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PubMed Journals Articles About "Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella" RSS

01:30 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Goblet cell associated antigen passages inhibited during Salmonella" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

Goblet cell produced retinoic acid suppresses CD86 expression and IL-12 production in bone marrow derived cells.

Conjunctival goblet cell loss in ocular surface diseases is accompanied by increased number of IL-12 producing antigen presenting cells (APC) and increased IFN- expression. This study tested the hypothesis that mouse conjunctival goblet cells produce biologically active retinoic acid (RA) that suppresses CD86 expression and IL-12 production by myeloid cells. We found conditioned media from cultured conjunctival goblet cells (CjCM) suppressed stimulated CD86 expression, NF-κB p65 activation and IL-12 and IF...


Signaling pathways activated by resolvin E1 to stimulate mucin secretion and increase intracellular Ca in cultured rat conjunctival goblet cells.

Glycoconjugate mucin secretion from conjunctival goblet cells is tightly regulated by nerves and specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) to maintain ocular surface health. Here we investigated the actions of the SPM resolvin E1 (RvE1) on cultured rat conjunctival goblet cell glycoconjugate secretion and intracellular [Ca] ([Ca]) and the signaling pathways used by RvE1. Goblet cells were cultured from rat conjunctiva in RPMI medium. The amount of RvE1-stimulated glycoconjugate mucin secretion was determin...

Mechanics of antigen extraction in the B cell synapse.

B cell encounter with antigen displayed on antigen-presenting cells leads to B cell immune synapse formation, internalisation of the antigen, and stimulation of antibody responses. The sensitivity with which B cells detect antigen, and the quality and quantity of antigen that B cells acquire, depend upon mechanical properties of the immune synapse including interfacial tension, the strength of intermolecular bonds, and the compliance of the molecules and membranes that participate in antigen presentation. I...


Effect of dietary Bacillus coagulans supplementation on growth performance and immune responses of broiler chickens challenged by Salmonella enteritidis.

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective efficacy of dietary Bacillus coagulans (B. coagulans) supplementation in birds receiving Salmonella enteritidis (SE). Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb broilers were randomly assigned to 2 × 2 factorial arrangements of treatments with 2 levels of dietary B. coagulans (0 or 400 mg/kg) and 2 levels of SE challenge (0 or 1 × 109 SE between d 9 to 11). Results showed that SE infection did not affect growth performance, but caused intestinal inflammation ...

Multiple mechanisms applied by Lactobacillus pentosus AT6 to mute the lethal effects of Salmonella in a mouse model.

Probiotics are now prevalent world-wide, as functional food supplements with many benefits for humans and animals, such as protective effects against pathogenic infection. We showed that oral supplementation of Lactobacillus pentosus AT6 (AT6) decreased the mortality rate of mice with Salmonella infection. A series of experiments showed that the protective effects of AT6 on mice involved multiple mechanisms, including (1) the inhibition of Salmonella Typhimurium growth by AT6 or its cell-free culture supern...

Effects of mucus thickness and goblet cell hyperplasia on microdosimetric quantities characterizing the bronchial epithelium upon radon exposure.

The most exposed tissue upon radon exposure is the bronchial epithelium where goblet cells serve as responsive and adaptable front-line defenders. They can rapidly produce a vast amount of mucus, and can change in number, in response to airway insults. The objective of the present study is to quantify the effects of mucus discharge and goblet cell hyperplasia on the microscopic dose consequences of macroscopic radon exposures.

The immunobiology of ubiquitin-dependent B cell receptor functions.

MHC class II-restricted antigen presentation by dendritic cells is necessary for activation of naïve CD4 T cells, whereas class II-restricted antigen presentation by B lymphocytes and macrophages is important for the recruitment of CD4+ helper and regulatory T cells. Antigen presentation by B cells is also important for induction of T cell tolerance. B cells are unique among these three types of MHC class II-expressing antigen presenting cells (APC) as they constitutively express high levels of cell surfac...

Modifications of cholera toxin subunit B binding to human large intestinal epithelium. An immunohistochemical study.

Binding of cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) to its receptor and toxin transport into the intestinal epithelial cells are the causative events for the potentially lethal disease cholera. The five sugar mono-sialo ganglioside GM1 is the cell surface receptor for cholera toxin B-subunit. CTB binding was determined by use of immobilized GM1 to microtiter plates and by immunohistochemistry. Sections from the human colon and the human soft palate were incubated with FITC-conjugated CTB and with anti-MUC2. Both the l...

Evaluation of phenotypic and functional stability of RAW 264.7 cell line through serial passages.

Established cell lines are widely used in research, however an appealing question is the comparability of the cells between various laboratories, their characteristics and stability in time. Problematic is also the cell line misidentification, genetic and phenotypic shift or Mycoplasma contamination which are often forgotten in research papers. The monocyte/macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7 has been one of the most commonly used myeloid cell line for more than 40 years. Despite its phenotypic and function...

Effect of Succinic Acid on Elimination of Salmonella in Chicken Meat.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selected concentrations of succinic acid on the survival of Salmonella on microbiological media and on the surfaces of chicken carcasses. Samples were inoculated with Salmonella serovars Enteritidis, Typhimurium, Hadar, Infantis, and Virchow. Each strain from each dilution was plated on nutrient agar without chemical substances (pH 6.75, control) or with 0.02% (pH 5.73), 0.05% (pH 4.77), 0.1% (pH 4.42), or 0.25% (pH 3.90) succinic acid. The addition of 0....

The Characterization of Biofilm Formation and Detection of Biofilm-Related Genes in Salmonella Isolated from Beef Processing Plants.

The biofilm formation behavior of Salmonella isolated from beef processing plants was investigated under varying temperatures (4°C, 10°C, 25°C, 37°C, and 42°C) and pH (4.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0). The relationships between the presence of biofilm-related genes and the biofilm formation capacity were evaluated. A total of 77 Salmonella strains in 8 different serotypes were assessed: Salmonella Agona (n = 43), Salmonella Senftenberg (n = 13), Salmonella Meleagridis (n = 8), Salmonella D...

Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix: Case report of a high grade tumor in a 20-year-old.

Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) is an extraordinarily rare appendiceal tumor that is usually an incidental diagnosis on post-operative histology. It typically presents in the fifth or sixth decade of life. Our patient is the only reported case study of GCC in a pediatric-young adult. Due to its potentially poor prognosis, GCC is surgically treated as an adenocarcinoma, with right hemicolectomy as the mainstay of treatment.

High MUC2 mucin biosynthesis in goblet cells impedes restitution and wound healing by elevating endoplasmic reticulum stress and altered production of growth factors.

Intestinal epithelial cell wound healing involves cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Although numerous studies have analyzed the migration of absorptive epithelial cells during wound healing, it remains unclear how goblet cells restitute and how MUC2 mucin production affects this process. In this study, we examined the role of high MUC2 production in goblet cell migration during wound healing and demonstrated that during high MUC2 output, goblet cells migrated slower due to impaired product...

Hoodwinking the Big-Eater to Prosper: The Salmonella-Macrophage Paradigm.

Salmonella is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing and underdeveloped nations. Being a foodborne disease, Salmonella infection is primarily contracted through the ingestion of contaminated food or water, or due to close contact with infected/carrier individuals. It is an intracellular pathogen, which can survive and replicate in various cells including macrophages, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and other white blood cells. Once Salmonella crosses the intestinal barrier, it dissemi...

Genetically engineered cell factories produce glycoengineered vaccines that target antigen presenting cells and reduce antigen specific T-cell reactivity.

Introduction of glycans in the allergen Bet v 1 increases uptake in antigen presenting cells and draining lymph nodes. Glycans also induce T cell activation in patient samples and improve tolerance induction in mice.

B Cell Receptor Crosslinking Augments Germinal Center B Cell Selection when T Cell Help Is Limiting.

Antigen-dependent engagement of germinal center (GC) B cell receptors (BCRs) promotes antigen internalization and presentation for follicular helper T cells. However, whether BCR signaling is critical or synergistic with T cell help for GC B cell selection or differentiation is unclear. Here, by adapting an experimental approach that enables independent delivery of BCR-crosslinking antigen or T cell help to GC B cells in vivo, we showed that T cell help was sufficient to induce GC B cell expansion and ...

Sustained cross-presentation capacity of murine splenic dendritic cell subsets in vivo.

An exclusive feature of dendritic cells (DCs) is their ability to cross-present exogenous antigens in MHC class I molecules. We analyzed the fate of protein antigen in antigen presenting cell (APC) subsets after uptake of naturally formed antigen-antibody complexes in vivo. We observed that murine splenic DC subsets were able to present antigen in vivo for at least a week. After ex vivo isolation of four APC subsets, the presence of antigen in the storage compartments was visualized by confocal microscopy. ...

OxyR positively and directly regulates Vi polysaccharide capsular antigen in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is a human enteropathogen that can overcome oxidative stress and survive in macrophages. OxyR is an important part of the antioxidant defense system. S. Typhi expresses a virulence (Vi) polysaccharide capsular antigen, which provides the bacterium with the ability to avoid host defenses and suppress detection by the innate immune system. This study investigated the effect of OxyR on Vi antigen in S. Typhi. In the oxyR mutant strain, microarray analysis, quantitat...

Biofilm formation and potential virulence factors of Salmonella strains isolated from ready-to-eat shrimps.

Salmonella species is an important foodborne pathogen with the non-typhoidal serovars such as Enteritidis and Typhimurium as the most predominant strains. This study examines the biofilm formation, phenotypic virulence factors and cell surface characteristics of Salmonella strains from ready-to-eat shrimps. The ready-to-eat shrimps were obtained from open markets between November 2016 and October 2017 in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria. The occurrence of Salmonella strains in this study was 210/1440 (14.58%) ...

Carbon nanotube-based aptasensor for sensitive electrochemical detection of whole-cell Salmonella.

In this study, an amino-modified aptasensor using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)-deposited ITO electrode was prepared and evaluated for the detection of pathogenic Salmonella bacteria. An amino-modified aptamer (ssDNA) which binds selectively to whole-cell Salmonella was immobilised on the COOH-rich MWCNTs to produce the ssDNA/MWCNT/ITO electrode. The morphology of the MWCNT before and after interaction with the aptamers were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cyclic voltammetry and ...

Contribution of SPI-1 bistability to Salmonella enterica cooperative virulence: insights from single cell analysis.

Salmonella enterica pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1) is a gene cluster that encodes a type III secretion system and effectors involved in epithelial cell invasion. SPI-1 undergoes bistable expression, with concomitant formation of SPI-1 and SPI-1 lineages. This study describes single cell analysis of SP1-1 bistability and epithelial cell invasion, and reports the unsuspected observation that optimal invasion of epithelial cells requires the presence of both SPI-1 and SPI-1 subpopulations. The contribution of ...

Therapeutic advantage of genetically engineered Salmonella typhimurium carrying short hairpin RNA against inhibin alpha subunit in cancer treatment.

In contrast to its well-known endocrine function, the role of inhibin in cancer development and therapeutic response is unclear. Salmonella, particularly less toxic attenuated Salmonella strains, are used to treat cancer in two ways. First, Salmonella accumulate around tumors, penetrate the cell barrier, and replicate inside the tumors. Second, Salmonella can act as a vehicle for delivering anti-cancer agents or pro-apoptotic genes to attack tumors. In this study, we aimed to develop a suitable cancer thera...

Repositioning of anti-cancer drug candidate, AZD7762, to an anti-allergic drug suppressing IgE-mediated mast cells and allergic responses via the inhibition of Lyn and Fyn.

Mast cells are critical effector cells in IgE-mediated allergic responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-allergic effects of 3-[(aminocarbonyl)amino]-5-(3-fluorophenyl)-N-(3S)-3-piperidinyl-2-thiophenecarboxamide (AZD7762) in vitro and in vivo. AZD7762 inhibited the antigen-stimulated degranulation from RBL-2H3 (IC, ∼ 27.9 nM) and BMMCs (IC, ∼ 99.3 nM) in a dose-dependent manner. AZD7762 also inhibited the production of TNF-α and IL-4. As the mechanism of its action, AZD7762 inhibit...

Myosin IIa Promotes Antibody Responses by Regulating B Cell Activation, Acquisition of Antigen, and Proliferation.

B cell responses are regulated by antigen acquisition, processing, and presentation to helper T cells. These functions are thought to depend on contractile activity of non-muscle myosin IIa. Here, we show that B cell-specific deletion of the myosin IIa heavy chain reduced the numbers of bone marrow B cell precursors and splenic marginal zone, peritoneal B1b, and germinal center B cells. In addition, myosin IIa-deficient follicular B cells acquired an activated phenotype and were less efficient in chemokine...

Lipids hide or step aside for CD1-autoreactive T cell receptors.

Peptide and lipid antigens are presented to T cells when bound to MHC or CD1 proteins, respectively. The general paradigm of T cell antigen recognition is that T cell receptors (TCRs) co-recognize an epitope comprised of the antigen and antigen presenting molecule. Here we review the latest studies in which T cells operate outside the co-recognition paradigm: TCRs can broadly contact CD1 itself, but not the carried lipid. The essential structural feature in these new mechanisms is a large 'antigen free' zon...


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