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Gustin Gene Polymorphism And 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) Taste PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Gustin Gene Polymorphism And 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) Taste articles that have been published worldwide.
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Chronic cigarette smoking may influence chemosensory function, which in turn, may affect cigarette usage. Because menthol in cigarettes can attenuate nicotine bitterness, choice of menthol/nonmenthol cigarettes may be influenced by ability to perceive bitterness. We examined chemosensory function of chronic smokers, hypothesizing they would show altered function in comparison to non-smokers and by menthol cigarette preference. In laboratory-based measures, chronic smokers (N = 135; 84 menthol smokers) s...
Despite considerable research investigating the role of PROP bitterness perception and variation of fungiform papillae density (FPD) in food perception, this relationship remains controversial as well as the association between the two phenotypes. Data from 1119 subjects (38.6% male; 18-60 years) enrolled in the Italian Taste project were analysed. Responsiveness to the bitterness of PROP was assessed on the general Labelled Magnitude Scale. FPD was determined from manual counting on digital images of the t...
to define the cadherin 2 (CDH2) gene polymorphism in Chinese osteoarthritis and control populations and to explore the correlation between CDH2 gene polymorphism and the risk of osteoarthritis.
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene 1166A>C polymorphism is strongly associated with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and predicts the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS). There is little information about the gene-diet interactions associated with MetS. This investigation examined the interaction between dietary patterns and AT1R polymorphism in relation to development risk of MetS.
Taste is crucial for patient acceptability and compliance with prescribed medicines, in particular with pediatric patients. Evaluating the taste of new active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) is therefore essential to put in place adequate taste-masking techniques, if needed, which will lead to acceptable palatable formulations. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop and optimize taste assessment methods that could be used at different stages of the drug development process. The aim of this study was to ...
This study aimed to find associations between miR-328 expression in whole blood, polymorphism at 3'UTR of the PAX6 gene (paired box homeotic gene 6) and myopia.
An intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a weak or thin area on a blood vessel in the brain that balloons as it fills with blood. Genetic factors can influence the risk of developing an aneurism. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and IA in Kazakh population. The patients were genotyped for 60 single nucleotide polymorphisms. Genotyping was performed on the QuantStudio 12K Flex (Life Technologies). A linear regression analysis found 13 SNPs' sign...
Taste receptors (TRs) are seven trans-membrane G protein-coupled receptors as well as the interface between internal and external milieus, which playing pivotal roles in nutrient identification and acquisition. To better understand the scope and function of tr gene family in common carp, one of the most economic and important breeding fish species, which has undergone an additional round of whole genome duplication (WGD), we characterized 13 tr gene homologues including eight type I and five type II taste r...
Cells can communicate with one another through physical connections and chemical signaling, activating various signaling pathways that can affect cellular functions and behaviors. In taste buds, taste cells transmit taste information to neurons via paracrine signaling. However, no previous studies have reported the in vitro co-culture of taste and neuronal cells, which allows us to monitor intercellular communications and better understand the mechanism of taste perception. Here, we introduce the first inve...
A common polymorphism (677C to T; Ala to Val) in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with decreased specific MTHFR activity and elevation of the homocysteine.
Genetic polymorphism has great influences on the improvement of cattle traits. The polymorphism of the same gene family will greatly change the growth traits of cattle, such as the pleomorphic adenoma gene (PLAG) family. Many studies have shown that the PLAG family proteins are the transcription regulators of nuclear protein, which mainly regulates the expression of many important genes in the body. In cattle, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within or near the PLAG1 gene is associated with economic t...
Allelic duality and functional impact of degenerate repeat at 5'- flanking promoter region in SLC6A4 gene of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR), have been in the focus of investigations over the years. Various outcomes regarding an association of its polymorphism with risks of alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS) were presented. Such studies have not been conducted in the Eastern European population e.g. Belarus. We therefore checked: the association of 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with ADS, and functional impact o...
The emerging importance of taste in medicine and biomedical research, and new knowledge about its genetic underpinnings, has motivated us to supplement classic taste-testing methods in two ways. First, we explain how to do a brief assessment of the mouth, including the tongue, to ensure that taste papillae are present and to note evidence of relevant disease. Second, we draw on genetics to validate taste test data by comparing reports of perceived bitterness intensity and inborn receptor genotypes. Discorda...
Taste is mediated by multicellular taste buds distributed throughout the oral and pharyngeal cavities. The taste buds can detect five basic tastes: sour, sweet, bitter, salty and umami, allowing mammals to select nutritious foods and avoid the ingestion of toxic and rotten foods. Once developed, the taste buds undergo continuous renewal throughout the adult life. In the past decade, significant progress has been achived in delineating the cellular and molecular mechanisms governing taste buds development an...
Genetic factors contribute significantly to type 1 diabetes (T1D) etiology. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the CD226 gene (rs763361 C>T) has been associated with T1D susceptibility in European patients, but data from other populations is limited. Our aim was to study the contribution of this polymorphism to T1D susceptibility among Egyptian children.
The angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is closely associated with cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease. Most studies on ACE2 gene polymorphism focused on its relations with cardiovascular disease, but there was a lack of research on its relations with stroke. Our study aimed to explore the association between 4 single-nucleotidepolymorphisms (SNPs) of ACE2 gene polymorphism and stroke recurrence.
Wound healing can be a painful and time-consuming process in patients with diabetes mellitus. In light of this, the use of wound healing devices could help to accelerate this process. Here, cellulose-based films loaded with vitamin C (VitC) and/or propolis (Prop), two natural compounds with attractive properties were engineered. The starting materials and the cellulose-based films were characterized in detail. As assessed, vitamin C can be released from the Cel-PVA/VitC and Cel-PVA/VitC/Prop films in a cont...
The rs2147578 C > G polymorphism in the long non-coding RNA gene Lnc-LAMC2-1:1 is associated with increased susceptibility to a few types of cancers. However, its role in neuroblastoma has not been evaluated yet.
The present study investigated the association between the G(-248)A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) associated X protein (Bax), which is a pro-apoptosis gene and the clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of patients with esophagus cancer. Three genotypes (AA, AG and GG) of Bax G(-248)A SNP were detected in 75 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) via polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)....
The -94 ATTG insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs28362491) is an important functional polymorphism in the NFKB1 gene. It has been shown that rs28362491 is associated with many diseases. The purpose of this study was to establish a simple and reliable method to detect the ATTG insertion/deletion polymorphism.
Eating a new food is a unique event that guides future food choices. A key element for these choices is the perception of flavor (odor-taste associations), a multisensory process dependent upon taste and smell. The two primary cortical areas for taste and smell, gustatory cortex and piriform cortex, are thought to be crucial regions for processing and responding to odor-taste mixtures. To determine how previous experience impacts the primary chemosensory cortices, we compared the expression of the immediate...
To determine the allelic and genotypic frequencies of rs 412777 polymorphism in the Collagen type I alpha 2 chain (COL1A2) gene and the association with the severity of dental fluorosis in children between 6 and 12 years old in the State of San Luis Potosi, Mexico.
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and mainly affects skin, peripheral nerves. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism has been found to be associated with leprosy. Vitamin D has been shown to control several host immunomodulating properties through VDR gene. Vitamin D deficiency was also found to be linked to an increased risk for several infections and metabolic diseases.
Previous results on the association between MTR gene A2756G polymorphism and PCa risk are inconclusive.
The autoimmune regulator (AIRE), a transcriptional regulator expressed in medullary thymic epithelial cells, plays an important role in thymocyte education and negative selection. Several citations studying the association between the rs878081 exon polymorphism of the AIRE gene and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in different populations have yielded conflicting findings. Thus, this case-control study involving 300 RA cases and 300 controls was aimed to identify whether such association existed in a C...