PubMed Journals Articles About "Incidence Of Pain After Craniotomy In Children" RSS

20:45 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Incidence Pain After Craniotomy Children" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Preoperative Gabapentin Administration Improves Acute Postoperative Analgesia in Patients Undergoing Craniotomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Gabapentin is an adjuvant antiepileptic agent and helps to reduce acute postoperative pain in several surgery settings. However, the effect of gabapentin on postoperative pain from suboccipital or subtemporal craniotomy is not clear.

The epidemiology of chronic pain in children and adolescents.

The review highlights the main aspects of the epidemiology of chronic pain (pain lasting more than three months) as a factor that has a significant impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents. The paper presents new data on the epidemiology of headache, abdominal pain, musculoskeletal pain and combined pain syndromes. The author draws attention to the importance of alexithymia as a factor aggravating chronic pain in children and adolescents.

Multigroup latent class model of musculoskeletal pain combinations in children/adolescents: identifying high-risk groups by gender and age.

To investigate the combinations of Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) (neck, shoulder, upper and low back pain) among a sample of Iranian school children.

Awake craniotomy in a low to middle income country: a sustainability analysis.

This study evaluated the sustainability of teaching awake craniotomy in Indonesia. We explored: 1) the factors affecting how awake craniotomy can be taught in a LMIC and 2) the factors affecting the utilization of awake craniotomy in Indonesia.

Ketorolac for postoperative pain in children.

Children who undergo surgical procedures in ambulatory and inpatient settings are at risk of experiencing acute pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce moderate to severe pain without many of the side effects associated with opioids. However, NSAIDs may cause bleeding, renal and gastrointestinal toxicity, and potentially delay wound and bone healing. Intravenous administration of ketorolac for postoperative pain in children has not been approved in many countries, but is routinely adm...

Health Care Utilization and Costs Associated with Pediatric Chronic Pain.

The population prevalence of pediatric chronic pain is not well characterized, in part due to lack of nationally representative data. Previous research suggests that pediatric chronic pain prolongs inpatient stay and increases costs, but the population-level association between pediatric chronic pain and health care utilization is unclear. We use the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health to describe the prevalence of pediatric chronic pain, and compare health care utilization among children ages 0-17 ye...

Need of analgetics in children aged 2-12 years after tonsil surgery.

Tonsil surgery is one of the most painful operations in childhood. The Children's and Infants' Postoperative Pain Scale (CHIPPS), the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R) and the little-known German version of the parents' postoperative pain measure (PPPM-D) are age-appropriate measures. Children undergoing intracapsular tonsillectomy (TO) or extracapsular tonsillectomy (TE) received the non-opioids ibuprofen (IBU) and paracetamol (PCM) on a "as needed"-basis requested by parents. A pain service checked pain sc...

The pain of children with sickle cell disease: the nursing approach.

To describe how nurses identify the pain in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and to list the strategies used by them in the evaluation and control of pain.

They do not suffer like us: The differential attribution of social pain as a dehumanization criterion in children.

Social pain is considered a feature of humanity. The goal of this study was to confirm whether children, like adults, dehumanise out-group members attributing them less capacity to experience social pain than to in-group members.

Outcome domains and pain outcome measures in randomized controlled trials of interventions for postoperative pain in children and adolescents.

We analyzed outcome domains and pain outcome measures in randomized controlled trials of interventions for postoperative pain management in children and adolescents, and compared them to the core outcome set recommended by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (PedIMMPACT).

Parents' Voice in Managing the Pain of Children with Cancer during Palliative Care.

Pain experienced by children can adversely affect their growth and development. Pain is a major health problem for cancer patients and remains an unresolved problem.

Intravenous acetaminophen for postoperative supratentorial craniotomy pain: a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial.

OBJECTIVE Acute pain control after cranial surgery is challenging. Prior research has shown that patients experience inadequate pain control post-craniotomy. The use of oral medications is sometimes delayed because of postoperative nausea, and the use of narcotics can impair the evaluation of brain function and thus are used judiciously. Few nonnarcotic intravenous (IV) analgesics exist. The authors present the results of the first prospective study evaluating the use of IV acetaminophen in patients after e...

Pediatric Pain Syndromes and Noninflammatory Musculoskeletal Pain.

Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is one of the main reasons for referral to a pediatric rheumatologist and is the third most common cause of chronic pain in children and adolescents. Causes of CMP include amplified musculoskeletal pain, benign limb pain of childhood, hypermobility, overuse syndromes, and back pain. CMP can negatively affect physical, social, academic, and psychological function so it is essential that clinicians know how to diagnose and treat these conditions. This article provides an ove...

Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children: Is Colonoscopy Indicated?

Recurrent abdominal pain in children is common, with most functional in origin. Colonoscopy has sometimes been performed to exclude pathology but its role is unclear. Our aim therefore was to assess the diagnostic yield and role of colonoscopy in these children.

Effect of dental pain and caries on the quality of life of Brazilian preschool children.

To investigate the impact of dental pain on daily performances among five-year-old Brazilian children.

Opioid Prescribing and Polypharmacy in Children with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.

Thirty percent of adults with fibromyalgia receive an opioid, but the prevalence of opioid prescribing in pediatric chronic musculoskeletal pain is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with opioid exposure and polypharmacy among children with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Using the child behavior checklist to determine associations between psychosocial aspects and TMD-related pain in children and adolescents.

Since children and adolescents are frequently experiencing emotional and behavioral consequences due to pain, their parents should be aware of this emotional and behavioral status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze and describe the parents' reports of the emotional and behavioral status of children and adolescents with different types of temporomandibular disorders using the Child Behavior Checklist.

Influence of chronic pain in physical activity of children with cerebral palsy.

Children with cerebral palsy (CP) perform less physical activity than their typically developing peers (TDP). Pain, important comorbidity in children with CP, restrains levels of physical activity.

Mini-Pterional Craniotomy for Resection of Parasellar Meningiomas.

Surgical resection of parasellar meningiomas is a challenging operation that has traditionally been performed with a large pterional or orbitozygomatic craniotomy. In this study, we report patient outcomes and detail our surgical approach when resecting these tumors with a smaller, less invasive "mini-pterional" craniotomy.

Comparison of Visual Analog Scale Scores in Pain Assessment during Pulpotomy using Different Injection Materials in Children Aged 6 to 8 and 8 to 10 Years.

Proper anesthesia and pain management during treatment are most important concerns in dentistry for people of all ages, especially children. This study compared the success rate of lidocaine block with articaine buccal infiltration during anesthesia of the primary mandibular second molars in children aged 6 to 8 and 8 to 10 years.

Pain and quality of life of children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta over a bisphosphonate treatment cycle.

The objective was to describe the pain and quality of life among children and adolescents with any osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type over one intravenous bisphosphonate treatment cycle from a child and parental perspective. A prospective, observational study was conducted, where children and adolescents evaluated their pain intensity, location, and quality, as well as quality of life before, 1 week after treatment, and 6 months later. Quality of life was also evaluated from the parental perspective at the...

A novel approach to reducing admissions for children with sickle cell disease in pain crisis through individualization and standardization in the emergency department.

Vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) is frequent in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) creating significant burden on patients, families, and emergency departments (ED). The objective of the project was to reduce the admission rate for children with SCD presenting to our ED with VOC by >20% within 6 months of initiating individualized pain plans (IPP).

Nurses' Knowledge, Attitudes and Clinical Practice in Pediatric Postoperative Pain Management.

Despite readily available evidence to guide practice, children continue to experience moderate to severe pain in hospital postoperatively. Reasons for this may include attitudes of nurses toward pain management and their lack of knowledge in key areas. To identify nurses' knowledge and clinical practice of pediatric postoperative pain management and whether there is a link between knowledge and practice. A descriptive cross-sectional study including a questionnaire and observations was conducted in postanes...

A dyadic analysis of siblings' relationship quality, behavioural responses, and pain experiences during experimental pain.

Research on family factors in paediatric pain has primarily focused on parents; the role of siblings has been largely ignored. This study examined whether sibling relationship quality was related to siblings' behaviours during experimental pain, and whether the behaviours of an observing sibling were related to children's pain outcomes. Ninety-two sibling dyads between 8-12 years old completed both observational and questionnaire measures of sibling relationship quality. Children took turns completing the c...

Mobile health intervention for self-management of adolescent chronic pain (WebMAP mobile): Protocol for a hybrid effectiveness-implementation cluster randomized controlled trial.

Approximately 5-8% of children report severe chronic pain and disability. Although evidence supports pain-self management as effective for reducing pain and disability, most youth do not have access to psychological intervention. Our prior studies demonstrate that an existing internet-delivered pain self-management program (WebMAP) can reduce barriers to care, is feasible, acceptable, and is effective in reducing pain-related disability in youth with chronic pain. The current trial seeks to: 1) determine th...

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