PubMed Journals Articles About "Increased Consumption Typical Diet Adolescents With Food Insecurity∨derfield=score∨derval=DESC" RSS

23:48 EDT 21st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Increased Consumption Typical diet Adolescents With Food Insecurity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Unveiling the binding and orientation of the antimicrobial peptide Plantaricin 149 in zwitterionic and negatively charged membranes.

Antimicrobial peptides are a large group of natural compounds which present promising properties for the pharmaceutical and food industries, such as broad-spectrum activity, potential for use as natural preservatives, and reduced propensity for development of bacterial resistance. Plantaricin 149 (Pln149), isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum NRIC 149, is an intrinsically disordered peptide with the ability to inhibit bacteria from the Listeria and Staphylococcus genera, and which is capable of promoting i...

IL-1β blockade in periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome: case-based review.

Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome and familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) are considered as inflammasome disorders associated with uncontrolled interleukin (IL)-1β production. Anti-IL1 agents are used in colchicine-resistant cases of FMF. Increase in pro-inflammatory mediators even between febrile attacks in PFAPA suggests that anti-IL1 treatment might be beneficial in these patients. We describe a child presenting with recurrent, self-limited febrile a...

Defining picky eating and its relationship to feeding behaviors and weight status.

We assessed the individual constructs that comprise "picky eaters" and determined the relationship of each construct to parental perception of their child's weight status, parental pressure-to-eat, and the child's body mass index z-score (BMIz). We developed a questionnaire including 7 commonly used measures of picky eating, which was completed by parents of 2-8 year-olds in pediatric clinics. We performed exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and model fit. Regression models assessed ...

Is the transmission of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection through milk intended to feed calves an overlooked item in paratuberculosis control programs?

As in many parts of the world, Chile shows a high Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection rate. Evidently, the control recommendations have been inefficient. In the author's opinion, the potential risk of MAP transmission to susceptible calves through milk consumption is largely overlooked. Two observational studies were performed, one to confirm MAP shedding in young stock in a high MAP-infected dairy herd and MAP load in milk intended to feed these calves was estimated. In parallel, in...

Fructose malabsorption in asymptomatic children and in patients with functional chronic abdominal pain: a prospective comparative study.

The objective of this prospective cohort study was to compare fructose malabsorption in patients with functional chronic abdominal pain and in healthy children. The sample was divided into two groups: asymptomatic children and pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders according to the Rome IV criteria. All children were tested for fructose malabsorption by a standardized breath hydrogen test. Hydrogen and methane were measured and the test was presumed positive when it exceeded 20 ppm above ba...

Estimation and consumption pattern of free sugar intake in 3-year-old Irish preschool children.

Dietary free sugars (FS) are the most important risk factor for dental caries and can contribute to excess energy intake. Measuring FS intake is limited by food composition databases and appropriate dietary assessment methods. The aim of this analysis was to estimate total sugar (TS) and FS intakes for Irish pre-schoolers and examine the proportion of dietary TS and FS captured using a short food questionnaire (SFQ).

Human milk and infant formula differentially alters the microbiota composition and functional gene relative abundance in the small and large intestines in weanling rats.

Human breast milk is the optimal source of nutrients for growing infants. However, many circumstances can arise which preclude breast milk feeding, leading to the use of infant formula, including during the weaning period. Many diet-related effects are modulated by the gut microbiome. Therefore, we investigated the effect of human milk (HM) or infant formula (IF) on the gut microbiota in weanling rats.

Model-Informed Drug Development Approach Supporting Approval of Adalimumab (HUMIRA) in Adolescent Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa: a Regulatory Perspective.

On October 16, 2018, FDA expanded the adalimumab dosing regimen to adolescent hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) patients 12 years and older, weighing at least 30 kg without new clinical data. This approval was mainly supported by the model-informed drug development approach. Population pharmacokinetic simulations suggest body weight-tiered dosing regimens in adolescent patients will achieve similar exposure to adult patients across all weight range. Adalimumab has a well-established, 16-year long-term safety ...

Metabolite variation in three edible Italian Allium cepa L. by NMR-based metabolomics: a comparative study in fresh and stored bulbs.

In fruits and vegetables, comparative analysis of metabolic plant profiles has a high potential for quality control of active components. Onion (Allium cepa L.) is used fresh or stored as food, spice, and in traditional medicine. Its metabolic content, often with nutraceutical value, makes its level an important factor in agronomic production.

Antimicrobial stewardship by academic detailing improves antimicrobial prescribing in solid organ transplant patients.

We implemented twice-weekly academic detailing rounds in 2015 as an antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) intervention in solid organ transplant (SOT) patients, led by an AMS pharmacist and a transplant infectious diseases physician. They reviewed SOT patients' antimicrobials and made recommendations to prescribers on antimicrobial regimens, diagnostics investigations, and appropriate referrals for transplant infectious diseases consultation. To determine the impact of the intervention, we adjudicated antimicrobi...

Epidemiology, pathogenetic mechanism, clinical characteristics, and treatment of Vibrio vulnificus infection: a case report and literature review.

Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the Vibrionaceae family. It represents a deadly opportunistic human pathogen which grows in water with the proper temperature and salinity, and is mostly acquired from seafood eating or direct contact. In susceptible individuals, a traumatic infection could be fatal, causing severe wound infection and even septic shock, and may require amputation. Global warming plays an important role in the geographical area expanding of Vibrio disease. The pa...

Secular Trends in Adolescent Depressive Symptoms: Growing Disparities between Advantaged and Disadvantaged Schools.

Growing economic inequality across the family and school contexts that adolescents inhabit may have significant consequences for their psychological well-being. Yet little research has assessed the mental health repercussions of economic inequities or whether such repercussions have shifted with rising inequality. This study assessed annual Monitoring the Future surveys with 8th (n = 124,468; age 13; 59 percent White, 41 percent students of color), 10th (n = 164,916; age 15; 65 percent white, 35 per...

Adrenalectomy impairs vasoactive intestinal peptide-induced changes in food intake and plasma parameters.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of adrenalectomy (ADX) and glucocorticoid in the changes induced by intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on food intake and plasma parameters, as well as VIP receptor subtype 2 (VPAC2) mRNA expression in different hypothalamic nuclei of male rats.

Virulence, antimicrobial and heavy metal tolerance, and genetic diversity of Vibrio cholerae recovered from commonly consumed freshwater fish.

Vibrio cholerae is a leading waterborne pathogen worldwide. Continuous monitoring of V. cholerae contamination in aquatic products and identification of risk factors are crucial for assuring food safety. In this study, we determined the virulence, antimicrobial susceptibility, heavy metal tolerance, and genetic diversity of 400 V. cholerae isolates recovered from commonly consumed freshwater fish (Aristichthys nobilis, Carassius auratus, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, and Parabramis pekinensis) collected in July...

Urinary metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in pregnant women and their association with a biomarker of oxidative stress.

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during pregnancy may pose adverse health risk to both the mothers and babies. In the present study, 188 pregnant women of different trimesters were recruited in Guangzhou, south China, and nine hydroxyl PAHs (OH-PAHs) and a biomarker of DNA oxidative damage, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), were determined in their urine samples. All OH-PAHs except for 4-hydroxyphenanthrene and 6-hydroxychrysene were found in > 90% samples, with total concentration ...

Targeted Therapy for Severe Asthma in Children and Adolescents: Current and Future Perspectives.

Severe asthma in children remains a significant issue. It places a heavy burden on affected individuals and society as a whole in terms of high morbidity, mortality, consumption of healthcare resources, and side effects from high-dose corticosteroid therapy. New, targeted biologic therapies for asthma have emerged as effective add-on options, complementing our expanding understanding of asthma phenotypes/endotypes and the underlying immunopathology of the disease spectrum. They include omalizumab, mepolizum...

Detecting creatine excreted in the urine of swimming athletes by means of Raman spectroscopy.

High-level sport requires analysis of athletes' metabolic conditions in order to improve the training. Raman spectroscopy can be used to assess urinary composition advantageously when compared to conventional methods of urinalysis. In this work, Raman spectroscopy has been employed to detect creatine in urine of professional swimmers before and after training compared to sedentaries. It has been collected urine samples from five swimmers before and immediately after 150 min of swimming and submitted to Ram...

Developmental Trends in Sexual Attraction Among Puerto Rican Early Adolescents in Two Contexts.

Sexual attraction (SA), the earliest stage of sexual orientation, is scarcely studied. This prospective study examined, over 3 years, prevalence, changes in SA, and the role of context, among 946 Puerto Rican youth, aged 11-13 years at initial assessment in the South Bronx (SBx), New York City, and Puerto Rico (PR). Overall, 98.1% of boys and 95.3% of girls reported opposite-sex only SA at some point, whereas 13.8% of girls and 12.0% of boys reported any-same SA. Opposite-sex only SA increased over time, w...

Low levels of alcohol consumption, obesity and development of fatty liver with and without evidence of advanced fibrosis.

The effects of low level alcohol consumption on fatty liver disease and the potential for effect modification by obesity is uncertain. We investigated associations between low level alcohol consumption, obesity status and the development of incident hepatic steatosis (HS) either with or without, an increase in noninvasive liver fibrosis score category (from low to intermediate or high category). A total of 190,048 adults without HS and a low probability of fibrosis with alcohol consumption

Letter of Editor: Colder weather and fewer sunlight hours truly increase alcohol consumption and alcoholic cirrhosis ?

I read with interest regarding the influence of colder weather and fewer sunlight hours increase alcohol consumption and alcoholic cirrhosis (1). The study of global cohort including 193 countries showed that colder climates may play a causal role on alcohol-attributable fraction (AAF) of cirrhosis mediated by alcohol consumption. Though it may hold true in many countries, the situation in Taiwan appears to be opposite to this conclusion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

The collectivity of British alcohol consumption trends across different temporal processes: A quantile age-period-cohort analysis.

UK alcohol consumption per capita has fallen by 18% since 2004 while the alcohol-specific death rate has risen by 6%. Inconsistent consumption trends across the population may explain this. Drawing on the theory of the collectivity of drinking cultures and age-period-cohort analyses, we tested whether consumption trends are consistent across lighter and heavier drinkers for three temporal processes: (i) the life course, (ii) calendar time, (iii) successive birth cohorts.

Use of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII) Therapy in Pediatric Diabetes Patients in the Perioperative Period.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrinopathies encountered in the perioperative period, and the pediatric population is increasingly using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusions for diabetes management. As these patients present for procedures or surgery requiring anesthesia, the anesthesia provider is charged with the task of managing these pumps perioperatively. Here we review our experience from a large tertiary care academic medical center and propose recommendations for the perioperati...

Targeting PLIN2/PLIN5-PPARγ: SFN Disturbs the Maturation of Lipid Droplets.

The effects of sulforaphane (SFN) on the maturation of lipid droplets (LDs)-the storage units for free fatty acids and sterols as triacylglycerides (TAG) and cholesterol esters (CE)-is far from understood, despite the fact that SFN is known to be beneficial for ameliorating lipid metabolism disorders.

Propionate alleviates high fat diet-induced lipid dysmetabolism by modulating gut microbiota in mice.

The aims were to examine whether oral sodium propionate supplementation regulate lipid metabolism through modulating gut microbiota.

The effectiveness of a brief motivational nursing intervention to reduce psychoactive substance consumption in entertainment-sector workers: A transversal, observation, and semi-experimental study. Is it a trial and should it have been registered?

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