PubMed Journals Articles About "Global Urinary Catheters Market Data List Segment 20152022" RSS

00:46 EST 17th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Global Urinary Catheters Market Data List Segment 20152022" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30,000+

Antimicrobial strategies for urinary catheters.

Over 75% of hospital-acquired or nosocomial urinary tract infections are initiated by urinary catheters, which are used during the treatment of 16% of hospitalized patients. Taking the United States as an example, the costs of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are in excess of $451 million dollars/year. The biofilm formation by pathogenic microbes that protects pathogens from host immune defense and antimicrobial agents is the leading cause for CAUTI. Thus, tremendous efforts have been de...

Clean intermittent catheterization: Single use vs. reuse.

Intermittent catheterization (IC) is one of the fundamental aspects of managing patients with chronic urinary retention. Although reuse of catheters has been allowed to be chosen as the first option for IC, the optimal method of IC and the type of catheter has been a long-standing debate. We conducted a literature review regarding risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and the costs associated with different methods and catheters.

Spray Coating of Foley Urinary Catheter by Chlorhexidine-loaded Poly(ε-caprolactone) Nanospheres: Effect of Lyoprotectants, Characteristics and Antibacterial Activity Evaluation.

In this study, chlorhexidine-loaded poly(ε-caprolactone) nanospheres (CHX-NS) were prepared and successfully coated on the urinary catheters. Properties of CHX-NS were evaluated including drug loading content and the nanosphere size. Effects of different lyoprotectants for long-term storage of CHX-NS were also investigated. In vitro release study and antibacterial activity were also conducted using 20 cycles coated-urinary catheters. Results showed that the high-pressure emulsification-solvent evaporation ...

Randomized controlled trial of silver-alloy-impregnated suprapubic catheters versus standard suprapubic catheters in assessing urinary tract infection rates in urogynecology patients.

Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common health-care-related infections. We aimed to compare the UTI rate among women undergoing urogynecological procedures with a silver-alloy suprapubic catheter (SPC) and a standard SPC, and identify the risk factors predisposing patients to UTI.

Social Determinants of Health in the lives of urinary catheter users.

To identify the influence of social determinants of health on the life conditions of patients who use intermittent urinary catheters.

Reducing the rate of post-surgical urinary tract infections in orthopedic patients.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the fourth leading cause of healthcare-associated infections, with approximately 70%-80% being attributed to the inappropriate use of indwelling catheters. In many cases, indwelling catheters are used inappropriately without any valid indication, creating potentially avoidable and significant patient distress, discomfort, pain and activity restrictions, together with substantial care burden, cost and hospitalisation. In the Division of Orthopedic Surgery at Toronto Western H...

Bladder training prior to urinary catheter removal in total joint arthroplasty. A randomized controlled trial.

Urinary catheters are commonly used in patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty. Bladder training before catheter removal is reported to shorten the time to return to normal bladder function and reduce the incidence of urinary retention.

Analysis of global stock index data during crisis period via complex network approach.

Considerable research has been done on the complex stock market, however, there is very little systematic work on the impact of crisis on global stock markets. For filling in these gaps, we propose a complex network method, which analyzes the effects of the 2008 global financial crisis on global main stock index from 2005 to 2010. Firstly, we construct three weighted networks. The physics-derived technique of minimum spanning tree is utilized to investigate the networks of three stages. Regional clustering ...

Urinary Retention in Adults: Evaluation and Initial Management.

Urinary retention is the acute or chronic inability to voluntarily pass an adequate amount of urine. The condition predominantly affects men. The most common causes are obstructive in nature, with benign prostatic hyperplasia accounting for 53% of cases. Infectious, inflammatory, iatrogenic, and neurologic causes can also affect urinary retention. Initial evaluation should involve a detailed history that includes information about current prescription medications and use of over-the-counter medications and ...

Forensic drug intelligence and the rise of cryptomarkets. Part II: Combination of data from the physical and virtual markets.

Technology provides new ways to access customers and suppliers while enhancing the security of off-line criminal activity. Since the first cryptomarket, Silk Road, in 2011, cryptomarkets have transformed the traditional drug sale by facilitating the creation of a global network of vendors and buyers. Due to the fragmented nature of traces that result from illegal activities, combining the results of concurrent processes based on traces of different nature should provide supplementary benefit to understand t...

Comparison of the preventive effect of urethral cleaning versus disinfection for catheter associated urinary tract infections in adults: A network meta-analysis.

Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are the main cause of infectious complications in Indwelling urinary catheters (IDCs). However, the best cleaning methods for preventing CAUTIs have not been evaluated clearly by previous studies.

Nurses' and Physicians' Perceptions of Indwelling Urinary Catheter Practices and Culture in Their Institutions.

Indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs) are commonly used devices in acute care that may lead to catheter-associated urinary tract infections or noninfectious complications. Responsibilities for IUC are usually shared between nurses and physicians, and a common mental model among the two professional groups is thus essential for a successful reduction in catheter use. The aim of this study was to determine variation in the perceptions of current practices and culture regarding IUC use between these two groups.

The struggle for existence in the world market ecosystem.

The global trade system can be viewed as a dynamic ecosystem in which exporters struggle for resources: the markets in which they export. We can think that the aim of an exporter is to gain the entirety of a market share (say, car imports from the United States). This is similar to the objective of an organism in its attempt to monopolize a given subset of resources in an ecosystem. In this paper, we adopt a multilayer network approach to describe this struggle. We use longitudinal, multiplex data on trade ...

Assessment of a Urinary Kidney microRNA Panel as Potential Nephron Segment-Specific Biomarkers of Subacute Renal Toxicity in Preclinical Rat Models.

Drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI) remains a significant concern during drug development. While FDA-endorsed urinary protein biomarkers encounter limitations including the lack of translatability, there is a considerable interest surrounding the application of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the renal biomarker space. Current knowledge about the value of these novel biomarkers for subacute preclinical rodent studies is still sparse. In this work, Wistar rats were treated with three nephrotoxic compounds - cisplatin (C...

The mathematics of market timing.

Market timing is an investment technique that tries to continuously switch investment into assets forecast to have better returns. What is the likelihood of having a successful market timing strategy? With an emphasis on modeling simplicity, I calculate the feasible set of market timing portfolios using index mutual fund data for perfectly timed (by hindsight) all or nothing quarterly switching between two asset classes, US stocks and bonds over the time period 1993-2017. The historical optimal timing path ...

Optimal Timing of Removal of Epidural and Urethral Catheters to Avoid Postoperative Urinary Retention Undergoing Abdominal Surgery.

Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is one of the most frequent complications of epidural anesthesia. This study aims to clarify risk factors of POUR and to estimate the appropriate timing of urethral catheter removal.

Survival and Clinical Outcomes of Tunneled Central Jugular and Femoral Catheters in Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients.

The literature on the outcomes of tunneled femoral catheters compared to that of jugular catheters is scarce and derived mainly from small cohorts.

Substandard and falsified medical products are a global public health threat. A pilot survey of awareness among physicians in Sweden.

Substandard and falsified medical products are a public health threat, primarily associated with low- and middle-income countries. Today, the phenomenon also exists in high-income countries. Increased Internet access has opened a global market. Self-diagnosis and self-prescription have boosted the market for unregulated websites with access to falsified medicines.

Comparison of Complication Rates of Central Venous Catheters Versus Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheters in Pediatric Patients.

The purpose of our study is to compare the rate of central line-associated blood stream infections and venous thromboembolism in central venous catheters versus peripherally inserted central catheters in hospitalized children. There is a growing body of literature in adults describing an increased rate of venous thromboembolisms and similar rates of central line-associated blood stream infection associated with peripherally inserted central catheters versus central venous catheters. It is not known if the r...

Epidemiology and strategy to prevent urinary catheters related complications.

Indwelling urinary catheter (IUC) is encountered in every four admitted in-patients. The risk of bacteriuria increases by 3‑7 % every day and is almost universal at 30 days. Of these, 10 % will develop symptomatic infection, bacteremia, septic choc or death. Traumatic complications of IUC are seldom studied, but are at least as frequent as the infectious complications of IUC, with similar impact on LOS or morbidity. Prevention should focus on finding alternatives to IUC (for example, use of condom for men...

Impact of Foley Catheter Placement by Medical Students on Rates of Postoperative Urinary Tract Infection.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of medical student placement of Foley catheters on rates of postoperative catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI).

Improving forecasting accuracy for stock market data using EMD-HW bagging.

Many researchers documented that the stock market data are nonstationary and nonlinear time series data. In this study, we use EMD-HW bagging method for nonstationary and nonlinear time series forecasting. The EMD-HW bagging method is based on the empirical mode decomposition (EMD), the moving block bootstrap and the Holt-Winter. The stock market time series of six countries are used to compare EMD-HW bagging method. This comparison is based on five forecasting error measurements. The comparison shows that ...

Big Data, Efficient Markets, and the End of Daily Fantasy Sports As We Know It?

Fantasy sports are a popular way for individuals to add another layer of enjoyment to their interest in sports. While fantasy sports have been around for many years, access to big data sets and computer power to process them is a relatively new phenomenon, as well as the ability to compete in daily competitions and not just season-long campaigns. We posit that access to new and yet unforeseen data, models, and computing power to manage it, when viewed through the lens of efficient market hypothesis, will ca...

General Component Analysis (GCA): A new approach to identify Chinese corporate bond market structures.

PCA has been widely used in many fields to detect dominant principle components, but it ignores the information embedded in the remaining components. As a supplement to PCA, we propose the General Component Analysis (GCA). The inverse participation ratios (IPRs) are used to identify the global components (GCs) and localized components (LCs). The mean values of the IPRs derived from the shuffled data are taken as the natural threshold, which is exquisite and novel. In this paper, the Chinese corporate bond m...

Open grid model of Australia's National Electricity Market allowing backtesting against historic data.

Rising electricity prices, concerns regarding system security, and emissions reduction are central to an energy policy debate under way in Australia. To better evaluate mechanisms that seek to address the nexus of engineering, economic, and environmental challenges facing the country's electricity system, we have constructed network and generator datasets describing the operation of Australia's largest transmission network. These data have been collated using open-source software, and are available under an...

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