PubMed Journals Articles About "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" RSS

09:57 EST 9th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "High Fiber Diet Tied Lower Heart Risk Diabetes" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 58,000+

Associations of diet quality and blood serum lipoprotein levels in a population at high risk for diabetes: the Strong Heart Family Study.

Previous studies consistently report that diet quality is inversely associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have assessed the association of diet quality with serum lipoproteins, an intermediate marker of cardio-metabolic health, or assessed whether type 2 diabetes modifies these associations. This study assessed associations of diet quality (evaluated using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)), and the interaction of diet quality with diabetes,...

Dietary Supplementation with Galactooligosaccharides Attenuates High-Fat, High-Cholesterol Diet-Induced Glucose Intolerance and Disruption of Colonic Mucin Layer in C57BL/6 Mice and Reduces Atherosclerosis in Ldlr-/- Mice.

A Western-type diet (WD), rich in fat and cholesterol but deficient in fiber, induces development of diabetes and atherosclerosis. Colonic bacteria use the gut's mucous lining as an alternate energy source during periods of fiber deficiency, resulting in intestinal barrier erosion.

Metabolomics Reveal Altered Postprandial Lipid Metabolism After a High-Carbohydrate Meal in Men at High Genetic Risk of Diabetes.

The transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene confers one of the strongest genetic predispositions to type 2 diabetes, but diabetes development can be modified by diet.

Dietary antioxidant capacity and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, prediabetes and insulin resistance: the Rotterdam Study.

Intake of individual antioxidants has been related to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. However, the overall diet may contain many antioxidants with additive or synergistic effects. Therefore, we aimed to determine associations between total dietary antioxidant capacity and risk of type 2 diabetes, prediabetes and insulin resistance. We estimated the dietary antioxidant capacity for 5796 participants of the Rotterdam Study using a ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) score. Of these participants, 4957 h...

Association of High Birth Weight With Incident Heart Failure in the ARIC Study.

Background Traditional risk factors for heart failure--coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, and smoking--only account for about 50% of cases. Thus, the identification of novel risk factors is of significant public health importance. As high birth weight infants are at increased risk for obesity and diabetes mellitus later in life, which are both risk factors for the development of heart failure, we sought to assess the association of high birth weight with incident heart failure...

Maternal voluntary exercise mitigates oxidative stress and incidence of congenital heart defects in pre-gestational diabetes.

Women with pre-gestational diabetes have a higher risk of producing children with congenital heart defects (CHDs), caused predominantly by hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. In this study, we evaluated if exercise during pregnancy could mitigate oxidative stress and reduce the incidence of CHDs in the offspring of diabetic mice. Female mice were treated with streptozotocin to induce pre-gestational diabetes, then mated with healthy males to produce offspring. They were also given access to running whee...

The Effects of Popular Diets on Type 2 Diabetes Management.

Type 2 diabetes can be managed with the use of diabetes self-management skills. Diet and exercise are essential segments of the lifestyle changes necessary for diabetes management. However, diet recommendations can be complicated in a world full of different diets. This review aims to evaluate the evidence on the effects of three popular diets geared towards diabetes management: low carbohydrate and the ketogenic diet, vegan diet, and the Mediterranean diet. While all three diets have been shown to assist i...

Full-Fat Dairy Food Intake is Associated with a Lower Risk of Incident Diabetes Among American Indians with Low Total Dairy Food Intake.

Diet plays a key role in development of diabetes, and there has been recent interest in better understanding the association of dairy food intake with diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes prevalence among Canadian adults - dietary habits and sociodemographic risk factors.

Patients with diagnosed diabetes receive recommendations by their healthcare providers about lifestyle modification, particularly on diet. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of type 2 diagnosed diabetes, undetected (undiagnosed) type 2 diabetes, and prediabetes of Canadian adults, and to evaluate whether individuals with diagnosed diabetes have different dietary intakes compared with the other groups. We used nationally representative data from Canadian Health Measures Survey Cycles 1 and...

A 3-component non-invasive risk score for undiagnosed diabetes in Chinese: development, validation and longitudinal evaluation.

To develop a new non-invasive risk score for undiagnosed diabetes in Chinese and to evaluate the incident diabetes risk in those with high risk scores but no diabetes on initial testing.

Treatment of heart failure with sodium glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: current evidence and future directions.

Diabetes is one the most common comorbidities among people with established heart failure. Interest in heart failure as an outcome among people with diabetes has emerged since it was shown that there was an association between increased risk of hospitalization for heart failure with use of thiazolidinediones and some dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Recently, sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors were shown to lead to a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failu...

Dyslipidemia Management in Adults With Diabetes.

Lipid abnormalities beyond elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol contribute to increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in type 2 diabetes. We searched for English language randomized controlled trials of lipid-lowering therapies primarily since 2012 that included patients with diabetes. Diet and lifestyle advice are always a starting point for ASCVD prevention in diabetes. After almost 30 years of widespread clinical use in diabetes, statin treatment to reduce LDL chol...

Losing Track of Lipids in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: Towards Individualized Patient Care.

To assess 1) the prevalence of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) changing from low-risk into borderline-high-risk lipid levels or from borderline-high-risk into high-risk lipid levels ('lose track of lipids') and 2) the power of a risk score including the determinants HbA1c, body mass index (BMI), gender, age, diabetes duration and ethnicity in predicting which patients lose track of lipids.

The association of elevated maternal genetic risk scores for hypertension, type 2 diabetes and obesity and having a child with a congenital heart defect.

Maternal hypertension, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity are associated with an increased risk of having offspring with conotruncal heart defects (CTDs). Prior studies have identified sets of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with risk for each of these three adult phenotypes. We hypothesized that these same SNPs are associated with maternal risk of CTDs in offspring.

Live and Diet by Your Gut Microbiota.

Diet influences health in multiple ways. One important effect of diet is on the gut microbiota. The effects of diet are often related to an individual's specific microbiota composition. The close links between health, diet, and gut microbiota are illustrated in a new mouse model of sepsis where the combination of a high-fat/low-fiber Western diet, antibiotics, and surgery promotes the development of lethal sepsis. Diet can also influence infection via the gut microbiota beyond sepsis. Future studies with th...

High plasma glutamate and low glutamine-to-glutamate ratio are associated with type 2 diabetes: Case-cohort study within the PREDIMED trial.

Glutamate, glutamine are involved in energy metabolism, and have been related to cardiometabolic disorders. However, their roles in the development of type-2 diabetes (T2D) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of Mediterranean diet on associations between glutamine, glutamate, glutamine-to-glutamate ratio, and risk of new-onset T2D in a Spanish population at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Dietary carbohydrate intake and cardio-metabolic risk factors in type 1 diabetes.

Low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) has gained interest among individuals with diabetes as a means to manage glycaemia. We investigated the adherence to LCD in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study and whether carbohydrate restriction is associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors.

A new door open but essentials for accumulation of more clinical evidences to control heart failure in diabetes with preserved ejection fraction.

The current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline define heart failure as a complex clinical syndrome that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorders that impair the ability of the ventricle to fill with or eject blood. Heart failure (HF) is one of major clinical problems to determine prognosis of patients with diabetes mellitus. It is generally accepted that prevalence of HF in diabetes is 2 time higher in male and 5 times higher in female patients compared...

Natriuretic peptide-guided treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular events in patients without heart failure.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Early intervention for those with high cardiovascular risk is crucial in improving patient outcomes. Traditional prevention strategies for CVD have focused on conventional risk factors, such as overweight, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, and hypertension, which may reflect the potential for cardiovascular insult. Natriuretic peptides (NPs), including B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide ...

A low-carbohydrate high-fat diet initiated promptly after diagnosis provides clinical remission in three patients with type 1 diabetes.

Risk Factors for New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus after Heart Transplantation in Chinese Patients: A Single Center Experience.

New-onset diabetes after transplantation -(NODAT) is a frequent complication after heart transplantation (HT) and is associated with graft loss and patient survival.

Higher dementia incidence in older adults with type 2 diabetes and large reduction in HbA1c.

although type 2 diabetes increases risk of dementia by 2-fold, whether optimizing glycemic level in late life can reduce risk of dementia remains uncertain. We examined if achieving the glycemic goal recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) within a year was associated with lower risk of dementia in 6 years.

Eligibility of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors among patients with diabetes mellitus admitted for heart failure.

Sodium-glucose co-transporter (SGLT)-2 inhibitors have been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and heart failure (HF) hospitalization in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and high cardiovascular risk in two large clinical outcome trials: empagliflozin in EMPA-REG OUTCOME and canagliflozin in CANVAS. The scope of eligibility for SGLT-2 inhibitors (empagliflozin and canagliflozin) among patients with type 2 DM and HF, based on clinical trial criteria and current US Food and Drug Admini...

Reduced Compensatory β-Cell Proliferation in Nfatc3-Deficient Mice Fed on High-Fat Diet.

High-fat-diet induces pancreatic β-cell compensatory proliferation, and impairments in pancreatic β-cell proliferation and function can lead to defects in insulin secretion and diabetes. NFATc3 is important for HFD-induced adipose tissue inflammation. But it is unknown whether NFATc3 is required for β cell compensatory growth in mice fed with HFD.

Type 2 diabetes and risk of heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis from cardiovascular outcome trials.

We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i), glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs), and sodium glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) on heart failure (HF) risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

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