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22:23 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Identification Cranberry Juice Compounds That Prevent Urinary Tract" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Propolis potentiates the effect of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) in reducing the motility and the biofilm formation of uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

One strategy to prevent urinary tract infections is the use of natural products such as cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) and propolis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of these products alone and combined on the motility and biofilm formation of a collection of representative uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). Motility was evaluated by the swarming and swimming capacity of the isolates in presence/absence of cranberry ± propolis. Early and late biofilm formation was observed with...

Regulation of redox status in neuronal SH-SY5Y cells by blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) juice, cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon A.) juice and cyanidin.

Blueberry and cranberry are fruits with high polyphenol content, particularly anthocyanins. As cyanidin derivatives have been identified as one of the most representative polyphenols in berry juices, cyanidin has been designated for a better comparison and understanding of the potential neuroprotection of juices obtained from two Vaccinium species. Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were previously treated with different concentrations of lyophilized blueberry juice, cranberry juice or cyanidin for 24 h and oxid...

Cranberry-derived proanthocyanidins induce a differential transcriptomic response within Candida albicans urinary biofilms.

Candida albicans is one of the most common causes of hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, azoles are poorly active against biofilms, echinocandins do not achieve clinically useful urinary concentrations, and amphotericin B exhibits severe toxicities. Thus, novel strategies are needed to prevent Candida UTIs, which are often associated with urinary catheter biofilms. We previously demonstrated that cranberry-derived proanthocyanidins (PACs) prevent C. albicans biofilm formation in an i...

High molecular weight hyaluronic acid: a two-pronged protectant against infection of the urogenital tract?

Recurrent urinary tract infections are associated with uropathogenic (UPEC) ascending and infecting the urinary tract. Antibiotics provide only symptomatic relief, not prevent recurrence. Clinical evidence suggests that intravesical glycosaminoglycan therapy, such as hyaluronic acid (HA), helps reduce UTI recurrence. This has been investigated here using systems modelling the urogenital tract tissues.

Inconsistency in the definition of urinary tract infection after intravesical botulinum toxin A injection: a systematic review.

In order to more accurately examine the rate of urinary tract infection following onabotulinumtoxinA injection of the bladder, we systematically reviewed the literature for definitions of urinary tract infection utilized in series that reported on onabotulinumtoxinA injections and assessed them for consistency with guideline statements defining urinary tract infections.

Managing recurrent urinary tract infections in kidney transplant patients.

Recurrent urinary tract infections are a common clinical problem in kidney transplant recipients. Due to the complex urological anatomy derived from the implantation of the kidney graft, the spectrum of the disease and the broad underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Recurrent urinary infections worsen the quality of life, decrease the graft survival and increase the costs of kidney transplantation. Areas covered. In this review we describe the definitions, clinical characteristics, pathophysiological me...

Antioxidant Properties and Phenolic Compounds of Vitamin C-Rich Juices.

Many studies have shown that bioactive compounds, for example, polyphenols, and so on can play an important role in reducing oxidative stress and protect against various diseases. The sources of these compounds in the human diet include mainly fruit and good quality fruit juices, which may contain polyphenols but also other phytochemicals such as vitamin C. The purpose of the study was to analyze the antioxidant properties of vitamin C-rich juices, which underwent mild processing. The content of total polyp...

Treatment of Complicated Urinary Tract Infections in Individuals with Chronic Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: Are Antibiotics Mandatory?

Urinary tract infections (UTI) in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) are defined as complicated UTI requiring antibiotic treatment. As the emergence of multiresistant strains is a serious problem, we assessed the feasibility of nonantibiotic treatment of UTI in patients with NLUTD.

Tissue engineering for urinary tract reconstruction and repair: Progress and prospect in China.

Several urinary tract pathologic conditions, such as strictures, cancer, and obliterations, require reconstructive plastic surgery. Reconstruction of the urinary tract is an intractable task for urologists due to insufficient autologous tissue. Limitations of autologous tissue application prompted urologists to investigate ideal substitutes. Tissue engineering is a new direction in these cases. Advances in tissue engineering over the last 2 decades may offer alternative approaches for the urinary tract reco...

Update on Associated Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Management of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Children.

Recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) continues to challenge pediatric care providers. The diagnosis of an rUTI can be difficult, especially in young febrile children. Antibiotic resistance rates continue to rise, which limits oral treatment options. Prophylactic antibiotics are used commonly to manage rUTI, but their use increases the risk of rUTI with antibiotic-resistant strains without significantly reducing renal scarring. Alternative therapies for rUTI include probiotics and anthocyanidins (eg, cra...

Medical and surgical interventions for the treatment of urinary stones in children.

Urolithiasis is a condition where crystalline mineral deposits (stones) form within the urinary tract. Urinary stones can be located in any part of the urinary tract. Affected children may present with abdominal pain, blood in the urine or signs of infection. Radiological evaluation is used to confirm the diagnosis, to assess the size of the stone, its location, and the degree of possible urinary obstruction.

Identification and Ranking of Clinical Compounds with Activity against Log-phase Growing Uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is a major cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Due to increasing antibiotic-resistance among UPEC bacteria, new treatment options for UTIs are urgently needed.

Exercise to prevent lower urinary tract symptoms: myth and reality.

Proanthocyanidins-Will they effectively restrain conspicuous bacterial strains devolving on urinary tract infection?

Struvite or infection stones are one of the major clinical burdens among urinary tract infection, which occur due to the interaction between microbes and urine mineral components. Numerous urinary tract infection (UTI) causing microbes regulate through biofilm formation for survival from host defense, it is often found difficult in its eradication with simple anti-microbial agents and also the chance of recurrence and resistance development is significantly high. Cranberry consumption and maintenance of uri...

Does retrograde treatment of upper urinary tract stones necessitate postoperative upper urinary tract drainage? Conclusions from over 500 single center consecutive cases.

Temporary drainage of the upper urinary tract following ureterorenoscopy for the treatment of urinary stones is almost a routine in endourological practice. In these cases, a double J Stent (DJS) is left for 7 or more days. In borderline cases, a ureteral catheter (UC) attached to the urethral catheter may be left for 24-48 hours. In some situations, tubeless approach is possible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the necessity and immediate postoperative implications of upper tract drainage by comp...

Significant bacteriuria in cats: urinary tract infection and subclinical bacteriuria - A current review.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to the adherence and multiplication of an infectious agent within the urinary system. In 8-19 % of cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease, bacterial UTI is identified as a cause. Subclinical bacteriuria is defined as the isolation of a significant number of bacteria in a urine specimen obtained from a patient without symptoms related to UTI. Subclinical bacteriuria has been reported in 1-29 % of cats. The most commonly isolated pathogen in feline urine i...

Community profiling of the urinary microbiota: considerations for low-biomass samples.

Many studies have shown that the urinary tract harbours its own microbial community known as the urinary microbiota, which have been implicated in urinary tract disorders. This observation contradicts the long-held notion that urine is a sterile biofluid in the absence of acute infection of the urinary tract. In light of this new discovery, many basic questions that are crucial for understanding the role of the urinary microbiota in human health and disease remain unanswered. Given that the urinary microbio...

Central obesity indicating a higher prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms: A case-control matching analysis from a Chinese cross-sectional study in males.

To explore the association between central obesity and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among southern men in China, and test the hypothesis that central obesity measured by waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the prediction of the severity of LUTS.

Erectile Dysfunction and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms.

In the past years, the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms and erectile dysfunction has been widely explored. The aim of our systematic review is to summarize the published evidence over the past year on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED).

Urinary microbes and postoperative urinary tract infection risk in urogynecologic surgical patients.

Women have a 20% risk of developing a urinary tract infection (UTI) following urogynecologic surgery. This study assessed the association of postoperative UTI with bacteria in preoperative samples of catheterized urine.

Does periurethral cleaning with water prior to indwelling urinary catheterization increase the risk of urinary tract infections? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

To determine whether periurethral cleaning with water before indwelling urinary catheterization increases the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) compared with studies using anti-infective agents.

Healthcare-Associated Infections after Lower Urinary Tract Endoscopic Surgery: Analysis of Risk Factors, Associated Microorganisms and Patterns of Antibiotic Resistance.

To review the incidence of healthcare-associated infections/urinary tract infection (UTI), risk factors, microorganisms isolated and antibiotic resistances in patients who underwent lower urinary tract endoscopic surgery (LUTES) in a tertiary care hospital.

Anaphylactoid Reactions after Instillation of Contrast Material into the Urinary Tract: A Survey of Contemporary Practice Patterns and Review of the Literature.

To assess drug reactions (ADRs) encountered by practicing urologists for contrast instilled into the urinary collecting system, and to describe current practice patterns regarding contrast administration into the urinary tract for patients with known contrast allergies.

Urinary Tract Infections after Urinary Diversion - Different Occurrence Patterns in Patients with Ileal Conduit and Orthotopic Neobladder.

To compare the incidence rate of urinary tract infections and associated pathogens between patients with an ileal conduit and an orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion.

The procalcitonin/albumin ratio as an early diagnostic predictor in discriminating urosepsis from patients with febrile urinary tract infection.

Discrimination between urosepsis and febrile urinary tract infections is important in therapeutic decision-making to indicate suitable treatments to avoid sepsis-related organ failure. Accurate diagnosis is time-consuming and susceptible to false-positive results. Moreover, patient responses to urosepsis are complex and varied. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a new, early diagnostic predictor that could discriminate between patients with urosepsis and those with febrile urinary tract infections using...

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