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Hormone Replacement In Young Women With Premature Ovarian Failure PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Hormone Replacement In Young Women With Premature Ovarian Failure articles that have been published worldwide.
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In premenopausal women treated for breast cancer, endocrine therapy combining an aromatase inhibitor (AI) and a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist (GA) for ovarian suppression may be indicated in high-risk or in metastatic cancer. AIs are effective in premenopausal women only when ovarian estrogen production is suppressed, a state achievable through the use of GAs. However, a complete suppression sometimes proves elusive. We report here three cases of ovarian suppression failure in premenopausal ...
In recent decades, the incidence rate of breast cancer has increased dramatically worldwide and has become one of the most prevalent cancers in women. According to the global data provided by the WHO, there were more than 1.7 million new cases of breast cancer in 2012, accounting for 25% of all reported cancer cases and 15% of all reported deaths among females. To most young patients, especially those younger than 40 years of age, chemotherapy should be taken into consideration as a treatment modality, even...
Allogeneic ovarian transplantation may be an alternative in the future to oocyte donation in women with premature ovarian failure. The objectives of this study were to (a) evaluate allotransplantation feasibility for restoration of ovarian function and (b) assess efficacy of synthetic preimplantation factor (PIF) monotherapy as sole immune-acceptance regimen.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of poor ovarian response criteria to classify women presenting with infertility and oligomenorrhea as having "occult" premature ovarian insufficiency.
Chemotherapy results in permanent loss of ovarian function in some premenopausal women. Accurate identification in women with hormone-sensitive early breast cancer (eBC) would allow optimisation of subsequent endocrine treatment. We sought to assess whether analysis of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) using a sensitive automated assay could identify women who would not regain ovarian function after chemotherapy.
To determine frequency of fragile X associated premature ovarian insufficiency (FXPOI) among Turkish premutation carriers.
Vanishing white matter disease (VWM) was described by Van der Knaap in 1996. This association with premature ovarian failure is known as ovarioleukodystrophy. This is a rare entity caused by a mutation in one of the subunits of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (EIF2B). The onset in adulthood or late in adolescence is very infrequent. A 41-years-old woman and her 37-years-old sister developed epilepsy in association with premature ovarian failure at the age of 13 and 18 respectively. The oldest-one started 17...
To verify the incidence of the G679A mutation in exon 2 of the gene inhibin alpha (INHA), in women with secondary amenorrhea and diagnosis of premature ovarian insufficiency, and in controls.
Primary premature ovarian insufficiency (PPOI) is characterized by hypergonadotropic amenorrhea and hypoestrogenism in women under 40 years of age. PPOI incidence is 1:10,000 in women aged 18-25, 1:1000 in women aged 25-30 and 1:100 in women aged 35-40. In 10%-28% of cases, PPOI causes primary and in 4%-18% secondary amenorrhea. The process is a consequence of accelerated oocyte atresia, diminished number of germinated cells, and central nervous system aging. Specific genes are responsible for the control o...
To determine if ovarian aging as measured by levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is associated with pattern of multiple sclerosis (MS) progression in women.
To evaluate young women's awareness of ovarian reserve testing and oocyte cryopreservation (OC) and assess how testing ovarian reserve may affect the desire for fertility preservation.
Thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity are associated with an adverse effect on fertility. An aberrant high thyroid stimulating hormone level is associated with diminished ovarian reserve in women of reproductive age; however, the utility of levothyroxine (LT4) replacement for infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism is still under discussion. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LT4 supplementation for infertile patients with subclinical hypothyroidism improves impaired ovarian function...
Egg donation is a common fertility treatment in female cancer survivors with reproductive wish and iatrogenic ovarian failure. We examined whether women previously treated for cancer have a higher risk of pregnancy complications after egg donation treatments when compared to women without cancer history.
Is ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) an ovarian protective agent during alkylating chemotherapy?
Objective To determine the basic pituitary-ovarian hormones and ultrasound parameters of uterine appendages in full-term and preterm newborn girls. Materials and methods One hundred full-term and premature newborn girls (58 and 42, respectively) were studied with clinical, instrumental, laboratory (enzyme immunoassay) and statistical methods. Results Statistically significant differences in the pituitary-ovarian hormones and ultrasound parameters of uterine appendages in preterm neonate girls compared to fu...
Although bariatric surgery seems to increase spontaneous fertility by improving ovulatory function in young women, its impact on ovarian reserve remains largely unknown.
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Obesity/overweight are increasing and may affect the reproductive health. Previous studies regarding the effect of body mass index (BMI) on AMH levels are discordant. Our main goal was to evaluate the influence of BMI on AMH levels in women without polycystic ovarian syndrome.
To evaluate the impact of sexual function (SF) in the quality of life (QoL) of women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI).
Is the negative correlation between the numbers of 2-5 and 6-9 mm follicles influenced by ovarian and/or metabolic parameter(s) in young control women and in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
Contributory risk factors to premature coronary artery disease (CAD) in premenopausal women are poorly understood and data on this subset of women is lacking. There is growing evidence that the process of inflammation is a part of the atherosclerotic process. Mechanistic insights from animal work suggest that the profile of circulating cytokines reflects both endothelial integrity and the presence of immune and progenitor cells. Significant differences in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine concentrations b...
Follistatin levels increase during the course of pregnancy and may play a role in ovarian arrest, reflected by the simultaneous decrease of anti-mullerian-hormone (AMH) levels. The aim of the study was to investigate AMH and follistatin levels during the hormonal window at the beginning of pregnancy. Since both parameters are described as deregulated in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), subgroup analysis of PCOS patients may additionally elucidate their interplay and effects on ovarian activity.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in biological reactions have been shown to contribute to ovarian aging. Peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2) is an antioxidant enzyme that protects cells by scavenging ROS; however, its effect on age-related, oxidative stress-associated ovarian failure has not been reported. Here, we investigated its role in age-related ovarian dysfunction and 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD)-induced premature ovarian failure using Prx2-deficient mice. Compared to those in wildtype (WT) mice, seru...
Hypogonadism is a well-known complication in males with chronic liver diseases. However, the consequences of chronic hepatopathies on female reproductive capacities have received relatively little attention. The present study evaluates the effect of chronic obstructive jaundice on the ovary of adult cycling rats. Estrous cyclicity was monitored to check the functional status of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Ovarian changes were assessed using histomorphometric, immunohistochemical, and ultrastruc...
To evaluate the available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature investigating the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) co-treatment for ovarian preservation in women receiving chemotherapy.