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Impact Of Associated Abdominal Injuries On Clinical And Operative Outcome In Pelvic Injuries PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Impact Of Associated Abdominal Injuries On Clinical And Operative Outcome In Pelvic Injuries articles that have been published worldwide.
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There have been recommendations for increased non-operative management (NOM) of abdominal trauma in adults. To assess the impact of this trend and changes in the epidemiology of trauma, we examined the management of serious abdominal injuries and mortality, in Victorian major trauma patients 16 years or older, between 2007 and 2016.
Pelvic fractures are severe injuries and are often associated with multiple system injuries, exacerbating the overall outcome. In India, the incidence of pelvic fractures is on a rise due to suboptimal roads and traffic but related literature regarding the overall epidemiology of these injuries is scarce and scanty. Our aim was to study the epidemiology of patients admitted with pelvic fractures at a level 1 trauma centre in India.
Motor vehicle collisions cause substantial mortality, morbidity, and expense worldwide. Certain types of injuries are more likely to result from frontal versus side-impact collisions, and knowledge of these specific patterns and why they occur aids in accurate and efficient diagnosis of traumatic injuries. Although the proper use of seat belts decreases crash-related mortality during frontal impact, certain injury patterns to the torso are directly attributed to restraint use. The spectrum of seat belt-rela...
The study firstly aimed at looking whether sacroilium (SI) fractures could be sustained as unique pelvic injuries in side impact real world automotive accidents. Secondarily, the sacroilium fractures observed in conjunction with other pelvic fractures were analyzed to investigate the existence of injury association patterns. Two real world accident databases were searched for SI fractures. The occupants selected were front car passengers older than 16, involved in side, oblique or frontal impact, with AIS2+...
Pelvic fractures represent 5% of all traumatic fractures and 30% are isolated pelvic fractures. Pelvic fractures are found in 10 to 20% of severe trauma patients and their presence is highly correlated to increasing trauma severity scores. The high mortality of pelvic trauma, about 8 to 15%, is related to actively bleeding pelvic injuries and/or associated injuries to the head, abdomen or chest. Regardless of the severity of pelvic trauma, diagnosis and treatment must proceed according to a strategy that do...
Intra-operative adverse events (iAEs) recently were shown to correlate independently with an increased risk of post-operative death, morbidity, re-admissions, and length of hospital stay. We sought to understand further the impact of iAEs on surgical site infections (SSIs) in abdominal surgical procedures and delineate which patient populations are most affected. We hypothesized that all patients with iAEs have an increased risk for SSI, especially those with pre-existing risk factors for SSI.
Pelvic fractures may range from highly severe, life-threatening injuries to less acute clinical entities. There are several sub-entities that are summed up as pelvic injuries. Anatomically, there are fractures of the anterior or posterior pelvic ring. Apart from these, there are fractures of the acetabulum that make up about one fifth of all pelvic injuries. The indication for surgical treatment of pelvic ring injuries depends on the type of injury, involvement of anterior and/or posterior elements of the p...
The liver is the most commonly injured solid organ in blunt abdominal trauma. Although the incidence of hepatic lacerations continues to rise, non-operative management with angioembolization is currently the standard of care. While active arterial hemorrhage is commonly embolized in grade 3 or 4 injuries, patients with grade 5 injuries frequently require operative intervention.
Pelvic ring injuries in the elderly often occur after low-energy accidents. They may result in prolonged immobilization, complications and an intense rehabilitation process. The aim of this study was to assess mortality, physical functioning and quality of life (QoL) in elderly patients with pelvic ring injuries.
There is varying evidence regarding the effects of BMI on outcomes of EVAR. This study investigates the effects of BMI on an index of peri-operative and post-operative outcomes after EVAR.
Fibrin clot is essential for post-operative abdominal adhesion formation. Fucoidans, sulfated polysaccharides, inhibit fibrin clot formation. In addition, they inhibit inflammation and fibrosis, which also play important roles in adhesion formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fucoidans' potential for inhibiting post-operative abdominal adhesions and measure their effects on systemic coagulation parameters when administered intraperitoneally (IP).
This systematic review describes and compares outcomes of operative and non-operative management of central slip extensor tendon injuries. A PRISMA-compliant methodology identified 3785 studies. Of these, 29 underwent full text review. No randomized controlled trials were identified. Nine studies evaluated treatment modalities specific to cohorts with acute central slip injuries in adults. A range of operative and non-operative elements of management was identified although no studies directly compared the ...
The objective of our study was to assess the functional and sensory outcomes of the primary repair of 138 digital nerve injuries in 48 consecutive patients between January 2012 and November 2014, and to determine whether there were any relationships between demographics, clinical characteristics, or functional test results and post-operative sensory recovery outcomes. Mean follow-up was 14 (range, 10 to 20) months. Sensory evaluation was performed using the static two-point discrimination test, and post-ope...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the readability and understandability of 2 commonly used pelvic floor disorder questionnaires, Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-Short Form 20 (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire-Short Form 7 (PFIQ-7), in a low health literacy patient population.
To calculate the incidence of symptomatic iliosacral (SI) screw removal following pelvic trauma and to determine the clinical impact of the secondary intervention.
The use of intra-abdominal drains after major surgical procedures represents a well-established but controversial practice. No data are available regarding both the occurrence and the potential impact of their postoperative accidental dislocation. The aim of this study is to assess the actual rate of dislocation of intra-abdominal drains postoperatively and to evaluate its clinical impact.
Dual-energy virtual noncalcium images are increasingly used to identify marrow edema which accompanies bony pelvic injuries and marrow pathology obscured by cancellous bone. We present a clinical perspective of our experience using virtual noncalcium images in the work up of pelvic osseous pathology.
A healthy 51-year-old woman presented with increasing abdominal and pelvic pain. Computed tomography imaging of the abdomen and pelvis showed an 11.6-cm pelvic mass, retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, right hydronephrosis, and mesenteric tumor deposits ( Fig 1A ). A serum CA-125 was elevated at 1,149 U/mL. She underwent primary surgical cytoreduction including hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, appendectomy, resection of pelvic tumor, omentectomy, and low anterior resection with colorectal anastom...
Pelvic congestion syndrome is defined as chronic pelvic pain due to incompetent (dilated and refluxing) pelvic veins. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of this condition by examining the prevalence of dilated ovarian and para-uterine veins in pre- and postmenopausal female patients, irrespective of their symptoms. We subsequently investigated how many women with dilated veins suffered from chronic pelvic pain. Additionally, we attempted to define diagnostic criteria that may allow for ...
Cesarean sections are a common surgical procedure at risk of complications including adhesions and chronic pelvic pain. This case series presents 10 cases of patients presenting with chronic pelvic pain following a cesarean section which were found upon surgical exploration to have developed adhesions between the abdominal wall and the uterus. When they first consulted, patients were evaluated clinically with a questionnaire and physical exam, and with ultrasonography to evaluate pelvic anatomy when necessa...
The term "traumatic injuries of the central nervous system" (CNS) refers to both traumatic brain injury (TBI) as well as traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Both types of injuries substantially contribute to morbidity and mortality in developed as well as developing countries. The underlying pathophysiological processes are very complex and despite extensive research efforts they are still not completely understood. Therefore, traumatic injuries to the CNS pose special challenges for preclinical and clinica...
Non-operative management (NOM) of blunt hepatic and splenic injuries has become popular in haemodynamically stable adult patients, despite uncertainty about efficacy, patient selection, and details of management. Up-to-date strategies and practical recommendations are presented.
We aimed to study the technical and clinical outcome of urgent transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for postoperative arterial complications after pelvic or hip surgery, and to accumulate additional experience about the role of embolization for these injuries.
Laparoscopic colectomy is the preferred approach for surgical management of non-complicated diverticulitis, with lower complication rates, shorter length of stay, and decreased narcotic use compared with open surgery. Complicated diverticulitis, characterized by abscess, fistula or stricture, is more difficult to manage with minimally invasive surgery, with reports of higher conversion rates, prolonged operative time, longer length of stay, and increased complication rates. The robotic platform may provide ...
An estimated 4% to 6.6% of women delivering vaginally sustain obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASI). Despite this, a gap exists in the provision of postpartum care to women globally. Given the negative impact of OASI, action is needed, and multidisciplinary perineal clinics can help. Consequently, such a clinic was established in 2011 at the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH), a tertiary care center in Edmonton, Alberta.