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Incidence Of Pain After Craniotomy In Children PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Incidence Of Pain After Craniotomy In Children articles that have been published worldwide.
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Gabapentin is an adjuvant antiepileptic agent and helps to reduce acute postoperative pain in several surgery settings. However, the effect of gabapentin on postoperative pain from suboccipital or subtemporal craniotomy is not clear.
The review highlights the main aspects of the epidemiology of chronic pain (pain lasting more than three months) as a factor that has a significant impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents. The paper presents new data on the epidemiology of headache, abdominal pain, musculoskeletal pain and combined pain syndromes. The author draws attention to the importance of alexithymia as a factor aggravating chronic pain in children and adolescents.
To investigate the combinations of Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) (neck, shoulder, upper and low back pain) among a sample of Iranian school children.
Pediatric pain is common, and memory for it may be distressing and have long-lasting effects. Children who develop more negatively-biased memories for pain (i.e., recalled pain is higher than initial pain report) are at risk for worse future pain outcomes. In adolescent samples, higher child and parent catastrophic thinking about pain was associated with negatively biased memories for post-surgical pain. This study examined the influence of child and parent anxiety on the development of younger children's p...
Children who undergo surgical procedures in ambulatory and inpatient settings are at risk of experiencing acute pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce moderate to severe pain without many of the side effects associated with opioids. However, NSAIDs may cause bleeding, renal and gastrointestinal toxicity, and potentially delay wound and bone healing. Intravenous administration of ketorolac for postoperative pain in children has not been approved in many countries, but is routinely adm...
This study evaluated the sustainability of teaching awake craniotomy in Indonesia. We explored: 1) the factors affecting how awake craniotomy can be taught in a LMIC and 2) the factors affecting the utilization of awake craniotomy in Indonesia.
To describe how nurses identify the pain in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and to list the strategies used by them in the evaluation and control of pain.
Young children perceive pain as much, or even more than adults, and the pain may have short- and long-term consequences. The literature describes the use of non-pharmacological interventions to alleviate pain during vaccination. The aim of this study was to assess 3such interventions for analgesia during vaccination: non-nutritive sucking (NNS), breastfeeding (BF), and administration of a 50% dextrose solution (D50W).
We analyzed outcome domains and pain outcome measures in randomized controlled trials of interventions for postoperative pain management in children and adolescents, and compared them to the core outcome set recommended by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (PedIMMPACT).
Timely analgesia is critical for children with injuries presenting to the emergency department, yet pain control efforts are often inadequate. Intranasal administration of pain medications provides rapid analgesia with minimal discomfort. Opioids are historically used for significant pain from traumatic injuries but have concerning adverse effects. Intranasal ketamine may provide an effective alternative.
Identifying changes in pain score associated with clinically meaningful outcomes is necessary when using self-report measures to assess pain in children. We aimed to determine the changes in pain score associated with a minimum clinically significant difference (MCSD), ideal clinically significant difference (ICSD), and patient-perceived adequate analgesia (PPAA), and to evaluate for differences based on initial pain intensity and patient characteristics.
Do dietary interventions, such as probiotics, improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain?
Intravenous insertion (IVI) is a very common procedure in the emergency department (ED). IVI is often painful and stressful for both children and their families. Currently, distraction therapy is not used as a standard of care for IVI in North America. We propose that interaction with a humanoid robot may effectively distract children during IVI thereby reducing their pain and distress.
Hospitals can cause anxiety, pain and fear in children perceiving medical procedures as intrusive and painful. Among the non-pharmacological strategies, distraction techniques have proved to be effective in the management of pain and distress.
Recurrent abdominal pain in children is common, with most functional in origin. Colonoscopy has sometimes been performed to exclude pathology but its role is unclear. Our aim therefore was to assess the diagnostic yield and role of colonoscopy in these children.
Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is one of the main reasons for referral to a pediatric rheumatologist and is the third most common cause of chronic pain in children and adolescents. Causes of CMP include amplified musculoskeletal pain, benign limb pain of childhood, hypermobility, overuse syndromes, and back pain. CMP can negatively affect physical, social, academic, and psychological function so it is essential that clinicians know how to diagnose and treat these conditions. This article provides an ove...
Reducing pain is one of the main health priorities for children and young people with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), however some studies indicate that pain is not routinely assessed in this patient group. The aim of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' (HCPs') beliefs about the role of pain and the prioritisation of its assessment in children and young people with JIA.
Thirty percent of adults with fibromyalgia receive an opioid, but the prevalence of opioid prescribing in pediatric chronic musculoskeletal pain is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with opioid exposure and polypharmacy among children with chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Since children and adolescents are frequently experiencing emotional and behavioral consequences due to pain, their parents should be aware of this emotional and behavioral status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze and describe the parents' reports of the emotional and behavioral status of children and adolescents with different types of temporomandibular disorders using the Child Behavior Checklist.
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) perform less physical activity than their typically developing peers (TDP). Pain, important comorbidity in children with CP, restrains levels of physical activity.
Surgical resection of parasellar meningiomas is a challenging operation that has traditionally been performed with a large pterional or orbitozygomatic craniotomy. In this study, we report patient outcomes and detail our surgical approach when resecting these tumors with a smaller, less invasive "mini-pterional" craniotomy.
Immunizations are a necessary but distressing and painful procedure that most infants and children regularly undergo. Each year, a tertiary pediatric hospital in Canada holds an influenza vaccination clinic for all staff and their families. Evidence-based interventions to reduce pain and distress in babies and children are used. Despite this, infants and children continue to be distressed throughout the vaccination procedure. The objectives of this study were to: (1) measure the prevalence of distress among...
Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is a well-recognized facial pain syndrome. Discrete forms with disparate pain symptoms include TN1 and TN2, however, atypical facial pain includes neuralgiform pain along a spectrum. The majority of TN is diagnosed in the adult population. Case reports and series in children present TN as a similar diagnosis which can be similarly treated as in adults. This manuscript reviews pertinent literature and presents two pediatric TN cases successfully treated with microvascular decompress...
Approximately 5-8% of children report severe chronic pain and disability. Although evidence supports pain-self management as effective for reducing pain and disability, most youth do not have access to psychological intervention. Our prior studies demonstrate that an existing internet-delivered pain self-management program (WebMAP) can reduce barriers to care, is feasible, acceptable, and is effective in reducing pain-related disability in youth with chronic pain. The current trial seeks to: 1) determine th...
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder, mostly caused by a MECP2 gene mutation, with some overlaps with autism spectrum disorders and cerebral palsy. Pain perception is potentially abnormal in children with neurodevelopmental disorders and higher levels of pain and discomfort are expected in Rett syndrome, due to issues such as scoliosis, constipation, gastrointestinal problems and self-injuries. Despite this, atypical pain expressions have been reported in Rett syndrome patients that give th...