PubMed Journals Articles About "Image Fragile" RSS

09:49 EDT 25th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Image Fragile PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Image Fragile articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Image Fragile" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,700+

Fragile X checklists: A meta-analysis and development of a simplified universal clinical checklist.

Clinical checklists available have been developed to assess the risk of a positive Fragile X syndrome but they include relatively small sample sizes. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis that included statistical pooling of study results to obtain accurate figures on the prevalence of clinical predictors of Fragile X syndrome among patients with intellectual disability, thereby helping health professionals to improve their referrals for Fragile X testing.

Development of White Matter Circuitry in Infants With Fragile X Syndrome.

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic neurodevelopmental disorder and the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability in males. However, there are no published data on brain development in children with FXS during infancy.

Cognitive function impacts gait, functional mobility and falls in fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome.

Executive function and information processing speed deficits occur in fragile X premutation carriers (PMC) with and without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). Gait is negatively impacted by cognitive deficits in many patient populations resulting in increased morbidity and falls but these relationships have not been studied in FXTAS.

Exemplar-based image completion using image depth information.

Image completion techniques are required to complete missing regions in digital images. A key challenge for image completion is keeping consistency of image structures without ambiguity and visual artifacts. We propose a novel method for image completion using image depth cue. Our method includes three major features. First, we compute the image gradient to improve image completion when searching for the most similar patches. Second, using image depth, we guide image completion by means of appropriate scale...

Repurposing available drugs for neurodevelopmental disorders: The fragile X experience.

Many available drugs have been repurposed as treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. In the specific case of fragile X syndrome, many clinical trials of available drugs have been conducted with the goal of disease modification. In some cases, detailed understanding of basic disease mechanisms has guided the choice of drugs for clinical trials, and several notable successes in fragile X clinical trials have led to common use of drugs such as minocycline in routine medical practice. Newer technologies li...

Fragile X syndrome and FMR1-dependent diseases - clinical presentation, epidemiology and molecular background.

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the second most common inherited cause of intellectual disability (ID), after Down syndrome. The severity of ID in FXS patients varies and depends mainly on the patient's sex. Besides intellectual disorders, additional symptoms, such as psychomotor delay, a specific behavioral phenotype, or emotional problems are present in FXS patients. In over 99% of the cases, the disease is caused by the presence of a dynamic mutation in the FMR1 gene localized on the X chromosome. Due to the...

Readout models for BaFBrI:Eu image plates.

The linearity of the photostimulated luminescence process makes repeated image-plate scanning a viable technique to extract a more dynamic range. In order to obtain a response estimate, two semi-empirical models for the readout fading of an image plate are introduced; they relate the depth distribution of activated photostimulated luminescence centers within an image plate to the recorded signal. Model parameters are estimated from image-plate scan series with BAS-MS image plates and the Typhoon FLA 7000 sc...

Gamma oscillations in cognitive disorders.

Gamma oscillations (∼25-100 Hz) are believed to play a role in cognition. Accordingly, aberrant gamma oscillations have been observed in several cognitive disorders, including Alzheimer's disease and Fragile X syndrome. Here, we review how recent results showing abnormal gamma rhythms in Alzheimer's disease and Fragile X syndrome help reveal links between cellular disturbances and cognitive impairments. We also discuss how gamma results from rodent models of Alzheimer's disease and Fragile X syndrome ma...

Monocular Ghost Image Offset Thresholds: Dependent on Target Size and Ghost Image Relative Brightness.

This is the first report of monocular ghost image offset thresholds measured using O optotypes. Monocular diplopia is a complaint of patients and is the result of a variety of etiologies. Furthermore, monocular image doubling also can be a confounding variable of vectographic stereoacuity tests, warranting an investigation of ghost image offset thresholds.

Image Deblurring with a Class-Specific Prior.

A fundamental problem in image deblurring is to reliably recover distinct spatial frequencies that have been suppressed by the blur kernel. To tackle this issue, existing image deblurring techniques often rely on generic image priors such as the sparsity of salient features including image gradients and edges. However, these priors only help recover part of the frequency spectrum, such as the frequencies near the high-end. To this end, we pose the following specific questions: (i) Does any image class infor...

Non-weight-related body image concerns and Body Dysmorphic Disorder prevalence in patients with Anorexia Nervosa.

Patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) are both characterized by body image disturbance and dissatisfaction; furthermore, these disorders share clinical features and frequently co-occur. However, few studies have explored the relation between AN and BDD. Therefore, the first aim of the study was assessing the prevalence of BDD and presence of non-weight-related body image concerns in patients with AN. Second, we were interested in comparing patients with AN and ...

Photo Realistic Image Completion via Dense Correspondence.

In this paper, we propose an image completion algorithm based on dense correspondence between the input image and an exemplar image retrieved from Internet. Contrary to traditional methods which register two images according to sparse correspondence, in this paper we propose a hierarchical PatchMatch method that progressively estimates a dense correspondence which is able to capture small deformations between images. The estimated dense correspondence has usually large occlusion areas that correspond to the...

High-speed image-reconstruction algorithm for a spatially multiplexed image and application to digital holography.

We propose a high-speed image-reconstruction algorithm for a spatially multiplexed image that is obtained by spatial frequency-division multiplexing. The algorithm utilizes smoothing and does not require any Fourier transform (FT) or iterative procedure to extract the desired information selectively from a single image. Numerical and experimental results show its validity and color holographic imaging ability. Calculation time of the proposed is less than a tenth of that of the FT method when using a centra...

Image quality improvement in cone-beam CT using the super-resolution technique.

This study was conducted to improve cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) image quality using the super-resolution technique, a method of inferring a high-resolution image from a low-resolution image. This technique is used with two matrices, so-called dictionaries, constructed respectively from high-resolution and low-resolution image bases. For this study, a CBCT image, as a low-resolution image, is represented as a linear combination of atoms, the image bases in the low-resolution dictionary. The correspo...

L0-Regularized Image Downscaling.

In this paper, we propose a novel L0-regularized optimization framework for image downscaling. The optimization is driven by two L0-regularized priors. The first prior, gradientratio prior, is based on the observation that the number of edges in the downscaled image is approximately inverse square proportional to the downscaling factor. By introducing L0 norm sparsity to the gradient ratio, the downscaled image is able to preserve the most salient edges as well as the visual perception of the original image...

Expressed emotion and impulsiveness in mothers of children with Fragile X Syndrome and Down Syndrome: The relation to behavioral problems in their offspring.

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) and Down Syndrome (DS) are common causes of Intellectual Disability (ID). Mothers of individuals with FXS sometimes have the premutation condition which makes them display neurocognitive signs, such as impulsiveness impairments, while mothers of DS individuals, as a group, do not have impairments. Although behavior problems in individuals with ID may be related to high Expressed Emotion (EE) in parents, parenting in families with ID members has been little explored.

Designing a stable feedback control system for blind image deconvolution.

Blind image deconvolution is one of the main low-level vision problems with wide applications. Many previous works manually design regularization to simultaneously estimate the latent sharp image and the blur kernel under maximum a posterior framework. However, it has been demonstrated that such joint estimation strategies may lead to the undesired trivial solution. In this paper, we present a novel perspective, using a stable feedback control system, to simulate the latent sharp image propagation. The cont...

Author Correction: Yolk sac macrophage progenitors traffic to the embryo during defined stages of development.

This article contains errors in Figs. 5 and 6, for which we apologize. In Fig. 5f, the image 'E12.5 tail' was inadvertently replaced with a duplicate of the image 'E12.5 trunk' from the same panel. In Figure 6d, the image 'E9.5/OH-TAM E8.5, embryo' was inadvertently replaced with a duplicate of the image 'E10.5/ OH-TAM E8.5, embryo' from Fig. 6b. The corrected versions of these figures appear in the Author Correction associated with this Article.

Body image: a survey of children in Caribbean Bonaire.

In Bonaire, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is twice as high compared with Northern Europe but similar to other Caribbean Islands and the USA. Having a realistic body image may be an important tool in the battle against childhood obesity. Previous studies have demonstrated associations between having a realistic body image and efforts to control weight. The aim of the study was to explore the body image of children in Bonaire.

Image retargeting via Beltrami representation.

Image retargeting aims to resize an image to one with a prescribed aspect ratio. Simple scaling inevitably introduces unnatural geometric distortions on the important content of the image. In this paper, we propose a simple and yet effective method to resize an image, which preserves the geometry of the important content, using the Beltrami representation. Our algorithm allows users to interactively label content regions as well as line structures. Image resizing can then be achieved by warping the image by...

Image categorization from functional magnetic resonance imaging using functional connectivity.

Previous studies have attempted to infer the category of objects in a stimulus image from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data recoded during image-viewing. Most studies focus on extracting activity patterns within a given region or across multiple voxels, and utilize the relationships among voxels to decipher the category of a stimulus image. Yet, the functional connectivity (FC) patterns across regions of interest in response to image categories, and their potential contributions to category ...

Shipboard design and fabrication of custom 3D-printed soft robotic manipulators for the investigation of delicate deep-sea organisms.

Soft robotics is an emerging technology that has shown considerable promise in deep-sea marine biological applications. It is particularly useful in facilitating delicate interactions with fragile marine organisms. This study describes the shipboard design, 3D printing and integration of custom soft robotic manipulators for investigating and interacting with deep-sea organisms. Soft robotics manipulators were tested down to 2224m via a Remotely-Operated Vehicle (ROV) in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (P...

Loving Oneself: The Associations Among Sexually Explicit Media, Body Image, and Perceived Realism.

Online sexually explicit material (SEM) is a popular media source, but little is known about its association with body image. This study explored whether perceived realism of SEM mediated the direct association of SEM use on body image while accounting for gender differences. Young adults (N = 393; ages 19 to 30; 53.4% women) recruited through a crowdsourcing Web site completed an anonymous online survey that assessed SEM use, perceptions of the realism of SEM, and body image. Body satisfaction, genital s...

A Hybrid Geometric Spatial Image Representation for scene classification.

The recent development in the technology has increased the complexity of image contents and demand for image classification becomes more imperative. Digital images play a vital role in many applied domains such as remote sensing, scene analysis, medical care, textile industry and crime investigation. Feature extraction and image representation is considered as an important step in scene analysis as it affects the image classification performance. Automatic classification of images is an open research proble...

A systematic review of the roles of body image flexibility as correlate, moderator, mediator, and in intervention science (2011-2018).

The emergence of body image flexibility into the positive body image nomenclature has innovatively expanded the conceptualization of how individuals may adaptively respond to body image threats. Given the notable growth of interest in researching this construct over nearly the past decade, the present analysis provides a systematic and critical review of evidence examining the roles of body image flexibility as correlate, mediator, moderator, and in intervention research. Results indicated that body image f...

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