PubMed Journals Articles About "Grandparents Central Success Obesity Prevention Chinese Kids" RSS

14:50 EST 22nd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Grandparents Central Success Obesity Prevention Chinese Kids" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

Association of Normal-Weight Central Obesity With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women.

Current public health guidelines for obesity prevention and control focus on promoting a normal body mass index (BMI), rarely addressing central obesity, which is reflected by high waist circumference (WC) and common in the general population. Studies of the association of normal-weight central obesity with long-term health outcomes are sparse.

The CHIRPY DRAGON intervention in preventing obesity in Chinese primary-school--aged children: A cluster-randomised controlled trial.

In countries undergoing rapid economic transition such as China, rates of increase in childhood obesity exceed that in the West. However, prevention trials in these countries are inadequate in both quantity and methodological quality. In high-income countries, recent reviews have demonstrated that school-based prevention interventions are moderately effective but have some methodological limitations. To address these issues, this study evaluated clinical- and cost- effectiveness of the Chinese Primary Schoo...

The Relationship Between BMI, Body Composition, and Fat Mass Distribution in Rou-en-Y Gastric Bypass Patients.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with central obesity is a common clinical presentation in Chinese patients. Body mass index (BMI) is a criterion determining central obesity that, when combined with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), accurately reflects body composition and fat mass distribution. The utility of DXA-derived measures in the evaluation of metabolic surgery still needs to be investigated.

Circannual growth in Wisconsin children and adolescents: Identifying optimal periods of obesity prevention.

Recent studies suggest kids tend to gain the most weight in summer, but schools are chastised for supporting obesogenic environments. Conclusions on circannual weight gain are hampered by infrequent body mass index (BMI) measurements, and guidance is limited on the optimal timeframe for paediatric weight interventions.

Association between community greenness and obesity in urban-dwelling Chinese adults.

Living in greener places may protect against obesity, but epidemiological evidence is inconsistent and mainly comes from developed nations. We aimed to investigate the association between greenness and obesity in Chinese adults and to assess air pollution and physical activity as mediators of the association. We recruited 24,845 adults from the 33 Communities Chinese Health Study in 2009. Central and peripheral obesity were defined by waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI), respectively, based o...

Predictors of Risk and Success of Obesity Surgery.

Obesity surgery has proven successful for weight loss and the resolution of comorbidities. There is, however, little evidence on its success and the risk of complications when considering age of onset of obesity (AOO), years of obesity (YOO), preoperative body mass index (BMI), Edmonton obesity staging system (EOSS) score, and age as possible predictors of weight loss, the resolution of comorbidities, and the risk of complications.

Obesity prevention and the Global Syndemic: Challenges and opportunities for the World Obesity Federation.

Obesity Prevention Interventions and Implications for Energy Balance in the United States and Mexico: A Systematic Review of the Evidence and Meta-Analysis.

Obesity is preventable and yet continues to be a major risk factor for chronic disease. Multiple prevention approaches have been proposed across multiple settings where people live, work, learn, worship, and play. This review searched the vast literature on obesity prevention interventions to assess their effects on daily energy consumed and energy expended.

Multilevel legal approaches to obesity prevention: A conceptual and methodological toolkit.

State lawmakers have explored numerous policy alternatives to reduce overweight and obesity. Evaluating effects of these laws is important but presents substantial methodological challenges. We present a conceptual framework that allows for classification of obesity prevention laws based on ecological level of influence and the underlying legal mechanism involved to guide analysis of the relationship between a substantial range of obesity prevention laws and BMI.

The implications of childcare on grandparents' health self-management in a Chinese elderly population.

Grandparents caring for grandchildren has become a common experience in China. However, the health implications of grandparenting, especially for health self-management, remain unclear. A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effects of grandparenting on health self-management in older adults in China. Information on socioeconomic characteristics, grandparenting, and health self-management was collected through interviewer-administered questionnaires. Age less than 50, male gender, higher e...

Central blood pressure in morbid obesity and after bariatric surgery.

Various mechanisms are related to arterial hypertension in obesity. Central blood pressure (BP) seems to correlate more than peripheral BP with future cardiovascular risk. Bariatric surgery is an effective method to reduce BP along with weight loss in patients with morbid obesity. The study of the relationship between weight modification after bariatric surgery and ambulatory BP measurement, not only peripheral BP, but also central BP, could provide information regarding the mechanisms of organic damage ass...


Objective - to conduct an analysis and synthesis of scientific literature on the problem of overweight and obesity in children, national and foreign scientific sources, international and national statistical databases, on recommendations of international strategic documents on prevention of obesity among children, legal acts on prevention of obesity among children in Ukraine. The analysis of international research and recommendations on the prevention of obesity in children. Methods of research: biblioseman...

Economic evaluation of a childhood obesity prevention programme for children: Results from the WAVES cluster randomised controlled trial conducted in schools.

Childhood obesity is a serious public health challenge and schools have been identified as an ideal place to implement prevention interventions. The aim of this study was to measure the cost-effectiveness of a multi-faceted school-based obesity prevention intervention targeting children aged 6-7 years when compared to 'usual activities'.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the overall effects of school-based obesity prevention interventions and effect differences by intervention components.

Childhood obesity is a serious public health concern. School-based interventions hold great promise to combat the rising trend of childhood obesity. This systematic review aimed to assess the overall effects of school-based obesity prevention interventions, and to investigate characteristics of intervention components that are potentially effective for preventing childhood obesity.

Blood lactate, pH, base excess and pCO as prognostic indicators in caesarean-born kids from goats with pregnancy toxaemia.

The objective of this study was to identify the prognostic value for survival of blood parameters in the immediate post-caesarean surgery period in kids born from pregnancy toxaemia (PT) goats. This study involved 10 PT goats, in which a caesarean surgery was performed. Twenty-five kids were born after caesarean surgery of which 16 survived. A blood sample was collected from the jugular vein of the 10 goats and from the kids immediately after caesarean surgery (within 15 min). There were differences betwe...

Interaction of central obesity and sarcopenia on nutritional status in the community-dwelling older people.

To investigate the interrelationships between central obesity, sarcopenia and nutritional status in the elderly.

Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Obesity and Bariatric Surgery in Chinese Nurses.

Obesity has become a global epidemic. Surgical treatment of obesity and metabolic disorders in China is increasing rapidly, but it is still a new discipline even to health professionals. As an important member of the multidisciplinary team, the knowledge and attitudes of nurses provide crucial health care to the patients and support to surgeons.

Interaction of tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption with obesity on cardiovascular disease in a Chinese cohort.

We aimed to detect the synergistic effect between alcohol drinking, smoking and obesity on incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a Chinese population- based cohort.

Comparison of the energy and metabolic nutritional profile of women with central obesity of socioeconomic classes A/B vs C/D/E.

to describe the characteristics of food consumption and energy intake of women with central obesity of socioeconomic classes A/B vs C/D/E.

Relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and obesity in Chinese adults: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Obesity is highly prevalent worldwide. More and more studies have been conducted on the relationship between H. pylori infection and obesity or overweight. But the relationship between them is controversial in the literatures and there is no comprehensive evidence for the correlation.

Global Implementation of Obesity Prevention Policies: a Review of Progress, Politics, and the Path Forward.

This review describes policy and regulatory strategies to prevent obesity and summarizes worldwide progress and impediments to scaling up strategies globally.

Impact of Parent Engagement in Childhood Obesity Prevention Interventions on Anthropometric Indices among Preschool Children: A Systematic Review.

Home environment, modeling of weight-related behaviors, and general parenting style are very important predictors of obesity in children. The effect of parent engagement in prevention of obesity in children is not clear. The main objective of this systematic review was to address the effects of parent engagement in obesity prevention interventions on anthropometric changes among preschool children. PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Science Direct, and Google Scholar were searc...

Current status and challenges of prevention and control of esophageal cancer in China.

This article summarizedthe current situation of prevention and control of esophageal cancer in China and briefly introducedthe main measures and challenges of primary prevention and secondary prevention. Suggestions on the prevention and control of esophageal cancer wereproposed in consideration with the core content of this issue including disease burden, risk factors, screening and early diagnosis and treatment.

National policies to prevent obesity in early childhood: Using policy mapping to compare policy lessons for Australia with six developed countries.

Interventions for obesity prevention in early childhood (first 5 years of life) are likely to have a significant preventive health impact. This mapping review identified recommended policy options for the Australian Federal Government (AFG) by comparing countries with similar population, income, and language to Australia. Policies were mapped in six countries using two matrices. The first matrix examined policy context, describing obesity prevention governance. The second matrix examined policy content, com...

Totally implantable central venous port: analysis of complications and their prevention.

To analyze postoperative complications of totally implantable central venous port system (TIPCVP) deployment and develop methods of their prevention.

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