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Showing "Helps Diagnose Cardiac Sarcoidosis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,600+

Management of sudden cardiac death in cardiac sarcoidosis using the wearable cardioverter defibrillator.

Patients with cardiac sarcoidosis are at increased risk of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation.

Viewpoints in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cardiac Sarcoidosis: Proposed Modification of Current Guidelines.

Isolated cardiac sarcoidosis is a generally accepted disease condition, and the low yield of endomyocardial biopsy because of patchy involvement is also well known. However, current guidelines still require histologic confirmation of granuloma for the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis, either in myocardial or extra-cardiac tissues. Therefore, only a presumptive diagnosis of chronic multifocal myocarditis of unknown origin can be made in a large number of patients in whom the only considerable diagnosis is ca...

Diagnostic Value of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Strain Analysis for Detection of Cardiac Sarcoidosis.

The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived strain parameters in patients with sarcoidosis, and to compare results to standard CMR markers of sarcoidosis (edema/T2 ratio, early gadolinium enhancement, late gadolinium enhancement) for prediction of disease outcome.

11C-4DST PET/CT Imaging of Cardiac Sarcoidosis: Comparison With 18F-FDG and Cardiac MRI.

A 75-year-old woman with a history of sarcoidosis presenting with low cardiac output and complete right bundle-branch block underwent 4'-[methyl-C]-thiothymidine (4DST) PET/CT after cardiac MRI and FDG PET/CT for the evaluation of suspected cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) before treatment. Cardiac MRI revealed late gadolinium enhancement on the anterior-to-lateral and posterior wall, indicating CS. FDG uptake was shown on the anterior-to-lateral wall, but not on the posterior wall. In contrast, 4DST uptake was dem...

Cardiac sarcoidosis: diagnostics, treatment and follow-up.

Sarcoidosis is a generalised granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. Cardiac involvement may affect conduction system, myocardium, valvular apparatus and pericardium. Clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic involvement to sudden cardiac death. Patients with biopsy-proven extracardiac sarcoidosis should be screened for cardiac involvement (standard ECG, 24-hour Holter ECG, echocardiography) and in case of any abnormalities found on these tests, more advanced diagnostic methods should be used. Steroid...

A Contemporary Analysis of Heart Transplantation and Bridge-to-Transplantation Mechanical Circulatory Support Outcomes in Cardiac Sarcoidosis.

Patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy due to cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) may be referred for mechanical circulatory support (MCS) and heart transplantation (HT). Here, we describe outcomes of patients with CS undergoing HT, focusing on the use of MCS as a bridge-to-transplant (BTT).

Sarcoidosis diagnostic score (SDS): a systematic evaluation to enhance the diagnosis of sarcoidosis.

The diagnosis of sarcoidosis is made by the combination of clinical features and biopsy results. The clinical features of sarcoidosis can be quite variable. We developed a Sarcoidosis Diagnostic Score (SDS) to summarize the clinical features of possible sarcoidosis patients.

Cardiac sarcoidosis: a challenging diagnosis.

Pleuroparenchymal sarcoidosis - A recognised but rare manifestation of disease.

Pleural involvement is rare in sarcoidosis. The presence of a large symptomatic effusion in a patient with sarcoidosis should therefore prompt further investigation for an alternate aetiology. Here we present a case of confirmed pleuro-parenchymal sarcoidosis. We discuss the important differential diagnoses and review the current literature.

Cutaneous sarcoidosis - a great imitator.

Skin manifestation occurs in approximately 25% of patients with sarcoidosis and is often the first symptom of the disease. The availability of skin biopsy material is helpful in establishing the early diagnosis. Cutaneous sarcoidosis is characterized by clinical polymorphism and therefore its diagnosis may cause dilemma. The systemic sarcoidosis should be excluded in every patient with cutaneous sarcoidosis, because systemic involvement has a significant impact on course, treatment and prognosis of the dise...

Obesity and sarcoidosis: consequence or contributor?

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause. Obesity can affect many physiological factors. The relationship between obesity and sarcoidosis is unclear, and can been described as posing a 'chicken and egg' scenario for the patient as it is not always clear whether it is a consequence of, or a risk factor for any disease. The purpose of this review is to examine the dual roles of obesity on sarcoidosis morbidity and the incidence.

PET/CT in the Diagnosis and Workup of Sarcoidosis: Focus on Atypical Manifestations.

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease characterized by the formation of noncaseating granulomas. Lung and intrathoracic lymph nodes are classic sites of involvement; however, sarcoidosis can affect any site in the body. The clinical course is extremely variable, and the imaging features are diverse and dependent on the affected site, degree of inflammation, and treatment the patient receives. Atypical manifestations and imaging findings can make diagnosis and/or management challenging. In addition, assessmen...

Endobronchial Ultrasound Elastography Helps Identify Fibrotic Lymph Nodes in Sarcoidosis.

Renal sarcoidosis: approach to diagnosis and management.

The purpose of this article is to provide understanding of renal sarcoidosis, the different types of renal sarcoidosis, disease burden of renal involvement, and treatment options.

Orthopaedic Considerations in the Management of Skeletal Sarcoidosis.

Advanced imaging has demonstrated that musculoskeletal manifestations of systemic sarcoidosis are more common than previously thought. A definitive strategy for the management of osseous sarcoidosis has not been defined. Some lesions resolve spontaneously, and no systemic medication for sarcoidosis consistently resolves lesions. The orthopaedic surgeon treating patients with musculoskeletal sarcoidosis must make an appropriate diagnosis of bony lesions, seek multidisciplinary input from specialists in pulmo...

A Sarcoidosis Clinician's Perspective of MHC Functional Elements Outside the Antigen Binding Site.

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown cause. Evidence supports an integral role for interactions at the MHC binding site in the development of sarcoidosis. However, despite this evidence, there are clinical data that suggest that additional mechanisms are involved in the immunopathogenesis of this disease. This manuscript provides a brief clinical description of sarcoidosis, and a clinician's perspective of the immunopathogenesis of sarcoidosis in terms of the MHC binding site, MHC f...

Focal Myocardial Damage in Cardiac Sarcoidosis Characterized by Strain Analysis on Magnetic Resonance Tagged Imaging in Comparison with Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Accumulation and Magnetic Resonance Late Gadolinium Enhancement.

The aims of this study were to characterize focal myocardial damage of cardiac sarcoidosis by strain analysis and to compare it with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography.

Sarcoidosis from Head to Toe: What the Radiologist Needs to Know.

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder characterized by development of noncaseating granulomas in various organs. Although the etiology of this condition is unclear, environmental and genetic factors may be substantial in its pathogenesis. Clinical features are often nonspecific, and imaging is essential to diagnosis. Abnormalities may be seen on chest radiographs in more than 90% of patients with thoracic sarcoidosis. Symmetric hilar and mediastinal adenopathy and pulmonary micronodules in a p...

socioecological features of the epidemiology of sarcoidosis in the poltava region, Ukraine.

Introduction: Lung sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect various organs and systems of a person. Due to the lack of a uniform standardized approach to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, the epidemiological pattern is heterogeneous and depends on many factors. The aim: To investigate the correlation between the number of patients with sarcoidosis among the population of the Poltava region (Ukraine) and the ecological characteristics of the industrial activity of the region in comparison ...

Tattoo-associated uveitis with or without systemic sarcoidosis:A comparative review of the literature.

Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown aetiology characterized by the presence of non-caseating epithelioid cell granulomas in multiple organs, mainly the lungs and the lymphatic system. It is also one of the leading causes of inflammatory eye diseases. For the past 70 years, sarcoidal granulomas on tattoos and permanent make-up have been documented. They can be the first and sometimes unique cutaneous manifestation of systemic sarcoidosis. A few cases of sarcoidosis with uveitis and granulomatous re...

Physicochemical characterization of inorganic deposits associated with granulomas in cutaneous sarcoidosis.

Sarcoidosis, characterized by epithelioid granulomas, is considered to be caused by a complex interplay between genetics and environmental agents. It has been hypothesized that exogenous inorganic particles as crystalline silica could be a causal or adjuvant agent in sarcoidosis onset.

Active cardiac sarcoidosis on standard chest computed tomography.

Clinical Features of Extrapulmonary Sarcoidosis without Lung Involvement.

Compared to pulmonary sarcoidosis, sarcoidosis without lung involvement may involve other immunopathologic mechanisms and be associated with other demographic and clinical features.

Necrobiosis lipoidica associated with sarcoidosis.

We report the case of a 40 year-old African American female with biopsy-proven pulmonary sarcoidosis who developed atrophic plaques on her shins, trunk, and scalp that were clinically and histologically consistent with necrobiosis lipoidica (NL). The lesions appeared 3 years after her diagnosis of sarcoidosis, and progressed despite chronic prednisone. Sarcoidosis and NL are granulomatous skin disorders reported to coexist in the same patient only 10 times in the literature. Including the current case, pati...

Clinical use of cardiac PET/MRI: current state-of-the-art and potential future applications.

Combined PET/MRI is a novel imaging method integrating the advances of functional and morphological MR imaging with PET applications that include assessment of myocardial viability, perfusion, metabolism of inflammatory tissue and tumors, as well as amyloid deposition imaging. As such, PET/MRI is a promising tool to detect and characterize ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathies. To date, the greatest benefit may be expected for diagnostic evaluation of systemic diseases and cardiac masses that remain un...

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