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PubMed Journals Articles About "Host Mediated Ubiquitination Mycobacterial Protein Suppresses Immunity" RSS

22:18 EST 17th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Host Mediated Ubiquitination Mycobacterial Protein Suppresses Immunity PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Host Mediated Ubiquitination Mycobacterial Protein Suppresses Immunity articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Host mediated ubiquitination mycobacterial protein suppresses immunity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 24,000+

MAVS O-GlcNAcylation Is Essential for Host Antiviral Immunity against Lethal RNA Viruses.

It is known that lethal viruses profoundly manipulate host metabolism, but how the metabolism alternation affects the immediate host antiviral immunity remains elusive. Here, we report that the O-GlcNAcylation of mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS), a key mediator of interferon signaling, is a critical regulation to activate the host innate immunity against RNA viruses. We show that O-GlcNAcylation depletion in myeloid cells renders the host more susceptible to virus infection both in vitro an...


SPSB2 inhibits hepatitis C virus replication by targeting NS5A for ubiquitination and degradation.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication involves many viral and host factors. Host factor SPRY domain- and SOCS box-containing protein 2(SPSB2) belongs to SPSB family, and it recruits target proteins by the SPRY domain and forms E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes by the SOCS box. As an adaptor protein, it can regulate the host's response to infection, but little is known about whether SPSB2 plays a role in HCV replication. In the present study, we found that HCV infection significantly upregulated the mRNA and prote...

Toscana virus non-structural protein NSs acts as E3 ubiquitin ligase promoting RIG-I degradation.

It is known that the non-structural protein (NSs) of Toscana virus (TOSV), an emergent sandfly-borne virus causing meningitis or more severe central nervous system injuries in humans, exerts its function triggering RIG-I for degradation in a proteasome-dependent manner, thus breaking off the IFN-β production. The non-structural protein of different members of Bunyavirales has recently appeared as a fundamental protagonist in immunity evasion through ubiquitination-mediated protein degradation targets. We s...


Mdm2-mediated ubiquitination of PKCβII in the nucleus mediates clathrin-mediated endocytic activity.

Cellular stimuli that increase diacylglycerol levels activate several protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms; however, prolonged stimulation depletes cells of PKCs. Ubiquitination is a critical cellular event that mediates the degradation of numerous proteins, including PKCs, but little is known of the molecular mechanisms involved in PKC ubiquitination. PKCβII is the most widely expressed PKC isoform and regulates a variety of cellular functions. Here, we show that in response to stimulation of the Gq-coupled an...

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus N protein suppresses fish IFN1 production by targeting the MITA.

Interferon (IFN) is a vital antiviral factor in host in the early stages after the viral invasion. Meanwhile, viruses have to survive by taking advantage of the cellular machinery and complete their replication. As a result, viruses evolved several immune escape mechanisms to inhibit host IFN expression. However, the mechanisms used to escape the host's IFN system are still unclear for infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). In this study, we report that the N protein of IHNV inhibits IFN1 productio...

Landscape of ubiquitination events that occur in host skin in response to tick (Haemaphysalis longicornis) bitten.

Ticks are major parasites of domestic livestock, wildlife, and humans. After a tick bite, diverse cutaneous manifestations initially occur in the bitten area in the host. In this study, a label-free proteomics approach was applied to identify the differentially ubiquitinated proteins (DUPs) induced by tick-bitten in the skin. In total, 113 proteins were ubiquitinated in rabbit skin during tick bitten period, among which the ubiquitination levels of 43 proteins were altered. These DUPs in skin subjected to t...

Temporal modulation of host aerobic glycolysis determines the outcome of Mycobacterium marinum infection.

Macrophages are the first-line host defense that the invading Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) encounters. It has been recently reported that host aerobic glycolysis was elevated post the infection by a couple of virulent mycobacterial species. However, whether this metabolic transition is required for host defense against intracellular pathogens and the underlying mechanisms remain to be further investigated. A pathogenic mycobacterial species, M. marinum, is genetic close to Mtb and was utilized in this s...

Grass carp reovirus VP56 represses interferon production by degrading phosphorylated IRF7.

Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is an efficient pathogen causing high mortality in grass carp, meanwhile, fish interferon (IFN) is a powerful cytokine enabling host cells to establish an antiviral state; therefore, the strategies used by GCRV to escape the cellular IFN response need to be investigated. Here, we report that GCRV VP56 inhibits host IFN production by degrading the transcription factor IFN regulatory factor 7 (IRF7). First, overexpression of VP56 inhibited the IFN production induced by the polyinosi...

Molecular Basis Underlying Host Immunity Subversion by PE/PPE Family Molecules.

proline-glutamic acid (PE)/proline-proline-glutamic acid (PPE) family proteins, with >160 members, are crucial for virulence, cell wall, host cell fate, host Th1/Th2 balance, and CD8 T cell recognition. Ca signaling is involved in PE/PPE protein-mediated host-pathogen interaction. PE/PPE proteins also function in heme utilization and nitric oxide production. PE/PPE family proteins are intensively pursued as diagnosis biomarkers and vaccine components.

A fungal pathogen deploys a small silencing RNA that attenuates mosquito immunity and facilitates infection.

Insecticidal fungi represent a promising alternative to chemical pesticides for disease vector control. Here, we show that the pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana exports a microRNA-like RNA (bba-milR1) that hijacks the host RNA-interference machinery in mosquito cells by binding to Argonaute 1 (AGO1). bba-milR1 is highly expressed during fungal penetration of the mosquito integument, and suppresses host immunity by silencing expression of the mosquito Toll receptor ligand Spätzle 4 (Spz4). Later, upon en...

Symbiotic incompatibility between soybean and Bradyrhizobium arises from one amino acid determinant in soybean Rj2 protein.

Cultivated soybean (Glycine max) carrying the Rj2 allele restricts nodulation with specific Bradyrhizobium strains via host immunity, mediated by rhizobial type III secretory protein NopP and the host resistance protein Rj2. Here we found that the single isoleucine residue I490 in Rj2 is required for induction of symbiotic incompatibility. Furthermore, we investigated the geographical distribution of the Rj2-genotype soybean in a large set of germplasm by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping usin...

STING-Mediated IFI16 Degradation Negatively Controls Type I Interferon Production.

γ-interferon-inducible protein-16 (IFI16), a key DNA sensor, triggers downstream STING-dependent type I interferon (IFN-I) production and antiviral immunity. However, it is still unclear how to negatively regulate IFI16 to avoid excessive IFN-I production and autoimmunity. Here, we find that STING directly interacts with IFI16 and facilitates IFI16 degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway by recruiting the E3 ligase TRIM21. The 1-pyrin region of IFI16 is responsible for the IFI16-STING interaction,...

JQ1, a bromodomain inhibitor, suppresses Th17 effectors by blocking p300-mediated acetylation of RORγt.

Th17 cells play critical roles in chronic inflammation, including fibrosis. Histone acetyltransferase p300, a bromodomain-containing protein, acetylates RORγt and promotes Th17 cell development. The bromodomain inhibitor JQ1, was shown to alleviate Th17-mediated pathologies, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We hypothesized that JQ1 suppresses the response of Th17 cells by impairing p300-mediated acetylation of RORγt.

Geminivirus C4 antagonizes the HIR1-mediated hypersensitive response by inhibiting the HIR1 self-interaction and promoting degradation of the protein.

1.Tomato leaf curl Yunnan virus (TLCYnV)-encoded C4 protein induces the upregulation of the Hypersensitive Induced Reaction 1 (HIR1) gene but interferes with the HIR1-mediated hypersensitive response (HR) 2.HIR1 self-interaction is essential for the HIR1-induced HR. 3.TLCYnV C4 impairs the HIR1 self-interaction and concomitantly increases the amount of Leucine-Rich Repeat protein 1 (LRR1), a modulator of HIR1, which binds to HIR1. LRR1 promotes the degradation of HIR1, compromising the HIR1-mediated HR. 4.T...

Microbiota-Nourishing Immunity: A Guide to Understanding Our Microbial Self.

In ecological terms, the microbiome is defined as the microbiota and its environment, a definition that encompasses the human host. The size, species composition, and biogeography of microbial communities is shaped by host interactions, and, in turn, the microbiota influences many aspects of human health. Here we discuss the concept of microbiota-nourishing immunity, a host-microbe chimera composed of the microbiota and host factors that shape the microbial ecosystem, which functions in conferring colonizat...

Induction of co-inhibitory molecule CTLA-4 by human papillomavirus E7 protein through downregulation of histone methyltransferase JHDM1B expression.

Human papillomavirus causes various skin diseases and even cancer. Unfortunately, the host immune system often fails to generate effective responses against HPV infection due to the ability of HPV to evade immune-mediated eradication, although the detailed mechanisms by which HPV inhibits host antiviral immunity are not fully understood. In this study, we reported a novel role of HPV E7 oncoprotein in inducing the expression of co-inhibitory molecule cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) in c...

Structural and DNA Binding Properties of Mycobacterial Integration Host Factor mIHF.

In bacteria, nucleoid associated proteins (NAPs) take part in active chromosome organization by supercoil management, three-dimensional DNA looping and direct transcriptional control. Mycobacterial integration host factor (mIHF, rv1388) is a NAP restricted to Actinobacteria and essential for survival of the human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We show in vitro that DNA binding by mIHF strongly stabilizes the protein and increases its melting temperature. The structure obtained by Nuclear Magnetic Reso...

siRNA containing a unique 5-nucleotide motif acts as a quencher of IFI16-mediated innate immune response.

We previously reported that some small interfering RNA (siRNA) enhances DNA or DNA virus mediated-interferon (IFN)-λ1(a type III IFN) induction through the crosstalk between retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and interferon gamma-inducible protein 16 (IFI16) signalling pathway. Here we provide further evidence of a new role for siRNA. siRNA containing a 5-nucleotide (nt) motif sequence suppresses DNA-mediated not only type III IFNs, but also type I IFNs and inflammatory cytokines. We define that motif ...

MicroRNA-127 Promotes Anti-microbial Host Defense through Restricting A20-Mediated De-ubiquitination of STAT3.

The increasing rising of multiple drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has become a major public health concern, underscoring a pressing need for developing therapies essentially based on the understanding of host defensive mechanism. In the present study, we showed that microRNA (miR)-127 played a key role in controlling bacterial infection and conferred a profound protection against staphylococcal pneumonia. The protective effect of miR-127 was largely dependent on its regulation of macrophage bactericida...

An RNA Surprise in Bacterial Effector Mechanisms.

Bacterial pathogens secrete effector proteins to manipulate host signaling proteins and cellular structures. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Pagliuso et al. (2019) propose an effector mechanism in Listeria monocytogenes whereby an RNA-binding protein associates with bacterial RNA that stimulates RIG-I (retinoic acid inducible gene I)-based innate immunity in the host cytosol.

Ubiquitination of IgG1 cytoplasmic tail modulates B cell signaling and activation.

Upon antigen stimulation, IgG+ B cells rapidly proliferate and differentiate into plasma cells, which has been attributed to the characteristics of membrane-bound IgG (mIgG), but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. We have found that a part of mouse mIgG1 is ubiquitinated through the two responsible lysine residues (K378 and K386) in its cytoplasmic tail and this ubiquitination is augmented upon antigen stimulation. The ubiquitination of mIgG1 involves its immunoglobulin tail tyrosine (ITT) ...

Cellular entry of white spot syndrome virus and antiviral immunity mediated by cellular receptors in crustaceans.

Enveloped virus usually utilizes the receptor-mediated multiple endocytic routes to enter permissive host cells for successful infection. Cellular receptors are cell surface molecules, either by helping viral attachment to cell surface followed by internalization or by triggering antiviral immunity, participate in the viral-host interaction. White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the most lethally viral pathogen with envelope and double strand DNA genome in crustacean farming, including shrimp and crayfish, has ...

Non-proteolytic ubiquitination of OTULIN regulates NF-κB signaling pathway.

NF-κB signaling regulates diverse processes such as cell death, inflammation, immunity and cancer. The activity of NF-κB is controlled by methionine 1-linked linear polyubiquitin which is assembled by the LUBAC complex and the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBE2L3. Recent studies found that the deubiquitinase OTULIN breaks the linear ubiquitin chain, thus inhibiting NF-κB signaling. Despite the essential role of OTULIN in NF-κB signaling has been established, the regulatory mechanism for OTULIN is not wel...

Chilling stress reduced protein translation by the ubiquitination of ribosomal proteins in Volvariella volvacea.

In Volvariella volvacea, an important edible mushroom species, cryogenic autolysis is a typical part of abnormal metabolism; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Ubiquitylome analysis revealed that chilling stress (CS) affected protein translation and degradation by ubiquitination. Comparative proteomics analysis showed that CS downregulated protein expression in V. volvacea V23 instead of VH3 (improved chilling stress resistance strain). The integrative ubiquitylome, proteomics, and transcrip...

Ubiquitination and E3 Ubiquitin Ligases in Rare Neurological Diseases with Comorbid Epilepsy.

Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification that can dynamically alter the function, degradation and transport of a protein, as well as its interaction with other proteins, and activity of an enzyme. Dysfunctional ubiquitination is detrimental to normal cellular functions, and can result in severe diseases. Over the last decade, although much research has focused on deciphering the role of the ubiquitination/ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) in the onset and progression of various neurological disor...


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