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PubMed Journals Articles About "Hospitalizations Major Risk Factor Increased Cognitive Decline Older" RSS

05:51 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Hospitalizations Major Risk Factor Increased Cognitive Decline Older PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Hospitalizations Major Risk Factor Increased Cognitive Decline Older articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Hospitalizations major risk factor increased cognitive decline older" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 40,000+

Cognitive decline after elective and nonelective hospitalizations in older adults.

To determine whether emergent and urgent (nonelective) hospitalizations are associated with faster acceleration of cognitive decline compared to elective hospitalizations, accounting for prehospital decline.


Hearing impairment and cognitive decline in older, community-dwelling adults.

Hearing impairment is prevalent among older adults and has been identified as a risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia. We evaluated the association of hearing impairment with long-term cognitive decline among community-dwelling older adults.

Apolipoprotein E, cognitive function, and cognitive decline among older Taiwanese adults.

Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is believed to play a role in the onset of dementia, though less is known about its relationship with non-pathogenic age-related cognitive decline. We assessed whether APOE was a risk factor for cognitive decline among older Taiwanese adults using nationally representative data. General cognition was measured longitudinally over eleven years; domain-specific cognitive assessments of working memory, declarative learning and three aspects of attention (executive function, aler...


Superoxide dismutase activity and risk of cognitive decline in older adults: Findings from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey.

The association between superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and cognitive decline in older adults remains controversial.

Sleep condition and cognitive decline in Japanese community-dwelling older people: Data from a 4-year longitudinal study.

This study examined whether sleep duration and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are related to cognitive decline among community-dwelling older adults with intact cognition at baseline, using 4-year longitudinal data. A total of 3,151 community-dwelling older individuals aged ≥65 years were studied. They were assessed for cognitive function, including memory, attention, executive function and processing speed. Cognitive impairment was defined based on a score >1.5 standard deviations below the age- and...

Isolation, Not Loneliness or Cynical Hostility, Predicts Cognitive Decline in Older Americans.

To jointly examine isolation, loneliness, and cynical hostility as risk factors for cognitive decline in older adults.

Preventing Cognitive Decline in Black Individuals With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transition state between normal cognitive aging and dementia that increases the risk for progressive cognitive decline. Preventing cognitive decline is a public health priority.

Cataract surgery and age-related cognitive decline: A 13-year follow-up of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Visual impairment has been associated with lower cognitive ability among older adults, yet little is known about whether improving visual function with cataract surgery would be associated with slower cognitive decline. This study aimed to assess whether trajectories of cognitive decline differed before and after cataract surgery and compare those trajectories between older adults with cataract surgery and without cataract.

Gender-stratified analyses reveal longitudinal associations between social support and cognitive decline in older men.

Research has extensively examined the relationship between social support and health outcomes in older adults. Little is known, however, about the longitudinal associations between distinct dimensions of perceived social support and incident cognitive decline. The current longitudinal study examined whether dimensions of perceived social support were associated with increased risk of cognitive decline, and if the relationship differed by gender.

Environmental predictors of objectively measured out-of-home time among older adults with cognitive decline.

Older adults with cognitive decline are vulnerable to various health problems. Going out of home for longer time could be beneficial for their health. Identifying modifiable predictors is essential for developing effective strategies that would increase time spent out-of-home by older adults. This study examined social and physical environmental predictors of objectively measured out-of-home time spent among older adults with cognitive decline.

Cognitive effects of adjuvant endocrine therapy in older women treated for early-stage breast cancer: a 1-year longitudinal study.

Evidence suggests endocrine therapy (ET) for breast cancer (BC) has adverse cognitive effects, but its specific effects on older women are unknown. This is despite the fact that older women are at increased risk of both breast cancer (BC) and cognitive decline relative to younger women. This study prospectively examined the cognitive effects of ET in a cohort of older BC patients. Our primary outcome measure was change in verbal memory, the cognitive domain most consistently affected by estrogen deprivation...

Anticholinergic exposure and cognitive decline in older adults: Effect of anticholinergic exposure definitions in a 3-year analysis of the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial (MAPT) study.

To assess the association between anticholinergic (atropinic) burden and cognitive decline in older adults over 3 years.

Age-related changes in attention control and their relationship with gait performance in older adults with high risk of falls.

Falls are the leading cause of injury-related deaths in the elderly worldwide. Both gait impairment and cognitive decline have been shown to constitute major fall risk factors. However, further investigations are required to establish a more precise link between the influence of age on brain systems mediating executive cognitive functions and their relationship with gait disturbances, and thus help define novel markers and better guide remediation strategies to prevent falls.

Risk factors for dementia are not associated with cognitive dysfunction in young people with major depressive disorder.

Hippocampal thinning and carrying the ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) are associated with reduced cognitive performance in older people. Although cognitive impairment is also frequent during and after depressive episodes, it may occur irrespective of age, which makes it difficult to determine, whether this symptom indicates a risk for or shared mechanisms with neurodegeneration. We therefore investigated the influence of genetic and brain imaging risk factors for dementia on cognitive impairment i...

Differences in cognitive performance and cognitive decline across European regions: a population-based prospective cohort study.

A large variation in cognitive performance exists between European regions. However, it is unclear how older Europeans differ in the rate of cognitive decline.

Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Risk for Dementia and Cognitive Decline.

Diet, physical activity, and sleep are three major modifiable lifestyle factors. This selective review examines the evidence for strong and reliable associations between these three lifestyle factors and risk of dementia and cognitive decline, in an effort to assist clinicians with providing more informed answers to the common questions they face from patients.

Mild Cognitive Impairment Affects Obstacle Negotiation in Older Adults: Results from "Gait and Brain Study".

Older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) are at higher risk of falls and injuries, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Inappropriate anticipatory postural adjustments to overcome balance perturbations are affected by cognitive decline. However, it is unknown whether anticipatory gait control to avoid an obstacle is affected in MCI.

Neighborhood Environments and Cognitive Decline Among Middle-Aged and Older People in China.

Despite the growing interest in the effects of neighborhood environments on cognitive function, most studies on older people are based on cross-sectional survey data from developed countries. This study examines the relationship between neighborhood environments and decline in cognitive function over time among middle-aged and older people in China and whether this relationship varies between rural and urban residents.

Association between periodontitis and risk of Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive decline: A case-control study.

To test the hypothesis that periodontal disease contributes to increased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Neuropsychological Functioning in Older Adults with Obesity: Implications for Bariatric Surgery.

Bariatric surgery is the most effective approach to treating morbid obesity, resulting in decreased morbidity, mortality, and improved quality of life. Research on outcomes has generally been restricted to young and middle-aged adults, despite a growing epidemic of obesity in older adults. The use of bariatric surgery has been limited in older individuals, in part due to concerns that preexisting cognitive dysfunction increases the risk of poor post-surgical outcomes, including cognitive decline. The litera...

Serum Vitamin D Concentrations and Cognitive Change Over 20 Years: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study.

25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations have been associated with cognitive decline and incident dementia in elderly populations; however, these relationships are susceptible to reverse causation. Less is known about the association of midlife 25(OH)D with long-term cognitive decline.

Klotho allele status is not associated with Aβ and APOE ε4-related cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer's disease.

The longevity gene Klotho (KL), specifically the functional KL-VS variant, has previously been associated with cognition and rates of cognitive decline. This study aimed to determine whether KL-VS associations with cognition were observable in preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study also aimed to determine whether there was a combined influence of KL-VS, neocortical amyloid-β (Aβ) burden, and carriage of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele on cognitive decline. This study involved 581 Aβ-image...

Mobile Technology for Cognitive Assessment of Older Adults: A Scoping Review.

The number of people diagnosed with dementia is rising appreciably as the population ages. In an effort to improve outcomes, many have called for facilitating early detection of cognitive decline. Increased use of mobile technology by older adults provides the opportunity to deliver convenient, cost-effective assessments for earlier detection of cognitive impairment. This article presents a review of the literature on how mobile platforms-smartphones and tablets-are being used for cognitive assessment of ol...

Association of Long-term Exercise Training With Risk of Falls, Fractures, Hospitalizations, and Mortality in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Long-term exercise benefits on prevalent adverse events in older populations, such as falls, fractures, or hospitalizations, are not yet established or known.

Subjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated with Greater White Matter Hyperintensity Volume.

Research in older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) has mainly focused on Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related MRI markers, such as hippocampal volume. However, small vessel disease (SVD) is currently established as serious comorbidity in dementia and its preliminary stages. It is therefore important to examine SVD markers in addition to AD markers in older adults presenting with SCD.


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