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Showing "Identification Cranberry Juice Compounds That Prevent Urinary Tract" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Propolis potentiates the effect of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) in reducing the motility and the biofilm formation of uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

One strategy to prevent urinary tract infections is the use of natural products such as cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) and propolis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of these products alone and combined on the motility and biofilm formation of a collection of representative uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). Motility was evaluated by the swarming and swimming capacity of the isolates in presence/absence of cranberry ± propolis. Early and late biofilm formation was observed with...

Regulation of redox status in neuronal SH-SY5Y cells by blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) juice, cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon A.) juice and cyanidin.

Blueberry and cranberry are fruits with high polyphenol content, particularly anthocyanins. As cyanidin derivatives have been identified as one of the most representative polyphenols in berry juices, cyanidin has been designated for a better comparison and understanding of the potential neuroprotection of juices obtained from two Vaccinium species. Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were previously treated with different concentrations of lyophilized blueberry juice, cranberry juice or cyanidin for 24 h and oxid...

Cranberry-derived proanthocyanidins induce a differential transcriptomic response within Candida albicans urinary biofilms.

Candida albicans is one of the most common causes of hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, azoles are poorly active against biofilms, echinocandins do not achieve clinically useful urinary concentrations, and amphotericin B exhibits severe toxicities. Thus, novel strategies are needed to prevent Candida UTIs, which are often associated with urinary catheter biofilms. We previously demonstrated that cranberry-derived proanthocyanidins (PACs) prevent C. albicans biofilm formation in an i...

High molecular weight hyaluronic acid: a two-pronged protectant against infection of the urogenital tract?

Recurrent urinary tract infections are associated with uropathogenic (UPEC) ascending and infecting the urinary tract. Antibiotics provide only symptomatic relief, not prevent recurrence. Clinical evidence suggests that intravesical glycosaminoglycan therapy, such as hyaluronic acid (HA), helps reduce UTI recurrence. This has been investigated here using systems modelling the urogenital tract tissues.

Managing recurrent urinary tract infections in kidney transplant patients.

Recurrent urinary tract infections are a common clinical problem in kidney transplant recipients. Due to the complex urological anatomy derived from the implantation of the kidney graft, the spectrum of the disease and the broad underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Recurrent urinary infections worsen the quality of life, decrease the graft survival and increase the costs of kidney transplantation. Areas covered. In this review we describe the definitions, clinical characteristics, pathophysiological me...

Antioxidant Properties and Phenolic Compounds of Vitamin C-Rich Juices.

Many studies have shown that bioactive compounds, for example, polyphenols, and so on can play an important role in reducing oxidative stress and protect against various diseases. The sources of these compounds in the human diet include mainly fruit and good quality fruit juices, which may contain polyphenols but also other phytochemicals such as vitamin C. The purpose of the study was to analyze the antioxidant properties of vitamin C-rich juices, which underwent mild processing. The content of total polyp...

Tissue engineering for urinary tract reconstruction and repair: Progress and prospect in China.

Several urinary tract pathologic conditions, such as strictures, cancer, and obliterations, require reconstructive plastic surgery. Reconstruction of the urinary tract is an intractable task for urologists due to insufficient autologous tissue. Limitations of autologous tissue application prompted urologists to investigate ideal substitutes. Tissue engineering is a new direction in these cases. Advances in tissue engineering over the last 2 decades may offer alternative approaches for the urinary tract reco...

Medical and surgical interventions for the treatment of urinary stones in children.

Urolithiasis is a condition where crystalline mineral deposits (stones) form within the urinary tract. Urinary stones can be located in any part of the urinary tract. Affected children may present with abdominal pain, blood in the urine or signs of infection. Radiological evaluation is used to confirm the diagnosis, to assess the size of the stone, its location, and the degree of possible urinary obstruction.

Update on Associated Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Management of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Children.

Recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) continues to challenge pediatric care providers. The diagnosis of an rUTI can be difficult, especially in young febrile children. Antibiotic resistance rates continue to rise, which limits oral treatment options. Prophylactic antibiotics are used commonly to manage rUTI, but their use increases the risk of rUTI with antibiotic-resistant strains without significantly reducing renal scarring. Alternative therapies for rUTI include probiotics and anthocyanidins (eg, cra...

Identification and Ranking of Clinical Compounds with Activity against Log-phase Growing Uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is a major cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Due to increasing antibiotic-resistance among UPEC bacteria, new treatment options for UTIs are urgently needed.

Exercise to prevent lower urinary tract symptoms: myth and reality.

Proanthocyanidins-Will they effectively restrain conspicuous bacterial strains devolving on urinary tract infection?

Struvite or infection stones are one of the major clinical burdens among urinary tract infection, which occur due to the interaction between microbes and urine mineral components. Numerous urinary tract infection (UTI) causing microbes regulate through biofilm formation for survival from host defense, it is often found difficult in its eradication with simple anti-microbial agents and also the chance of recurrence and resistance development is significantly high. Cranberry consumption and maintenance of uri...

Significant bacteriuria in cats: urinary tract infection and subclinical bacteriuria - A current review.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to the adherence and multiplication of an infectious agent within the urinary system. In 8-19 % of cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease, bacterial UTI is identified as a cause. Subclinical bacteriuria is defined as the isolation of a significant number of bacteria in a urine specimen obtained from a patient without symptoms related to UTI. Subclinical bacteriuria has been reported in 1-29 % of cats. The most commonly isolated pathogen in feline urine i...

Community profiling of the urinary microbiota: considerations for low-biomass samples.

Many studies have shown that the urinary tract harbours its own microbial community known as the urinary microbiota, which have been implicated in urinary tract disorders. This observation contradicts the long-held notion that urine is a sterile biofluid in the absence of acute infection of the urinary tract. In light of this new discovery, many basic questions that are crucial for understanding the role of the urinary microbiota in human health and disease remain unanswered. Given that the urinary microbio...

Central obesity indicating a higher prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms: A case-control matching analysis from a Chinese cross-sectional study in males.

To explore the association between central obesity and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among southern men in China, and test the hypothesis that central obesity measured by waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the prediction of the severity of LUTS.

Erectile Dysfunction and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms.

In the past years, the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms and erectile dysfunction has been widely explored. The aim of our systematic review is to summarize the published evidence over the past year on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED).

Urinary microbes and postoperative urinary tract infection risk in urogynecologic surgical patients.

Women have a 20% risk of developing a urinary tract infection (UTI) following urogynecologic surgery. This study assessed the association of postoperative UTI with bacteria in preoperative samples of catheterized urine.

Does periurethral cleaning with water prior to indwelling urinary catheterization increase the risk of urinary tract infections? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

To determine whether periurethral cleaning with water before indwelling urinary catheterization increases the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) compared with studies using anti-infective agents.

Anaphylactoid Reactions after Instillation of Contrast Material into the Urinary Tract: A Survey of Contemporary Practice Patterns and Review of the Literature.

To assess drug reactions (ADRs) encountered by practicing urologists for contrast instilled into the urinary collecting system, and to describe current practice patterns regarding contrast administration into the urinary tract for patients with known contrast allergies.

The procalcitonin/albumin ratio as an early diagnostic predictor in discriminating urosepsis from patients with febrile urinary tract infection.

Discrimination between urosepsis and febrile urinary tract infections is important in therapeutic decision-making to indicate suitable treatments to avoid sepsis-related organ failure. Accurate diagnosis is time-consuming and susceptible to false-positive results. Moreover, patient responses to urosepsis are complex and varied. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a new, early diagnostic predictor that could discriminate between patients with urosepsis and those with febrile urinary tract infections using...

Vitamin D Deficiency and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Women.

The association of vitamin D deficiency and pelvic floor dysfunction has been examined by numerous studies. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with bladder filling and voiding functions are common in both sexes. A recent study reports a higher incidence of LTUS in men over 50 years old with vitamin D deficiency. The aim of the study is to investigate whether there is a difference in the Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms frequency between women with vitamin D deficiency and the control group or not.

Lifestyle and progression of lower urinary tract symptoms in German men-results from the EPIC-Heidelberg cohort.

To examine if lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) progression was related to anthropometric and lifestyle factors.

Living-related kidney transplantation with catheterizable urinary conduit in prune belly syndrome: A case report.

Prune belly syndrome (PBS) presents with both renal dysplasia and urinary tract abnormalities. When performing kidney transplantation in PBS patients with kidney failure, extensive pretransplant urinary tract preparation may be necessary.

Nitroxoline: an option for the treatment of urinary tract infection with multi-resistant uropathogenic bacteria.

The number of multi-resistant uropathogens is increasing. A multi-morbid patient developed a symptomatic urinary tract infection with two multi-resistant bacteria, namely Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis. Nitroxoline was the only drug active against both uropathogens. Obviously, nitroxoline can be an option for the therapy of a urinary tract infection with multi-resistant uropathogens.

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections are associated with Frailty in Older Adults.

To understand the relationship between frailty, age and recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs).

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