PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Mosquito Repellent Ingredients Market Report 2018 2023" RSS

23:33 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Global Mosquito Repellent Ingredients Market Report 2018 2023" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Essential oils sensory quality and their bioactivity against the mosquito Aedes albopictus.

Repellents are a main tool to prevent the outbreak of mosquito-borne diseases that represents a threat for millions of people worldwide. Plant-based products are very promising, low-toxic and eco-friendly alternative to synthetic repellents. Here, we performed an olfactory screening of the essential oils (EOs) of Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte (Asteraceae), Lavandula dentata L. (Lamiaceae), and Ruta chalepensis L. (Rutaceae) for their possible use as ingredients in topical repellents. The EOs smell profiles...

Bioassay-guided isolation of active compounds from Adenosma buchneroides essential oil as mosquito repellent against Aedes albopictus.

A folk herb Adenosma buchneroides found in the previous ethnobotanical investigation plays an important role as an insect repellent among the Aini people in southwest of China, but the active compounds responsible for repellent activity of the plant have not yet been investigated.

Isolation and identification of mosquito biting deterrents from the North American mosquito repelling folk remedy plant, Matricaria discoidea DC.

Matricaria discoidea DC. (Asteraceae) has documented use as an insect repellent by Blackfoot Indians and other indigenous groups of North America. This investigation was conducted to evaluate this practice and systematically identify chemical constituents responsible for any insect repelling effect by utilizing a mosquito (Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus)) biting deterrent bioactivity-directed purification approach. Hydrodistilled oil from dried aerial parts of M. discoidea was the most bioactive crude extract gene...

Neuronal Responses of Antennal Olfactory Sensilla to Insect Chemical Repellents in the Yellow Fever Mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is a vector of many human diseases such as yellow fever, dengue fever, and Zika. As insecticide resistance has been widely reported, chemical repellents have been adopted as alternative options for mosquito and mosquito-borne disease control. This study characterized the responses of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) in different types of antennal olfactory sensilla in Ae. aegypti to 48 chemicals that exhibited repellent activity in various insect species. Both exci...

Efficacy of Mosquito Coils: Cross-resistance to Pyrethroids in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) From Indonesia.

Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) is the primary vector of several arthropod-borne viral infectious diseases globally. Relentless vector control efforts are performed to curtail disease transmissions, insecticides remain as the first line of defense in Indonesia. With a dearth of publication on the efficacy of mosquito coil in Indonesia, this is the first report related to mosquito coil despite its common use in households. Ae. aegypti mosquitoes were sampled from nine regencies in Indonesia and teste...

Alternative strategies for mosquito-borne arbovirus control.

Mosquito-borne viruses-such as Zika, chikungunya, dengue fever, and yellow fever, among others-are of global importance. Although vaccine development for prevention of mosquito-borne arbovirus infections has been a focus, mitigation strategies continue to rely on vector control. However, vector control has failed to prevent recent epidemics and arrest expanding geographic distribution of key arboviruses, such as dengue. As a consequence, there has been increasing necessity to further optimize current strate...

Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Singapore: Updated Checklist and New Records.

Prior to 1965, Singapore was part of the Malaya (now Malaysia) and was usually not mentioned when mosquito records were reported for Malaya. Consequently, many species that occurred in Singapore were not listed in the world mosquito catalog, and the available checklist for Singapore since 1986 is incomplete, with some imprecise species information. In updating this checklist, we examined and verified mosquito specimens collected from Singapore in various depositories, including a thorough review of past tax...

ASBMR 2018 report on basic research.

This is a brief report on ASBMR 2018 held at Montreal, Quebec, Canada, focusing on basic research. Topics of ASBMR 2018 were varied among wide research fields, however, this report focuses on several topics because of spatio-temporal restriction of attendees. Also, the selected topics were very limited according to the author's interests.

Back from the Dead. ACA Exchange Market Looking Healthy, Hale, and Competitive.

The brighter outlook for 2019 is what happens when the learning curve starts to flatten out. Remember, this market has only existed for five years. Margins over the past six months have exceeded even pre-ACA levels, and loss ratios reached new lows in the second quarter of 2018.

Crop Protection Discovery - Is Being the First Best?

Current crop protection chemicals span an array of chemistry classes and modes of action. Typically, within each chemistry class there are multiple chemically distinct active ingredients competing with each other for market position. In this competition, the first product to market in a new class or mode of action may or may not have an advantage depending on a number of parameters including relative efficacy against the target pests, pest resistance, regulatory pressures, synthetic complexity, and marketin...

Monitoring of alien mosquitoes of the genus Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Austria.

Systematic, continuous mosquito surveillance is considered the most reliable tool to predict the spread and establishment of alien mosquito species such as the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), Japanese bush mosquito (Aedes japonicus), and the transmission risk of mosquito-borne arboviruses to humans. Only single individuals of Ae. albopictus have been found in Austria so far. However, it is likely that the species will be able to establish populations in the future due to global trade and traffic as...

Repellent Effects of Encapsulated Carvacrol on the Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae).

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini) is a problem for livestock production systems, and its control has become challenging due to the selection of tick populations resistant to synthetic chemical acaricides. The use of repellent compounds prevents contact between the arthropod parasite and the host and can, thus, contribute to increases in the efficacy of these acaricides. Carvacrol monoterpenic phenol is a possible alternative method for controlling R. (B.) microplus; however, this compound is ...

Progress Toward Poliovirus Containment Implementation - Worldwide, 2017-2018.

Substantial progress has been made since the World Health Assembly (WHA) resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis in 1988 (1). Among the three wild poliovirus (WPV) types, type 2 (WPV2) was declared eradicated in 2015, and type 3 (WPV3) has not been reported since 2012 (1). In 2017 and 2018, only Afghanistan and Pakistan have reported WPV type 1 (WPV1) transmission (1). When global eradication of poliomyelitis is achieved, facilities retaining poliovirus materials need to minimize the risk for reintroduction of ...

Examining the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates Announcement Requiring Medical School Accreditation Beginning in 2023.

In 2010, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) announced that, beginning in 2023, graduation from a formally accredited medical school would be necessary for an international medical graduate (IMG) to be eligible for ECFMG certification. The announcement is notable since ECFMG certification is required for graduate medical training and practice in the United States. Graduating from a school accredited by an agency formally recognized by the World Federa...

The struggle for existence in the world market ecosystem.

The global trade system can be viewed as a dynamic ecosystem in which exporters struggle for resources: the markets in which they export. We can think that the aim of an exporter is to gain the entirety of a market share (say, car imports from the United States). This is similar to the objective of an organism in its attempt to monopolize a given subset of resources in an ecosystem. In this paper, we adopt a multilayer network approach to describe this struggle. We use longitudinal, multiplex data on trade ...

Social determinants of health associated with topical repellent use in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study during a Zika outbreak in Brazil.

Repellent use during pregnancy was strongly recommended after uncovering Zika virus (ZIKV) involvement with congenital malformations. In this context, Pernambuco, Brazil played a key role since it was the epicentre for the main studies suggesting ZIKV teratogenicity and one of Brazil's most affected states during the 2014-2016 epidemics. Thus we aimed to identify possible associations between social determinants of health and repellent use in pregnancy during the ZIKV outbreak in Pernambuco.

The Reauthorization Of PEPFAR To 2023.

Linking Bird and Mosquito Data to Assess Spatiotemporal West Nile Virus Risk in Humans.

West Nile virus (WNV; family Flaviviridae) causes a disease in humans that may develop into a deadly neuroinvasive disease. In North America, several peridomestic bird species can develop sufficient viremia to infect blood-feeding mosquito vectors without succumbing to the virus. Mosquito species from the genus Culex, Aedes and Ochlerotatus display variable host preferences, ranging between birds and mammals, including humans, and may bridge transmission among avian hosts and contribute to spill-over transm...

Ecology of trading strategies in a forex market for limit and market orders.

There is a growing interest to understand financial markets as ecological systems, where the variety of trading strategies correspond to that of biological species. For this purpose, transaction data for individual traders are studied recently as empirical analyses. However, there are few empirical studies addressing how traders submit limit and market order at the level of individual traders. Since limit and market orders are key ingredients finally leading to transactions, it would be necessary to underst...

A Cold Process Preparation of Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash Oil Lotions using Simulgel FL as an Emulsifier.

Vetiveria zizanioides (vetiver) contains viscous volatile oil, which has the ability to repel mosquitoes similar to citronella oil, a well-known mosquito repellent in tropical countries, like Thailand. The objectives of the current study were to formulate the stable oil-in-water vetiver oil lotions using Simulgel FL as a liquid emulsifier, to investigate the physicochemical properties of the prepared lotions and to evaluate the in vitro release characteristics of the stable vetiver oil lotions. In this work...

Topics for basic research regarding osteoclasts and Wnt signals in ASBMR 2018.

This is a brief report regarding the topics about osteoclasts and Wnt signals presented in ASBMR 2018 held in Palais des congres de Montreal, Quebec in September 27-October 1, 2018.

The US Biosimilar Market: Stunted Growth and Possible Reforms.

In 2010, Congress created an abbreviated application pathway for biosimilars, versions of approved biologics made by different manufacturers. However, as of November 1, 2018, the Food and Drug Administration had approved only 13 biosimilars under this pathway, of which just 6 were available for patients to use. We review the history of US regulation of biologics and identify manufacturing, regulatory, and marketing issues that have limited biosimilar market entry and uptake, concluding with recommendations ...

Preparation and Use of a Yeast shRNA Delivery System for Gene Silencing in Mosquito Larvae.

The mosquito genome projects facilitated research in new facets of mosquito biology, including functional genetic studies in the dengue and Zika virus vector Aedes aegypti and the primary African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. RNA interference (RNAi) has facilitated gene silencing experiments in both of these disease vector mosquito species and could one day be applied as a new method of vector control. Here, we describe a procedure for the genetic engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) ...

Consumer protection provided by the European medical device and cosmetic legislation for condoms and lubricants.

Personal lubricants and lubricants used in condoms contain a number of ingredients which are also present in cosmetic products. They have to comply with the medical device regulation (745/2017). It is assumed that they provide the same level of consumer protection, if not more, as foreseen in the legal framework of cosmetics (1223/2009). In the current study we developed an analytical method capable of identifying and quantifying 15 ingredients, commonly found in lubricants and cosmetics. Based upon their m...

EuroPrevent 2018: Report from the European Congress on Preventive Cardiology 19-21 April, 2018, in Ljubljana, Slovenia.

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