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PubMed Journals Articles About "Human Medicines European Public Assessment Report EPAR Avonex" RSS

06:27 EDT 23rd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Human Medicines European Public Assessment Report EPAR Avonex PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Human Medicines European Public Assessment Report EPAR Avonex articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Human medicines European public assessment report EPAR Avonex" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Ensuring supplies of medicines during pandemics in terms of public procurement.

This article describes and comments on contemporary legal regulations concerning the supply of medicines during pandemics in terms of public procurement.


Estimation of total prescription weights of active pharmaceutical ingredients in human medicines based on a public database for environmental risk assessment in Japan.

The distribution of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in prescription medicines for human consumption in Japan was estimated using the public database of the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan (NDB). From the latest NDB, 2058 APIs were identified, and the prescription weight exceeded 1 tonne/year for 711 APIs. Of these, 298 APIs were selected for further analysis after removing 413 APIs that were not covered by current environmental risk assessment (ERA...

Recombination hotspots in an extended human pseudoautosomal domain predicted from double-strand break maps and characterized by sperm-based crossover analysis.

The human X and Y chromosomes are heteromorphic but share a region of homology at the tips of their short arms, pseudoautosomal region 1 (PAR1), that supports obligate crossover in male meiosis. Although the boundary between pseudoautosomal and sex-specific DNA has traditionally been regarded as conserved among primates, it was recently discovered that the boundary position varies among human males, due to a translocation of ~110 kb from the X to the Y chromosome that creates an extended PAR1 (ePAR). This e...


Comparing Use of Health Technology Assessment in Pharmaceutical Policy among Earlier and More Recent Adopters in the European Union.

To examine and compare the use of health technology assessment (HTA) for the reimbursement of new medicines in selected European Union member states with decades of experience in the use of HTA and in countries that have used it regularly since 2000.

A randomized double-blind trial of comparative efficacy and safety of Avonex and CinnoVex for treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Interferon beta is currently the first line treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Different formulations of interferon beta are available. Avonex and CinnoVex are two interferon beta-1a being prescribed by neurologists in Iran. The aim of this study was to compare the four and half year outcome of Avonex and CinnoVex in patients with RRMS.

Marketing authorisation applications submitted to the European Medicines Agency by small and medium-sized enterprises: an analysis of major objections and their impact on outcomes.

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are an important source of innovative medicines. Compared with their larger counterparts, they experience challenges as a result of insufficient human and financial resources that can hamper drug development and regulatory compliance. This analysis reviews the profile of major objections raised in applications for medicines for human use submitted by SMEs to the European Medicines Agency between 2011 and 2015 and their impact on the outcome of applications. It showe...

Optimized Medical Product Regulation in Mexico: A Win-Win for Public and Economic Health.

Medicines regulators, while performing a vital public health activity, are often perceived as both negative cost centers for governments and as impediments to innovation and economic development. The Mexican government recently undertook a regulatory optimization program focused on transforming the Mexican medicines regulatory pathway into one that is efficient, value-added, aligned with international norms, resource accountable, and one that protects and promotes public health, while also facilitating econ...

Essential medicines for emergency care in Africa.

Essential medicines lists (EMLs) are efficient means to ensure access to safe and effective medications. The WHO has led this initiative, generating a biannual EML since 1977. Nearly all countries have implemented national EMLs based on the WHO EML. Although EMLs have given careful consideration to many public health priorities, they have yet to comprehensively address the importance of medicines for treating acute illness and injury.

Association between beliefs about medicines and self-medication with analgesics among patients with dental pain.

Self-medication with analgesics in dental pain management is a common practice as most of these medicines are available over-the-counter (OTC). The study aims to examine the relationship between beliefs about medicines and self-medication with analgesics in dental pain management in Malaysia. This cross-sectional study was conducted among conveniently sampled patients attending dental clinics, located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to assess association between self-medication with analgesics and patient's belie...

Lost medicines: a longer view of the pharmaceutical industry with the potential to reinvigorate discovery.

It is widely understood that the 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendment to the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act ushered in the modern regulation of medicines requiring a combination of safety and efficacy. However, fewer appreciate the amendment was applied retroactively to virtually all medicines sold in the USA. For various reasons, many medicines faded into history. Here, we identify and analyze >1600 medicines (including over-the-counter drugs) and their innovators prior to the enactment of Kefauver-Harris. We repo...

A review of the contributions of cross-discipline collaborative European IMI/EFPIA research projects to the development of Replacement, Reduction and Refinement strategies.

The objective of this review is to report on whether, and if so, how, scientific research projects organised and managed within collaborative consortia across academia and industry are contributing to the Three Rs (i.e. reduction, replacement and refinement of the use of animals in research). A number of major technological developments have recently opened up possibilities for more direct, human-based approaches leading to a reassessment of the role and use of experimental animals in pharmacological resear...

Perceptions of Kenyan adults on access to medicines for non-communicable diseases: A qualitative study.

In Kenya, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 27% of all deaths. Adult Kenyans have an 18% chance of dying prematurely from cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chronic respiratory diseases. A Novartis Access Initiative is making medicines available to treat cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and breast cancer in 30 countries, including Kenya. Little is known about patients' perceptions of access to medicines for NCDs in Kenya. The study objective was to unders...

Does consumer medicines interest reflect medicines use? An Australian observational study comparing medicines call center queries with medicines use.

Consumers have questions about their medication but the nature of these concerns and how they reflect medication use is unknown.

Listen to the public and fulfil their information interests - Translating vaccine communication research findings into guidance for regulators.

Regulatory authorities have a crucial role in communicating about vaccines they license. In terms of content and timing, their communication to the public is usually driven by data on quality, safety and efficacy. However, concerns over safety and vaccine hesitancy have emerged in some communities of various countries, and this demands a new approach to communication, starting with listening to the public debate. Reviewing communication research findings, coming in particular from the cognitive, decision-ma...

Strengthening data to inform building code improvements: time for an international dialogue: Editorial for the European Journal of Public Health.

ART in Europe, 2014: results generated from European registries by ESHRE: The European IVF-monitoring Consortium (EIM) for the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE).

What are the European trends and developments in ART and IUI in 2014 as compared to previous years?

Biosimilar medicines used for cancer therapy in Europe: a review.

This article provides an updated review of the biosimilar medicines approved for cancer therapy in the European Union (EU). First we discuss the most relevant aspects for the development and approval of biosimilar medicines. We then present the oncological biosimilar drugs currently used, which include epoetins (alpha and zeta), filgrastim, and monoclonal antibodies (rituximab, trastuzumab and bevacizumab). Among the clinical applications of biosimilar medicines, cancer therapy remains the main target area ...

Rats can predict aversiveness of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients.

Taste is crucial for patient acceptability and compliance with prescribed medicines, in particular with pediatric patients. Evaluating the taste of new active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) is therefore essential to put in place adequate taste-masking techniques, if needed, which will lead to acceptable palatable formulations. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop and optimize taste assessment methods that could be used at different stages of the drug development process. The aim of this study was to ...

Bacteriological assessment of some vegetables and ready-to-eat salads in Alexandria, Egypt.

Fresh vegetables and ready-to-eat salads (RTES) are essential components of human diet. Despite their benefits, they remain a major public health concern, because they have been implicated in foodborne illness outbreaks in numerous countries.

Quantitative risk assessment of tobacco products: A potentially useful component of substantial equivalence evaluations.

Quantitative risk assessment (QRA), a scientific, evidence-based analytical process that combines chemical and biological data to quantify the probability and potential impact of some defined risk, is used by regulatory agencies for decision-making. Thus, in tobacco product regulation, specifically in substantial equivalence (SE) evaluations, QRA can provide a useful, practical, and efficient approach to address questions that might arise regarding human health risk and potential influence on public health....

Promoting public health in nutrition: Nutri-Score and the tug of war between public health and the food industry.

What to Know About Medicines With New Active Ingredients Approved in FY 2016 / 2016 in Japan and EU: A Brief Comparison of New Medicines Approved in Japan and the EU in 2016.

The Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) in Japan and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) have a long-standing experience of reviews of new medicines, and they meet their target pre-market review periods. In FY 2016 / 2016, 112 and 83 new medicines were approved in Japan and EU, respectively. Out of these medicines, 41 and 27 medicines containing new active ingredients were approved with total pre-market review periods of 209 days and 428 days in Japan and EU, respectively. Approximately one-th...

Spanish Society of Hospital Pharmacy position paper on biosimilar medicines.

Biological medicines nowadays have a great impact, as they offer treatment for  diverse diseases and suppose a high cost for health system. Biosimilar medicines contain a version of an active substance already authorized as an original  biotechnological medicine, whose patent has expired, and they comply with the  guidelines published by the European Medicines Agency. These guidelines, where biosimilarity criteria are established, guarantee comparability between biosimilar product and reference on...

Quality control programmes for veterinary antimicrobial medicines.

The health benefits of the antimicrobial's use is inherently associated to the risk of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), an ever-increasing multifactorial problem, closely related with injudicious use of antimicrobials, and the lack of new antimicrobial medicines on the market, particularly for veterinary use. Currently, an increasing number of regulatory "One Health" action plans on AMR are running worldwide, already based on monitoring and surveillance systems for resistance and antimicrobials consumption. ...

Involving the public in epidemiological public health research: a qualitative study of public and stakeholder involvement in evaluation of a population-wide natural policy experiment.

Public involvement in research is considered good practice by European funders; however, evidence of its research impact is sparse, particularly in relation to large-scale epidemiological research.


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