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Human Autograft Mesenchymal Stem Cell Mediated Stabilization Of The Degenerative Lumbar Spine PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Human Autograft Mesenchymal Stem Cell Mediated Stabilization Of The Degenerative Lumbar Spine articles that have been published worldwide.
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Persistent epithelial defects (PED), associated with limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD), require ocular surface reconstruction with a stable corneal epithelium (CE). This study investigated CE reformation using human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSC), which derived epithelial progenitors via mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET).
Experimental study with human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and intervertebral disc (IVD) tissue samples.
The reduction of systemic immunosuppressive agents is essential for the expansion of vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) in a clinical setting. The purpose of this study is to compare human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iMSCs) with four other types of mesenchymal stem cells (human bone marrow-derived MSCs [BMMSCs], human adipose-derived MSCs [ADMSCs], rat BMMSCs, and rat ADMSCs) in vitro, and to investigate the in vivo immunomodulatory effect of iMSCs in a rat VC...
This study assessed whether mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived extracellular vesicles influenced ageing and pluripotency markers in cell cultures where they are added.
Human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PD-MSCs) are powerful sources for cell therapy in regenerative medicine. However, a limited lifespan by senescence through mechanisms that are well unknown is the greatest obstacle. In the present study, we first demonstrated the characterization of replicative senescent PD-MSCs and their possible mitochondrial functional alterations.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a unique population of adult stem cells that can differentiate into many cell types. As such, MSCs represent an interesting source of stem cells for use in the clinical treatment of a variety of disorders involving tissue regeneration. It is therefore crucial to investigate further, whether MSCs from patients with bone or cartilage diseases are able to provide iPSCs lines with efficient differentiation ability into MSC derivatives. For this purpose, we derived 3 stable iPSC...
Advances in our understanding of cardiovascular development have provided a roadmap for the directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) to the major cell types found in the heart. In this Perspective, we review the state of the field in generating and maturing cardiovascular cells from hPSCs based on our fundamental understanding of heart development. We then highlight their applications for studying human heart development, modeling disease-performing drug screening, and cell replaceme...
Stem cell transplantation holds great promise as a potential treatment for currently incurable retinal degenerative diseases that cause poor vision and blindness. Recently, safety data have emerged from several Phase I/II clinical trials of retinal stem cell transplantation. These clinical trials, usually run in partnership with academic institutions, are based on sound preclinical studies and are focused on patient safety. However, reports of serious adverse events arising from cell therapy in other poorly...
This study aims to explore the role and mechanism of exosomes derived from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs-Exo) in regulating proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line THP-1.
Oxidative stress (OS) is known to be an important factor of male infertility. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) are known to have immune-modulatory and anti-oxidant effects through their secretions, hence raising the idea of their potential benefit to improve sperm parameters. This study aims at investigating the effect of AD-MSCs conditioned medium (CM) on human sperm parameters in the presence and absence of HO-induced OS.
Statins are well-known lipid-lowering drugs. The pleiotropic effects of statins have brought about some beneficial effects on improving the therapeutic outcomes of cell therapy and tissue engineering approaches. In this review, the impact of statins on mesenchymal stem cell behaviors including differentiation, apoptosis, proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis, as well as molecular pathways which are responsible for such phenomena, are discussed. A better understanding of pathways and mechanisms of stati...
Damage to the intervertebral discs (IVDs) occurs due to aging or excessive mechanical stress, causing a series of IVD-related degenerative diseases, such as spinal disc herniation and spondylosis. These IVD-related diseases are difficult to cure, partially because the regeneration ability of IVDs is not sufficient. As a novel strategy for treatment of IVD-related diseases, mesenchymal stem cell transplantation to the damaged discs has been reported in animal studies. To further develop and improve this appr...
Two recent papers in Cell Stem Cell by Soliman et al. (2020) and Scott et al. (2019) explore the contributions of mesenchymal progenitor cells to fibrosis in heart and skeletal muscle. They find tissue-dependent roles for a subpopulation of mesenchymal progenitors expressing Hic1 with varied differentiation capacities and pathophysiologic contributions.
Osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is regulated by numerous signaling pathways. Dopamine (DA), a neurotransmitter, has previously been demonstrated to induce new bone formation by stimulating the receptors on BMSCs, but the essential mediators of DA-induced osteogenic signaling remain unclear.
Human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) are being widely applied in various fields. Therefore, hAMSCs represent a promising candidate to facilitate cartilage regeneration. Nonetheless, no studies have investigated the application of hAMSC sheets to repair cartilage defects in vivo.
Decellularized tissue scaffolds provide an extracellular matrix to control stem cells differentiation toward specific lineages. The application of mesenchymal stem cells for artificial ovary production may enhance functions of the ovary. On the other hand, the scaffold needs interaction and integration with cells. Thus, the development of ovarian engineered constructs (OVECs) requires the use of efficient methods for seeding of the cells into the ovarian and other types of scaffolds. The main goal of the p...
Cell-based therapies are increasingly focused on allogeneic stem cell sources because of several advantages in eliminating donor variability (e.g., aging and disease pathophysiology) affecting stem cell quality and in cell-banked sourcing of healthy donors to enable "off-the-shelf" products. However, allogeneic cell therapy is limited by host patient immunologic competence and inconsistent performance due to cell delivery methods. To address allogeneic cell therapy limitations, this study developed a new...
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have proven powerful potential for cell-based therapy both in regenerative medicine and disease treatment. Human umbilical cords and exfoliated deciduous teeth are the main sources to derive MSCs with nearly no donor injury and ethical issue. The goal of this study was to investigate the differences of biological characteristics in human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs). UCMSCs and SHEDs were identified ...
Defects in articular cartilage injury and the chronic osteoarthritis are very widespread and common, and the ability of injured cartilage to repair itself is limited. Stem cell-based cartilage tissue engineering provides a promising therapeutic option for articular cartilage damage. However, the application of the technique is limited by the number, source, proliferation and differentiation of stem cells. Co-culture of mesenchymal stem cells and chondrocytes is available for cartilage tissue engineering, an...
Aim of the study was to investigate the effect of PRP and MTA individually and combined on human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells' (MSCs) proliferation and osteo/odontogenic differentiation potential.
The bone marrow (BM) niche regulates multiple hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) processes. Clinical treatment for hematological malignancies by HSC transplantation often requires preconditioning via total body irradiation, which severely and irreversibly impairs the BM niche and HSC regeneration. Novel strategies are needed to enhance HSC regeneration in irradiated BM. We compared the effects of EGF, FGF2, and PDGFB on HSC regeneration using human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that were transduced with these fa...
Mesenchymal stem cell extracellular vesicles attenuate pulmonary hypertension, but their ability to reverse established disease in larger animal models and the duration and mechanism(s) of their effect is unknown.
To investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of conjunctival limbal autograft (CLAU) in patients with unilateral total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD).
The epithelia of the intestine and colon turn over rapidly and are maintained by adult stem cells at the base of crypts. While the small intestine and colon have distinct, well-characterized physiological functions, it remains unclear if there are fundamental regional differences in stem cell behavior or region-dependent degenerative changes during aging. Mesenchyme-free organoids provide useful tools for investigating intestinal stem cell biology in vitro and have started to be utilized for investigating a...
Therapeutic Effects of Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Combined with Cartilage Acellular Matrix Mediated Via Bone Morphogenic Protein 6 in a Rabbit Model of Articular Cruciate Ligament Transection.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a general joint disease. Cartilage damage is associated with a decrease in the density of chondrocytes. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes, and are an excellent source of cell therapy. Cartilage-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) promotes chondrogenesis of MSCs. However, the role of MSCs stimulated by ECM is not well known in OA. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of specific factors generated by the application of ...