PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Regional Milk Infant Formula Market Research Report" RSS

09:17 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Global Regional Milk Infant Formula Market Research Report" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

Are cortisol concentrations in human breast milk associated with infant crying?

The present longitudinal study is the first to investigate the association between human breast milk cortisol and infant crying over the first three months of life. Higher concentrations of breast milk cortisol were expected to be differentially associated with fussing and crying in boys and girls. At 2, 6, and 12 weeks of infant age, mothers (N = 70) collected a morning sample of their milk and kept a 3-day diary to measure infant fussing and crying. Cortisol was extracted and quantified from milk sampl...

Milk and Plasma Lutein and Zeaxanthin Concentrations in Chinese Breast-Feeding Mother-Infant Dyads With Healthy Maternal Fruit and Vegetable Intake.

While others have reported that milk from coastal Chinese women contains high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin, no research has determined the corresponding infant plasma response. Whether infant plasma levels increase commensurately provides important guidance for supplementation of these increasingly intriguing carotenoids in breast-feeding mothers and formula-fed infants.

Serum, plasma and erythrocyte membrane lipidomes in infants fed formula supplemented with bovine milk fat globule membranes.

Supplementation of formula with bovine milk fat globule membranes has been shown to narrow the gap in immunological and cognitive development between breast-fed and formula-fed infants.

Fingerprinting of Phospholipids Molecular Species from Human Milk and Infant Formula Using HILIC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS and Discriminatory Analysis by Principal Component Analysis.

Phospholipids composition in the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) fluctuates during entire lactation period in order to suit the growing needs of newborn infants. Present study elucidated and relatively quantified phospholipids molecular species extracted from human milk (HM), mature human milk (MHM) and infant formulas (with or without MFGM supplementation) using HILIC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS system. Principal component analysis was used to clarify the differences between phospholipids composition in HM, MHM and inf...

Preclinical safety evaluation of the human-identical milk oligosaccharide lacto-N-tetraose.

Lacto-N-tetraose (LNT) is one of the most abundant oligosaccharides that are endogenously present in human breast milk. To simulate the composition of human breast milk more closely, commercial infant formula can be supplemented with human-identical milk oligosaccharides, which are manufactured structurally identical versions of their naturally occurring counterparts. As part of the safety evaluation of LNT, in vitro genotoxicity tests and a subchronic oral gavage toxicity study (in neonatal Sprague-Dawley ...

A combination of lipidomics, MS imaging, and PET scan imaging reveals differences in cerebral activity in rat pups according to the lipid quality of infant formulas.

We evaluated the effect of adding docosahexaenoic:arachidonic acids (3:2) (DHA+ARA) to 2 representative commercial infant formulas on brain activity and brain and eye lipids in an artificially reared rat pup model. The formula lipid background was either a pure plant oil blend, or dairy fat with a plant oil blend (1:1). Results at weaning were compared to breast milk-fed pups. Brain functional activity was determined by positron emission tomography scan imaging, the brain and eye fatty acid and lipid compos...

Estimation of Atenolol Transfer Into Milk and Infant Exposure During Its Use in Lactating Women.

Atenolol lactation information is limited, and controversy exists over the safety of its use during breastfeeding. In this study, important parameters including milk-to-plasma ratio, ratio of infant plasma to maternal plasma, infant daily dosage, and relative infant dose were investigated. The findings from this study add information to existing data about atenolol transfer in human milk. This may help guide health professionals in decision making regarding the safety of beta blockers used by mothers during...

Osteopontin Levels in Human Milk vary Across Countries and within Lactation Period: Data from a Multicenter Study.

Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein expressed in many cell types, tissues and body fluids with the highest concentrations found in milk; significantly higher in human than in bovine milk. Intervention studies have indicated beneficial effects of supplementing infant formula with bovine OPN. In this multicenter study, we determined the OPN content in human milk samples from 629 Chinese, Danish, Japanese and Korean mothers.

Environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses of poorly drained farm land in Ireland.

Abolition of the milk quota in the European Union and favourable market conditions have stimulated the expansion of the dairy sector in Ireland, causing more milk to be produced from poorly drained land. This work evaluated the environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses for poorly drained farm land in Ireland using life cycle assessment (LCA). The avoided burden of the displaced product was used to calculate the net environmental consequences in the context of regional or global markets. The imp...

Survival of Immunoglobulins from Human Milk to Preterm Infant Gastric Samples at 1, 2, and 3 h Postprandial.

Human milk immunoglobulins (Ig) are an important support for the naïve infant immune system; yet the extent to which these proteins survive within the infant digestive tract, particularly for preterm infants, is poorly studied.

Long-acting olanzapine injection during pregnancy and breastfeeding: a case report.

We present one case of a woman treated with the intramuscular depot formulation of the atypical antipsychotic, olanzapine pamoate (ZypAdhera®), during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Data on olanzapine distribution in breast milk as well as on plasma concentration in the nursed infant are provided. The present case report demonstrates that olanzapine was excreted in the breast milk, but the breast-fed infant had very low olanzapine concentrations, which did not result in any adverse effects.

Infant formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergic disease.

Infant formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been widely advocated for preventing allergic disease in infants, in place of standard cow's milk formula (CMF). However, it is unclear whether the clinical trial evidence supports this.

Determination of Trace Elements in Infant Formulas Available on Polish Market.

The aim of this study was to assess the levels of 13 essential and toxic elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, V, Zn) in the infant formulas, available on Polish market. Selected food samples were of animal (cow- and goat-based milks) and plant (soy-based milk, hypoallergic products, grain porridges) origin. Two analytical techniques, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and neutron activation analysis (NAA), have been complementarily applied to analyze elemental content of ...

Glucose Gel as a Potential Alternative Treatment to Infant Formula for Neonatal Hypoglycaemia in Australia.

Infant formula is often used as a treatment for neonatal hypoglycaemia in Australia; however, there are concerns that this may jeopardise mother-baby bonding and breastfeeding. Successful use of glucose gel as an alternative treatment for hypoglycaemia has been reported. We wanted to investigate in a pilot study whether the use of glucose gel has the potential to quickly and safely restore normoglycaemia in the infants of diabetic mothers in an Australian setting. Infants with asymptomatic hypoglycaemia wer...

The impact of human breast milk components on the infant metabolism.

Breastfeeding is beneficial for mothers and infants. Underlying mechanisms and biochemical mediators thus need to be investigated to develop and support improved infant nutrition practices promoting the child health. We analysed the relation between maternal breast milk composition and infant metabolism.

Glycosaminoglycanomic profiling of human milk in different stages of lactation by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Glycans in human milk serve several important biological functions that promote infant health. As kind of important glycans, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are a complex family of polyanionic carbohydrate, participating in a variety of critical physiological and pathological processes. In this study, the content and the detailed composition of human milk GAGs from Chinese mothers in different stages of lactation, based on a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry approach was investigated. The results sho...

Opioids in Breast Milk: Pharmacokinetic Principles and Clinical Implications.

Safety of maternal drug therapy during breastfeeding may be assessed from estimated levels of drug exposure of the infant through milk. Pharmacokinetic (PK) principles predict that the lower the clearance is, the higher the infant dose via milk will be. Drugs with low clearance (

A critical review of human milk sharing using an intersectional feminist framework: Implications for practice.

Driven by a growing body of research demonstrating the health benefits of human milk over substitute feeding preparations, the demand for human milk donations in North America is rapidly increasing. In the context of an increasingly institutionalized and commercialized human milk market, informal peer-to-peer milk sharing networks are commonplace. Race, class, gender and sexual orientation are intersecting aspects of identity and power that influence participation in breastfeeding and the domain of milk exc...

Analysis of global stock index data during crisis period via complex network approach.

Considerable research has been done on the complex stock market, however, there is very little systematic work on the impact of crisis on global stock markets. For filling in these gaps, we propose a complex network method, which analyzes the effects of the 2008 global financial crisis on global main stock index from 2005 to 2010. Firstly, we construct three weighted networks. The physics-derived technique of minimum spanning tree is utilized to investigate the networks of three stages. Regional clustering ...

Oral Immunotherapy Using Partially Hydrolyzed Formula for Cow's Milk Protein Allergy: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.

Partially hydrolyzed cow's milk protein-based formula (pHF) possesses low allergenicity. Here, we investigate the safety and efficacy of oral immunotherapy using pHF for children with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA).

Chemistry of human breast milk - a comprehensive review of the composition and role of milk metabolites in child development.

Early nutrition has an enormous influence on a child's physiological function, immune system maturation and cognitive development. Human breast milk (HBM) is recognized as the gold standard for human infant nutrition. Accordingly to WHO report breastfeeding is consider as an unequalled way of providing ideal food to the infant, which is required for his healthy growth and development. HBM contains various macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and vitamins) as well as numerous bioactive compounds ...

"Got rats?" Global environmental costs of thirst for milk include acute biodiversity impacts linked to dairy feed production.

Bai et al. (2018) determined that China's increasing milk demand is expected to raise global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 35%, expand dairy land by 32% and lift nitrogen pollution by 48%. Producing the additional milk in China adds to the environmental cost of animal feed transfers (from 1 to 6.2 Tg of alfalfa), while importing the extra milk would disproportionately transfer environmental burdens to exporting nations. Bai et al. (2018) conclude that the more sustainable future for milk-thirsty regio...

Dose-response Relationship Between Donor Human Milk, Mother's Own Milk, Preterm Formula, and Neonatal Growth Outcomes.

A dose-response relationship between proportions of donor human milk (DHM) intake and in-neonatal intensive care unit (in-NICU) growth rates, if any, remains poorly defined. Objective was to evaluate interrelationships between percentages of DHM, mother's own milk (MOM), and preterm formula (PF) intake and neonatal growth parameters at 36 weeks postmenstrual age or NICU discharge.

The role of milk fat globule membranes in behavior and cognitive function using a suckling rat pup supplementation model.

Milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) surround droplets delivering lipids to the breast-fed infant and are enriched with glycoproteins upon exocytosis out of the mammary cell. MFGM is typically removed during processing of cow milk for the manufacture of infant formula. Recent clinical trials have found that formula supplemented with bovine MFGM improved cognition. Here, we aimed to explore the mechanisms behind this improved developmental outcome. Sprague-Dawley rats were bred, and their litters were manipulat...

Evaluation of Key Factors Impacting Feeding Safety in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review.

Individualized feeding care plans and safe handling of milk (human or formula) are critical in promoting growth, immune function, and neurodevelopment in the preterm infant. Feeding errors and disruptions or limitations to feeding processes in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are associated with negative safety events. Feeding errors include contamination of milk and delivery of incorrect or expired milk and may result in adverse gastrointestinal illnesses.

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