNA molecules showed bimodal size distributions peaking at ∼202 and ∼338 bp with distinct 10-bp periodicity observed throughout the size ranges within both peaks, suggestive of their nucleosomal origin. Also, the predominance of the 338-bp peak of ec...

Grain grinding size of cereals in complete pelleted diets for growing lambs: Effects on animal performance, carcass and meat quality traits.

The main goal of the present study was to clarify the effects of different grinding particle size of grains (2-mm vs. 6-mm) included in complete pelleted diets (CPD) for fattening lambs on animal performance, carcass and meat quality. Twenty male merino lambs (14.8 kg; n = 10 per group) were fed the corresponding diet ad libitum and slaughtered when they reached 27 kg. No differences were observed in the feed conversion ratio or carcass characteristics. However, lambs fed coarser diets (6 mm) were...

Tailored monoclonal antibody as recognition probe of immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of silk fibroin and use in the study of archaeological samples.

The ultrasensitive detection of fibroin in unearthed silk relics has great significance for investigating the origin and transmission of silk. In this study, an anti-fibroin monoclonal antibody was successfully prepared through animal immunization. Next, a label-free electrochemical immunosensor was fabricated using layer-by-layer self-assembly technology, and an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was proposed. The two methods exhibited excellent sensitivity and specificity in the detection ...

Shift in size of bumblebee queens over the last century.

Species can respond differently when facing environmental changes, such as by shifting their geographical ranges or through plastic or adaptive modifications to new environmental conditions. Phenotypic modifications related to environmental factors have been mainly explored along latitudinal gradients, but they are relatively understudied through time despite their importance for key ecological interactions. Here, we hypothesise that the average bumblebee queen body size has changed in Belgium during the la...

Verification of imported red wine origin into China using multi isotope and elemental analyses.

Multi-isotope and multi-elemental analyses were performed on 600 red wine samples imported into China from 7 different countries and compared with Chinese wine. Carbon and oxygen isotopes and 16 elements were used to determine origin traceability. Our goal was to build a classification tool using data modeling that can verify the geographic origin of wines imported into China. Multivariate analyses of the isotopic and elemental data revealed that it is possible to determine the geographical origin for most ...

Diverse Escherichia coli isolates from domestic animal in the same Ecuadorian household all carry the colistin resistance gene mcr1.1.

The aim of this study was to detect potential animal reservoirs ofE. coli carrying mcr-1 gene in and Ecuadorian household.

The growth performance, intestinal digestive and absorptive capabilities in piglets with different lengths of small intestines.

The small intestine is an important digestive organ and plays a vital role in the life of a pig. We tested the hypothesis that the length of the small intestine is related to growth performance and intestinal functions of piglets. A total of 60 piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire), weaned at day 21, were fed an identical diet during a 28-day trial. At the end of the study, all piglets were sacrificed, dissected and grouped according to small intestine lengths (SILs), either short small intestine (SSI), ...

Study on the interaction between lovastatin and three digestive enzymes and the effect of naringin and vitamin C on it by spectroscopy and docking methods.

Lovastatin is a typical drug interacting with grapefruit juice and naringin and vitamin C are main active constituents in fruit juice. It is necessary to study the interaction between lovastatin and digestive enzymes and the effect of naringin and vitamin C on the interaction. Pepsin, trypsin and α-chymotrypsin were selected as representatives of digestive tract enzymes, and fluorescence spectroscopy was employed to study the interaction of lovastatin with three digestive enzymes and the effect of naringin...

Protein and lipid requirements of three-spot cichlid Cichlasoma trimaculatum larvae.

Determination of the main nutritional requirements at different developmental stages is a prerequisite in the formulation of feeds for newly cultured fish species. In the present study, the lipid and protein requirements of larvae of a native Mexican fish, the three-spot cichlid Cichlasoma trimaculatum, were assessed using a two-factor experimental design that considered four protein (35, 40, 45, and 50%) and two lipid levels (16 and 22%) on growth, survival, and digestive enzyme activities. The best growth...

Social origin, field of study and graduates' career progression: does social inequality vary across fields?

Research on stratification and mobility has consistently shown that in the UK there is a direct impact of social origin on occupational destination net of educational attainment even for degree-holders. However, only a few studies applied a longitudinal and dynamic perspective on how intergenerational mobility shapes graduates' working careers. Using multilevel growth curve modelling and data from the 1970 British cohort study (BCS70), we contribute to this research by looking at the emergence of social in...

Energy requirements, length of digestive tract compartments and body mass in six gerbilline rodents of the Negev Desert.

Energy requirements of an animal are size dependent and, in this study, the average daily metabolic rate (ADMR) of six Negev Desert gerbilline rodents, ranging in body mass (m) from 10g to over 200g, scaled to m. Although gerbilline rodents are considered 'granivores', these rodents consume substantial amounts of green vegetation and the largest gerbil is a strict herbivore. We predicted that the lengths of the compartments of the digestive tract would scale allometrically to mb and that ADMR would scale al...

Salivary alpha-amylase enzyme is a non-invasive biomarker of acute stress in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).

Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) enzyme functions as a digestive enzyme in many species that consume starch in their diet. Human studies have also revealed that sAA enzyme activity levels are positively correlated with the release of the stress hormone norepinephrine, allowing sAA to act as a biomarker for sympathetic nervous system activity. Recent non-human primate studies have incorporated sAA as a physiological stress marker. However, no published reports have investigated the time course of sAA from a stre...

Enzyme Responsiveness Enhances the Specificity and Effectiveness of Nanoparticles for the Treatment of B16F10 Melanoma.

The clinical treatment of melanoma continues to present many challenges including poor prognosis because neither monotherapy nor combination therapies have shown maximal treatment efficacy. In this study, an enzyme-responsive nanoparticle was designed for tumor subtypes with the high expression of heparanase-1, since highly metastatic tumors such as melanoma generally express significant levels of heparanase-1. PTX-DOTAP@alloferon-1-heparin/protamine, an enzyme-responsive nanoparticle, has a particle size o...

Market segmentation and urban CO emissions in China: Evidence from the Yangtze River Delta region.

As the largest CO emitter in the world, China plays a crucial role in global CO emission reduction. Meanwhile, as the largest developing country, China gives top priority to economic development, especially balanced regional development. In order to narrow regional development inequality, China has formulated some economic zone plannings to weaken market segmentation. However, existing studies pay little attention to the impacts of intra-national trade barrier on CO emissions within China. This is the first...

Effect of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) extract on growth performance, digestive and antioxidant enzyme activities, and immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplementation of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) aqueous methanolic extract on growth performance, blood parameters, digestive and antioxidant enzyme activities, and non-specific immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish with an average weight of 23.03 ± 0.07 g were fed a diet supplemented with an aqueous methanolic extract of lemon balm at a dose of 0 (control), 0.1 (LB0.1), 0.5 (LB0.5), and 1 g kg (LB1) for 75 day...

A Multinational Assessment of Gastric, Esophageal, and Colorectal Cancer Burden: A Report of Disease Incidence, Prevalence, and Fatality.

Digestive cancers, including colorectal, stomach, and esophageal cancer, represent one-third of all new cancer cases in the world. This comprehensive analysis seeks to summarize the burden of digestive system cancers on a global scale, within specific countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, Oceania, and Africa.

Size-dependent elimination of ingested microplastics in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis.

Filter feeding organisms have been reported to ingest microplastics (MP) in marine environments. However, information regarding how long the ingested MPs are retained in their digestive tracts remains limited. Here, we report the gut retention time (GRT) and the long-term egestion time of three different sized polystyrene microspheres (1, 10, and 90 μm) in the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. We found significant differences in GRT with respect to MP size. With respect to the long-term ege...


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