PubMed Journals Articles About "Identifying Predictors Of Response To Antipsychotics Using A Treatment Algorithm" RSS

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Showing "Identifying Predictors Response Antipsychotics Using Treatment Algorithm" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Predictors of improvement in an open-trial multisite evaluation of emotion regulation group therapy.

Emotion regulation group therapy (ERGT) is a novel treatment specifically targeting deliberate non-suicidal self-harm (DSH) in individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Identifying robust predictors of positive response to ERGT could aid clinicians in treatment selection; however, to date, only one such study has been conducted. Thus, we aimed to replicate previously identified predictors of treatment response to ERGT by investigating demographic, clinical, and diagnostic predictors in 95 wome...

Editorial: Identifying Predictors of Treatment Response Trajectories of Suicidal Adolescents.

Schizophrenia and antipsychotics: Metabolic alterations and therapeutic effectivity.

Schizophrenia presents a high predisposition to present metabolic alterations. This is evidenced in patients never treated with antipsychotics (naïve) and first-degree relatives who do not have the disease, both groups have alterations in the glucose tolerance curve, increase in basal insulin, inflammatory factors and adiponectin (APN). In schizophrenics, antipsychotics increase the frequency of appearance of obesity and metabolic syndrome. These changes are accompanied by a decrease in APN and increase in...

Rates and predictors of one-year antipsychotic treatment discontinuation in first-episode schizophrenia: Results from an open-label, randomized, "real world" clinical trial.

Antipsychotic treatment discontinuation is a major challenge in the treatment of first-episode schizophrenia (FES) patients. However, the rate and predictors remain unclear. Five hundred and sixty-nine FES patients were randomized to risperidone (n = 190), olanzapine (n = 185) or aripiprazole (n = 194) in a six-site study in China with 1-year follow-up. Patients failing the initially assigned antipsychotic were switched to one of the other 2 antipsychotics. By 52 weeks, 47.1% of FES patients dis...

Polygenic risk scores for major depressive disorder and neuroticism as predictors of antidepressant response: Meta-analysis of three treatment cohorts.

There are currently no reliable approaches for correctly identifying which patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) will respond well to antidepressant therapy. However, recent genetic advances suggest that Polygenic Risk Scores (PRS) could allow MDD patients to be stratified for antidepressant response. We used PRS for MDD and PRS for neuroticism as putative predictors of antidepressant response within three treatment cohorts: The Genome-based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression (GENDEP) cohort, and 2 su...

Long-acting injectable second-generation antipsychotics in first-episode psychosis: a narrative review.

Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics could be a favorable option of treatment and have some advantages over oral medications. The aim of this study was to review the published data on the use of LAI formulation of second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Using PubMed and Scopus databases, we performed a systematic literature search of articles published between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2018, that reported clinical trials on the use of LAI SGAs in patients with FEP. ...

Predicting relapse in major depression after successful initial pharmacological treatment.

Identifying the predictors of relapse could help to develop more individualized treatment strategies for major depression. The study aim was to explore predictors of depression relapse after remission using data from our previous multicenter randomized practical trial of patients with major depression.

Predictors of Response to Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Depression: A Review of Recent Updates.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been increasingly used in the treatment of various neuropsychiatric disorders including depression over the past two decades. The responses to treatment with TMS are variable as found in the recent studies. Evidences suggest that various factors influence the outcome of depression treated with TMS. Understanding the predictors of response to TMS treatment in depression will guide the clinician in appropriate selection of patients for TMS treatment as well as needf...

Predicting Responders to Reslizumab after 16 Weeks of Treatment Using an Algorithm Derived from Clinical Studies of Severe Eosinophilic Asthma Patients.

Reslizumab is a humanized anti-interleukin-5 monoclonal antibody used as add-on maintenance treatment for patients with uncontrolled eosinophilic asthma. Using data from pivotal clinical trials, we developed an algorithm based on clinical indicators, aiming to predict response and non-response with intravenous reslizumab at 52 weeks.

Commentary: Aripiprazole: The Second Wave of the Second-generation Antipsychotics.

Three cases are presented describing unique clinical responses to aripiprazole in comparison with other second-generation antipsychotics taken by each patient. One case involved an adverse reaction of problem gambling behavior, the second an enhanced antipsychotic response in delusional disorder, and the third a reversal of weight gain that occurred while the patient continued taking olanzapine. Aripiprazole was the first of a subgroup of atypical antipsychotics that are mixed agonists and antagonists of do...

A systematic meta-review of predictors of antidepressant treatment outcome in major depressive disorder.

The heterogeneity of symptoms and complex etiology of depression pose a significant challenge to the personalization of treatment. Meanwhile, the current application of generic treatment approaches to patients with vastly differing biological and clinical profiles is far from optimal. Here, we conduct a meta-review to identify predictors of response to antidepressant therapy in order to select robust input features for machine learning models of treatment response. These machine learning models will allow u...

Predictors of substance use treatment initiation and engagement among adult and adolescent Medicaid recipients.

It is important to understand patterns and predictors of initiation and engagement in treatment for Medicaid-covered individuals with substance use disorders because Medicaid is a major source of payment for addiction treatment in the United States. Our analysis examined similarities and differences in predictors between adults and adolescents.

Critical Review of the Use of Second-Generation Antipsychotics in Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Currently, all second-generation antipsychotics are approved for schizophrenia. Many are also approved for bipolar disorder, with some also approved as adjunctive treatment for depression and autism-related irritability. Second-generation antipsychotics are increasingly being prescribed for indications other than those approved by the Food and Drug Administration, such as in dementia, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder to name a few. Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders are a group of disorde...

Comparisons of the effects of second-generation antipsychotics long-acting injections on treatment retention according to severity of patient condition.

There have been no naturalistic reports in Japan clarifying the difference of second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) long-acting injections (LAIs) on treatment retention according to severity of patient condition.

Clinical Characteristics of Patients With Schizophrenia Who Successfully Discontinued Antipsychotics: A Literature Review.

Although discontinuing antipsychotics clearly increases the risk of relapse in schizophrenia, some patients remain clinically well without continuous antipsychotic treatment. However, data on the characteristics of such patients are still scarce.

Clinical Guidance on the Identification and Management of Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia.

Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) occurs in approximately 30% of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. The identification and management of TRS in clinical practice are inconsistent and not evidence based. No established clinically relevant criteria for defining and treating TRS exist, although guidelines have been promulgated for clozapine use among TRS patients. This report summarizes the consensus from a roundtable that focused on defining and identifying TRS, pathways to treatment resistance, ...

Prenatal Exposure to Antipsychotics Disrupts the Plasticity of Dentate Neurons and Memory in Adult Male Mice.

With the growing use of second-generation antipsychotics for the treatment of a spectrum of psychiatric illnesses in pregnancy, concerns have been raised about the long-term impact of these medications on offspring neurodevelopment. However, preclinical and clinical evidence on the lasting effects of prenatal antipsychotic exposure is still sparse.

Assessment of Reported Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of Atypical Antipsychotics in the Treatment of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: A Network Meta-analysis.

Atypical antipsychotics offer modest effectiveness compared with placebo but with serious safety risks, including a boxed warning for the risk of death in the treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Their comparative effectiveness and safety are not fully known.

Real-world effectiveness of antipsychotic monotherapy and polytherapy in 1543 patients with acute-phase schizophrenia.

The effectiveness of antipsychotic treatments in the acute phase of schizophrenia in actual clinical practice remains somewhat unclear. Therefore, the purpose of the present naturalistic, multi-center study conducted from 1 year starting in September 2017 was to examine the response rate to an initial or second antipsychotic in newly admitted patients with acute-phase schizophrenia, as well as the response rate and quality of augmentation with two antipsychotics in patients who failed to respond to both t...

Impact of the CYP2D6 phenotype on hyperprolactinemia development as an adverse event of treatment with atypical antipsychotic agents in pediatric patients.

Treatment with atypical antipsychotics is today the election therapy for different types of psychosis, but there is a high incidence of endocrine and metabolic disturbances. One of the major enzymes involved in the metabolism of antipsychotics is CYP2D6. Depending on the existing CYP2D6 alleles, the metabolic capacity of the enzyme may vary from very low to very high, so that patients can be grouped into four phenotypic groups: slow, intermediate, extensive (normal), and fast metabolizers.

A Focused Review on the Treatment of Pediatric Patients with Atypical Antipsychotics.

The use of atypical antipsychotic medications in pediatric patients has become more prevalent in recent years. The purpose of this review is to provide a clinically relevant update of recent selected key publications regarding the use of atypical antipsychotics in this population.

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) pneumonia in the non-ventilated immunocompromised host: burden and predictors.

To evaluate burden and predictors of HSV pneumonia among immunocompromised patients not undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation according to a tailored diagnostic algorithm.

Minimal Access Surgery for Spinal Metastases: Prospective Evaluation of a Treatment Algorithm Using Patient Reported Outcomes.

Minimal access surgery (MAS) allows early return to systemic and radiation therapy in patients with cancer leading to its increasing utilization in the treatment of spinal metastases. Systematic examination of surgical indications resulted in the development of an algorithm for implementation of MAS in the treatment of spinal metastases. The object of this study was to evaluate a spine tumor MAS treatment algorithm using patient-reported outcomes in cancer patients undergoing treatment of spinal metastases.

Factors Associated With Cysticidal Treatment Response in Extraparenchymal Neurocysticercosis.

Extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis is the most severe form of cysticercosis, and response to treatment is suboptimal. We sought to determine how demographic and clinical characteristics and albendazole sulfoxide concentrations were related to cysticidal treatment response. We conducted a longitudinal study of 31 participants with extraparenchymal vesicular parasites who received the same treatment, albendazole 30 mg/kg/day for 10 days with dexamethasone 0.4 mg/kg/day for 13 days, followed by a prednisone t...

Predictors of transitions across stages of heroin use and dependence prior to treatment-seeking among people in treatment for opioid dependence.

Little is known about transition pathways among heroin users prior to treatment. This study examined the demographic and clinical predictors of transition speed from heroin use, to dependence, to first treatment episode.

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