PubMed Journals Articles About "Immunotherapy After Chemotherapy For Patients With Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer" RSS

00:41 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Immunotherapy After Chemotherapy For Patients With Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Immunotherapy After Chemotherapy For Patients With Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Immunotherapy After Chemotherapy Patients With Hormone Refractory Metastatic" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 37,000+

Immunotherapy Advances in Urothelial Carcinoma.

Checkpoint inhibitors have monumentally transformed the treatment of metastatic urothelial carcinoma. While the efficacy and safety of the different agents are similar in platinum-refractory metastatic urothelial carcinoma, pembrolizumab is the only agent that was superior to chemotherapy in a randomized phase III trial. Pembrolizumab and atezolizumab are also approved as first-line therapies in cisplatin-ineligible metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Several immunotherapy trials are ongoing in non-metastatic ...

Response to immunotherapy rechallenge after interval chemotherapy in a patient with head and neck cancer.

Patients with metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN) have a poor prognosis, with most patients surviving less than a year. Immunotherapy (IO) is changing the natural history of the disease and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors are showing notable improvements in survival with a more favourable toxicity profile than chemotherapy. To our knowledge, there are no data regarding how checkpoint blockade inhibitors may behave at rechallenge in SCCHN. We present the case of a metast...

CheckMate-032 Study: Efficacy and Safety of Nivolumab and Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Patients With Metastatic Esophagogastric Cancer.

Purpose Metastatic esophagogastric cancer treatments after failure of second-line chemotherapy are limited. Nivolumab demonstrated superior overall survival (OS) versus placebo in Asian patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancers. We assessed the safety and efficacy of nivolumab and nivolumab plus ipilimumab in Western patients with chemotherapy-refractory esophagogastric cancers. Patients and Methods Patients with locally advanced or metastatic chemotherapy-refractory gastric, esoph...

Current status of immunotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer.

Immunotherapy focuses on selectively enhancing the host's immune response against malignant disease. It has been investigated as an important treatment modality against malignant disease for many years, but until recently its use was mostly limited to a few cancers. The advent of new immunemodulating agents in the recent past has changed the landscape for management of many solid tumors. Currently, immunotherapy offers a valuable, and in many cases, a more effective alternate to the conventional cytotoxic t...

Pembrolizumab monotherapy versus chemotherapy for treatment of advanced urothelial carcinoma with disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy. A Cochrane Rapid Review.

The use of systemic immunotherapy targets is emerging as an important treatment option for metastatic urothelial carcinoma, particularly for patients who cannot tolerate or who fail cisplatin-based chemotherapy. One such target is the inhibition of the checkpoint protein programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligand (PD-L1) by monoclonal antibodies.

Checkpoint inhibitors in the decision-making algorithm of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.

The checkpoint inhibitors opened a new era in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) initially by replacing second-line standard chemotherapy with docetaxel and subsequently by replacing platinum-based chemotherapy in the first line, albeit in patients selected for a high expression of PD-L1. The decision algorithm has therefore been radically modified for patients who do not have activating mutations. However, we are only at the beginning of a new era from which we expect in the near ...

Long-term survival of a patient with recurrent gallbladder carcinoma, treated with chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and surgery: a case report.

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the refractory diseases. Multidisciplinary approach including immunotherapy for such cancers has received much attention in recent years.

Low Skeletal Muscle Mass before Salvage-Line Chemotherapy Is a Poor Prognostic Factor in Patients with Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

Regorafenib and TAS-102 are standard salvage-line treatment options for patients with chemorefractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of skeletal muscle mass in mCRC patients receiving these salvage-line therapies.

A Pilot Prospective Study of Refractory Solid Tumor Patients for NGS-Based Targeted Anticancer Therapy.

With the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS), targeted sequencing is now contributing to decision making for which chemotherapeutics to administer to cancer patients, especially in refractory and metastatic cancer. Given that most patients with refractory cancer develop resistance to chemotherapy and have few treatment options, we performed NGS test to evaluate the efficacy and clinical feasibility of NGS-based targeted anticancer therapy. We used a gene panel for capturing target regions covering 83...

Different Chemotherapy Regimens in the Management of Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer: a Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Urothelial cancer (UC) as a chemotherapy-sensitive tumor, has achieved remarkable progresses in therapeutic paradigm, particularly in the advanced/metastatic stages. However, both clinicians and patients are confused when it comes to choosing the optimal chemotherapy. Hence, this article was aimed to conduct a comprehensive comparison of different chemotherapy regimens for advanced or metastatic UC in terms of survival benefits or adverse events.

Efficacy of novel immunotherapy regimens in patients with metastatic melanoma with germline mutations.

Inherited mutation is a strong risk factor for cutaneous melanoma. Moreover, carriers have been found to have poor melanoma-specific survival. In this study, responses to novel immunotherapy agents in mutation carriers with metastatic melanoma were evaluated.

Gastric adenocarcinoma is concurrent with metastatic neuroendocrine cancer treated with nivolumab and chemotherapy: A case report.

Gastric adenocarcinoma concurrent with metastatic neuroendocrine cancer (NEC) is rare. In the present case report, a 39-year-old male was first pathologically diagnosed by gastric endoscopy as having a highly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Next, positron emission tomography-computed tomography examination and bone marrow biopsy confirmed extensive metastasis. Subsequently, the patient underwent 6 cycles of immunotherapy (nivolumab, 160 mg) and 5 cycles of chemotherapy based on the XELOX regimen (oxaliplatin...

Physiologic colonic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake may predict response to immunotherapy in patients with metastatic melanoma.

The gut microbiota impacts response to immunotherapy in cancer patients. We sought to evaluate the role of physiologic colonic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake, a test that was recently shown to reflect colonic bacterial load, as a possible predictor for response to immunotherapy. We carried out a retrospective study in metastatic melanoma patients who received the immune checkpoint inhibitor ipilimumab as first-line therapy. All patients underwent an F-FDG PET scan before treatment initiation....

Age-dependent differences in first-line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer: the DISCO study.

First-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is effective and feasible in selected older patients. We investigated age-dependent differences in treatment and outcomes in patients with mCRC in clinical practice.

Severe skin toxicity with organ damage under the combination of targeted therapy following immunotherapy in metastatic melanoma.

Targeted therapy combination (TTC: antiRAF+antiMEK) is known to improve metastatic melanoma survival. Few severe skin toxicities (grade ≥3) are described with first-line TTC (17% for vemurafenib+cobimetinib and none for dabrafenib+trametinib) in a phase III trial. Among our 42 patients treated by TTC between January 2014 and March 2017, 4.8% (2/42) of those treated in the first line presented severe skin rash versus 19% (8/42) of patients treated in the second line after previous immunotherapy. In particu...

Chemotherapy and biologic use in the routine management of metastatic colorectal cancer in Australia: is clinical practice following the evidence?

Emerging evidence on the optimal use of chemotherapy and biologics in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) should impact management in routine care. Recent studies have demonstrated benefits for initial triplet chemotherapy (FOLFOXIRI) and for initial treatment with an epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor (EGFRi) in patients with a RAS wild type tumour and a left-sided primary.

Chemotherapy elicits pro-metastatic extracellular vesicles in breast cancer models.

Cytotoxic chemotherapy is an effective treatment for invasive breast cancer. However, experimental studies in mice also suggest that chemotherapy has pro-metastatic effects. Primary tumours release extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, that can facilitate the seeding and growth of metastatic cancer cells in distant organs, but the effects of chemotherapy on tumour-derived EVs remain unclear. Here we show that two classes of cytotoxic drugs broadly employed in pre-operative (neoadjuvant) breast c...

A population-based outcomes study of patients with metastatic gastric cancer receiving second-line chemotherapy: A nationwide health insurance database study.

The survival benefit of second-line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic gastric cancer (MGC) has recently been established. We conducted a nationwide population-based outcomes study of patients with MGC receiving second-line chemotherapy to better understand real-world treatment patterns and outcomes.

Body mass index may predict the response to ipilimumab in metastatic melanoma: An observational multi-centre study.

Immunotherapy is a well-established treatment option in patients with metastatic melanoma. However, biomarkers that can be used to predict a response in these patients have not yet been found, putting patients at risk of severe side effects.

Nintedanib for the treatment of patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (LUME-Colon 1): a phase III, international, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

Angiogenesis is critical to colorectal cancer (CRC) growth and metastasis. Phase I/II studies have demonstrated the efficacy of nintedanib, a triple angiokinase inhibitor, in patients with metastatic CRC. This global, randomized, phase III study investigated the efficacy and safety of nintedanib in patients with refractory CRC after failure of standard therapies.

Post-chemotherapy serum anti-Müllerian hormone level predicts ovarian function recovery

In the era of precision medicine, the prediction of ovarian function recovery from chemotherapy-induced amenorrhoea using feasible biological markers may be helpful to optimise the treatment strategy for young patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of post-chemotherapy biological markers for predicting the recovery of ovarian function in breast cancer patients of the ASTRRA trial, with chemotherapy-induced amenorrhoea. Using data of 8...

Therapeutic Intensification and Induction Chemotherapy for High-Risk Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

The treatment of HNSCC has rapidly evolved over the past 30 years and multidisciplinary management is required, especially for locally advanced disease (LAHNSCC). Concomitant chemoradiation (cCRT) is the standard of care and cetuximab/RT (CET/RT) is an alternative treatment option, especially for patients unfit for concurrent cisplatin. Several intensification strategies have been explored to improve the outcome of the concomitant treatment. The combination of cisplatin plus cetuximab concurrent to RT fail...

The 46th David A. Karnofsky Memorial Award Lecture: Oligometastasis-From Conception to Treatment.

Metastasis from most adult solid tumors generally has been considered to be widespread and incurable. Here, I present clinical and molecular data to support the hypothesis that some metastases are limited in number and pace and are curable with ablative therapies. I advance the hypothesis that immunotherapy combined with radiotherapy may be a general strategy to increase the number of patients with metastatic cancer amenable to cure. I further suggest that, in the context of ablative radiotherapy, the poten...

The value of immunotherapy in head and neck cancer.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) previously had limited treatment options once patients had progressed on systemic chemotherapy. With recent advances, immunotherapy now plays an important role in the treatment of advanced disease with improved outcomes as compared to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Areas covered: This article reviews the effects of the immune system and how it influences the development and response to HNSCC therapy. We additionally provide a summary of immunotherapy treatments availa...

Long-term survival follow-up of atezolizumab in combination with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.

Before the availability of immunotherapy, chemotherapy was standard first-line therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) lacking actionable gene alterations. Preclinical evidence suggests chemotherapy is immunomodulatory, supporting chemotherapy/immunotherapy combinations. Atezolizumab, anti-programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) antibody, blocks programmed cell death protein-1 and B7.1 interaction with PD-L1. GP28328 (NCT01633970) assessed atezolizumab with chemotherapy in multiple tumours; we report resul...

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