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Showing "Global Infant Nutrition Ingredients Market Research Report 20122024" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

Standard and Specialized Infant Formulas in Europe: Making, Marketing, and Health Outcomes.

Infant formulas are the only suitable substitute for human milk. The most common infant formulas are standard formulas based on cow's milk. In addition, there are formulas for infants showing signs and symptoms of intolerance and for clinical conditions such as allergy, prematurity, and gastrointestinal diseases. A comprehensive review of the literature was made to review the composition of standard and specialized infant formulas and analyze indications for use, real or presumed nutrition differences and p...

Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition.

Palm oil (PO) is used in infant formulas in order to achieve palmitic acid (PA) levels similar to those in human milk. PA in PO is esterified predominantly at the SN-1,3 position of triacylglycerol (TAG), and infant formulas are now available in which a greater proportion of PA is in the SN-2 position (typical configuration in human milk). As there are some concerns about the use of PO, we aimed to review literature on health effects of PO and SN-2-palmitate in infant formulas.

Advances in Infant Formula Science.

Human milk contains a plethora of nutrients and bioactive components to help nourish the developing neonate and is considered the "gold standard" for early life nutrition-as befits the only food "designed" by evolution to feed human infants. Over the past decade, there is considerable evidence that highlights the "intelligence" contained in milk components that contribute to infant health beyond basic nutrition-in areas such as programming the developing microbiome and immune system and protecting against i...

Determinants of infant nutrition status in rural farming households before and after harvest.

Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices determine infant growth, development and health. Despite global recommendations for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) until 6-months, adherence rates are low worldwide for different reasons, largely dependent on environment. In low-income countries, inappropriate IYCF leads to poor nutrition status. This study examined IYCF practices and nutrition outcomes in rural farming households in Tanzania before and after harvest. Mothers and their infants were recruited fr...

Development of a Core Outcome Set for Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

In therapeutic trials for infant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ways to define GERD and measure and report study outcomes vary widely. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS) for infant GERD.

New drugs for horses and production animals in 2018.

In 2018, no new active pharmaceutical ingredients were released on the German market for horses or food-producing animals. One established veterinary active pharmaceutical ingredient became available for an additional species: the inhalant anesthetic Isoflurane (Isofluran Baxter vet) from the group of halogenated hydrocarbon compounds was additionally authorized for pigs (piglets). With Acepromazine, Mepivacaine and Oxyclozanide, three temporarily non-available active ingredients were reapproved in new drug...

Food safety considerations for commercial complementary foods from global operational guidance on infant and young child feeding in emergencies.

The use of commercial complementary food (CCF) in humanitarian emergencies is an emerging topic in nutrition policy. Food safety guidance is helpful for the prevention of foodborne illnesses in infants and young children, but whether current global operational guidance on infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E) adequately addresses food safety for CCF in humanitarian emergencies is unknown. The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize available food safety guidance on the use of CCF ...

The association between baby care books that promote strict care routines and infant feeding, night time care, and maternal-infant interactions.

Baby care books that promote strict infant care routines are popular but little research has considered their impact upon maternal infant care behaviours. We explored whether mothers who have read these books guide their infant care behaviours based on their concepts, and how this is associated with infant feeding, night time care, and response to infant's needs. Three hundred and fifty-four UK mothers with a baby aged 0-12 months completed an online questionnaire exploring use of baby care books, motivatio...

Maternal and neonatal red blood cell n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids inversely associate with infant whole body fat mass assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.

Research regarding polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status and body composition in neonates is limited. This study tested the relationship between newborn docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status and body composition. Healthy mothers and their term-born infants (n = 100) were studied within 1 month postpartum for anthropometry, and whole body composition using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Maternal and infant red blood cell (RBC) membrane PUFA profiles were measured using gas chromatography (expressed a...

New drugs for small animals in 2018.

In 2018, two active pharmaceutical ingredients were released on the German market for small animals: the ectoparasiticide of the isoxazoline group Lotilaner (Credelio) and the opioid analgesic Tramadol (Tralieve). Two established veterinary active pharmaceutical ingredients became available for additional species: the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug Meloxicam (Metacam) from the oxicam group for guinea pigs and the inhalant anesthetic Sevoflurane (Sevoflo) from the group of halogenated hydrocarbon compou...

Comparison of Imported European and US Infant Formulas: Labeling, Nutrient and Safety Concerns.

Infant formula in the United States is highly regulated. The AAP has reported concerns over the use of non-FDA registered imported infant formulas. The purpose of this study is to identify Internet purchased and recommended imported European infant formulas and compare them to FDA labeling and nutrient requirements.

Patient versus proxy response on global health scales: no meaningful DIFference.

Assessment of outcomes from a proxy is often substituted for the patient's self-report when the patient is unable or unwilling to report their status. Research has indicated that proxies over-report symptoms on the patient's behalf. This study aimed to quantify the extent of proxy-introduced bias on the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Global Health (PROMIS GH) scale for mental (GMH) and physical (GPH) scores.

Early and advanced stages of Maillard reaction in infant formulas: Analysis of available lysine and carboxymethyl-lysine.

Although the literature on the Maillard reaction in infant formulas is extensive, most studies have focused on model systems, and in only a few cases on real food systems. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the status of the Maillard reaction, both the early and advanced phases, in a variety of commercial infant formulas available on the Swedish market. Ten powder and liquid milk-based infant formulas from three manufacturers were selected to determine available lysine and CML co...

Optimizing Foods for Special Dietary Use in Canada: Key Outcomes and Recommendations from a Tripartite Workshop.

Many health conditions result in unique nutritional requirements (e.g., protein restriction, low energy, fortification) and the need to consume foods in non-traditional formats (e.g. liquid diets, supplements, tube feeding). In Canada, 45% of hospital patients are malnourished upon admission resulting in prolonged hospital stays, increased health care costs, and higher mortality rates. Fortunately, advances in nutrition and food science enabled the development of products which provide nutritional support f...

Human Milk Oligosaccharides: Factors Affecting Their Composition and Their Physiological Significance.

Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are elongations of the milk sugar lactose by galactose, N-acetylglucosamine, fucose; and sialic acid. The HMO composition of breast milk is strongly influenced by polymorphisms of the maternal fucosyltransferases, FUT2 and FUT3, and by the stage of lactation. Clinical observational studies with breastfed infant-mother dyads associate specific HMOs with infant gut microbiota, morbidity, infectious diarrhea, and allergies. Observational and basic research data suggest that H...

Experimental support for multidrug resistance transfer potential in the preterm infant gut microbiota.

There is currently a lack of experimental evidence for horizontal gene transfer (HGT) mechanisms in the human gut microbiota. The aim of this study was therefore to experimentally determine the HGT potential in the microbiota of a healthy preterm infant twin pair and to evaluate the global occurrence of the mobilized elements.

Impact of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on enteric infections in rural Zimbabwe: the Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) Trial.

We assessed the impact of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and infant and young child feeding (IYCF) interventions on enteric infections in the Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial in rural Zimbabwe.

Corrigendum for Nandi et al. Early-life nutrition is associated positively with schooling and labor market outcomes and negatively with marriage rates at age 20-25 years: evidence from the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS) in India. J Nutr 2018;148:140-6.

Nutrition for women and children-Are we doing the right things in the right way?

The Guest Editors for the PLOS Medicine Special Issue on Maternal and Child Health & Nutrition discuss the published research in the context of global priorities for women's and children's health.

Culture, carrying, and communication: Beliefs and behavior associated with babywearing.

Ethnographic research suggests mother-infant physical contact predicts high levels of maternal responsiveness to infant cues, yet it is unclear whether this responsiveness is driven by the act of physical contact or by underlying beliefs about responsiveness. We examine beliefs and behavior associated with infant carrying (i.e., babywearing) among U.S. mothers and experimentally test the effect of mother-infant physical contact on maternal responsiveness. In Study 1 (N = 23 dyads), babywearing mothers were ...

Higher fat mass and fat mass accretion during the first six months of life in exclusively breastfed infants.

Early nutrition influences infant growth and body composition, which may play a role in the infant's metabolic programming. Breastfed infants appear to have higher fat mass than formula-fed infants, but most comparisons have been cross-sectional, and evidence is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe fat mass and fat mass accretion during the first six months of life and evaluate differences by type of feeding (OMS).

Macronutrient Digestion and Absorption in the Preterm Infant.

The human fetus receives oral nutrition through swallowed amniotic fluid and this makes a significant nutritional contribution to the fetus. Postnatally, macronutrient absorption and digestion appear to function well in the preterm infant. Although pancreatic function is relatively poor, the newborn infant has several mechanisms to overcome this. These include a range of digestive enzymes in human milk, novel digestive enzymes involved in fat and protein digestion that do not appear to be present in the old...

Big Data for Nutrition Research in Pediatric Oncology: Current State and Framework for Advancement.

Recognition and treatment of malnutrition in pediatric oncology patients is crucial because it is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Nutrition-relevant data collected from cancer clinical trials and nutrition-specific studies are insufficient to drive high-impact nutrition research without augmentation from additional data sources. To date, clinical big data resources are underused for nutrition research in pediatric oncology. Health-care big data can be broadly subclassified into three clin...

M-SAKHI - mobile health solutions to help community providers promote maternal and infant nutrition and health using a community-based cluster RCT in rural India: A study protocol.

Reduction of childhood stunting is difficult to achieve by interventions that focus only on improving nutrition during infancy. Comprehensive interventions that extend through the continuum of care from pregnancy to infancy are needed. Mobile phones are now successfully being used for behaviour change communication to improve health. We present the methodology of a mHealth intervention 'Mobile Solutions Aiding Knowledge for Health Improvement' (M-SAKHI) to be delivered by rural community health workers or A...

Dietary Restrictions and Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in many developed countries and remains one of the major diseases strongly affected by the diet. Nutrition can affect CVD directly by contributing to the accumulation of vascular plaques and also indirectly by regulating the rate of aging. This review summarizes research on nutrition and CVD incidence based on a multipillar system that includes basic research focused on aging, epidemiological studies, clinical studies, and studies of centenarians. T...

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