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Improving Hand Recovery With Neuromodulation In Tetraplegia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Improving Hand Recovery With Neuromodulation In Tetraplegia articles that have been published worldwide.
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Rehabilitation aims to improve hand-arm function, upper-limb strength, and functional independence that has been impaired by tetraplegia. On the basis of evidence derived from stroke rehabilitation, interventions aiming to increase intensity (i.e., duration and/or number of movements practiced) or alter brain plasticity (including motor imagery, virtual reality, transcranial direct-current or magnetic stimulations; i.e., neuromodulation) are now used during tetraplegic rehabilitation. However, no meta-analy...
Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is gaining popularity as a treatment option for chronic pelvic pain (CPP). Our hypothesis is that SNM is effective in improving CPP.
Minimally conscious state (MCS) is a disorder of consciousness in which minimal but definite behavioral evidence of self-awareness or environmental awareness is demonstrated. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of various targets has been used to promote recovery in patients with disorders of consciousness with varying results. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effects of DBS in MCS following traumatic brain injury (TBI).
The field of neuromodulation encompasses a wide spectrum of interventional technologies that modify pathological activity within the nervous system to achieve a therapeutic effect. Therapy including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has all shown promising results across a range of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. This article reviews the state-of-the-art of neuromodulation for stroke and discusses the opportunities and challenges available for clinicians and researchers interested ...
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) disrupts signaling pathways between the brain and spinal networks below the level of injury. In cases of severe SCI, permanent loss of sensorimotor and autonomic function can occur. The standard of care for severe SCI uses compensation strategies to maximize independence during activities of daily living while living with chronic SCI-related dysfunctions. Over the past several years, the research field of spinal neuromodulation has generated promising results that hold pot...
Hand hygiene compliance is low among anesthesia providers in the operating room, which places patients at risk of preventable infections. The goal of this project was to improve hand hygiene compliance by educating anesthesia providers on the World Health Organization's 5 indications for hand hygiene, and increasing access to hand hygiene products in the operating room.
This five-year, retrospective, multicenter study evaluated the long-term safety and efficiency of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in Chinese patients with urinary voiding dysfunction.
Hand dexterity has uniquely developed in higher primates and is thought to rely on the direct corticomotoneuronal (CM) pathway. Recent studies have shown that rodents and carnivores lack the direct CM pathway but can control certain levels of dexterous hand movements through various indirect CM pathways. Some homologous pathways also exist in higher primates, and among them, propriospinal (PrS) neurons in the mid-cervical segments (C3-C4) are significantly involved in hand dexterity. When the direct CM path...
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive tool that induces neuromodulation in the brain. Several studies have shown the effectiveness of tDCS in improving language recovery in post-stroke aphasia. However, this innovative technique is not currently used in routine speech and language therapy (SLT) practice.
Spinal cord injury (SCI) persons with chronic neuropathic pain (NP) demonstrate maladaptive autonomic profiles compared to SCI counterparts without NP (SCI - NP) or able-bodied (AB) controls. These aberrations may be secondary to maladaptive neuroplasticity in the shared circuitry of the pain neuromatrix-central autonomic network interface (PNM-CAN). In this study, we explored the proposed PNM-CAN mechanism in SCI + NP and AB cohorts following centrally-directed neuromodulation to assess if the PNM ...
The electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) is a measure of the response from a population of fibers to an electrical stimulus. ECAPs can be assessed during spinal cord stimulation (SCS) to elucidate the relationship between stimulation, electrophysiological response, and neuromodulation. This has consequences for the design and programming of SCS devices.
The field of neuromodulation is developing rapidly. Current techniques, however, are still limited as they i) either depend on permanent implants, ii) require invasive procedures, iii) are not cell-type specific, iv) involve slow pharmacokinetics or v) have a restricted penetration depth making it difficult to stimulate regions deep within the brain. Refinements into the different fields of neuromodulation are thus needed. In this review, we will provide background information on the different techniques of...
Patient expectations have been demonstrated to influence recovery following spine surgery. Addressing patient expectations specifically in regards to pain and post-surgical healing is an important factor in improving recovery patterns. Pre-surgical education can potentially help manage patient expectations.
Implant-related infections carry a high morbidity. Infectious rates for neuromodulation implants range from 1-9% for DBS, 0-10% for SCS systems, and 3-15% for IT pump systems. Meanwhile, studies on care bundles report infection rate reduction to 1.0% for SCS, and 0.3% for cardiac implants. Herein, we evaluate the effectiveness of an infection prevention bundle (IPB) in minimizing infections after surgeries for neuromodulation implants.
DMT-DALDA (H-Dmt-D-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH2; Dmt = 2',6'-dimethyltyrosine) is a selective mu opioid agonist. We sought to characterize efficacy, tolerance, dependence and side-effect profile when given by continuous intrathecal infusion.
Lead placement within the sacral foramen in sacral neuromodulation patients is guided by visual assessment of the contraction of the pelvic floor musculature (PFM) and/or verbal assessment of the sensation and location of sensation upon stimulation. Generally, lead placement is proceeded by needle probing. This study evaluates which location inside a single sacral foramen would be most ideal for the release of the permanent electrode lead, by measuring electromyographic (EMG) motor responses of the PFM upon...
Insula dysfunction contributes to nicotine use disorders. Yet, much remains unknown about how insular functions promote nicotine use. We review current models of brain networks in smoking and propose an extension to those models that emphasizes the role of the insula in craving. During acute withdrawal, the insula provides the sensation of craving to the cerebrum and is thought to negotiate craving sensations with cognitive control to guide behavior - either to smoke or abstain. Recent studies have shown th...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of SynchroMed II programmable infusion pumps for delivery of intrathecal baclofen to treat severe spasticity.
Stimulation of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in the treatment of chronic, intractable pain has shown excellent clinical results in multiple published studies, including a large prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Both safety and efficacy have been demonstrated utilizing this therapeutic approach for many chronic complaints. Continued assessment of neuromodulation therapies, such as DRG stimulation, are not only an important aspect of vigilant care, but are also necessary for the evaluation for safet...