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PubMed Journals Articles About "Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer" RSS

07:54 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Immune Cells Cast Webs That Help Ovarian Cancer Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Immune cells cast webs that help ovarian cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 37,000+

The antitumor effects of entinostat in ovarian cancer require adaptive immunity.

Ovarian cancer is poorly immunogenic; however, increased major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII) expression correlates with improved immune response and prolonged survival in patients with ovarian cancer. The authors previously demonstrated that the histone deacetylase inhibitor entinostat increases MHCII expression on ovarian cancer cells. In the current study, they evaluated whether entinostat treatment and resultant MHCII expression would enhance beneficial immune responses and impair tumor gro...


Development and validation of an immune gene-set based Prognostic signature in ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer (OV) is the most lethal gynecological cancer in women. We aim to develop a generalized, individualized immune prognostic signature that can stratify and predict overall survival for ovarian cancer.

Tumour Microenvironment and Metabolic Plasticity in Cancer and Cancer Stem Cells: Perspectives on Metabolic and Immune Regulatory Signatures in Chemoresistant Ovarian Cancer Stem Cells.

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a sub-population of tumour cells, which are responsible to drive tumour growth, metastasis and therapy resistance. It has recently been proposed that enhanced glucose metabolism and immune evasion by tumour cells are linked, and are modulated by the changing tumour microenvironment (TME) that creates a competition for nutrient consumption between tumour and different sub-types of cells attracted to the TME. To facilitate efficient nutrient distribution, oncogene-induced inflamma...


Immunotherapy in ovarian cancer: fake news or the real deal?

Cancer immunotherapy has emerged as one of the most promising approaches in oncology, and comprises the activation of the immune system to induce tumor immune surveillance or to reverse the tumor immune escape. Different therapeutic strategies for ovarian carcinoma have evolved over the years. Already 30 years ago, the first clinical studies focused on modulating the tumor cytokine network with special attention to interferon-mediated immune responses. With the exploration of specific tumor antigens such as...

Up-regulation of miR-383-5p suppresses proliferation and enhances chemosensitivity in ovarian cancer cells by targeting TRIM27.

MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs which play important roles in tumor progression. MiR-383-5p has been characterized as a cancer suppressor in several cancers. The aim of theses present study was to explore the role of miR-383-5p in the proliferation and chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cells. MiR-383-5p expression was down-regulated while the expression of TRIM27 was up-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines. We came up with the hypothesis that miR-383-5p might be involved in the tumor prog...

The role of R-spondin 1 through activating Wnt/β-catenin in the growth, survival and migration of ovarian cancer cells.

Aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin has been shown to promote progression in various cancers, including ovarian cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in Wnt/β-catenin activation are not well elucidated. In the work, we identify that R-spondin 1 is an upstream regulator in Wnt/β-catenin pathway to promote growth, survival and migration in ovarian cancer cells. We observe the upregulation of transcript and protein levels of R-spondin 1 in ovarian cancer cell lines and tissues compared to ...

Fibrosis of mesothelial cell-induced peritoneal implantation of ovarian cancer cells.

Peritoneal metastasis frequently occurs in patients with advanced ovarian cancer and is the main basis for a poor prognosis. The mechanism underlying preferential ovarian cancer spread to the peritoneum is not well understood.

Novel therapeutic strategies for advanced ovarian cancer by using iPS cell-derived myelomonocytic cells producing interferon beta.

Although the first-line chemotherapy has a high rate of complete responses in ovarian cancer patients, the vast majority of the patients present with recurrent disease and become refractory to conventional chemotherapy. Peritoneal dissemination and malignant ascites are the hallmarks of recurrent or advanced ovarian cancer and severely reduce quality of life. The development of therapeutic measures to treat such patients is eagerly anticipated. Macrophage infiltration is observed in various types of cancer ...

Low expression of ENC1 predicts a favorable prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.

Ectodermal-neural cortex 1 (ENC1) belongs to a member of the kelch family of genes. It is an actin-binding protein and plays a pivotal role in neuronal and adipocyte differentiation. Here, we found that lower expression of ENC1 in the ovarian cancer patients was associated with favorable prognosis. In addition, ENC1 was heterogeneously expressed in various ovarian cancer cells. The messenger RNA and protein expression levels of ENC1 in HO-8910PM and NIH:OVCAR-3 cells were obviously higher than that in the ...

Enhancing the safety of ovarian cortex autotransplantation: cancer cells are purged completely from human ovarian tissue fragments by pharmacological inhibition of YAP/TAZ oncoproteins.

Is it possible to eliminate metastasized cancer cells from ovarian cortex fragments prior to autotransplantation without compromising the ovarian tissue or follicles?

DHA but not AA Enhances Cisplatin Cytotoxicity in Ovarian Cancer Cells.

Clinical and epidemiological studies show that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) exert multiple effects on ovarian cancer. While DHA seems to inhibit growth and prevent carcinogenic processes, stimulation of leukotriene B4 receptors BLT1 and BLT2 by several eicosanoids derived from AA plays an important role in mediating cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cells. We examined whether DHA and AA exerted antiproliferative effect on epithelial ovarian cancer cells and whether these polyuns...

HBO1 directs histone H4 specific acetylation, potentiating mechano-transductionpathways and membrane elasticity in ovarian cancer cells.

New approaches to treat ovarian cancer, the fifth leading cause of cancer death among women, are being sought, with the targeting of epigenetic modulators now receiving much attention. The histone acetyltransferase HBO1 functions in regulating diverse molecular processes, including DNA repair, transcription and replication, and is highly expressed in primary ovarian cancer. Here we define both the molecular function and a role in cell biomechanics for HBO1 in ovarian cancer. HBO1 preferentially acetylates h...

CHI3L1 results in poor outcome of ovarian cancer by promoting properties of stem-like cells.

The role of chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) in ovarian cancer and the possible mechanisms were elucidated. CHI3L1 is a secreted glycoprotein and associated with inflammation, fibrosis, asthma, extracellular tissue remodeling and solid tumors. Our previous study showed CHI3L1 could be a potential prognostic biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer and protect cancer cells from apoptosis. Therefore, clinical data and quantitation of CHI3L1 of ovarian cancer patients, tumor spheroid formation, side-populati...

The clinical role of the TME in solid cancer.

The highly complex and heterogenous ecosystem of a tumour not only contains malignant cells, but also interacting cells from the host such as endothelial cells, stromal fibroblasts, and a variety of immune cells that control tumour growth and invasion. It is well established that anti-tumour immunity is a critical hurdle that must be overcome for tumours to initiate, grow and spread and that anti-tumour immunity can be modulated using current immunotherapies to achieve meaningful anti-tumour clinical respon...

Impact of Human Cytomegalovirus Infection and its Immune Response on Survival of Patients with Ovarian Cancer.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been detected in various types of tumors. We studied the prevalence of HCMV in ovarian cancer and its relation to clinical outcome. Paraffin-embedded tissues obtained prospectively from 45 patients with ovarian cancer and 30 patients with benign ovarian cystadenoma were analyzed for expression of HCMV immediate-early protein (IE) and HCMV tegument protein (pp65) by immunohistochemistry. Plasma was analyzed for HCMV serology. HCMV-IgG levels were higher in patients with ovari...

KDM6B promotes ovarian cancer cell migration and invasion by induced transforming growth factor-β1 expression.

KDM6B, also known as JMJD3, is a member of the family of histone lysine demethylase (KDMs), which is closely related to many types of cancers. However, its role and the underlying mechanisms in ovarian cancer remain unknown. Here we show that KDM6B is elevated in epithelial ovarian cancer and its expression level is closely related with metastasis and invasion. In addition, survival analysis showed that high expression of KDM6B was associated with low overall survival in ovarian cancer patients. Overexpress...

High expression of LASS2 is associated with unfavorable prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.

Homo sapiens longevity assurance homolog 2 of yeast LAG1 (LASS2), is a gene isolated from a human liver complementary DNA library. In this study, we found that LASS2 protein level was positively related to International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and LASS2-negative tumors showed significant association with longer disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in ovarian cancer patients. The heterogeneous expression of LASS2 had been exhibited in diverse ovarian cancer ce...

Ovarian cancer stem cell: A potential therapeutic target for overcoming multidrug resistance.

The cancer stem cell (CSC) model encompasses an advantageous paradigm that in recent decades provides a better elucidation for many important biological aspects of cancer initiation, progression, metastasis, and, more important, development of multidrug resistance (MDR). Such several other hematological malignancies and solid tumors and the identification and isolation of ovarian cancer stem cells (OV-CSCs) show that ovarian cancer also follows this hierarchical model. Gaining a better insight into CSC-medi...

Inflammation is a key contributor to ovarian cancer cell seeding.

The incidence of ovarian cancer dramatically increases in early menopause but the factors contributing to cancer onset are unclear. Most ovarian cancers originate in the fallopian tube with subsequent implantation of malignant cells into the ovary. However, the events and conditions that lead to cancer cell implantation are unknown. To quantify which conditions are conducive to the seeding of cancer cells in an immunocompetent mouse model, we surgically implanted mouse ovarian cancer cells into the oviducts...

Linc00161 regulated the drug resistance of ovarian cancer by sponging microRNA-128 and modulating MAPK1.

This study aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism of linc00161/miR-128/MAPK1 axis on drug resistance of ovarian cancer. Methods: the differentially expressed lncRNAs were screened based on microarray analysis. The expression of linc00161, miR-128 and MAPK1 in ovarian cancer-resistant tissues and cells was tested qRT-PCR, whereas MAPK1 protein expression was examined via western blot in the ovarian cancer resistant cells. The targeted relationship between miR-128 and linc00161 as well as the relations...

Inhibition of fascin in cancer and stromal cells blocks ovarian cancer metastasis.

Ovarian cancer (OvCa) metastasis requires the coordinated motility of both cancer and stromal cells. Cellular movement is a dynamic process that involves the synchronized assembly of f-actin bundles into cytoskeletal protrusions by fascin. Fascin directly binds f-actin and is an integral component of filopodia, lamellapodia and stress fibers. Here, we examine the expression pattern and function of fascin in the cancer and stromal cells of OvCa tumors.

Silencing the expression of MTDH increases the radiation sensitivity of SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells and reduces their proliferation and metastasis.

Ovarian cancer has a high mortality rate among women worldwide. Radiotherapy is considered an effective method of ovarian cancer treatment, however, radioresistance presents a challenge. It is necessary to develop techniques that can increase radiosensitivity in ovarian cancer, and gene therapy is a promising option. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of metadherin (MTDH) silencing on the radiosensitivity of ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer tissues (n=273) and normal ovarian tissues (...

Inhibition of Ca -activated chloride channel ANO1 suppresses ovarian cancer through inactivating PI3K/Akt signaling.

Most common ovarian cancers are epithelial carcinoma in which the etiology for carcinogenesis remains elusive. ANO1/TMEM16A, a member of Ca -activated Cl channels (CaCCs), has been demonstrated to promote epithelium-originated cancers and whether it plays a role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer is unknown. In our study we found that ANO1 proteins were overexpressed in human epithelial ovarian cancer cells and tissue samples. ANO1 protein upregulation was correlated with the clinical FIGO (International...

Cancer-Induced Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in T Cells Subverts Immunosurveillance.

Compelling evidence indicates that tumors may evade immunosurveillance by subverting the metabolism of immune cells. In a recent paper in Nature, Song et al. (2018) demonstrate that ovarian cancers activate IRE1α-XBP1 signaling within CD4 T lymphocytes, thereby disrupting their bioenergetic function and contribution to anticancer immune responses.

The biodiversity Composition of Microbiome in Ovarian Carcinoma Patients.

Ovarian carcinoma is caused by multiple factors, but its etiology associated with microbes and infection is unknown. Using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing methods, the diversity and composition of the microbiota from ovarian cancer tissues (25 samples) and normal distal fallopian tube tissues (25 samples) were analyzed. High-throughput sequencing showed that the diversity and richness indexes were significantly decreased in ovarian cancer tissues compared to tissues from normal distal fallopian tubes. T...


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