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PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Regional Milk Infant Formula Market Research Report" RSS

15:36 EDT 18th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Global Regional Milk Infant Formula Market Research Report PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Global Regional Milk Infant Formula Market Research Report articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Global Regional Milk Infant Formula Market Research Report" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

Fingerprinting of Phospholipids Molecular Species from Human Milk and Infant Formula Using HILIC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS and Discriminatory Analysis by Principal Component Analysis.

Phospholipids composition in the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) fluctuates during entire lactation period in order to suit the growing needs of newborn infants. Present study elucidated and relatively quantified phospholipids molecular species extracted from human milk (HM), mature human milk (MHM) and infant formulas (with or without MFGM supplementation) using HILIC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS system. Principal component analysis was used to clarify the differences between phospholipids composition in HM, MHM and inf...


A combination of lipidomics, MS imaging, and PET scan imaging reveals differences in cerebral activity in rat pups according to the lipid quality of infant formulas.

We evaluated the effect of adding docosahexaenoic:arachidonic acids (3:2) (DHA+ARA) to 2 representative commercial infant formulas on brain activity and brain and eye lipids in an artificially reared rat pup model. The formula lipid background was either a pure plant oil blend, or dairy fat with a plant oil blend (1:1). Results at weaning were compared to breast milk-fed pups. Brain functional activity was determined by positron emission tomography scan imaging, the brain and eye fatty acid and lipid compos...

Estimation of Atenolol Transfer Into Milk and Infant Exposure During Its Use in Lactating Women.

Atenolol lactation information is limited, and controversy exists over the safety of its use during breastfeeding. In this study, important parameters including milk-to-plasma ratio, ratio of infant plasma to maternal plasma, infant daily dosage, and relative infant dose were investigated. The findings from this study add information to existing data about atenolol transfer in human milk. This may help guide health professionals in decision making regarding the safety of beta blockers used by mothers during...


Shift from IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy to food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome in two infants.

A 1-month-old male infant, only breastfed from birth, developed a localized edema of the hands and feet a few minutes after his first ingestion of a cow's milk (CM) formula. A complete allergy work-up showed positive skin prick test (SPT) to CM (7-mm wheal) and serum-specific IgE (s-IgE) (ImmunoCAP, Phadia, Uppsala, Sweden) to CM and CM proteins (s-IgE to CM 62.3 kUA/l, alpha-lactoalbumin 79.1 kUA/ml, beta-lactoglobulin 34.7 kUA/l, casein 98.7 kUA/l, total serum IgE 501 kU/l), allowing for a reliable diagno...

Osteopontin Levels in Human Milk vary Across Countries and within Lactation Period: Data from a Multicenter Study.

Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein expressed in many cell types, tissues and body fluids with the highest concentrations found in milk; significantly higher in human than in bovine milk. Intervention studies have indicated beneficial effects of supplementing infant formula with bovine OPN. In this multicenter study, we determined the OPN content in human milk samples from 629 Chinese, Danish, Japanese and Korean mothers.

Environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses of poorly drained farm land in Ireland.

Abolition of the milk quota in the European Union and favourable market conditions have stimulated the expansion of the dairy sector in Ireland, causing more milk to be produced from poorly drained land. This work evaluated the environmental impacts of alternative agricultural uses for poorly drained farm land in Ireland using life cycle assessment (LCA). The avoided burden of the displaced product was used to calculate the net environmental consequences in the context of regional or global markets. The imp...

Plasma and breast milk pharmacokinetics of emtricitabine, tenofovir and lamivudine using dried blood and breast milk spots in nursing African mother-infant pairs.

Breast milk transfer of first-line ART from mother to infant is not fully understood.

Quantification of glycerophospholipids and sphingomyelin in human milk and infant formula by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometer detector.

Phospholipids and sphingomyelin have a central role in infant nutrition, phospholipid acting as a nutrient carrier of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and sphingomyelin having an important role in cognitive function. However, analytical methods to precisely characterize and quantify these compounds in maternal milk are needed. Phospholipids and sphingomyelin were extracted using chloroform and methanol and separated on Polaris 3 Si column 250×2.0mm from Varian and analyzed by high performance liquid ...

Long-acting olanzapine injection during pregnancy and breastfeeding: a case report.

We present one case of a woman treated with the intramuscular depot formulation of the atypical antipsychotic, olanzapine pamoate (ZypAdhera®), during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Data on olanzapine distribution in breast milk as well as on plasma concentration in the nursed infant are provided. The present case report demonstrates that olanzapine was excreted in the breast milk, but the breast-fed infant had very low olanzapine concentrations, which did not result in any adverse effects.

The impact of human breast milk components on the infant metabolism.

Breastfeeding is beneficial for mothers and infants. Underlying mechanisms and biochemical mediators thus need to be investigated to develop and support improved infant nutrition practices promoting the child health. We analysed the relation between maternal breast milk composition and infant metabolism.

Glucose Gel as a Potential Alternative Treatment to Infant Formula for Neonatal Hypoglycaemia in Australia.

Infant formula is often used as a treatment for neonatal hypoglycaemia in Australia; however, there are concerns that this may jeopardise mother-baby bonding and breastfeeding. Successful use of glucose gel as an alternative treatment for hypoglycaemia has been reported. We wanted to investigate in a pilot study whether the use of glucose gel has the potential to quickly and safely restore normoglycaemia in the infants of diabetic mothers in an Australian setting. Infants with asymptomatic hypoglycaemia wer...

Determination of Trace Elements in Infant Formulas Available on Polish Market.

The aim of this study was to assess the levels of 13 essential and toxic elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, V, Zn) in the infant formulas, available on Polish market. Selected food samples were of animal (cow- and goat-based milks) and plant (soy-based milk, hypoallergic products, grain porridges) origin. Two analytical techniques, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and neutron activation analysis (NAA), have been complementarily applied to analyze elemental content of ...

A longitudinal study of estrogen-responsive tissues and hormone concentrations in infants fed soy formula.

Chemicals with hormone-like activity, such as estrogenic isoflavones, may perturb human development. Infants exclusively fed soy-based formula are highly exposed to isoflavones, but their physiologic responses remain uncharacterized. Here, we compare estrogen-responsive postnatal development in infants exclusively fed soy formula, cow-milk formula and breast milk.

Non-digestible carbohydrates in infant formula as substitution for human milk oligosaccharide functions: Effects on microbiota and gut maturation.

Human milk (HM) is the golden standard for nutrition of newborn infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are abundantly present in HM and exert multiple beneficial functions, such as support of colonization of the gut microbiota, reduction of pathogenic infections and support of immune development. HMO-composition is during lactation continuously adapted by the mother to accommodate the needs of the neonate. Unfortunately, for many valid reasons not all neonates can be fed with HM and are either totally ...

Infant Serum and Maternal Milk Vitamin B-12 Are Positively Correlated in Kenyan Infant-Mother Dyads at 1-6 Months Postpartum, Irrespective of Infant Feeding Practice.

Vitamin B-12 is an essential nutrient required for many functions including DNA synthesis, erythropoiesis, and brain development. If maternal milk vitamin B-12 concentrations are low, infants may face elevated risks of deficiency when exclusively breastfed.

Glycosaminoglycanomic profiling of human milk in different stages of lactation by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Glycans in human milk serve several important biological functions that promote infant health. As kind of important glycans, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are a complex family of polyanionic carbohydrate, participating in a variety of critical physiological and pathological processes. In this study, the content and the detailed composition of human milk GAGs from Chinese mothers in different stages of lactation, based on a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry approach was investigated. The results sho...

"Got rats?" Global environmental costs of thirst for milk include acute biodiversity impacts linked to dairy feed production.

Bai et al. (2018) determined that China's increasing milk demand is expected to raise global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 35%, expand dairy land by 32% and lift nitrogen pollution by 48%. Producing the additional milk in China adds to the environmental cost of animal feed transfers (from 1 to 6.2 Tg of alfalfa), while importing the extra milk would disproportionately transfer environmental burdens to exporting nations. Bai et al. (2018) conclude that the more sustainable future for milk-thirsty regio...

Dose-response Relationship Between Donor Human Milk, Mother's Own Milk, Preterm Formula, and Neonatal Growth Outcomes.

A dose-response relationship between proportions of donor human milk (DHM) intake and in-neonatal intensive care unit (in-NICU) growth rates, if any, remains poorly defined. Objective was to evaluate interrelationships between percentages of DHM, mother's own milk (MOM), and preterm formula (PF) intake and neonatal growth parameters at 36 weeks postmenstrual age or NICU discharge.

The role of milk fat globule membranes in behavior and cognitive function using a suckling rat pup supplementation model.

Milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) surround droplets delivering lipids to the breast-fed infant and are enriched with glycoproteins upon exocytosis out of the mammary cell. MFGM is typically removed during processing of cow milk for the manufacture of infant formula. Recent clinical trials have found that formula supplemented with bovine MFGM improved cognition. Here, we aimed to explore the mechanisms behind this improved developmental outcome. Sprague-Dawley rats were bred, and their litters were manipulat...

Growth, Gastrointestinal Tolerance and Stool Characteristics of Healthy Term Infants Fed an Infant Formula Containing Hydrolyzed Whey Protein (63%) and Intact Casein (37%): A Randomized Clinical Trial.

To investigate whether healthy term infants, fed an infant formula containing hydrolyzed whey protein (HWP-F, hydrolyzed whey/intact casein =63/37), differ in growth, gastrointestinal tolerance and stool characteristics from those fed an infant formula containing intact whey protein (IWP-F, intact whey/intact casein =61/39) or breast milk. Healthy term infants, born within 14 days of the study's commencement, were randomly assigned to be fed IWP-F or HWP-F until 13 weeks of age, and breast-fed (BF) infants ...

Infant formula feeding practices associated with rapid weight gain: A systematic review.

Excess or rapid weight gain during the first 2 years of life is associated with an increased risk of later childhood and adult overweight and obesity. When compared with breastfed infants, formula fed infants are more likely to experience excess or rapid weight gain, and this increased risk in formula fed infant populations may be due to a number of different mechanisms. These mechanisms include the nutrient composition of the formula and the way formula is prepared and provided to infants. This systematic...

A synbiotic-containing amino acid-based formula improves gut microbiota in non-IgE-mediated allergic infants.

Prebiotics and probiotics (synbiotics) can modify gut microbiota and have potential in allergy management when combined with amino acid-based formula (AAF) for infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA).

Perspectives of regional paleoclimate modeling.

Regional climate modeling bridges the gap between the coarse resolution of current global climate models and the regional-to-local scales, where the impacts of climate change are of primary interest. Here, we present a review of the added value of the regional climate modeling approach within the scope of paleoclimate research and discuss the current major challenges and perspectives. Two time periods serve as an example: the Holocene, including the Last Millennium, and the Last Glacial Maximum. Reviewing t...

Non-nutritive sucking, oral breast milk, and facilitated tucking relieve preterm infant pain during heel-stick procedures: A prospective, randomized controlled trial.

Preterm infant pain can be relieved by combining non-nutritive sucking (sucking), oral sucrose, and facilitated tucking (tucking), but the pain-relief effects of oral expressed breast milk (breast milk) are ambiguous.

Impact of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Admission on Bacterial Colonization of Donated Human Milk.

Unpasteurized human donor milk typically contains a variety of bacteria. The impact of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission of the donor's infant and duration of lactation on bacterial contamination of human milk is unknown. Research aim: This study aimed (a) to describe the frequency/concentration of skin commensal bacteria and pathogens in unpasteurized human donor milk and (b) to assess the impact of NICU admission and (c) the duration of milk expression on bacterial colonization of donated milk...


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