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PubMed Journals Articles About "High Throughput Reformatting Phage Displayed Antibody Fragments IgGs" RSS

23:52 EDT 18th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "High throughput reformatting phage displayed antibody fragments IgGs" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 34,000+

High-throughput reformatting of phage-displayed antibody fragments to IgGs by one-step emulsion PCR.

Single-chain variable fragment (scFv) is the most common format for phage display antibody library. The isolated scFvs need to be reformatted to full-length IgGs for further characterization. High throughput reformatting of scFv to IgG without disrupting VH-VL pairing is of great demanding for exhaustive screening of all antibodies in IgG format. Herein, we developed a strategy based on the overlap extension PCR in emulsion to reformat scFv to IgG while maintain the accuracy and complexity of variable regio...


High-throughput retrieval of physical DNA for NGS-identifiable clones in phage display library.

In antibody discovery, in-depth analysis of an antibody library and high-throughput retrieval of clones in the library are crucial to identifying and exploiting rare clones with different properties. However, existing methods have technical limitations, such as low process throughput from the laborious cloning process and waste of the phenotypic screening capacity from unnecessary repetitive tests on the dominant clones. To overcome the limitations, we developed a new high-throughput platform for the identi...

Construction of a novel phage display antibody library against Fasciola hepatica, and generation of a single-chain variable fragment specific for F. hepatica cathepsin L1.

Phage display technology to produce recombinant monoclonal antibodies or antibody fragments permits the identification of sought after antibodies in short time frames at low cost along with direct and rapid selection for antibody characteristics. Monoclonal antibodies can facilitate the identification and characterisation of parasite molecules that function at the host-parasite interface to help understand at the molecular level the biology of the parasite and disease progression, which often leads to new d...


Phage-based vaccines.

Bacteriophages, or more colloquially as phages, are viruses that possess the ability to infect and replicate with bacterial cells. They are assembled from two major types of biomolecules, the nucleic acids and the proteins, with the latter forming a capsid and the former being encapsulated. In the eukaryotic hosts, phages are inert particulate antigens and cannot trigger pathogenesis. In recent years, many studies have been explored about using phages as nanomedicine platforms for developing vaccines due to...

A fully human anti-IL-7Rα antibody promotes antitumor activity against T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematological cancer for which treatment options often result in incomplete therapeutic efficacy and long-term side-effects. Interleukin 7 (IL-7) and its receptor IL-7Rα promote T-ALL development and mutational activation of IL-7Rα associates with very high risk in relapsed disease. Using combinatorial phage-display libraries and antibody reformatting, we generated a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody (named B12) against both wild-type and mut...

Highly flexible, IgG-shaped, trivalent antibodies effectively target tumor cells and induce T cell-mediated killing.

A novel bispecific antibody format was applied to generate T cell-engaging antibodies. The TriFab format is a trivalent IgG-shaped entity composed of two Fab arms that bind to antigens on the surface of tumor cells, which are linked via flexible peptides to a CD3 binding moiety that replaces the CH2 domains of conventional IgGs. The distinctive feature of these T cell recruiting bispecifics is that their CD3 variable regions are incorporated between domains, rather than N- or C-terminally fused to an Fc or ...

Human Antibody Bispecifics through Phage Display Selection.

We developed a repertoire approach to generate human antibody bispecifics. Using phage display selection of antibody heavy chains in the presence of a competitor light chain and providing a cognate light chain with an affinity handle, we identified mutations that prevent heavy/light chain mispairing. The strategy allows for the selection of human antibody chains that autonomously assemble into bispecifics.

Phage display derived therapeutic antibodies have enriched aliphatic content: Insights for developability issues.

Phage display is one of the most widely used technology for antibody discovery and engineering. Number of therapeutic antibodies derived from phage display increases rapidly due to its ease of use and ability to control antibody sequence information. Although there are numerous antibody candidates as promising therapeutics, most of them fail at later stages of development due to undesired biophysical properties. Antibody candidates with poor properties should be prevented or improved in early development ph...

Exploring alternative antibody scaffolds: Antibody fragments and antibody mimics for targeted drug delivery.

The field of targeted therapeutics has benefitted immeasurably from the development of high-affinity antibodies. These important ligands have facilitated the development of effective therapies, particularly when conjugated to potent cytotoxic payloads i.e. in antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). The success of ADCs is evidenced by rapid adoption within the pharmaceuticals community; many major companies have dedicated ADC research programmes. However, despite the advantages, the field of ADCs has failed to live...

Prophylactic and therapeutic protection of human IgG purified from sera containing anti-exotoxin A titers against pneumonia caused by .

Antibodies are effective alternative tools to combat infections caused by (PA), especially multi-drug-resistant PA. Thus, to solve the urgent need for an anti-PA antibody drug, we hypothesized that anti-PA intravenous immunoglobulins could be a practical attempt. Exotoxin A (ETA) is one of the most important factors for PA infection and is also a critical target for the development of immune interventions. In this study, a total of 320 sera were collected from healthy volunteers. The concentration of ETA-s...

A high-throughput, bead-based, antigen-specific assay to assess the ability of antibodies to induce complement activation.

The complement system plays a critical role in innate immune defense against pathogens, both via non-specific direct pathogen recognition and killing or via antigen-specific indirect recruitment by complement fixing antibodies. While various assays for measuring complement activation have been developed, few provide a high-throughput, sample-sparing approach to interrogate the qualitative differences in the ability of antibodies to drive complement activation. Here we present a high-throughput, sample-spari...

High Throughput Approaches in Carbohydrate-Active Enzymology: Glycosidase and Glycosyl Transferase Inhibitors, Evolution, and Discovery.

Carbohydrates are attached and removed in living systems through the action of carbohydrate-active enzymes such as glycosyl transferases and glycoside hydrolases. The molecules resulting from these enzymes have many important roles in organisms, such as cellular communication, structural support, and energy metabolism. In general, each carbohydrate transformation requires a separate catalyst, and so these enzyme families are extremely diverse. To make this diversity manageable, high throughput approaches lo...

Characterization and genome analysis of the temperate bacteriophage φSAJS1 from Streptomyces avermitilis.

Streptomyces is an important antibiotic-producing bacterium; however, antibiotic production is often negatively affected by bacteriophage contamination. In the present study, the temperate phage φSAJS1 was isolated and characterized from an unsuccessful Streptomyces avermitilis fermentation culture. The complete genome of phage φSAJS1 was sequenced. Phage φSAJS1 belongs to the Siphoviridae family based on its morphology as determined by transmission electron microscopy. Host range analysis indicated that...

Fast phage detection and quantification: An optical density-based approach.

Since 1959 with the proposal of Double Agar Layer (DAL) method for phage detection and quantification, many sophisticated methods have emerged meanwhile. However, many of them are either too complex/expensive or insensitive to replace routine utilization of DAL method in clinical, environmental and industrial environments. For that purpose, we have explored an alternative method for the detection and quantification of bacteriophages that fulfills the criteria of being rapid, simple and inexpensive. In this ...

Development of Phage Biopanning Strategies to Identify Affinity Peptide Ligands for Kappa Light Chain Fab Fragments.

In this work, two phage biopanning strategies were developed to identify affinity peptides for a single Fab and multiple kappa Fabs. For the biopanning rounds, Protein L beads were employed to bind Fab targets in a fixed orientation, and NHS functionalized magnetic beads were used to facilitate evaluation of low pH elution conditions. The resulting peptide sequences were synthesized and the binding to different Fabs was evaluated using fluorescence polarization. The first biopanning approach yielded a pepti...

Generation and characterization of D-dimer specific monoclonal antibodies for use in latex agglutination test.

The commercially available D-dimer assays used in the clinical practice often show differences in the results, and their specificity and sensitivity are rather unsatisfactory. Our aim was to develop a new monoclonal antibody against D-dimer with a proper specificity, and estimating its suitability using in a latex agglutination diagnostic test. Monoclonal antibodies were generated using hybridoma technology. Their titer was determined by a self-developed ELISA method. The cross-reactions of the antibodies w...

Adjunct phage treatment enhances the effectiveness of low antibiotic concentration against Staphylococcus aureus biofilms in vitro.

Phage therapy is drawing more interest as antibiotic resistance becomes an ever more serious threat to public health. Bacterial biofilms represent a major obstacle in the fight against bacterial infections as they are inherently refractory to many types of antibiotics. Treating biofilms with phage has shown promise in a handful of experimental and case studies. However, quantification of the effect of phage combined with antibiotics is needed to pave the way for larger clinical trials. Here we explore the e...

Large-Scale, Quantitative Protein Assays on a High-Throughput DNA Sequencing Chip.

High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques have enabled diverse approaches for linking DNA sequence to biochemical function. In contrast, assays of protein function have substantial limitations in terms of throughput, automation, and widespread availability. We have adapted an Illumina high-throughput sequencing chip to display an immense diversity of ribosomally translated proteins and peptides and then carried out fluorescence-based functional assays directly on this flow cell, demonstrating that a single...

Biophysical characterization and single-chain Fv construction of a neutralizing antibody to measles virus.

The measles virus (MV) is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. We previously established a mouse monoclonal antibody, 2F4, which shows high neutralizing titers against 8 different genotypes of MV. However, the molecular basis for the neutralizing activity of the 2F4 antibody remains incompletely understood. Here, we have evaluated the binding characteristics of a Fab fragment of the 2F4 antibody. Using the MV infectious assay, we demonstrated that 2F4 Fab inhibits viral entry via ei...

Crowd Controlled-Host Quorum Sensing Drives Phage Decision.

In the January issue of Cell, Silpe and Bassler (2019) characterize a phage that looks beyond the boundaries of infected host cells by directly wiretapping their intercellular communication. This information influences the phage's decision of when to kill the host, likely in order to optimize the ecological prospects of phage progeny.

The enzymatic removal of immunoglobulin variable domain glycans by different glycosidases.

About 15% of immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules contain glycans linked to the antigen-binding fragments (Fab arms) in addition to the glycans linked to the crystallizable fragment (Fc tail) of all IgGs. Fab glycosylation appears to be an important feature of antibodies, for example by influencing antigen binding and antibody stability. The reliable generation of antibodies that either have or lack Fab glycans would be very helpful to study the role of Fab glycans in more detail. In this study, we set out to r...

Identification of selective and reversible LSD1 inhibitors with anti-metastasis activity by high-throughput docking.

The overexpression of lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) has been reported in various human tumors. There is increasing interest in targeting LSD1 with small molecules for cancer treatment. A released structure of an LSD1 kinase domain in complex with FAD was used to set up a low-cost high-throughput docking protocol for quick identification of LSD1 inhibitors. The most promising hit L05 was confirmed to be a potent, selective and reversible LSD1 inhibitor and displayed marked inhibition of colorectal cel...

Construction of a Shape-Diverse Fragment Set: Design, Synthesis and Screen against Aurora-A Kinase.

Historically, chemists have explored chemical space in a highly uneven and unsystematic manner. As an example, the shape diversity of existing fragment sets does not generally reflect that of all theoretically possible fragments. To assess experimentally the added value of increased three dimensionality, a shape-diverse fragment set was designed and collated. The set was assembled by both using commercially available fragments and harnessing unified synthetic approaches to sp -rich molecular scaffolds. The ...

A simple and high-throughput luciferase immunosorbent assay for both qualitative and semi-quantitative detection of anti-HIV-1 antibodies.

In this study, we described an ultrasensitive and high-throughput luciferase immunosorbent assay (LISA) for qualitative and quantitative detection of anti-HIV-1 antibody. Anti-HIV antibody in serum or plasma samples was captured by protein A/G-coated microtiter plate and detected with crude cell lysates expressing Nanoluc luciferase (Nluc) enzyme fused with HIV-1 p24 or gp41 antigen without the need of protein purification. After the addition of furimazine substrate, anti-HIV antibodies were quantitatively ...

Nanobody against the E7 oncoprotein of human papillomavirus 16.

The persistent infection of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common causes of cervical cancer. It is well documented that expression of two oncogenes (E6/E7) plays a key role in tumor progression. HPV16E7 -targeting via nanobody (Nb) therefore could be beneficial for HPV16-associated cancer diagnosis and therapy. In this work, phage-display approach was employed to select the high affinity HPV16E7-specific Nb. Firstly; a high-quality immune library was constructed. After three round o...


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