PubMed Journals Articles About "HIV-1 Infected Adult Subjects With HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorders Despite Effective Antiretroviral Therapy" RSS

01:59 EDT 29th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Infected Adult Subjects With associated Neurocognitive Disorders Despite" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

Neurocognitive dysfunction and brain FDG-PET/CT findings in HIV-infected hemophilia patients and HIV-infected non-hemophilia patients.

This single-institution cross-sectional study aimed to grasp the prevalence and features of neurocognitive dysfunction in HIV-infected hemophilia patients in Japan. We conducted neuropsychological tests and medical examinations in 56 HIV-infected hemophilia patients who received outpatient treatment at the AIDS Clinical Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine. A total of 388 HIV-infected non-hemophilia patients who received outpatient treatment at the same institution were included as a contr...

Elevated Plasma Levels of sCD14 and MCP-1 are associated with HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorders among Antiretroviral Naïve Individuals in Nigeria.

Mononuclear cells play key roles in the pathogenesis of HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Limited studies have looked at the association of markers of monocyte activation with HAND in Africa. We examined this association among HIV-1 infected patients in Nigeria.

Machine learning models reveal neurocognitive impairment type and prevalence are associated with distinct variables in HIV/AIDS.

Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) among HIV-infected patients is heterogeneous in its reported presentations and frequencies. To determine the prevalence of NCI and its associated subtypes as well as predictive variables, we investigated patients with HIV/AIDS receiving universal health care. Recruited adult HIV-infected subjects underwent a neuropsychological (NP) test battery with established normative (sex-, age-, and education-matched) values together with assessment of their demographic and clinical vari...

Associations of antiretroviral therapy and comorbidities with neurocognitive outcomes in HIV-1 infected patients.

The aim of this study was to evaluate associations of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy (ART) and comorbidities with neurocognitive impairments (NCIs) in ART-naïve HIV-1 infected patients in clinical practice.

Comparison between the Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment as a Cognitive Screening Tool in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders.

The number of human immunodeficiency virus-associated neurocognitive disorders has increased, reaching more than 50% of the cases. However, there are currently no substantial data on the screening methods for this disease. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the Mini-Mental State Examination to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.

Transdiagnostic neurocognitive subgroups and functional course in young people with emerging mental disorders: a cohort study.

Neurocognitive impairments robustly predict functional outcome. However, heterogeneity in neurocognition is common within diagnostic groups, and data-driven analyses reveal homogeneous neurocognitive subgroups cutting across diagnostic boundaries.

Sleep Disorders in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in an Adult Population-Based Cross-Sectional Survey in Southern Brazil.

To verify the prevalence of sleep disorders in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) subjects in a Brazilian population-based, cross-sectional survey (N = 1,643).

BIS index monitoring and perioperative neurocognitive disorders in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are common in elderly patients after surgery. It has been reported that BIS-guided anesthesia potentially influenced the occurrence of PND. Therefore, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the associations between bispectral index (BIS) monitoring and PND.

Neurometabolic Remodeling in Chronic Hiv Infection: a Five-Year Follow-up Multi-Voxel Mrs Study.

There is a lack of data about the long-term follow-up changes in neurometabolic profile and neuropsychological performance of HIV-positive subjects under continuous antiretroviral therapy (cART). The aim of the study was to assess changes in neurometabolic profile in chronically-infected, HIV-positive subjects during a five-year follow-up period, using multi-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS). Nineteen neurologically asymptomatic, aviremic, HIV-positive subjects, underwent multi-voxel 2D M...

Mobilization of the contralateral limb in Slump position: effects on knee extension in healthy adult subjects.

In the acute phase of neuropathic pain due to nerve root disorders, the neurodynamic approach proposes the mobilization of the contralateral limb to decrease the pain and increase the range of motion in the affected limb. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the contralateral knee mobilization on the ipsilateral knee extension range of motion in Slump position in healthy adult subjects.

Higher soluble CD14 levels are associated with lower visuospatial memory performance in Youth with HIV (YWH).

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders persist despite early antiretroviral therapy (ART) and optimal viral suppression. We examined the relationship between immunopathogenesis driven by various pathways of immune activation and discrete neurocognitive performance domains in youth with HIV (YWH).

Circulating concentration of interleukin-37 in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with peptic ulcer: Its association with IL-37 related gene polymorphisms and bacterial virulence factor CagA.

The immunopathologic responses play a major role in the development of H. pylori (HP)-related gastrointestinal diseases. IL-37 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine with potent suppressive effects on innate and adaptive immune responses. Here, we investigated the IL-37 levels and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including rs3811047 and rs2723176 in IL-37 gene in HP-infected peptic ulcer (PU) patients to identify any relationship. Three groups, including 100 HP-infected PU patients, 100 HP-infected asym...

Cognition, structural brain changes and systemic inflammation in adolescents living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy.

To investigate the association between neurocognitive impairment, neuroimaging and systemic inflammation in perinatally-infected adolescents living with HIV (PHIV) on ART. Systemic inflammation may be one mechanism driving neurocognitive impairment despite ART, but this has not been investigated in adolescence when the brain is undergoing rapid development.

Prevalence and Risk Factors of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders in Rural Southwestern Uganda.

Advances in treatment of HIV have dramatically improved survival rates; HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), however, remain highly prevalent and continue to represent a significant public health problem, especially in resource-limited settings. We completed a cross-sectional study to describe the prevalence and risk factors for HAND in rural Southwestern Uganda AIDS Support Organization Centers. After securing ethical clearance from relevant bodies, 393 participants were screened for HAND using ...

Alterations of social attention in mental disorders: Phenomenology, scope, and future directions for research.

Mental disorders often involve changes in the way subjects attend to other people. However, the nature of these modifications and how they unfold in different pathologies are not sufficiently clear. This article addresses these issues from the perspective of phenomenological psychopathology. The primary goal of the article is to suggest a new way of assessing and distinguishing the alterations of social attention in subjects with mental disorders. The first part of the article characterizes the essential pr...

Decreased circulating interleukin-33 concentration in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with peptic ulcer: Evaluation of its association with a cytokine gene polymorphism, gender of patients and bacterial virulence factor CagA.

IL-33 has powerful immunoregulatory activities such as reinforcement of Th2 cell responses. The aim was to assess the circulating IL-33 levels and IL-33 rs1929992 polymorphism in H. pylori-infected peptic ulcer (PU) patients and asymptomatic (AS) subjects. Blood samples were obtained from 100 PU patients, 100 AS subjects and 100 uninfected individuals. Circulating IL-33 levels were detected by ELISA. After DNA extraction, the IL-33 rs1929992 polymorphism was determined using PCR-RFLP method. Serum IL-33 qua...

Druggable Targets of the Endocannabinoid System: Implications for the Treatment of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder.

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) affects nearly half of all HIV-infected individuals. Synaptodendritic damage correlates with neurocognitive decline in HAND, and many studies have demonstrated that HIV-induced neuronal injury results from excitotoxic and inflammatory mechanisms. The endocannabinoid (eCB) system provides on-demand protection against excitotoxicity and neuroinflammation. Here, we discuss evidence of the neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties of the eCB system from in vi...

Factors associated with the type of mask used during nocturnal NIV in patients with neuromuscular disorders.

In subjects with neuromuscular diseases (NMD), the choice of facemask is essential for successful long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV). While nasal masks usually represent the first line of treatment, almost a third of our subjects with NMD use an oro-nasal interface. Factors associated with the choice of mask remain poorly understood. We provide an original analysis of a previous prospective, multi-centric, Franco-Belgian survey investigating the factors associated with the type of nocturnal mask used i...

Disrupted salience network dynamics in Parkinson's disease patients with impulse control disorders.

Dynamic functional network analysis may add relevant information about the temporal nature of the neurocognitive alterations in PD patients with impulse control disorders (PD-ICD). Our aim was to investigate changes in dynamic functional network connectivity (dFNC) in PD-ICD patients, and topological properties of such networks.

Sex-related differences in intrinsic brain dynamism and their neurocognitive correlates.

The application of dynamic or time-varying connectivity techniques to neuroimaging data represents a new and complementary method to traditional static (time-averaged) methods, capturing additional patterns of variation in human brain function. Dynamic connectivity and related measures of brain dynamism have been detailed in neurotypical brain function, during human development and across neuropsychiatric disorders, and linked to cognitive control and executive function abilities. Despite this large and gro...

Adult outcome in shunted pediatric hydrocephalus: Long-term functional, social, and neurocognitive results.

Very long-term outcomes are rarely reported for patients with shunted pediatric hydrocephalus. This study aimed to determine the functional, social, and neurocognitive outcomes of such patients after transition to adulthood.

Longitudinal cognitive performance in patients with Bipolar Disorder.

Neurocognitive impairments are a rather common occurrence in euthymic Bipolar Disorder (BD) patients. Understanding the degree of longitudinal stability of these deficits is vital in the management and treatment planning of this population of patients. Szmulewicz and colleagues recently have conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that reported on the longitudinal neurocognitive performance in either recent-onset or late-life BD patients.

Cognitive impairment and cardiovascular disease related to alexithymia in a well-controlled HIV-infected population.

Both cognitive diseases and alexithymia may be associated with HIV. Moreover, alexithymia has been linked to cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of alexithymia and its associations with neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and CV risk factors in a well-controlled HIV-positive population. We consecutively enrolled 140 HIV-positive individuals on antiretroviral therapy and 35 healthy subjects matched for age, education and gender. In all participants alexithymia was explored by the ...

Flow cytometry evaluation of infection-related biomarkers in febrile subjects in the emergency department.

In an Emergency Department (ED), the etiological identification of infected subjects is essential. 13 infection-related biomarkers were assessed using a new flow cytometry procedure. If subjects presented with febrile symptoms at the ED, 13 biomarkers' levels, including CD64 on neutrophils (nCD64) and CD169 on monocytes (mCD169), were tested and compared with clinical records. Among 50 subjects, 78% had bacterial infections and 8% had viral infections. nCD64 showed 82% sensitivity and 91% specificity for ...

Association between Deep Gray Matter Changes and Neurocognitive Function in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease: A Tensor-Based Morphometric MRI Study.

Atrophy of the deep gray matter (DGM) has been associated with a risk of conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the degree of cognitive impairment. However, specific knowledge of the associations between degenerative DGM changes and neurocognitive functions remains limited.

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