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Health Benchmarks, Inc. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Health Benchmarks, Inc. articles that have been published worldwide.
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We respond to the comments of Logie and Vandierendonck to our article proposing benchmark findings for evaluating theories and models of short-term and working memory. The response focuses on the two main points of criticism: (a) Logie and Vandierendonck argue that the scope of the set of benchmarks is too narrow. We explain why findings on how working memory is used in complex cognition, findings on executive functions, and findings from neuropsychological case studies are currently not included in the ben...
This commentary addresses a number of problems with the benchmarks proposed for evaluating theories of short-term and working memory (Oberauer et al., 2018). First, it is shown that the proposed benchmarks intentionally exclude findings regarding the core of the working memory construct and also miss some important findings from other subdomains. For these reasons, the benchmarks cannot be considered as a valid representation of the findings on short-term and working memory. Second, it is shown that althoug...
To establish benchmarks of significant change for aphasia rehabilitation outcome measures (i.e., Western Aphasia Battery-Aphasia Quotient [WAB-AQ], Communicative Effectiveness Index [CETI], Boston Naming Test [BNT]) and assess if those benchmarks significantly differed across subgroups (i.e., time post onset, dose frequency, treatment type).
Any mature field of research in psychology-such as short-term/working memory-is characterized by a wealth of empirical findings. It is currently unrealistic to expect a theory to explain them all; theorists must satisfice with explaining a subset of findings. The aim of the present article is to make the choice of that subset less arbitrary and idiosyncratic than is current practice. We propose criteria for identifying benchmark findings that every theory in a field should be able to explain: Benchmarks sho...
Peter Godfrey-Faussett and colleagues present six epidemiological metrics for tracking progress in reducing the public health threat of HIV.
The efficacy of reminiscence and life review (LR) therapy in alleviating depression among older adults is well established. However, providers in nonresearch settings might implement these interventions inadequately, and such settings rarely can evaluate their outcomes using control groups. Alternatively, evaluators in such settings can calculate a within-group effect size and then compare it with average within-group effect size benchmarks derived from the randomized clinical trials (RCTs) supporting the i...
Veterans have higher prevalence of colorectal neoplasia than non-veterans; however, it is not known whether specific Veterans Affairs (VA) adenoma detection rate (ADR) benchmarks are required. We compared ADRs of a group of endoscopists for colonoscopies performed at a VA to their ADRs at a non-VA academic medical center.
We present a detailed analysis of the linear polarizability (α) and second hyperpolarizability (γ) in a series of streptocyanines, as predicted with various range-separated functionals and CCSD(T)-based methods. Contrary to previous work on these systems, we find that the lowest-energy electronic states for the larger streptocyanine oligomers are not closed-shell singlets, and improved accuracy can be obtained with certain DFT methods by allowing the system to relax to a lower-energy broken-symmetry solut...
To determine national benchmarks and assess variability across centers, the STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database (CHSD) was analyzed to document proportions of patients receiving intraoperative blood transfusion during open heart surgery.
Food and nutrition are basic requirements for the promotion and protection of health. Nutrition monitoring and dietary recommendations are included in the mission of the Unified Health System (SUS, in its Portuguese acronym), as established by the Organic Health Law no. 8,080 of 1990. This article presents and discusses the food and nutrition agenda of the SUS and its interface with Food and Nutrition Security, its benchmarks, progress and challenges. This essay was guided by biographical and documentary re...
Collaboration between general practitioners and community pharmacists is essential to ensure safe and effective patient care. However, collaboration in primary care is not standardized and varies greatly. This review aims to highlight projects about professional collaboration in ambulatory care in Germany and identifies promising approaches and successful benchmarks that should be considered for future projects.
The use of readily available mHealth apps on smartphones and tablets is increasing worldwide, including the field of urology. Access to knowledge, data collection and communication are thus simplified and accelerated. A wide range of health apps exists for the public, patients, health professionals and medical education. In particular, in the field of urology, several high quality mHealth contents have been created in recent years. Nevertheless, there is still need for improvement and development.The ubiqui...
Most health valuation studies assume that individuals' health valuations do not depend on social comparisons. However, there is some evidence that this assumption is not satisfied in practice. This paper tests whether self-rated health by means of a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is related to how one perceives the health of one's contemporaries, while accounting for one's health as classified by the EQ-5D classification system.
Health disparities and health inequities can lead to poor health outcomes. However, health disparities continue to persist in communities across the United States, presenting a crucial public health challenge. Persisting budget cuts and workforce challenges tend to hinder local health departments' (LHDs') ability to assess and address health disparities.
With a number of single-case experimental design studies reporting the effects of treatment for response (and modified response) elaboration training (RET/M-RET), it is important to consolidate data over multiple participants to allow comparison within/between individuals and across similar treatments. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of single-case experimental design studies of RET/M-RET and to determine effect size (ES) benchmarks to allow comparison to "group" data.
Although there is much discussion about population health in academic medical centers, managed care organizations, and a variety of disciplines, it is not always clear what this term means. Population health describes the health outcomes of a group of individuals including health disparities, social determinants of health, and policies and interventions that link health outcomes with and patterns of health determinants. We describe some of the successes and challenges to addressing reproductive health issue...
m-Health, mHealth, eHealth, digital health, gender, health equity, women, SDGs, accountability, health systems.
There is an assumption that health literacy is higher among health professionals, allowing them to improve the health literacy of their patients. This study explored health literacy profiles of health science students in Nepal, the future health professionals and educators of health literacy.
The need to characterize and assess health apps has inspired a significant amount of research in the past years, in search for methods able to provide potential app users with relevant, meaningful knowledge. This article presents an overview of the recent literature in this field and categorizes - by discussing some specific examples - the various methodologies introduced so far for the identification, characterization, and assessment of health apps. Specifically, this article outlines the most significant ...
Youth living with disabilities are at risk of experiencing poor health outcomes. Coordinated school health programs have an opportunity to help youth with disabilities and their families through health education, health services, and community engagement. The World Health Organization developed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) as a framework to analyze factors related to health conditions. We used the ICF to examine parental perceptions of health and function amo...
Research in computational biology has given rise to a vast number of methods developed to solve scientific problems. For areas in which many approaches exist, researchers have a hard time deciding which tool to select to address a scientific challenge, as essentially all publications introducing a new method will claim better performance than all others. Not all of these claims can be correct. Equally, for this same reason, developers struggle to demonstrate convincingly that they created a new and superior...
We explored the definition of health equity being used by public health departments and the extent of engagement of public health departments in activities to improve health equity, as well as facilitators and barriers to this work.
This article covers recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance relevant to public health. The article includes an overview of key public health aspects of the Community pharmacy: promoting health and wellbeing guideline, summarizing recommendations for commissioners and health promoting organizations and professionals around the potential to integrate community pharmacies into wider health and care pathways.
The economics of health and the economics of health care are not the same, and in fact can be competitors for resources in some cases. Using a traditional supply/demand framework can clarify the forces at work in person-centric health economics. Use of cost-effectiveness analysis, employing a broader systems perspective that incorporates sectors other than health care, and nudging individuals to better health habits are three strategies that can help to drive a shift from health care to health.
The estimation of multiple sequence alignments of protein sequences is a basic step in many bioinformatics pipelines, including protein structure prediction, protein family identification, and phylogeny estimation. Statistical co-estimation of alignments and trees under stochastic models of sequence evolution has long been considered the most rigorous technique for estimating alignments and trees, but little is known about the accuracy of such methods on biological benchmarks. We report the results of an ex...