PubMed Journals Articles About "Individualized Motivational Print Materials To Encourage More Physical Activity" RSS

00:02 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Individualized Motivational Print Materials Encourage More Physical Activity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Identification of dropout predictors to a community-based physical activity programme that uses motivational interviewing.

Participant dropout reduces intervention effectiveness. Predicting dropout has been investigated for Exercise Referral Schemes, but not physical activity (PA) interventions with Motivational Interviewing (MI).

Adapted Motivational Interviewing to Promote Exercise in Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease: A Pilot Trial.

To assess a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to improve moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in adolescents with congenital heart disease.

The Obemat2.0 Study: A Clinical Trial of a Motivational Intervention for Childhood Obesity Treatment.

The primary aim of the Obemat2.0 trial was to evaluate the efficacy of a multicomponent motivational program for the treatment of childhood obesity, coordinated between primary care and hospital specialized services, compared to the usual intervention performed in primary care. This was a cluster randomized clinical trial conducted in Spain, with two intervention arms: motivational intervention group vs. usual care group (as control), including 167 participants in each. The motivational intervention consist...

Exercise and physical activity for people receiving peritoneal dialysis: Why not?

People with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) are physically inactive leading to low physical function and poor health outcomes. Guidelines recommend that nephrologists encourage PD patients to increase their activity levels; however, PD patients are often discouraged from participating in exercise programs because of perceived barriers and a lack of precision about the appropriate exercise regimen. This review suggests ways forward to assist nephrology professionals to enco...

Examining Nutrition and Physical Activity Policies and Practices in Maryland's Child Care Centers.

Child care settings provide opportunities for obesity prevention by implementing nutrition/physical activity best practices. This study examines how center policies, provider training, family education, and center demographics relate to best practices for nutrition/physical activity in Maryland's child care centers.

"It's like you are in the jungle": Using the draw-and-tell method to explore preschool children's play preferences and factors that shape their active play.

A child's preference for active or sedentary play is a key proximal indicator of a child's physical activity behaviour. There is a need to understand children's physical activity preferences in order to make physical play more enjoyable to them, this may encourage participation and a more positive relationship with physical activity. To date, little research has incorporated the perspectives of young children on this topic. This study specifically examines: (1) what activities preschool children prefer; and...

Parenting practices that may encourage and discourage physical activity in preschool-age children of Brazilian immigrant families: A qualitative study.

Brazilians are a rapidly increasing Latino immigrant group in the United States (US), yet little research has examined factors influencing physical activity (PA) levels and behaviors of children growing up in Brazilian immigrant families. This information is needed to develop culturally sensitive interventions tailored to this population. Therefore, this qualitative study explored PA parenting practices used by Brazilian immigrant mothers living in the US. Thirty-seven Brazilian immigrant mothers with at le...

Ventral striatum links motivational and motor networks during operant-conditioned movement in rats.

Voluntary actions require motives. It is already known that the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) assess the motivational values. However, it remains unclear how the motivational process gains access to the motor execution system in the brain. Here we present evidence that the ventral striatum (VS) plays a hub-like role in mediating motivational and motor processing in operant behavior. We used positron emission tomography (PET) to detect the neural activation areas associated with motivational action. Using ...

Screen-Time Policies and Practices in Early Care and Education Centers in Relationship to Child Physical Activity.

Few preschool children meet physical activity recommendations, whereas the majority exceeds screen-time recommendations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of screen-time policies and practices with children's physical activity and sedentary time in early care and education (ECE) centers.

Audience Responses to Physical Activity in the Biggest Loser Australia.

The popular reality television show The Biggest Loser Australia (TBL) is a significant source of media content about physical activity. This study examined audience responses to and interpretations of physical activity in TBL. A qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted in New South Wales, Australia. A sample of 46 viewers of TBL was recruited, stratified by gender, age group, area of residence, and body mass index. Interview data were thematically analyzed to identify how viewers evaluated ...

The utility of two interview-based physical activity questionnaires in healthy young adults: Comparison with accelerometer data.

Accurate assessment of physical activity is essential to determine the magnitude of the health-related benefits of regular physical activity. While physical activity questionnaires are easy to use, their accuracy in comparison to objective measures has been questioned. The purpose of the present study was to examine the utility of two interview-based questionnaires; a recently-developed instrument, the Simple Physical Activity Questionnaire (SIMPAQ), and the Seven Day-Physical Activity Recall (7DPAR).

Role of Policies and Practices within Early Care and Education Programs to Support Healthy Food and Physical Activity Practices.

Prospective associations between participation in leisure-time physical activity at age 6 and academic performance at age 12.

For many children, leisure time represents a privileged moment to engage in physical activity. This study aims to examine prospective associations between kindergarten participation in leisure-time physical activity and academic performance by the end of sixth grade. Gender-specific associations are also explored. Participants are from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a 1997-1998 birth cohort from the province of Quebec, Canada (n = 2837). When children were age 6 (2004), mothers repo...

Physical activity of UK adults with chronic disease: cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-measured physical activity in 96 706 UK Biobank participants.

Physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of major chronic diseases, although uncertainty exists about which chronic diseases, themselves, might contribute to physical inactivity. The objective of this study was to compare the physical activity of those with chronic diseases to healthy individuals using an objective measure of physical activity.

State Regulations Promoting Infant Physical Activity in Early Care and Education.

State policies have the potential to improve early care and education (ECE) settings, but little is known about the extent to which states are updating their licensing and administrative regulations, especially in response to national calls to action. In 2013, we assessed state regulations promoting infant physical activity in ECE and compared them with national recommendations. To assess change over time, we conducted this review again in 2018.

The Effect of Organized Versus Supervised Recess on Elementary School Children's Participation, Physical Activity, Play, and Social Behavior: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

Recess strategies that increase children's physical activity and contribute to the daily 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are recommended.

The associations between physical activity, including physical activity intensity, and fear of falling differs by fear severity in older adults living in the community.

Fear of falling (FoF) is common in older adults. Physical activity decreases as FoF increases. However, this association between physical activity and FoF may vary depending on activity intensity. The current study was performed to explore the associations between FoF and step count, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), in community-dwelling older adults.

Association between urbanicity and physical activity in Mexican adolescents: The use of a composite urbanicity measure.

In Mexico, 39.5% of adolescents do not meet the World Health Organisation's physical activity guidelines. Urbanicity is a potential correlate of physical activity. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between different aspects of urbanicity and adolescents' physical activity.

Implementing behaviour change theory and techniques to increase physical activity and prevent functional decline among adults aged 61-70: The PreventIT project.

The health and wellbeing benefits of engaging in physical activity (PA), and of improving strength and balance, are well documented. The World Health Organization's recommendations of 150 min per week of moderate intensity physical activity have been adopted across the world in policy and practice recommendations. However, the number of older adults engaging in this level of PA remains low. The European Project, PreventIT, has adapted the Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) programme, which re...

Physical activity and preventable premature deaths from non-communicable diseases in Brazil.

Studies on the impact of counterfactual scenarios of physical activity on premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are sparse in the literature. We estimated preventable premature deaths from NCDs (diabetes, ischemic heart disease, stroke, and breast and colon cancers) in Brazil by increasing population-wide physical activity (i) to theoretical minimum risk exposure levels; (ii) reaching the physical activity recommendation; (iii) reducing insufficient physical activity by 10%; and (iv) elimin...

Pulmonary rehabilitation in respiratory disorders other than COPD : an individualized approach.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a multimodal intervention which includes an individualized physical training program, patient education, nutritional assessment and counseling, and recommendations for behavioral changes (smoking cessation, physical activity, nutrition...). This approach, validated and widely accepted by international expert societies in COPD, has been explored and evaluated in other chronic respiratory disorders. This overview analyses the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation in interstitial lung ...

Physical activity measurement in people with spinal cord injury: comparison of accelerometry and self-report (the Physical Activity Recall Assessment for People with Spinal Cord Injury).

To (1) evaluate the level of agreement between individually calibrated accelerometers and the self-reported Physical Activity Recall Assessment for People with Spinal Cord Injury when assessing moderate-vigorous physical activity; and (2) qualitatively examine the different components of physical activity each measure assesses.

Perceptions of Visualizing Physical Activity as a 3D-Printed Object: Formative Study.

The UK government recommends that children engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 min every day. Despite associated physiological and psychosocial benefits of physical activity, many youth fail to meet these guidelines partly due to sedentary screen-based pursuits displacing active behaviors. However, technological advances such as 3D printing have enabled innovative methods of visualizing and conceptualizing physical activity as a tangible output.

Regular Physical Activity and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a complex multifactorial disease that represents a growing public health concern. Identification of modifiable risk factors at the population level may provide a measure to reduce the burden of VTE. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of the role of physical activity on the risk of VTE and VTE-related complications. We also discuss methodological challenges related to research on physical activity, and put forward plausible mechanisms for an association between phy...

Association between household physical activity level and type 2 diabetes among urban males in northern China.

Physical activity contributes to preventing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Doing housework is an unstructured mild-intensity physical activity. We aimed to investigate the association between household physical activity level (HPAL) and T2D in urban Chinese men.

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