Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella" RSS

06:28 EDT 20th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Goblet Cell Associated Antigen Passages Inhibited During Salmonella Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Goblet cell associated antigen passages inhibited during Salmonella" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

Goblet cell produced retinoic acid suppresses CD86 expression and IL-12 production in bone marrow derived cells.

Conjunctival goblet cell loss in ocular surface diseases is accompanied by increased number of IL-12 producing antigen presenting cells (APC) and increased IFN- expression. This study tested the hypothesis that mouse conjunctival goblet cells produce biologically active retinoic acid (RA) that suppresses CD86 expression and IL-12 production by myeloid cells. We found conditioned media from cultured conjunctival goblet cells (CjCM) suppressed stimulated CD86 expression, NF-κB p65 activation and IL-12 and IF...


Mechanisms to Evade the Phagocyte Respiratory Burst Arose by Convergent Evolution in Typhoidal Salmonella Serovars.

Typhoid fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar (S.) Typhi differs in its clinical presentation from gastroenteritis caused by S. Typhimurium and other non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars. The different clinical presentations are attributed in part to the virulence-associated capsular polysaccharide (Vi antigen) of S. Typhi, which prevents phagocytes from triggering a respiratory burst by preventing antibody-mediated complement activation. Paradoxically, the Vi antigen is absent from S. Paratyphi A, which...

Histologic and Outcome Study Supports Reclassifying Appendiceal Goblet Cell Carcinoids as Goblet Cell Adenocarcinomas, and Grading and Staging Similarly to Colonic Adenocarcinomas.

Goblet cell carcinoid tumors are amphicrine tumors whose biological behavior ranges from indolent to highly aggressive, depending on tumor grade. Current grading systems for these tumors are based on identifying an adenocarcinoma arising in the setting of a goblet cell carcinoid tumor, which distinguishes this tumor from other gastrointestinal tract adenocarcinomas. Because goblet cell tumors are predominantly tumors of mucin secreting cells, we propose that they be classified as goblet cell adenocarcinomas...


Less Is Best in the Convergent Evolution of Typhoidal Salmonella.

Related works in this issue of Cell Host & Microbe (Bronner et al., 2018) and in a recent issue of Cell Reports (Hiyoshi et al., 2018) demonstrate how loss-of-function mutations in butyrate utilization and lipopolysaccharide O-antigen processing contribute to evasion of innate host defenses and the convergent evolution of distinct typhoidal Salmonella lineages.

Signaling pathways activated by resolvin E1 to stimulate mucin secretion and increase intracellular Ca in cultured rat conjunctival goblet cells.

Glycoconjugate mucin secretion from conjunctival goblet cells is tightly regulated by nerves and specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) to maintain ocular surface health. Here we investigated the actions of the SPM resolvin E1 (RvE1) on cultured rat conjunctival goblet cell glycoconjugate secretion and intracellular [Ca] ([Ca]) and the signaling pathways used by RvE1. Goblet cells were cultured from rat conjunctiva in RPMI medium. The amount of RvE1-stimulated glycoconjugate mucin secretion was determin...

Mechanics of antigen extraction in the B cell synapse.

B cell encounter with antigen displayed on antigen-presenting cells leads to B cell immune synapse formation, internalisation of the antigen, and stimulation of antibody responses. The sensitivity with which B cells detect antigen, and the quality and quantity of antigen that B cells acquire, depend upon mechanical properties of the immune synapse including interfacial tension, the strength of intermolecular bonds, and the compliance of the molecules and membranes that participate in antigen presentation. I...

Effect of dietary Bacillus coagulans supplementation on growth performance and immune responses of broiler chickens challenged by Salmonella enteritidis.

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective efficacy of dietary Bacillus coagulans (B. coagulans) supplementation in birds receiving Salmonella enteritidis (SE). Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb broilers were randomly assigned to 2 × 2 factorial arrangements of treatments with 2 levels of dietary B. coagulans (0 or 400 mg/kg) and 2 levels of SE challenge (0 or 1 × 109 SE between d 9 to 11). Results showed that SE infection did not affect growth performance, but caused intestinal inflammation ...

Multiple mechanisms applied by Lactobacillus pentosus AT6 to mute the lethal effects of Salmonella in a mouse model.

Probiotics are now prevalent world-wide, as functional food supplements with many benefits for humans and animals, such as protective effects against pathogenic infection. We showed that oral supplementation of Lactobacillus pentosus AT6 (AT6) decreased the mortality rate of mice with Salmonella infection. A series of experiments showed that the protective effects of AT6 on mice involved multiple mechanisms, including (1) the inhibition of Salmonella Typhimurium growth by AT6 or its cell-free culture supern...

The immunobiology of ubiquitin-dependent B cell receptor functions.

MHC class II-restricted antigen presentation by dendritic cells is necessary for activation of naïve CD4 T cells, whereas class II-restricted antigen presentation by B lymphocytes and macrophages is important for the recruitment of CD4+ helper and regulatory T cells. Antigen presentation by B cells is also important for induction of T cell tolerance. B cells are unique among these three types of MHC class II-expressing antigen presenting cells (APC) as they constitutively express high levels of cell surfac...

Modifications of cholera toxin subunit B binding to human large intestinal epithelium. An immunohistochemical study.

Binding of cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) to its receptor and toxin transport into the intestinal epithelial cells are the causative events for the potentially lethal disease cholera. The five sugar mono-sialo ganglioside GM1 is the cell surface receptor for cholera toxin B-subunit. CTB binding was determined by use of immobilized GM1 to microtiter plates and by immunohistochemistry. Sections from the human colon and the human soft palate were incubated with FITC-conjugated CTB and with anti-MUC2. Both the l...

Effect of Succinic Acid on Elimination of Salmonella in Chicken Meat.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selected concentrations of succinic acid on the survival of Salmonella on microbiological media and on the surfaces of chicken carcasses. Samples were inoculated with Salmonella serovars Enteritidis, Typhimurium, Hadar, Infantis, and Virchow. Each strain from each dilution was plated on nutrient agar without chemical substances (pH 6.75, control) or with 0.02% (pH 5.73), 0.05% (pH 4.77), 0.1% (pH 4.42), or 0.25% (pH 3.90) succinic acid. The addition of 0....

Evaluation of phenotypic and functional stability of RAW 264.7 cell line through serial passages.

Established cell lines are widely used in research, however an appealing question is the comparability of the cells between various laboratories, their characteristics and stability in time. Problematic is also the cell line misidentification, genetic and phenotypic shift or Mycoplasma contamination which are often forgotten in research papers. The monocyte/macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7 has been one of the most commonly used myeloid cell line for more than 40 years. Despite its phenotypic and function...

The Characterization of Biofilm Formation and Detection of Biofilm-Related Genes in Salmonella Isolated from Beef Processing Plants.

The biofilm formation behavior of Salmonella isolated from beef processing plants was investigated under varying temperatures (4°C, 10°C, 25°C, 37°C, and 42°C) and pH (4.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0). The relationships between the presence of biofilm-related genes and the biofilm formation capacity were evaluated. A total of 77 Salmonella strains in 8 different serotypes were assessed: Salmonella Agona (n = 43), Salmonella Senftenberg (n = 13), Salmonella Meleagridis (n = 8), Salmonella D...

Diagnostic accuracy of antigen-based immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of Salmonella in blood culture broth.

In low resource settings, Salmonella serovars frequently cause bloodstream infections. This study investigated the diagnostic performance of immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), which detect Salmonella antigens, when applied to stored grown blood culture broth.

Driving CARs on the uneven road of antigen heterogeneity in solid tumors.

Uniform and strong expression of CD19, a cell surface antigen, on cells of B-cell lineage is unique to hematologic malignancies. Tumor-associated antigen (TAA) targets in solid tumors exhibit heterogeneity with regards to intensity and distribution, posing a challenge for chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. Novel CAR designs, such as dual TAA-targeted CARs, tandem CARs, and switchable CARs, in conjunction with inhibitory CARs, are being investigated as means to overcome antigen heterogeneity. In...

Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix: Case report of a high grade tumor in a 20-year-old.

Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) is an extraordinarily rare appendiceal tumor that is usually an incidental diagnosis on post-operative histology. It typically presents in the fifth or sixth decade of life. Our patient is the only reported case study of GCC in a pediatric-young adult. Due to its potentially poor prognosis, GCC is surgically treated as an adenocarcinoma, with right hemicolectomy as the mainstay of treatment.

High MUC2 mucin biosynthesis in goblet cells impedes restitution and wound healing by elevating endoplasmic reticulum stress and altered production of growth factors.

Intestinal epithelial cell wound healing involves cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Although numerous studies have analyzed the migration of absorptive epithelial cells during wound healing, it remains unclear how goblet cells restitute and how MUC2 mucin production affects this process. In this study, we examined the role of high MUC2 production in goblet cell migration during wound healing and demonstrated that during high MUC2 output, goblet cells migrated slower due to impaired product...

Hoodwinking the Big-Eater to Prosper: The Salmonella-Macrophage Paradigm.

Salmonella is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing and underdeveloped nations. Being a foodborne disease, Salmonella infection is primarily contracted through the ingestion of contaminated food or water, or due to close contact with infected/carrier individuals. It is an intracellular pathogen, which can survive and replicate in various cells including macrophages, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and other white blood cells. Once Salmonella crosses the intestinal barrier, it dissemi...

Genetically engineered cell factories produce glycoengineered vaccines that target antigen presenting cells and reduce antigen specific T-cell reactivity.

Introduction of glycans in the allergen Bet v 1 increases uptake in antigen presenting cells and draining lymph nodes. Glycans also induce T cell activation in patient samples and improve tolerance induction in mice.

Sustained cross-presentation capacity of murine splenic dendritic cell subsets in vivo.

An exclusive feature of dendritic cells (DCs) is their ability to cross-present exogenous antigens in MHC class I molecules. We analyzed the fate of protein antigen in antigen presenting cell (APC) subsets after uptake of naturally formed antigen-antibody complexes in vivo. We observed that murine splenic DC subsets were able to present antigen in vivo for at least a week. After ex vivo isolation of four APC subsets, the presence of antigen in the storage compartments was visualized by confocal microscopy. ...

OxyR positively and directly regulates Vi polysaccharide capsular antigen in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is a human enteropathogen that can overcome oxidative stress and survive in macrophages. OxyR is an important part of the antioxidant defense system. S. Typhi expresses a virulence (Vi) polysaccharide capsular antigen, which provides the bacterium with the ability to avoid host defenses and suppress detection by the innate immune system. This study investigated the effect of OxyR on Vi antigen in S. Typhi. In the oxyR mutant strain, microarray analysis, quantitat...

Carbon nanotube-based aptasensor for sensitive electrochemical detection of whole-cell Salmonella.

In this study, an amino-modified aptasensor using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)-deposited ITO electrode was prepared and evaluated for the detection of pathogenic Salmonella bacteria. An amino-modified aptamer (ssDNA) which binds selectively to whole-cell Salmonella was immobilised on the COOH-rich MWCNTs to produce the ssDNA/MWCNT/ITO electrode. The morphology of the MWCNT before and after interaction with the aptamers were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cyclic voltammetry and ...

Primary glioblastoma cells for precision medicine: a quantitative portrait of genomic (in)stability during the first 30 passages.

Primary glioblastoma cell (GC) cultures have emerged as a key model in brain tumor research, with the potential to uncover patient-specific differences in therapy response. However, there is limited quantitative information about the stability of such cells during the initial 20-30 passages of culture.

Rapid molecular identification and differentiation of common Salmonella serovars isolated from poultry, domestic animals and foodstuff using multiplex PCR assay.

Salmonella is widely distributed throughout the world and can be found in poultry industry, animal breeding centers, food and feedstuffs of all geographical regions. This study was conducted to determine and identify Salmonella serovars isolated from poultry, calves and foodstuffs (poultry and animals products such as egg and meat). A total of one hundred isolates of Salmonella serovars including Salmonella Typhimurium, Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Infantis, Salmonella Gallinarum and Salmonella Pullor...

Therapeutic advantage of genetically engineered Salmonella typhimurium carrying short hairpin RNA against inhibin alpha subunit in cancer treatment.

In contrast to its well-known endocrine function, the role of inhibin in cancer development and therapeutic response is unclear. Salmonella, particularly less toxic attenuated Salmonella strains, are used to treat cancer in two ways. First, Salmonella accumulate around tumors, penetrate the cell barrier, and replicate inside the tumors. Second, Salmonella can act as a vehicle for delivering anti-cancer agents or pro-apoptotic genes to attack tumors. In this study, we aimed to develop a suitable cancer thera...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement